Systematic Reviews

Opportunity areas could face 'unrealistic expectations', warns DfE research

<b>The ambitions of a government scheme to help pupils in disadvantaged areas may be set too high, according to a Department for Education study</b>The risk …

Research

Benefits and Harms of Plant-Based Cannabis for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder A Systematic Review

Background:Cannabis is available from medical dispensaries for treating posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in many states of the union, yet its …

Research

Faecal microbiota transplantation for Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials

Abstract<p><b>Objectives:</b> Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has emerged as a useful approach for treating <i>Clostridium difficile</i>-associated diarrhoea …

Research

Flame Retardant Exposure Found to Lower IQ in Children

Children whose mothers were exposed to PBDEs during pregnancy may have a lower IQ than their peers who did not experience prenatal exposure, a new …

Research

Extra funding for schools only leads to 'modest' attainment boost

<b>Department for Education research finds that spending an extra £1,000 per pupil boosts results by only 'a fraction of a grade' – and only at primary</b> …

Education

Can PhD Students Write Review Papers?

In a post earlier this month, I discussed a new Journal of Neuroscience paper on statistical power in neuroscience. That paper was a response to and …

Research

Graft and Mesh Use in Transvaginal Prolapse Repair: A Systematic Review

Objective: To update clinical practice guidelines on graft and mesh use in transvaginal pelvic organ prolapse repair based on systematic review.<p>Data …

Pain

The worst sports for your knees, according to science

Running gets a bad rap for obliterating your knees.To be fair, research has proven (on more than one occasion) that pounding the pavement can …

Exercise

Everything You Know About Warming Up Is Wrong

Static stretching and basic cardio are out. Dynamic stretching and workout-specific exercises are in. Use these tips to make the most of your next …

Exercise

Enhancing the usability of systematic reviews by improving the consideration and description of interventions

Summary pointsIntervention details are rarely fully considered or completely reported in systematic reviews, limiting the reproducibility and …

Research

About Endnotes Committee

Endnotes Committee Charge<p>To provide support for librarians who want or need to publish scholarly articles; to publish peer-reviewed research by NMRT …

Publishing

Nonnutritive sweeteners and cardiometabolic health: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials and prospective cohort studies

• Meghan B. Azad, PhD⇑,<br>• Ahmed M. Abou-Setta, MD, PhD,<br>• Bhupendrasinh F. Chauhan, MPharm, PhD,<br>• Rasheda Rabbani, PhD,<br>• Justin Lys, MD,<br>• Leslie Copstein, …

Research

Dietary patterns, foods and nutrients in male fertility parameters and fecundability: a systematic review of observational studies | Human Reproduction Update

BACKGROUND<p>Infertility is a global public health issue, affecting 15% of all couples of reproductive age. Male factors, including decreased semen …

Research

A systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of the effect of protein supplementation on resistance training-induced gains in muscle mass and strength in healthy adults | British Journal of Sports Medicine

Abstract<p><b>Objective</b> We performed a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression to determine if dietary protein supplementation augments …

Muscle

Does Playing Video Games Really Change Your Brain?

Video games have evolved from a childhood activity to a pastime for adults. These games are becoming more common and enjoyed in old age, outselling …

The Brain

New tools promise life-saving treatments from basic science

A mouse with cancer dies from a trial treatment that cured its genetically identical sibling. A stem cell in a dish has a different reaction than …

Research

Trajectories of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents

Jess Bone on a systematic review of longitudinal studies, which explores the different trajectories of depressive symptoms in children and …

Research

Saturated Biases: Where the AHA Advice on Coconut Oil Went Wrong | Absolutely Maybe

Even for an evidence food fight – and those get plenty heated – the <b>hue and cry</b> about the new American Heart Association (AHA) advice on coconut oil …

Research

Neuroscience News wrote a new post, Insomnia Medication May Wake Some Patients From Vegetative State, on the site Neuroscience News

Summary: Zolpidem, a medication commonly prescribed for insomnia, appear to be effective in helping to restore a conscious state in some patients who …

Neuroscience

Can mind-body practices “reprogram” our DNA?

A recent systematic review has been touted as demonstrating that "mind-body" practices like yoga can reprogram our DNA. There are several reasons to …

Research

Neuroscience News wrote a new post, How Video Games Change the Brain, on the site Neuroscience News

Summary: A new study reveals how playing video games not only changes how our brain functions, but also the structure of the brain.Source: …

Neuroscience

Examining clinical similarities between myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome and D-lactic acidosis: a systematic review

The majority of neurological disturbances reported in D-la episodes overlap with ME/CFS symptoms.

Fibromyalgia

Artificial intelligence may help doctors keep up with new research

(Reuters Health) - “Smart” search programs can ease the process of systematically reviewing new medical research, a key step in getting the best practices from laboratories to doctors' offices, U.S. researchers say.<p>The Institute of Medicine (now the National Academy of Medicine) says clinical …

Research

The 1-3-25 Reporting Model

It’s time to talk about how a highly visual, well-formatted recommendations page doesn’t have much impact when it is buried on page 104. This is how …

[REVIEW] Is robot-assisted therapy effective in upper extremity recovery in early stage stroke? —a systematic literature review

<b>Abstract</b><p>[Purpose] The aim of this study was to systematically investigate the effects of robot-assisted therapy on the upper extremity in acute and …

Pain

Exercise versus caffeine: Which is your best ally to fight fatigue?

Chronic lack of sleep makes it hard to focus on a task. As if this didn’t make complete logical sense, multiple research studies have shown that …

Wellness

Home eviction and health inequalities

This paper is a systematic review that examines the impact of home eviction or the threat of home eviction on mental and physical health. The initial …

Sensory Therapies For Autism: How Much Sense Do They Make?

Shutterstock<p>If you’ve spent money and time for your autistic child to receive therapies targeting “sensory integration” or other sensory-related methods and wondered if they do anything, here is your answer: No. Or probably not. Or who knows?<p>In other words, the evidence base for these therapies is …

Autism

[ARTICLE] Neurofeedback as a form of cognitive rehabilitation therapy following stroke: A systematic review – Full Text

Neurofeedback therapy (NFT) has been used within a number of populations however it has not been applied or thoroughly examined as a form of …

The Brain

Studies shine light on health effects of vegetarian and vegan diets

Print<p>With winter courses and exams coming to an end, Naomi found herself with a lot of extra time on her hands. She spent much of that free time …

Nutrition