Systematic Reviews

Standardised cigarette packaging is on its way, will it reduce smoking?

A new systematic review of existing studies suggests it will reduce smoking, but long-term impacts of standardised cigarette packaging are still unknown<p>Standardised packaging for cigarettes was first introduced in the UK in May last year. Tobacco companies were forced to stop producing branded …

Research

[ARTICLE] The treatment methods for post-stroke visual impairment: A systematic review – Full Text

Abstract<p>Aim<p>To provide a systematic overview of interventions for stroke related visual impairments.<p>Method<p>A systematic review of the literature was …

Clinical Trials

Death During Simulation: A Literature Review. - PubMed

INTRODUCTION:<p>One of the goals of simulation is to teach subjects critical skills and knowledge applicable to live encounters, without the risk of …

Clinical Trials

How does macular degeneration affect real-world visual ability and quality of life?

<b>How does macular degeneration affect real-world visual ability and quality of life?1</b>By Dr Devinder Chauhan This recently published systematic review …

Medicine

The Secret to Writing a Top Analytical Research Paper!

Analytical research papers require you to develop research paper questions, research and evaluate sources, use them alongside your own argument and …

Research

How to Write a Good Academic Essay?

Your academic essay should aim to convince readers that evidence supports your argument. This essay might be used in coursework or exams as a means …

Writing

Believe It Or Not?

Source: Valerie Everett/ShareAlike 2.0 Generic<p>Health advice changes regularly as scientists are constantly making new discoveries. And the news media …

Psychology

Misleading review of mindfulness used to promote Bensen Mind-Body Medicine services | Mind the Brain

<i>A seriously flawed overview “systematic review “ of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of the effects of mindfulness on health and well-being</i> …

Clinical Trials

Dietary patterns, foods and nutrients in male fertility parameters and fecundability: a systematic review of observational studies

BACKGROUND<p>Infertility is a global public health issue, affecting 15% of all couples of reproductive age. Male factors, including decreased semen …

Quality of caregiving in mothers with illicit substance use: a systematic review and meta-analysis

<b>Background:</b>The quality of caregiving in mothers with substance abuse problems appears to be compromised. However, divergent findings, methodological …

Research

Job clubs may protect unemployed people from depression

Ian Cummins explores a recent systematic review of interventions to reduce the impact of unemployment and economic hardship on mental health in the …

Research

Evidence of insufficient quality of reporting in patent landscapes in the life sciences

Despite the importance of patent landscape analyses in the commercialization process for life science and healthcare technologies, the quality of …

Research

The prognostic value of MRI in determining reinjury risk following acute hamstring injury: a systematic review

BackgroundA challenge for sports physicians is to estimate the risk of a hamstring re-injury, but the current evidence for MRI variables as a risk …

Research

[Systematic Review] Effectiveness of upper limb functional electrical stimulation after stroke for the improvement of activities of daily living and motor function: a systematic review and meta-analysis – Full Text

Stroke is defined as a clinical syndrome characterised by rapidly developing focal or global disturbance in cerebral function lasting more than 24 h …

Neurology

Weight loss that works: A true story

Many people struggle with being overweight, or even obese. It’s a common topic at office visits. As a doctor, I know that excess weight is associated …

Weight Loss

Go nuts with nuts for a better future!

Want to live a longer? Healthier? And give the environment a break?<p>Consider popping more nuts into your month and life. They’re an under-appreciated …

Nutrition

The effects of probiotics on depressive symptoms in humans: a systematic review. - PubMed

BACKGROUND:<p>Patients suffering from depression experience significant mood, anxiety, and cognitive symptoms. Currently, most antidepressants work by …

Psychiatry

Transnasal-transsphenoidal brain injury by a fencing foil: an unusual case report and brief literature review. - PubMed

BACKGROUND:<p>In this report, the authors present an unusual case of a 10-year-old child who suffered a severe headache and rhinorrhea that occurred as …

Chronic Pain

Low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) for bone healing: a clinical practice guideline

• Rudolf W Poolman, chair, orthopaedic surgeon1,<br>• Thomas Agoritsas, assistant professor2 3,<br>• Reed A C Siemieniuk, methodologist2 4,<br>• Ian A Harris, professor …

Medicine

The effects of vitamin and mineral supplementation on symptoms of schizophrenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis | Psychological Medicine

When used as an adjunctive with antipsychotics, certain vitamins and minerals may be effective for improving symptomatic outcomes of schizophrenia, …

Schizophrenia

Vitamin D supplementation to prevent acute respiratory tract infections: systematic review and meta-analysis of individual participant data

Grijalva CG, Nuorti JP, Griffin MR. Antibiotic prescription rates for acute respiratory tract infections in US ambulatory …

Health Information

Mindfulness Meditation for the Treatment of Tobacco Use: A Systematic Review

RAND researchers conducted a systematic review that synthesized evidence from randomized controlled trials of mindfulness meditation interventions — …

Research

Risk of road accident associated with the use of drugs: a systematic review and meta-analysis of evidence from epidemiological studies.

2013 Nov;60:254-67. doi: 10.1016/j.aap.2012.06.017. Epub 2012 Jul 9.<p>1Institute of Transport Economics, Gaustadalléen 21, NO-0349 Oslo, Norway; …

Clinical Trials

Prevalence of depression and anxiety in Multiple Sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. - PubMed

OBJECTIVE:<p>Prevalence rates of depression and anxiety in patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) vary widely across studies. Aim of this systematic …

Depression

A guiding framework to maximise the power of the arts in medical education: a systematic review and metasynthesis. - PubMed

CONTEXT:<p>A rich literature describes many innovative uses of the arts in professional education. However, arts-based teaching tends to be …

Pedagogy

Genderqueer Literature Review #1: Alternating Gender Incongruity

As you know, I’ll be speaking at this year’s American Humanist Association conference about what it means to be genderqueer/nonbinary. I’m currently …

Gender

The Effectiveness of Footwear and Other Removable Off-loading Devices in the Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers: A Systematic Review

<b>Title:</b>The Effectiveness of Footwear and Other Removable Off-loading Devices in the Treatment of Diabetic Foot Ulcers: A Systematic Review<p><b>VOLUME:</b> 10</b> …

Clinical Trials

The Effects of Pay-for-Performance Programs on Health, Health Care Use, and Processes of Care A Systematic Review

Background:The benefits of pay-for-performance (P4P) programs are uncertain.Purpose:To update and expand a prior review examining the effects of P4P …

Health Care

A systematic review of the effectiveness of cutaneous warming systems to prevent hypothermia

CRD summary<p>This review concluded that carbon-fibre blankets and forced-air warming systems were equally effective in preventing hypothermia during …

Clinical Trials

The role of perioperative warming in surgery: a systematic review

CRD summary<p>The review found that perioperative warming of surgical patients reduced postoperative wound pain, infection, shivering and blood loss. In …

Medicine