Particle Accelerators

Synopsis: Magnetic Fields Measured with Negative Muons

August 20, 2018<p>A magnetic-field measurement technique that uses negative muons, rather than the usual positive muons, has probed hydrogen diffusion …

Physics

Helium 101

Most people know Helium as the lighter-than-air gas that fills our party balloons, but more importantly, it’s an irreplaceable element for science and industry.<p>Helium was discovered in 1868 during a solar eclipse.<p>Astronomers observed a yellow light in the sun’s corona and couldn’t explain it with …

Chemistry

EuroScience Open Forum: sharing science, and a bit of career advice

When I received an email last December stating that the EuroScience Open Forum (ESOF) was now accepting poster abstracts from early career researchers, I had no idea what EuroScience was nor what an ‘open forum’ was all about. Since it was described as a “<i>great opportunity to network with</i> …

Science

Race 5 (MSW) at DMR on 8/18/18 - 2018

Order of Finish<p>1<p>Golden Balls (IRE) – Le Grand Amour (IRE)<p>3YO Gelding<p>$36,000<p><b>J:</b>Joseph Talamo• <b><br>T:</b>James M. Cassidy<p><b>B:</b>DP Racing (CA)• <b><br>O:</b>D P</b> …

Horses

CERN 3D Printing Components for Particle Accelerators

Several years ago, there was quite a stir around the world when the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) began work with the Large …

Physics

Probing warm dense matter using femtosecond X-ray absorption spectroscopy with a laser-produced betatron source

1.<p>Koningsberger, D. C. & Prins, R. <i>X-Ray Absorption: Principles, Applications, Techniques of EXAFS, SEXAFS and XANES</i>. (J. Wiley & Sons, New York, …

Physics

Electroweak dark matter at future hadron colliders

Author(s): Tao Han, Satyanarayan Mukhopadhyay, and Xing WangIn a large class of scenarios, dark matter (DM) particles that belong to a multiplet of …

Physics

Synopsis: Quantum Walk in a Bose-Einstein Condensate

August 16, 2018<p>By manipulating the momenta of ultracold atoms, researchers demonstrate a quantum walk—a potential ingredient for quantum search …

Quantum Physics

A simplified way to predict the function of microbial communities

In areas that flood frequently, microbial communities must adapt to repeated wet-dry cycles. Metabolic strategies help them survive, but these …

University of California

This one particle could solve five mega-mysteries of physics

911? It’s an emergency. The most important particle in the universe is missing. Florian Goertz knows this isn’t a case for the police, but he is …

Physics

One Simple Reason Why Touching the Sun Is So Hard

A once-controversial approach to particle physics has entered the mainstream at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The LHC's major ATLAS experiment has …

Physics

Significant Digits For Wednesday, Aug. 15, 2018

<i>You’re reading Significant Digits, a daily digest of the numbers tucked inside the news.</i><p>More than 300 priests<p>The Pennsylvania Supreme Court has …

Politics

What Can 'Normal' Business Learn From CERN?

Located somewhere on the outskirts of the Swiss city of Geneva, the CERN facility is known to most of us as the home of the Large Hadron Collider. This is the massive underground structure that particle physicists use to mimic the aftermath of the Big Bang in our quest to examine the origins of …

CERN

Synopsis: Widening the Spin Energy Gap

August 15, 2018<p>Using a new all-electric technique, researchers triple the energy gap between the two spin states of holes in a 2D quantum …

Nanotech

Researcher accurately determines energy difference between two quantum states

A kiwi physicist has discovered the energy difference between two quantum states in the helium atom with unprecedented accuracy, a ground-breaking …

Quantum Physics

Syracuse physicists to construct particle tracking device with $3.7 million NSF award

High-Energy Physics Group using NSF grant award to support ongoing data analysis, construction of new tracking device<p>SYRACUSE, N.Y. - Physicists at …

Physics

Synopsis

August 14, 2018<p>Maps of solar wind velocities derived from satellite images of the Sun’s corona could help researchers improve solar wind models.<p>I.-H. …

Physics

A Particle Accelerator Between Your Fingertips

Normally, when you think of particle accelerators you think of very large structures that are made of lots of shiny metal, wires hanging from the ceiling and are normally located in remote locations. But imagine an accelerator that you could hold in your hand, or even just in-between your …

Physics

Mayo Clinic ranked No. 1 hospital in Florida by U.S. News & World Report – Mayo Clinic News Network

JACKSONVILLE, Fla. — For the third consecutive year, Mayo Clinic has been named the best hospital in Florida and the Jacksonville metro area in <i>U.S.</i> …

Mayo Clinic

Best of Last Week–Flaw in emergent gravity, Earth at risk of moving into hothouse state and probiotics causing problems

It was a good week for physics as a pair of researchers, Zhi-Wei Wang and Samuel Braunstein, found a flaw in emergent gravity—holographic screen …

Leonardo Da Vinci

Design and vertical tests of double-quarter wave cavity prototypes for the high-luminosity LHC crab cavity system

Author(s): S. Verdú-Andrés, K. Artoos, S. Belomestnykh, I. Ben-Zvi, C. Boulware, G. Burt, R. Calaga, O. Capatina, F. Carra, A. Castilla, W. Clemens, …

Dental Care

Synopsis: A Sextet of Entangled Laser Modes

August 13, 2018<p>Researchers have entangled six modes of a laser cavity—a record number for such a device.<p>M. Martinelli/University of São Paulo<p>An …

Quantum Physics

Proton beam therapy machine arrives at Reading's £30m cancer centre

A high-energy proton beam therapy system that targets hard-to-reach tumours has arrived at Reading's new £30m Rutherford Cancer Centre.<p>The 52-ton …

Cancer

Check out these brilliantly weird Japanese inventions we found

I’ve always had a fascination with inventors. So, when I found out about the Tokyo branch of the Maker Faire – a festival where people show off their homemade inventions – I was very much into it.<p>And I wasn’t disappointed. After some wonderful time trawling through the wild, weird, and wonderful …

Tech Trends

Mini antimatter accelerator to open doors to particle physics mysteries

Particle accelerators have plenty to teach us about the mysterious forces and matter that makes up the universe, but these facilities aren't exactly …

Physics

Ernest Lawrence and the Invention of the Cyclotron

The Cyclotron at Berkeley Laboratory with Ernest Lawrence (3rd from left) Image: Science Museum London<p>On August 8, 1901, pioneering American nuclear …

Science

From cyclotrons to wetsuits: A brief history of UC Berkeley’s scientific endeavors

Over the past 150 years, UC Berkeley has been at the forefront of scientific discovery, achieving milestones that have impacted both the research …

UC Berkeley

Operator relations for gravitational form factors of a spin-0 hadron

Author(s): Kazuhiro TanakaThe gravitational form factors for a hadron, the form factors for the hadron matrix element of the QCD energy-momentum …

Physics

Synopsis: Social Determinants of Epidemic Growth

A new network model reveals that social mixing and mobility can determine the areas of a city that are critical in provoking an epidemic …

Physics

Five ways to make your child a creative genius

Congratulations! Your child is already a creative genius by virtue of being human. Humans are far more creative than any other species. Sure, …

Creativity