Microbiome

Could Probiotics Protect Kids From A Downside Of Antibiotics?

Support the news<p>It's a typical hectic morning at Michele Comisky's house in Vienna, Va., when she gets a knock on her front door.<p>"Hi, how are you?" …

Medicine

There's even more evidence that one type of exercise is the closest thing to a miracle drug that we have

• <b>Aerobic exercise provides a ton of benefits, from a lift in mood to more toned muscles.</b>• <b><br>Some of the benefits can emerge within minutes, while others might take several days or weeks to crop up.</b>• <b><br>A new study suggests that aerobic exercise also changes the makeup of the microbes in our gut.</b><p>Aerobic …

Exercise

MAIT cells play a key role in onset of type 1 diabetes

A new study has highlighted the role mucosal-associated invariant T cells play in autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes.<p>Type 1 diabetes (T1D) …

Diabetes

Here’s Why Your Poop Can Be So Freaking Weird on Your Period

Most people are pretty open about the “joys” that come with having a period, like cramps, bloating, and sore boobs. But there’s one period side …

Pregnancy

Fit in my 40s: what my gut bacteria says about me

I’m a Village Peasant (and that’s good), says our columnist Zoe Williams<p>There are three broad categories of microbiome, named by Atlas, a company that will analyse the bacterial environment in your gut: the Urban Citizen, the Village Peasant and the Indigene. Your type can change if you …

Bacteria

Adorable, Cuddling Lemurs Show Cooties Are Good For Our Health

We should all hug more.<p>Researchers have shown that the health of red-bellied lemurs could be improved by close contact and huddling, a finding that …

Science

The strange interaction between brain injury and intestinal damage

The gut-brain connection is one of the more fascinating new areas of medical research. This intriguing two-way axis has been found to have numerous …

Neuroscience

Weird Brain-Body Link Connects Head Injuries With Deadly Gut Infections

Traumatic brain injury affects an estimated 1.7 million people in the U.S. every year, and has gained publicity due to the high numbers of football …

The Brain

A scientist explores the mysteries of the gut-brain connection |

<i>Sacha Vega/iStock</i><p>The brain in your head and the one in your gut are always exchanging info. But how do they do it? Neuroscientist Diego Bohórquez is …

Psychology

Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's: Is 21st century living to blame?

Inflammatory bowel disease is on the rise, especially in countries that adopt a Western lifestyle. Find out what the latest research reveals about …

Medicine

There's a Weird Feedback Loop Between Guts And Brains That Can Turn Deadly

It's all connected.<p>As if experiencing a traumatic brain injury wasn't enough of a problem on its own, it turns out the consequences can have an …

The Brain

This Western Disease Is Infiltrating Developing Countries

Adrian Bulfon was diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease when he was 16. Since then, he’s figured out where he can go, what he can do and what he …

Culture

It might be possible to remodel a baby's microbiome

But we still don’t really know what a healthy microbiome really is.<p>The microbiome—the collection of bacteria and other microbes that reside in our bodies and on our skin—has huge potential. Over the past decade or so, we’ve found that our microbial makeup influences everything from acne to food …

Bacteria

Moving beyond microbiome-wide associations to causal microbe identification

Letter<p>Neeraj K. Surana<br>• & Dennis L. Kasper<p><i>Nature</i><br>• doi:10.1038/nature25019<br>• Download Citation<p>Received:<p>02 February 2017<p>Accepted:<p>07 November 2017<p>Published …

Neuroscience

New studies consider how oral flora can impact health of the entire body

About Mary Otto<p>Mary Otto, a Washington, D.C.-based freelancer, is AHCJ’s topic leader on oral health and the author of “Teeth: The Story of Beauty, …

Bacteria

Exercise alone alters our gut microbiota

It is well established — and perhaps unsurprising — that what we eat affects the microbes that live in our intestine, collectively known as the gut …

Bacteria

Evolve BioSystems' Activated B. infantis EVC001 Demonstrates Substantial and Persistent Remodeling of the Infant Gut Microbiome

DAVIS, Calif., Dec. 6, 2017 /PRNewswire/ -- Evolve BioSystems, Inc. today announced positive results from their landmark clinical trial in support of Evivo™, an activated form of the beneficial bacteria <i>Bifidobacterium longum</i> subsp<i>. infantis</i> (<i>B. infantis</i> EVC001, ActiBif®). The study showed that …

Bacteria

Digestive Health – How to balance the imbalances

Did you know that more than half (54%) of health-conscious South Africans experience digestive health problems, according to the 2017 Cipla Digestive …

Bacteria

Probiotic gets a boost from breast milk

Washington, DC - Dec. 6, 2017 - Supplementation with probiotics can improve a person's gut health, but the benefits are often fleeting, and …

Bacteria

Gut Microbiome Influenced Heavily by Social Circles: Lemur Study

<i>Summary: The social network determines the individual gut microbiome in lemurs, a new study reports.</i><p>Source: UT Austin.<p><b>Social group membership is the</b> …

Bacteria

International Space Station colonised by mysterious bugs – including ‘alien’ bacteria

The International Space Station has been colonised by mysterious strains of bacteria – including some bugs which appear to be thriving in the vacuum …

Space Station

A hug a day could keep the doctor away

HUGGING is good for you, scientists have discovered, as it changes bacteria in the gut that could ward off illness.<p>The new study from Oxford …

Bacteria

The Microbes Making Themselves at Home on the Space Station

The bacteria living with astronauts more closely resemble the kind living in homes on Earth, rather than on humans themselves.<p>While dozens of people have lived there over the years—including six right now—the International Space Station is unlike any other home. Its residents sleep zipped into bags …

NASA

Ant colony 'personality' may play role in survival of its host plant

A new paper published in <i>Behavioral Ecology</i> finds that some ant colonies defend more gallantly than others, revealing that colonies themselves may …

Smithsonian

Cuddling up may keep red-bellied lemurs healthy

Hugging spreads microbes, and microbes are (usually) good for you.<p>Most microbes are good at spreading themselves around. That’s how viruses like the flu can infect a classroom full of kids, or even an entire office staff. But not all microbes are dangerous pathogens. In fact, some are pretty …

Animals

Separated since the dinosaurs, bamboo-eating lemurs, pandas share common gut microbes

A new study from North Carolina State University, the Smithsonian and Duke University finds that bamboo lemurs, giant pandas and red pandas share 48 …

Bacteria

Bacteria in Space: International Space Station Has Lots of The Same Microbes as Any Other Home

Any given adult human body is full of trillions of invisibly tiny lodgers keeping us company, helping us survive—and, yes, occasionally giving us a …

NASA

Meta-analysis of gut microbiome studies identifies disease-specific and shared responses

Article |<p>Open<p>Claire Duvallet,<br>• Sean M. Gibbons,<br>• Thomas Gurry,<br>• Rafael A. Irizarry &<br>• Eric J. Alm<p><i>Nature Communications</i> <b>8</b>, Article number: 1784 …

Bacteria

Scientists are trying to figure out which bacteria have colonized our space station

It’s a bit like a terrestrial house, but also a bit like a human body.<p>Bacteria are hard to annihilate. We have a talent for killing lots of them, but eliminating <i>every last one</i> is nearly impossible. This doesn’t matter so much when you’re sanitizing your hands after a bus ride or wiping down your …

Chemical Engineering

What is Microbiome and Why It is Important for Brain Health, Immunity and Emotional Well-Being

As strange as it sounds, there are way more bacterial cells than human cells in the human body. And without them, it’s likely that none of us would …

Bacteria