Chemistry

The Chemical Reaction That Cleans Everything

<b>Q. What exactly does bleach do? If I soak a cracked dish, the stains seem to be gone — but are they really?</b><p><b>A.</b> The active ingredient of bleach is sodium hypochlorite, which is made up of three common elements, sodium, oxygen and chlorine, said May Nyman, professor of chemistry at Oregon State …

Science

New periodic table sorts 3,700 known exoplanets into 18 categories

A new Periodic Table of Exoplanets guides scientists and science fans alike through over 3,700 known exoplanets, including those that may host life. …

Exoplanets

9 Diamond-Like Facts About Carbon

<i>How well do you know the periodic table? Our series The Elements explores the fundamental building blocks of the observable universe—and their</i> …

Mental Floss

Surrey develops new 'supercatalyst' to recycle carbon dioxide and methane

The University of Surrey has developed a new and cost-effective catalyst to recycle two of the main causes behind climate change - carbon dioxide …

Recycling

The future of cell culture: A new continuous bioprocess developed

A technique which revolutionises cell culture by allowing the continuous production and collection of cells, has been developed by scientists at …

Biology

Watch an Artist Instantly Create a Mirror With Liquid Silver Nitrate

Although mirrors have been around for thousands of years, a German chemist named Justus von Liebig made a breakthrough that would make the modern …

Science

Engineers Have Created an 'Impossible' Stable Ring of Plasma in The Open Air

They were told it couldn't be done.<p>Plasma, one of the four fundamental states of matter, is tricky stuff. Just like gas, plasma has no fixed shape or …

Science

Tunable excitons in bilayer graphene

Excitons—bound pairs of electron and holes in solids—can be harnessed for optoelectronic applications. Being able to tune the exciton energy would …

Graphene

Technique uses solar thermal energy to split H2O and CO2 for jet fuel

Solar jet fuel could become a major industrial growth opportunity in regions with a good solar resource like Australia, China, Chile, the US …

Solar Thermal

Researchers use 3-D printers to turn century-old theory into complex schwarzites

Rice University engineers are using 3-D printers to turn structures that have until now existed primarily in theory into strong, light and durable …

Physics

New imaging technique peers inside living cells

To undergo high-resolution imaging, cells often must be sliced and diced, dehydrated, painted with toxic stains, or embedded in resin. For cells, the …

Biology

Vantablack: The world's blackest material

World News

Russian chemists developed a way to synthesize drugs from renewable precursors

Scientists of RUDN University and their Russian colleagues have developed a new approach to the synthesis of benzofurans from cheap raw materials. …

Organic Chemistry

Heavy metal found in meteoroids kills cancer cells - Futurity

Iridium shows promise in killing cancer cells, researchers report. While the heavy metal is rare on Earth, it's more abundant in meteoroids.

Cancer

The forgotten scientist who paved the way for the discovery of DNA’s structure

When James Michael Creeth finished adding acid to the sample of DNA taken from a calf’s thymus gland, he wasn’t just completing the experiments that …

DNA

Ionic 'solar cell' could provide on-demand water desalination

Modern solar cells, which use energy from light to generate electrons and holes that are then transported out of semiconducting materials and into …

Clean Energy

Engineers create stable plasma ring in open air

For the first time, engineers at Caltech have created a stable ring of plasma in open air—essentially capturing lightning in a bottle, but without …

National Academy of Sciences

Researchers tune optical and photocatalytic properties of C-dots

As Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich physicists demonstrate in a new study, the optical and photocatalytic properties of so-called carbon dots …

Determine

Chimps found to use arm and mouth expressions to convey distance

(Phys.org)—A small team of researchers working at the Primate Research Institute at Kyoto University has found evidence that chimps are able to use …

Evolution

Wine 'legs' and minibot motors

As any wine enthusiast knows, the "legs" that run down a glass after a gentle swirl of vino can yield clues about alcohol content. Interestingly, the …

FIREBIRD II and NASA mission locate whistling space electrons' origins

Scientists have long known that solar-energized particles trapped around the planet are sometimes scattered into Earth's upper atmosphere where they …

Physics

A Helium-Resistant Material Could Finally Usher in The Age of Nuclear Fusion

"We were blown away by what we saw."<p>A collaboration of engineers and researchers has found a way to prevent helium, a byproduct of the fusion …

Science

Graphene water filter turns whisky clear

Previously graphene-oxide membranes were shown to be completely impermeable to all solvents except for water. However, a study published in <i>Nature</i> …

Graphene

Facts About Chromium

Known for its silver, shiny appearance, chromium is used to coat cars, stoves and other appliances to protect them from corrosion and to improve …

Science

BBC World Service - Outlook, The chemistry of smells

Chemistry teacher Andy Brunning runs a popular science website called Compound Interest. He designs posters to explain the chemistry behind everyday life. Andy told us he's been fascinated by the subject since he was little.<p>Image: Andy Brunning while conducting an experiment<br>Credit: Andy Brunning

A fast reactor system to shorten the lifetime of long-lived fission products

A team of scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) working in collaboration with Tohoku University, Tokyo City University and the …

When water met iron deep inside the Earth, did it create conditions for life?

Reservoirs of oxygen-rich iron between the Earth's core and mantle could have played a major role in Earth's history<p>Washington, DC -- Reservoirs of …

Geology

Neutrons probe oxygen-generating enzyme for a greener approach to clean water

A new study sheds light on a unique enzyme that could provide an eco-friendly treatment for chlorite-contaminated water supplies and improve water …

Biology

Photopolymerization-triggered molecular motion for flexible liquid crystal display

Scientists have developed a new dye-free photoalignment method that enables 2-D patterns of liquid crystals in one step by guiding nonpolarized light …

Chemists convert titanium nanoparticles into an efficient weapon against pollution

Researchers from RUDN University (Russia) have come up with a new method to convert titanium nanoparticles into an efficient substance capable of …

Titanium