Biology

Graphene nanopore DNA sequencing | Biochemistry

Nanopore DNA sequencing was one the ten scientific breakthroughs of 2016 highlighted by Science magazine. In principle, graphene is the perfect pore …

Genomics

Enzyme found to limit collateral damage from immune system

When unwanted microbes enter your body, your white blood cells rush to the scene to begin fighting them off. But much like a battalion of soldiers, …

Immunotherapy

Microbes could survive thin air of Mars

Microbes that rank among the simplest and most ancient organisms on Earth could survive the extremely thin air of Mars, a new study finds.<p>The Martian surface is presently cold and dry, but there is plenty of evidence suggesting that rivers, lakes and seas covered the Red Planet billions of years …

Extraterrestrial Life

Facebook Live stream captures hundreds of dolphins captured and tortured in Japan

Marine welfare charities are live streaming Japanese dolphin torture on Facebook and Twitter to spread awareness.<p>A pod of over 300 bottlenose …

Dolphins

Organisms created with synthetic DNA pave way for new entirely new life forms

E coli microbes have been modified to carry an expanded genetic code which researchers say will ultimately allow them to be programmed<p>From the moment life gained a foothold on Earth its story has been written in a DNA code of four letters. With G, T, C and A - the molecules that pair up in the DNA …

Genetics

Unlawfully obtained DNA evidence ruled admissible in Northern Territory rape case

Questions linger on what police will do with 41 other samples taken in mass testing at remote Aboriginal community<p>Police obtained DNA evidence unlawfully while investigating a sexual assault in a remote Aboriginal community but a Northern Territory judge has ruled it admissable owing to the …

Chromosomes

What Is the Right Way to Wash Your Hands?

Redefining “clean” in an era of the skin microbiome<p>Paper towel or hand dryer? This simple question has sparked a fierce battle between the two industries, which have of course turned to that old PR strategy: Fund studies to show that the other side is gross and bad. Hand dryers spray bacteria all …

Bacteria

Seattle’s Spiral Genetics acquired by Bay-Area bioinformatics company Omicia

Spiral Genetics — a bioinformatics startup focused on sequencing genomic data — announced today that it has been acquired by San Francisco Bay-Area …

Genetics

New ancient otter species among largest ever found

Dr. Denise Su, curator and head of paleobotany and paleoecology at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History was co-author on new research that …

Biodiversity

How aging changes the fat in our cells

The fat content of cells changes as they age, according to new research on the connection between lipids and cellular aging.

Life Sciences

Animals can feel pain. A biologist explains how we know.

You probably know how it feels to be in pain. But have you ever wondered how a dog or cat feels pain? Or a fish? An octopus?<p>In a new TED-Ed video, evolutionary biologist Robyn J. Crook provided some insight into what we know about this issue. Of course, we can’t ever know for sure, since we can’t …

Invertebrates

Molecule skimmed from sea may alter fossil record

A fatty molecule considered unique to flowering plants has turned up in bacteria from the Adriatic Sea. This could change the meaning of some fossils.

Life Sciences

A New 'Flesh-Eating Parasite' Relative Has Been Discovered in Australia

Don’t panic.<p>A new study has discovered a new species of parasite living in Australia, which shares an evolutionary ancestor to a terrifying group of …

Biological Species

Replication is a cornerstone of science. Turns out it’s really, really hard to get right.

Replication has emerged as a powerful tool to check science and get us closer to the truth. Researchers take an experiment that’s already been done, and test whether its conclusions hold up by reproducing it. The general principle is that if the results repeat, then the original results were …

Research

Study finds parrotfish are critical to coral reef health

An analysis of fossilized parrotfish teeth and sea urchin spines by researchers at Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of …

Biodiversity

3-D bioprinter to print human skin

This research has recently been published in the electronic version of the scientific journal Biofabrication. In this article, the team of …

3D Printing

Scientists develop micromotors that neutralize gastric acid and release drugs depending on pH

(Phys.org)—A small team of researchers at Kiel University in Germany has developed new technology that emulates the way a gecko uses its toes to …

Chemistry

Scientists have caught viruses talking to each other—and that could be the key to a new age of anti-viral drugs

Some of the greatest scientific discoveries have been accidental. To that list, Israeli scientists have added one more. They’ve discovered for the first time an instance of viruses leaving messages for other viruses.<p>What makes the discovery remarkable is that scientists expect such communication …

Life Sciences

You May Not Like Technology But It Likes You

Science and the digital world have overhauled our world, but the stakes just got higher: Now technology wants to remake you, using everything from the internet to stem cells.<p>In Greek mythology, Prometheus taught man how to farm. But when he gave man fire, the gods felt he had gone too far. And so …

Stem Cells

How Did Life Begin? Dividing Droplets Could Hold the Answer

A collaboration of physicists and biologists in Germany has found a simple mechanism that might have enabled liquid droplets to evolve into living …

Life Sciences

Is Humanity's "Moral Sense" Inherited or Nurtured?

Humanity's morals have deep roots in the cooperation of the natural world. In fact, cooperation is dominant in our lives and in nature.Human beings …

Psychology

A Recycling Revolution: Scientists Just Discovered A Plastic-Eating Bacteria

We manufacture over 300m tonnes of plastics each year for use in everything from packaging to clothing. Their resilience is great when you want a …

Recycling

The genomics intelligence revolution

We’ve entered a new phase in the history of whole genome sequencing (WGS). Consider that researchers at University of Toronto just launched a massive project to sequence the whole genomes of 10,000 people per year. This is truly astounding when you recall that it took 13 years and $3 billion to …

Genomics

Scientists Just Announced Our Best Shot at Ending Antibiotic Resistance to Date

A molecule that reverses antibiotic resistance.<p>Scientists have developed a molecule that reverses antibiotic resistance in multiple strains of …

Life Sciences

Homosexuality Could Develop in the Womb Due to Epigenetic Changes

According to a recently released hypothesis, homosexuality might not lie in DNA itself. Instead, as an embryo develops, sex-related genes are turned …

Genetics

Many farmers still need training after Lake Erie algae

TOLEDO, Ohio (AP) — Ohio's agriculture leaders say thousands of farmers have completed training that will be required for putting fertilizer on fields, but many more face a September deadline to finish the program aimed at combating the toxic algae fouling Lake Erie.<p>The first of its kind …

Agriculture

Ants Know the Way Home, Even Walking Backwards

A new study finds the tiny marchers have even more navigational tricks than previously thought.

Science

What Did Neanderthals Leave to Modern Humans? Some Surprises

Geneticists tell us that somewhere between 1 and 5 percent of the genome of modern Europeans and Asians consists of DNA inherited from Neanderthals, our prehistoric cousins.<p>At Vanderbilt University, John Anthony Capra, an evolutionary genomics professor, has been combining high-powered computation …

DNA

Why Taking DNA Tests Can Change How You See Your Family

On the surface, my family appeared to have a genetically uncomplicated story—we believed that we were of Italian and Irish descent. Our relationships with each other, of course, were more complex. My family is small and disconnected: My parents are divorced, my mother had no siblings, her parents …

Genetic Testing

Bye-bye fillings! Alzheimer’s drug lets teeth repair themselves

Why it matters to you<p>Teeth could be regrown using a drug developed to help with Alzheimer's.<p>Dentistry has come a long way since the bad old days when …

Stem Cells