When they arrived in the Americas centuries ago, European colonists brought pestilence and death. Their arrival was so devastating, in fact, that it may have contributed to a period of global cooling,
The anthropocene – the epoch of humans – is upon us. Climate scientists first used the term some two decades ago. Now, if not quite on the street, it’s enough of a buzzword to become the title of an opera.
Some 50 million Indigenous peoples died during the 16th century, a collapse that caused atmospheric carbon dioxide levels to drop. The mass deaths of Indigenous American peoples 500 years ago—caused by