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By Zach Morrow | Articles related to 8th grade NC science standards

Vaccine Prevents Hundreds Of Cases Of Malaria During Experiment

It’s not 100 percent effective, but it’s the best solution out there

In 2013, almost 600,000 people died of malaria, a disease caused by a parasite passed to humans through mosquito bites. But these deaths--mostly among children in Africa--are preventable. For years researchers have been working on …

Viruses

Judith Woods: Where do we draw the line between playing Darwin and playing God?

The fact that Chinese geneticists have taken the first steps to creating designer babies should fill us with horror

TWO contrasting stories this week have thrown into sharp relief the complex relationship between humanity and science. The first was the harrowing yet inspirational story of how …

Drawing the Line

Epic Mountain Hike Leads to Discovery of New Microbes

Our volunteers at Adventurers and Scientists for Conservation are exploring the farthest reaches of the globe, and sometimes, they accomplish amazing things. After years of sampling from high mountain lakes in the Pacific Northwest, the work of our hikers and climbers gathering water from alpine …

Outdoors

Redirecting...

Chinese Scientists Edit Genes of Human Embryos, Raising Concerns

The experiment with human embryos was dreaded, yet widely anticipated. Scientists somewhere, researchers said, were trying to edit genes with a technique that would permanently alter the DNA of every cell so that any changes would be passed on from generation to generation.

Those concerns drove …

Scientific Research

Doubts plague new malaria vaccine

Despite the poor results - it protects about one-third of children vaccinated - developers are moving ahead to get it approved because it could still …

Malaria Vaccine

How Modern Life Depletes Our Gut Microbes

Looks like many of us don't have the right stomach for a paleodiet. Literally.

Two studies give us a glimpse into our ancestors' microbiome — you know, those trillions of bacteria that live in the human gut.

And the take-home message of the studies is clear: Western diets and modern-day hygiene have …

Biology

In the Lab, Maple Syrup Helps Zap Superbugs

Maple syrup is more than just a prime pancake topper. It also helps kill bacterial pathogens, according to a recent paper in the journal Applied and Environmental Microbiology.

Nathalie Tufenkji and colleagues at Canada’s McGill University found that concentrated maple syrup made such microbial …

Maple Syrup

Oklahoma Acknowledges Wastewater From Oil and Gas Wells as Major Cause of Quakes

Abandoning years of official skepticism, Oklahoma’s government on Tuesday embraced a scientific consensus that earthquakes rocking the state are largely caused by the underground disposal of billions of barrels of wastewater from oil and gas wells.

The state’s energy and environment cabinet …

Earthquakes

Bone Eating 'Zombie' Worm Has Been Around For 100 Million Years

It chowed down on sea turtles and plesiosaurs

When a whale dies in the ocean, its carcass sinks slowly to the seafloor, becoming a smorgasbord for many different kinds of marine creatures. One of the weirdest of these opportunistic scavengers is a group of worms known as Osedax, a genus of …

Worms

Conflict Over Soil and Water Quality Puts ‘Iowa Nice’ to a Test

MANSON, Iowa — The flat, endless acres of black dirt here in northern Iowa will soon be filled with corn and soybean seeds. But as farmers tuned up their tractors and waited for the perfect moment to plant, another topic weighed on their minds: a lawsuit filed in federal court by the state’s …

Water Quality

Free-Floating Cancer Cells Are Infecting Clams On The East Coast

Clams get leukemia too

Clams are threatened by predators who love seeing them served up on a plate drenched in butter and garlic, nestled in folds of fresh pasta--or splattered on a dock, if you happen to be a seagull. But a much more insidious threat to clams has emerged, in the form of cancer …

Cancer

How Oil Spills Can Literally Break Fish Hearts

Tiny amounts of Gulf oil, toxic to baby fish, could have worldwide implications, scientists say.

Editor's Note: This is the second of four stories marking the fifth anniversary of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.

Oil-slathered birds were a potent symbol of the ecological cost of …

Fish

Five Years After BP Gulf Oil Spill, Region Has Yet to Recover

Half a decade after a BP oil spill devastated the Gulf of Mexico and its wildlife, some still are struggling.

Oil Spills

Ocean acidification drove Earth’s largest mass extinction

During the Permian–Triassic mass extinction event 252 million years ago, most life on Earth perished. Scientists have now obtained evidence that …

Oceans

Use Of E-Cigarettes Triples Among U.S. Teens

A national survey confirms earlier indications that e-cigarettes are now more popular among teenage students than traditional cigarettes and other forms of tobacco, federal health officials reported Thursday.

The findings prompted strong warnings from Dr. Tom Frieden, head of the Centers for Disease …

Teens

Legal Battle Begins Over Obama Bid to Curb Greenhouse Gases

WASHINGTON — President Obama’s most far-reaching regulation to slow climate change will have its first day in court on Thursday, the beginning of what is expected to be a multiyear legal battle over the policy that Mr. Obama hopes to leave as his signature environmental achievement.

In two separate …

Climate Change

Washington state school district removes 143 students over vaccine law

SEATTLE (Reuters) - A Washington state school district pulled 143 students who lacked documentation proving they had received required immunizations from classrooms on Monday, in a first-in-the-state clamp-down triggered by a recent measles epidemic.

The Spokane Public Schools, the state's …

Washington State

More than 200 sickened on San Diego-bound cruise ships

SAN DIEGO – Federal health officials say about 200 people have come down with vomiting and diarrhea aboard two San Diego-bound cruise ships.

The Centers for Disease Control says 112 passengers and crew were sickened by norovirus aboard the Celebrity Infinity, which carried some 2,000 passengers from …

San Diego

Australia To Stop Payments To Families Who Refuse Child Vaccinations

Updated at 12:50 p.m. ET

Australia has announced plans to halt welfare payments and child care rebates to families that refuse to have their children vaccinated — an aggressive move aimed at clamping down on a rising number of parents who opt out of immunizations.

Prime Minister Tony Abbott said …

Australia

Watch: Amid Drought, California Water Virtually Draining Away

The state is exporting water-intensive alfalfa hay to fuel China's growing demand for dairy.

Last week when Governor Jerry Brown imposed the first mandatory statewide water restrictions in the California’s history—municipalities were ordered to slash their water use by 25 percent—the state's …

Natural Resources

Hooking a Slippery Prize Where the Klamath River Meets the Pacific

KLAMATH, Calif. — The pursuit of eels at the turbulent mouth of the Klamath River begins at winter’s end, when the frogs start croaking and the great blue herons return to the riverbanks.

It is the time when Yurok Indian fishermen with hand-carved eeling hooks and lightning reflexes stand for hours …

Eels

Mighty Rio Grande Now a Trickle Under Siege

FABENS, Tex. — On maps, the mighty Rio Grande meanders 1,900 miles, from southern Colorado’s San Juan Mountains to the Gulf of Mexico. But on the ground, farms and cities drink all but a trickle before it reaches the canal that irrigates Bobby Skov’s farm outside El Paso, hundreds of miles from the …

Rio Grande

Water, water everywhere, but in Taiwan today there's just a drop to drink

Starting today, residents in several cities in northern Taiwan will wake up, turn on the tap and nothing will come out.

Drought seems to be capturing headlines lately. California, as you've probably read, is facing extreme water shortages. Brazil, too. And now Taiwan — an island nation surrounded by …

Natural Resources

HIV: new approach against virus 'holds promise'

The first human trial of a new type of HIV therapy suggests it could be a promising weapon in the fight against the virus.

Reports in the journal Nature show infusions of so-called broadly neutralising antibodies could suppress the amount of HIV in a patient's blood.

The approach uses clones of …

Viruses

The python that’s eating Florida

South Florida wildlife officials have struggled for years with tens of thousands of Burmese pythons – imported to Florida as pets – that have taken …

Florida

5 Things You Should Know About California’s Water Crisis

Drought, and the resulting shortage of melting snow, is driving the historic water shortages across much of the American West.

Last week, California Governor Jerry Brown announced his state’s first-ever mandatory water restrictions, in an effort to cope with four years of the worst drought in the …

California

California Water Board Says February Savings Were Worst Yet

California's water board said Tuesday that February was the worst month for conservation since officials began tracking savings efforts nine months ago in response to the state's historic drought. Figures reported by local water departments showed statewide reductions of just 3 percent in February …

California Drought

Urban Drivers Are Emitting Way More Carbon Dioxide Than We Thought

More cars, more problems

Cities, with their dense populations and public transit systems are often seen as hotbeds of green innovation--places where bicycles, subways, and light rail are transforming how we get around. But new research shows that fast-growing cities are some of the worst culprits …

Carbon