Dimitris Xygalatas

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World Cup 2018: England fans warned by Apple Watch that their heart rate could be reaching dangerous levels during tense penalty shootout victory

Apple Watches warned England fans that there could be something seriously wrong with their heart during the team's penalty shootout against …

Feeding the gods: Hundreds of skulls reveal massive scale of human sacrifice in Aztec capital

The priest quickly sliced into the captive's torso and removed his still-beating heart. That sacrifice, one among thousands performed in the sacred …

When Did Humans First Use Symbols?

AARHUS, DENMARK—According to a report in <i>Science Magazine</i>, cognitive scientist Kristian Tylén of Aarhus University led a team of scientists who …

How Asia's Super Divers Evolved for a Life At Sea

Scientists are starting to uncover the genetic basis of the Bajau people’s incredible breath-holding abilities.<p>The Bajau people of Southeast Asia are among the most accomplished divers in the world. In the summer of 2015, Melissa Ilardo got to see how good they are firsthand. She remembers diving …

Anthropology

Bodies Remodeled for a Life at Sea

We are the products of evolution, and not just evolution that occurred billions of years ago. As scientists peer deeper into our genes, they are discovering instances of human evolution in just the past few thousand years.<p>People in Tibet and Ethiopian highlands have adapted to living at high …

Jaw-dropping: My Year with the Tribe reviewed

What this BBC crew discovered in Western Papua was far stranger and more surprising than what they intended to find<p>For a while now, the Korowai people of Western Papua have been the go-to primitive tribe for documentary-makers. The Korowai were unknown to the outside world until the 1970s — but …

Stone Age

Pigment of Our Imagination

Smeared on shells, piled in graves, stamped and stenciled on cave walls from South Africa to Australia, Germany to Peru, ochre has been a part of the …

Anthropology

Left

Use one of the services below to sign in to PBS:<p>You've just tried to add this video to your Watchlist so you can watch it later. But first, we need …

What prehistoric toys can tell us about human evolution

In Many ways children shape our future — through their love of new things (particularly technology), ability to think outside the box and the ease …

The secret science that rules crowds

Crowds can be lethal – but also surprisingly rational. As scientists learn more about how groups of people behave, they’re figuring out how to prevent deadly incidents in the future.<p>Sometimes, being part of a large crowd can be worse than uncomfortable: it can turn lethal. Deadly crowd crushes that …

A primer on the primal origins of humans on Earth

Our history is complicated. Our pre-history, even more so.<p>How on Earth did we get here? No, not whatever political or environmental or existential crisis just sprung into your mind. How did we, as humans, end up where we are today?<p>Discoveries pushing back milestones in human development happen all …

Anthropology

Neanderthals Actually Weren't Jerks, Unlike Many Homo Sapiens

Our evolutionary relatives were compassionate caregivers.<p>As soon as the first Neanderthal fossils were discovered in 1856, the ancient hominins …

Uncontacted tribes: What do we know about the world's 100 hidden communities?

As you live in our hyper-connected world, it may seem strange to realize that thousands of people still live in so-called uncontacted tribes, utterly …

Tracking the spread of early hunter-gatherers through language

An interdisciplinary team of researchers from the University of Auckland and Yale University in the United States have adapted computer models, …

South Sudan's Dinka people – in pictures

During South Sudan’s dry season between December and May, members of the Dinka tribe move from the highlands to the lowlands close to the river Nile, where they set up extensive cattle camps, ensuring their animals are close to grazing land. Photographer Stefanie Glinski visited a camp in …

DNA sheds light on settlement of Pacific

<b>A study of ancient DNA has shed light on the epic journeys that led to the settlement of the Pacific by humans.</b><p>The region was one of the last on Earth to be permanently settled by humans who used canoes to traverse hundreds of miles of open ocean.<p>Two different studies tracked changes over time in …

Anthropology

The strange power of the ‘evil eye’

From the Eye of Horus to Gigi Hadid, ‘for thousands of years the eye has maintained its steady hold on the human imagination,’ writes Quinn Hargitai.<p>When it comes to warding off the mystic malevolent forces of the world, there is perhaps no charm more recognised or renowned than the ‘evil eye’. …

Ancient History

‘Moonwalking’ Birds and Other Crazy Courtship Rituals

Year of the Bird<p>Whether it’s with smooth dance moves or beautiful plumage, males go the extra mile to look good for females.<p>Birds have some of the most elaborate courtship rituals of any animal.<p>There’s a reason for that: Males of most species have to work hard to impress the females, whether it’s …

What Gave Humans the Edge Over Neanderthals? It Was Art, a New Study Claims

Art World<p>Newly published research links cave drawings to advanced hunting skills.<p>,<p>Turns out art does make you smarter—at least according to one …

Kerala temple renounces use of elephants for rituals citing safety concerns

For the second time in the state, a temple in Cherthala, Kerala has decided to do away with the practice of using elephants for rituals. The …

Can Rituals Trigger Creative Flow?

Matthew McConaughey drums his chest in a steady cadence. Head tilted back, eyes closed, he chants “hay-um” while gulping at ­­the air and reaching deep into his lower register. The ritual closes with a sibilating whistle and a bump of coke while Leonardo DiCaprio sits across from him, confused. …

5 Truly Fascinating & Remarkable Hidden Tribes

Tribes are something most people never really give a second thought, so it is hard to think that there are individuals in this world who live in …

Hidden tunnel could lead to Mayan 'entrance to the underworld'

<b>(CNN) —</b> This month, archaeologists in Mexico will begin excavating a secret tunnel thought to lead beneath a pyramid built by the ancient Maya.<p>The tunnel was sealed off centuries ago by the Maya, but archaeologists plan to clear it in order to reach a hidden "cenote" -- an underwater cavern that …

Archaeology

The Perspective on Religion: Is it Good or Bad for Society?

Religion is a universal human experience. All societies, past and present, have a set of shared beliefs and practices related to the supernatural. …

Religion

How feats of endurance cement social bonds

OVER the next few days, many Tamils will take part in an annual Hindu ceremony that involves amazing endurance. The keenest participants in the …

Walking

Scientific research shows gender is not just a social construct

When my colleague Corinne Purtill bought her doll-loving daughter an engineering kit, she had to laugh when the then-three-year-old used the present as a hairbrush. For all Corinne’s efforts at gender-neutral parenting, her daughter clearly enjoyed some traditionally feminine toys.<p>A study published …

A Study Suggests That People Can Hear Universal Traits in Music

But some music scholars have doubts.<p>Imagine that you’re a researcher who has unlimited time and resources, and a time machine that can travel anywhere in the world. You use these wondrous gifts to get a recording of every song that has ever been sung, whether by people in big cities or those in …

University of Toronto

Modern humans left Africa much earlier

<b>Researchers have identified the remains of the earliest known modern humans to have left Africa.</b><p>New dating of fossils from Israel indicates that our species (<i>Homo sapiens</i>) lived outside Africa around 185,000 years ago, some 80,000 years earlier than the previous evidence.<p>Details appear in the …

How extreme rituals forge intense social bonds – Dimitris Xygalatas

On the Day of Ashura, Shia Muslims around the world gather to mourn the Imam, Husayn ibn Ali, and his defeat in the battle of Karbala (in present-day …

How genetics is unlocking the secrets of ancient human migration

Tracking the migration of humans isn't easy, but genetics is helping us uncover new information at breathtaking speed. We know that our species …

Anthropology