Valerie Gilreath

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The Digital Divide: A Quarter of the Nation Is Without Broadband

Appalachia is not what it used to be. Hunger no longer stalks the hollows and ridges of a region once emblematic of American poverty, and no one …

Net Neutrality

Why the white middle class is dying faster, explained in 6 charts

The complicated collapse of middle-aged white Americans.<p>In 2015, a blockbuster study came to a surprising conclusion: Middle-aged white Americans are dying younger for the first time in decades, despite positive life expectancy trends in other wealthy countries and other segments of the US …

Middle Age

1book140's April Read: Middlemarch

Follow along as our Twitter book club reads George Eliot's 1874 "study of provincial life."<p><i>Middlemarch</i>, by George Eliot, has been called "the greatest English novel," labeled "the death knell for a book club," and, according to Virginia Woolf, who loved it, "one of the few novels written for …

Remembering Activist Poet Amiri Baraka

<b>Listen · 14:14</b><p><b>Toggle more options</b><p><b>Download</b>• <b><br>Transcript</b><p>The influential and controversial poet, playwright and essayist Amiri Baraka, formerly known as LeRoi Jones, was one of the key black literary voices of the 1960s. The political and social views that inspired his writing changed over the years, …

Don't Know What To Do With Your Life? Neither Did Thoreau

Every year, students come into my office and say, "I don't know what I want to do with my life." Of course, plenty of people in the world don't have the luxury of such cluelessness, but my students don't look like they're enjoying their privilege; they look scared and depressed, as though they've …

Paris Review - James Dickey, The Art of Poetry No. 20

Interviewed by Franklin Ashley<p>Issue 65, Spring 1976<p>Photograph by Christopher Dicky<p>In 1960, when he was thirty-seven—an age at which most men have abandoned pretenses at having creative gifts—James Dickey published his first book of poetry, <i>Into the Stone,</i> a Scribner's <i>Poets of Today</i> volume that he …

Literature

Paris Review - Thom Gunn, The Art of Poetry No. 72

Interviewed by Clive Wilmer<p>Issue 135, Summer 1995<p>Thom Gunn 1960 Hampstead-White Stone Pond.<p>Thom Gunn was born in Gravesend, on the southern bank of the Thames estuary, in 1929. His childhood was spent mostly in that county, Kent, and in the affluent suburb of Hampstead in northwest London. A …

Literature

Paris Review - Ezra Pound, The Art of Poetry No. 5

Interviewed by Donald Hall<p>Issue 28, Summer-Fall 1962<p>Ezra Pound, ca. 1913.<p>Since his return to Italy, Ezra Pound has spent most of his time in the Tirol, staying at Castle Brunnenburg with his wife, his daughter Mary, his son-in-law Prince Boris de Rachewiltz, and his grandchildren. However, the …

Literature

Paris Review - Joan Didion, The Art of Nonfiction No. 1

Interviewed by Hilton Als<p>Issue 176, Spring 2006<p>Didion in her bedroom.<p>The last time this magazine spoke with Joan Didion, in August of 1977, she was living in California and had just published her third novel, <i>A Book of Common Prayer</i>. Didion was forty-two years old and well-known not only for her …

Literature

Paris Review - Robert Creeley, The Art of Poetry No. 10

Interviewed by Lewis MacAdams and Linda Wagner-Martin<p>Issue 44, Fall 1968<p>Robert Creeley, ca. 1972. Photograph by Elsa Dorfman<p>This is a composite interview. It combines two separate discussions with Robert Creeley—held at different times, and conducted by two different interviewers: Linda Wagner and …

Literature

Paris Review - Walker Percy, The Art of Fiction No. 97

Interviewed by Zoltán Abádi-Nagy<p>Issue 103, Summer 1987<p>Walker Percy and Patrick Samway, S.J., at the Percy home in Covington, LA. ca. 1978.<p>This interview was conducted by mail, from May to October, 1986, at an enormous geographical distance; but the interviewer does cherish the memory of a personal …

Literature

Paris Review - Charles Olson, The Art of Poetry No. 12

Interviewed by Gerard Malanga<p>Issue 49, Summer 1970<p>I arrived at Annisquam, a village nearby Gloucester, on Sunday, April 13, about midday. I was the houseguest of the poet Gerrit Lansing whom I had met a few years previously in New York at a party given by the poet Kenward Elmslie. Early in the …

Literature

Paris Review - Carolyn Kizer, The Art of Poetry No. 81

Interviewed by Barbara Thompson Davis<p>Issue 154, Spring 2000<p>Carolyn Kizer was born in Spokane, Washington on December 10, 1925, a birth date shared with Emily Dickinson. She graduated from Sarah Lawrence College, studied at Columbia University as a fellow of the Chinese government and, in 1946, …

Literature

Paris Review - Robert Frost, The Art of Poetry No. 2

Interviewed by Richard Poirier<p>Issue 24, Summer-Fall 1960<p>Drawing by Hans Beck, 1960.<p>Mr. Frost came into the front room of his house in Cambridge, Massachusetts, casually dressed, wearing high plaid slippers, offering greetings with a quiet, even diffident friendliness. But there was no mistaking the …

Literature

Paris Review - James Fenton, The Art of Poetry No. 96

Interviewed by Robyn Creswell<p>Issue 202, Fall 2012<p>At home in Oxford, 2001.<p>James Fenton has been a war reporter, an opera librettist, a prawn farmer, a theater critic, and Oxford Professor of Poetry. He has written books on Indochina, art history, and gardening, among other things. These disparate …

Literature

The Morning News Roundup for March 14, 2014

• Eudora Welty once explained her popularity as a public speaker: “Colleges keep inviting me because I’m so well behaved … I’m always on time, and I don’t get drunk or hole up in a hotel with my lover.”<br>• Stanley Kubrick’s estranged daughter, Vivian, joined the Church of Scientology in 1999; some have …

Paris Review - Gary Snyder, The Art of Poetry No. 74

Interviewed by Eliot Weinberger<p>Issue 141, Winter 1996<p>Gary Snyder is a rarity in the United States: an immensely popular poet whose work is taken seriously by other poets. He is America's primary poet-celebrant of the wilderness, poet-exponent of environmentalism and Zen Buddhism, and poet-citizen …

Literature

Paris Review - James Merrill, The Art of Poetry No. 31

Interviewed by J.D. McClatchy<p>Issue 84, Summer 1982<p>Courtesy Rollie Mckenna Collection.<p>My first glimpse of James Merrill, a dozen years ago, was in black and white. It was a photograph of him, in the Brinnin and Read anthology called <i>The Modern Poets</i>. He had just turned toward the camera—his mouth …

Literature

Paris Review - Robert Lowell, The Art of Poetry No. 3

Interviewed by Frederick Seidel<p>Issue 25, Winter-Spring 1961<p>Drawing by Hans Beck, 1961.<p>On one wall of Mr. Lowell’s study was a large portrait of Ezra Pound, the tired, haughty outlines of the face concentrated as in the raised outlines of a ring seal in an enlargement. Also bearded, but on another …

Literature

Paris Review - W. D. Snodgrass, The Art of Poetry No. 68

Interviewed by Alexandra Eyle<p>Issue 130, Spring 1994<p>W. D. Snodgrass received one of his profession’s highest honors early on in his career when he won the Pulitzer Prize in poetry, in 1960, for his first book of poems, <i>Heart’s Needle</i>. Yet the winning of this coveted prize brought numerous pressures …

Literature

Paris Review - John Hollander, The Art of Poetry No. 35

Interviewed by J.D. McClatchy<p>Issue 97, Fall 1985<p>John Hollander is one of our most resourceful and prolific men of letters. Over the past twenty-five years he has published more than a dozen books of poetry. The first of them, <i>A Crackling of Thorns</i>, was chosen by W. H. Auden in 1958 for the Yale …

Literature

Paris Review - Archibald MacLeish, The Art of Poetry No. 18

Interviewed by Benjamin DeMott<p>Issue 58, Summer 1974<p>Archibald MacLeish, ca. 1944<p>Archibald MacLeish winters in Antigua, but the bearable portion of the year finds him at Uphill Farm, a country place in Conway, Massachusetts, bought in the twenties on the MacLeishes’ return from Europe. The region has …

Literature

Paris Review - Susan Howe, The Art of Poetry No. 97

Interviewed by Maureen N. McLane<p>Issue 203, Winter 2012<p>In New York, 2011.<p>For the past four decades, Susan Howe’s books have explored the word as shape, sound, and image. A haunter of archives, for whom manuscripts and marginalia and indexes are muses, she often works with the materials she finds …

Literature

Paris Review - T. S. Eliot, The Art of Poetry No. 1

Interviewed by Donald Hall<p>Issue 21, Spring-Summer 1959<p>Sketch by D. Cammell, 1959.<p>The interview took place in New York, at the apartment of Mrs. Louis Henry Cohn, of House of Books, Ltd., who is a friend of Mr. and Mrs. Eliot. The bookcases of the attractive living room contain a remarkable …

Literature

Paris Review - Elizabeth Bishop, The Art of Poetry No. 27

Interviewed by Elizabeth Spires<p>Issue 80, Summer 1981<p>The interview took place at Lewis Wharf, Boston, on the afternoon of June 28, 1978, three days before Miss Bishop and two friends were to leave for North Haven, a Maine island in Penobscot Bay where she summered. Her living room, on the fourth …

Literature

Paris Review - Robert Bly, The Art of Poetry No. 79

Interviewed by Francis Quinn<p>Issue 154, Spring 2000<p>Robert Bly, ca. 2009. Photograph by Nic McPhee<p>Since Robert Bly’s first book, <i>Silence in the Snowy Fields</i>, appeared in 1962, he has published twelve more books of poetry including <i>The Light around the Body</i>, which won the National Book Award in 1968, …

Literature

Paris Review - J. D. McClatchy, The Art of Poetry No. 84

Interviewed by Daniel Hall<p>Issue 163, Fall 2002<p>J. D. McClatchy has published five volumes of poetry in the course of some twenty years, a rate that might seem unexceptional until you consider the other projects that have consumed him throughout his writing life. He has also published two collections …

Literature

Paris Review - May Sarton, The Art of Poetry No. 32

Interviewed by Karen Saum<p>Issue 89, Fall 1983<p>The author of a remarkably varied body of work, May Sarton lives by herself in York, Maine, in a former “summer cottage,” quite isolated, at the end of a long dirt road. The road curves through a well-kept wood ending at “The House by the Sea” (the title …

Literature

Paris Review - Joan Didion, The Art of Fiction No. 71

Interviewed by Linda Kuehl<p>Issue 74, Fall-Winter 1978<p>Joan Didion, ca. 1977. Courtesy of the Associated Press<p>It is usual for the interviewer to write this paragraph about the circumstances in which the interview was conducted, but the interviewer in this case, Linda Kuehl, died not long after the …

Literature

Paris Review - Anne Carson, The Art of Poetry No. 88

Interviewed by Will Aitken<p>Issue 171, Fall 2004<p>Anne Carson and I first met in 1988 at a writers’ workshop in Canada, and have been reading each other’s work ever since. The interview that follows is a mix of our usual conversation and discussion about topics that preoccupy Carson’s work—mysticism, …

Literature