UC Health

By University of California | At the University of California we are driven by our public service mission to take health care innovations to the next level. With health, there's hope.

Making medicine more precise, accessible

Health care leaders trying to fix bottleneck that keeps increasingly individualized laboratory discoveries from reaching patients.

Medicine

Knuckle-cracking is actually good for you

<b>(CNN) —</b> For the past 15 years, Tanya Johnson has been driving her boss nuts.<p>It's not her job skills -- Dr. Robert Szabo says Johnson is an excellent nurse -- but rather her incessant knuckle-cracking that makes him want to strangle her.<p>"I kept telling her to stop, that it was bad for her," Szabo …

University of Alberta

UC leads Zika carrier research

<b>The UC Mosquito Research Laboratory in Parlier is the epicenter of California research on the Aedes aegypti mosquito, a tiny, black and white mosquito that can spread the Zika virus.</b><p>Aedes aegypti were first identified in California in June 2013, when they were found in the San Joaquin Valley …

Research

Inside the mind of Sting

What does the 1960s Beatles hit “Girl” have in common with Astor Piazolla’s evocative tango composition “Libertango”?<p>To the casual listener, probably not much. But in the mind of one famously eclectic singer-songwriter, the two songs are highly similar. That’s one of the surprising findings of an …

Life Sciences

Latinos age slower than other ethnicities, UCLA study shows

A UCLA study is the first to show that Latinos age at a slower rate than other ethnic groups. The findings, published in the current issue of Genome Biology, may one day help scientists understand how to slow the aging process for everyone.<p>“Latinos live longer than Caucasians, despite experiencing …

DNA

Needles not needed

<b>Unlike Type 2 diabetes, Type 1 diabetes often afflicts the young with an indifference to lifestyle and dietary habits. It begins when the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Insulin is necessary for balancing blood sugar levels, and it allows the body to use these</b> …

UC Berkeley

Chance Collaboration Yields an Advance in Cancer Treatment

A collaboration between an immunologist helping his stepmother fight cancer and the oncologist who treated her led to a discovery that could help many more patients benefit from a transformative new therapy.<p>A new class of drugs called checkpoint inhibitors works by releasing a molecular brake that …

Cancer

The Chase

How fast can we roll out a Zika vaccine?<p>On a Saturday morning in April of 2014, Nenad Macesic, a thirty-one-year-old doctor-in-training, received an urgent phone call from the emergency room of Austin Hospital, just outside Melbourne, Australia. Lean and taut, with a swirl of dark hair, Macesic …

Medicine

'Neural dust' could treat the body from inside

University of California, Berkeley engineers have built the first dust-sized, wireless sensors that can be implanted in the body, bringing closer the day when a Fitbit-like device could monitor internal nerves, muscles or organs in real time.<p>Because these batteryless sensors could also be used to …

Life Sciences

Latinos face digital divide in health care

When considering Latinos, educators often struggle with how to close the achievement gap. That gap is often defined as a disparity in academic success between native English speakers and those for whom Spanish was their first language.<p>Health communicators have gaps of their own to address: digital …

Digital divide

Floss: Have dentists been stringing us along?

<b>To floss or not to floss, that is suddenly the question.</b><p>For decades, the federal government and dentists have recommended flossing daily to prevent cavities and gum disease.<p>Now the evidence for flossing appears to be hanging by a string.<p>The Associated Press announced this week that its …

UC Berkeley

UC hospitals rank among best in nation

The University of California has two of the nation’s top 10 hospitals and all five of its medical centers rank among the nation’s best hospitals, according to U.S. News & World Report’s annual survey.<p>UCLA and UCSF medical centers ranked fifth and seventh in the nation, respectively, making U.S. …

UC Berkeley

Four tips for preventing food allergies in school

Most parents send their children off to begin a new school year with excitement. But parents of children with severe food allergies typically feel real fear. Will their children successfully avoid the foods they are allergic to?<p>Infants and young children are most commonly allergic to cow’s milk, …

Healthy Eating

UCLA medical students witness spiritual side of care

<b>The patient’s eyes lift and brighten when Chaplain Andrew Couch walks into her room at Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical Center. Her smile is small and tight, but a smile nonetheless. The woman has been in the hospital for nearly two months, waiting for a liver transplant.</b><p>“How are you feeling today?” …

Medicine

A trap for bedbugs?

<b>Researchers at the University of California, Riverside have discovered the shed skins of bedbugs retain the “obnoxious sweetness” smell often associated with the pests, a finding that could potentially be used to combat infestations of the insects.</b><p>Bedbugs shed their skins, known as exuviae, as they …

UC Berkeley

Make Sure Your Game Face Includes a Mouthguard

<i>Associated Press photo</i><br>Golden State Warrior Stephen Curry often chews on his mouthguard during a break in the action.<p>By Terri Hunter-Davis<p>Even if …

Stephen Curry

Harnessing the Immune System to Fight Cancer

Steve Cara expected to sail through the routine medical tests required to increase his life insurance in October 2014. But the results were devastating. He had lung cancer, at age 53. It had begun to spread, and doctors told him it was inoperable.<p>A few years ago, they would have suggested …

Health

Medical school meditation

— Some UC San Diego medical students have been studying an ancient but little-known form of meditation from a professor who believes the practice can …

San Diego

One minute of secondhand marijuana smoke impairs cardiovascular function

One minute of exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) from marijuana diminishes blood vessel function to the same extent as tobacco, but the harmful cardiovascular effects last three times longer, according to a new study in rats led by UC San Francisco researchers.<p>In a healthy animal, increased blood …

Marijuana

With rise of leukemia in children, $6M grant funds search for causes

A UC Berkeley-led research team will search for causes of leukemia — the most common cancer in children — with a new, four-year, $6 million grant from the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.<p>The award marks the second round of funding for the …

Kids

Spit: The diagnostic tool of the future?

In the name of spit science, Douglas Granger and his colleagues have collected saliva samples from a restless polar bear, a college marching band and Navy medics dodging bullets in simulated combat.<p>The mouthwatering liquid is a gold mine of information, says Granger, an “oral fluid” expert who …

UC Berkeley

Why toxic compound emissions vary in e-cigarettes

While previous studies have found that electronic cigarettes emit toxic compounds, a new study from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has pinpointed the source of these emissions and shown how factors such as the temperature, type, and age of the device play a role in emission …

UC Berkeley

Breast-Feeding the Microbiome

<i>This is an edited excerpt from “</i><i>I Contain Multitudes: The Microbes Within Us and a Grander View of Life</i><i>,” which will be published on August 9th by Ecco, an imprint of HarperCollins Publishers.</i><p>The Foods for Health Institute, at the University of California, Davis, has the appearance of a Tuscan …

Microbiome

Using urban pigeons to monitor lead pollution

Quick summary• Pigeons in New York City had similar pattern of lead in blood to children<br>• ‘Rats with wings’ could be a tool to survey urban pollution<br>​<p>Tom Lehrer sang about poisoning them, but those pigeons in the park might be a good way to detect lead and other toxic compounds in cities. A new study …

How Salmonella Could Be Used to Kill Cancer

A genetically modified strain of the bacteria has successfully planted drugs in mice tumors.<p><i>Salmonella</i> bacteria are best known as a causes of food poisoning and typhoid fever. Every year, they sicken millions of people. But those in Jeff Hasty’s lab at the University of California, San Diego, are …

Cancer

Confronting a Lingering Question About Zika: How It Enters the Womb

As scientists learn more about how the Zika virus can cause brain damage in a developing fetus, a major question has remained: How does a virus that infects a pregnant mother through a mosquito bite on her skin get into her womb?<p>It is not a simple question. Most viruses that infect a pregnant woman …

Smarter Ways to Teach Family Members Medical Skills

As hospitals send patients home after shorter stays and many patients live with multiple chronic diseases, more families are taking on complicated medical tasks. That includes giving injections, changing surgical dressings and operating special medical equipment, often with little instruction.<p>An …

Medicine

How cochlear implants help profoundly deaf children

Quick summary• Cochlear implants support hearing in profoundly deaf people<br>• ‘Balance of power’ between brain areas may affect how effective implants are<br>• Goal is to find ways to help kids better adapt to implants<p>William Wootton was born profoundly deaf, but thanks to cochlear implants fitted when he was …

UCLA researchers develop immunotherapy to treat advanced brain cancer

UCLA researchers have developed a new cancer treatment that uses a vaccine to activate an immune response against advanced brain tumors.<p>The three-year study led by UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center members and doctors Robert Prins, Linda Liau and Timothy Cloughesy, showed for the first time …