University of California

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To Diet Or Not Diet: Science Weighs In

Let's play a game: imagine that you were going to join a research study, and were allowed to join one of two groups:<p>Group #1 was going to go on a conventional diet.<p>Group #2 was going to learn how to trust themselves around food and like their bodies.<p>Which one would you choose? And what would you …

Fitness

Assert your 21st Amendment Freedom by Transcribing Wine Label History

A wine label from the 1950s in the Maynard Amerine collection at UC Davis (courtesy UC Davis University Library)<p>More than 5,000 wine labels at the …

Can flooded rice fields be a solution in California water war?

California is the country’s second-largest rice producer, after Arkansas, and the $5 billion crop is particularly well suited to the Sacramento …

California

Students try to overcome 'yuck' factor in Bug-Eating 101

Food security is an issue of major concern along with climate change, as water supplies become scarce and the world’s population continues to grow.Combined, these factors are expected to stress the world’s agricultural capacity. But one solution may be right underfoot, so to speak.<p>Insects are easy …

UC Berkeley

Humanitarian to create incubator for social innovation at UCSD

LA JOLLA<p>Naila Chowdhury was surprised to find social issues in San Diego similar to those she encountered in her native India.<p>Chowdhury, the director …

Problem-solving

Francis Ford Coppola tests concept of live movie-making with UCLA students, faculty

More than 75 students and faculty from the UCLA School of Theater, Film and Television participated in a monthlong experimental workshop with five-time Academy Award-winning filmmaker and alumnus Francis Ford Coppola that culminated Friday with a live broadcast of a production based on Coppola's …

Francis Ford Coppola

The global impact of air conditioning: Big and getting bigger

With a heat wave pushing the heat index well above 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 Celsius) through much of the U.S., most of us are happy to stay indoors and crank the air conditioning. And if you think it’s hot here, try 124°F in India. Globally, 2016 is poised to be another record-breaking year for …

UC Berkeley

With rise of leukemia in children, $6M grant funds search for causes

A UC Berkeley-led research team will search for causes of leukemia — the most common cancer in children — with a new, four-year, $6 million grant from the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences.<p>The award marks the second round of funding for the …

Kids

Spit: The diagnostic tool of the future?

In the name of spit science, Douglas Granger and his colleagues have collected saliva samples from a restless polar bear, a college marching band and Navy medics dodging bullets in simulated combat.<p>The mouthwatering liquid is a gold mine of information, says Granger, an “oral fluid” expert who …

UC Berkeley

Why toxic compound emissions vary in e-cigarettes

While previous studies have found that electronic cigarettes emit toxic compounds, a new study from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has pinpointed the source of these emissions and shown how factors such as the temperature, type, and age of the device play a role in emission …

UC Berkeley

New Zealand plans to wipe out invasive species by 2050 to save its native wildlife

New Zealand has announced a plan to make the country free of rodents and other invasive species that threaten its natural species by 2050.<p>Never before has such an ambitious program been tried for such a large area.<p>"It's wonderful that they're going to attempt to do this, it's certainly on an …

Invasive species

UC Davis helps empower those tackling Africa's energy challenges

Sarah Mulwah of Botswana has been an environmental consultant and a marketing manager for a nature reserve where she helped track white rhinos for a conservation project.<p>But a six-week energy institute at UC Davis is helping her blaze a trail for a new endeavor — setting up a lending library of …

Energy

How these spiders handle climate change will depend on their personalities

Having a personality may seem like a uniquely human trait — but research increasingly suggests that it is evident in the animal kingdom as well. And for some critters, personality type may make all the difference in whether they can survive in a given environment.<p>At least, that’s the takeaway from …

Spiders

UC Santa Cruz summer startup academy instructs entrepreneurs

Nada Miljkovic is excited about her role as the instructor of the UC Santa Cruz Summer Entrepreneurship Academy in which students work on startup …

Startups

Magoosh: Proof that Berkeley startups can flourish without Silicon Valley

Magoosh CEO Bhavin Parikh in the education startup’s downtown Berkeley office. Photo, taken in June 2016, by Kelly Sullivan<p>To tour Magoosh’s Berkeley …

Wildfires in West have gotten bigger, more frequent and longer since the 1980s

Dramatic images of out-of-control wildfires in western North American forests have appeared on our television and computer screens with increasing regularity in recent decades, while costs of fire suppression have soared. In 2015, federal spending on suppression exceeded $2 billion, just 15 years …

Wildfires

Burning Issues Build as ‘Sand Fire’ Spreads on L.A.’s Parched Wild Fringe

You may already have seen the apocalyptic vistas created across much of the Los Angeles area by smoke from the “Sand Fire”, which explosively spread over the weekend in the dry, hot windswept combustible chaparral around some densely developed communities in the Santa Clarita Valley. (Keep track of …

California

Could CRISPR Gene Editing Change the Future of Ag?

Up until recently, a genetically modified organism was one that had its genetic materials engineered. Now, a new technology is completely blurring …

Food

Breast-Feeding the Microbiome

<i>This is an edited excerpt from “</i><i>I Contain Multitudes: The Microbes Within Us and a Grander View of Life</i><i>,” which will be published on August 9th by Ecco, an imprint of HarperCollins Publishers.</i><p>The Foods for Health Institute, at the University of California, Davis, has the appearance of a Tuscan …

Microbiome

Using urban pigeons to monitor lead pollution

Quick summary• Pigeons in New York City had similar pattern of lead in blood to children<br>• ‘Rats with wings’ could be a tool to survey urban pollution<br>​<p>Tom Lehrer sang about poisoning them, but those pigeons in the park might be a good way to detect lead and other toxic compounds in cities. A new study …

Pollution

The secret history of America on Medium

Life in the stands at a San Jose Earthquakes game. An honest assessment of the problem of public bathrooms in a city that’s hostile to the poor. The American hipster, circa 1800. When a group of UC Berkeley students were selected to tell the secret history of America to the public on Medium.com, …

UC Berkeley

Young tech entrepreneurs take bite out of hunger

How can 50 million Americans not know where their next meal is coming from while 40 percent of food gets wasted?<p>Millennial social entrepreneurs are cooking up solutions.<p>Rachel Sumekh, 24, co-founded Swipe Out Hunger, which allows college students to donate excess dollars on their meal plan to …

Problem-solving

Researchers can now monitor global warming due to human activity in real time

<b>A research team including a Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California San Diego climate scientist simulated in a computer model, for the first time, the realistic evolution of global mean surface temperature since 1900.</b><p><b>In doing so, the researchers also created a new method</b> …

World

How Salmonella Could Be Used to Kill Cancer

A genetically modified strain of the bacteria has successfully planted drugs in mice tumors.<p><i>Salmonella</i> bacteria are best known as a causes of food poisoning and typhoid fever. Every year, they sicken millions of people. But those in Jeff Hasty’s lab at the University of California, San Diego, are …

Cancer

Local entrepreneur grows food of the future

Bugs: They're what's gonna be for dinner. Credit: OakleyOriginals<p>Virginia Emery loves bugs. She loves them so much that last summer, Emery built a …

Confronting a Lingering Question About Zika: How It Enters the Womb

As scientists learn more about how the Zika virus can cause brain damage in a developing fetus, a major question has remained: How does a virus that infects a pregnant mother through a mosquito bite on her skin get into her womb?<p>It is not a simple question. Most viruses that infect a pregnant woman …

Science

Smarter Ways to Teach Family Members Medical Skills

As hospitals send patients home after shorter stays and many patients live with multiple chronic diseases, more families are taking on complicated medical tasks. That includes giving injections, changing surgical dressings and operating special medical equipment, often with little instruction.<p>An …

Medicine

People Are Awesome: Meet The Woman Who Needs To Make 8 Million New Yorkers Compost

<i>We’ve relaunched a GOOD online series, “People Are Awesome,” where we feature good people doing great things—and seek their advice, inspiration, and</i> …

Composting

The world is poised to take the strongest action of this year against climate change

<i>This story has been updated.</i><p>When the world moved to phase out ozone-destroying chlorofluorcarbons, or CFCs, it solved one enormous and urgent environmental problem — but it left behind another. CFCs were bad for the ozone layer and also caused a great deal of global warming to boot. But a key …

Climate

Swimmer Kathleen Baker Overcomes Crohn’s Disease to Become an Olympian

OMAHA — Kathleen Baker stared at the seemingly simple question on the form distributed to members of the United States Olympic swim team. What challenges did she have to overcome on her way to qualifying for the Rio de Janeiro Games?<p>For Baker, one of about 700,000 Americans who have Crohn’s …

Crohn's disease