Daniel tung

274 Flips | 10 Magazines | 8 Likes | 6 Following | 7 Followers | @tytung | Keep up with Daniel tung on Flipboard, a place to see the stories, photos, and updates that matter to you. Flipboard creates a personalized magazine full of everything, from world news to life’s great moments. Download Flipboard for free and search for “Daniel tung”

Excellent explainer: how consensus algorithms (including Bitcoin/blockchain) work

The creation of "public ledgers" -- like blockchain, popularized by Bitcoin -- requires "consensus algorithms" that allow mutually untrusted, …

Neuron cascade may be akin to neutral selection in evolution

Avalanches of neuronal activity may be accidental rather than useful.<p>"I am sorry, but your brain suffers from avalanches" is a diagnosis that should …

A new study can help us understand how creative people make unexpected connections

Creativity is often defined as the ability to come up with new and useful ideas. Like intelligence, it can be considered a trait that everyone – not just creative “geniuses” like Picasso and Steve Jobs – possesses in some capacity.<p>It’s not just your ability to draw a picture or design a product. We …

This Is Totally Why You're Not Successful Yet

There is no shortage of excuses for failure, and even more for mediocrity. This list will make you aware of the real truth about your ability to be successful.<p>You're frustrated. No matter how hard you work, how much you plan, or how badly you want it, you are not living the life of your dreams. But …

The Amazing Things Your Body Does When You Feel Afraid

Embrace the power of fight or flight<p>mikkelwilliam via Getty Images<p>When you feel scared, you feel alone, helpless. But the best bodyguard in the world …

Emergency Medicine

All Your Memories Are Stored by One Weird, Ancient Molecule

We actually borrowed our ability to form memories from viruses.<p>How does memory work? The further we seem to dive in, the more questions we stumble …

The Sanskrit effect: How verbal recitation boosts cognitive function

You hear a lot of strange theories in yoga studios. In my 20 years of practicing yoga I’ve listened to plenty of suspect claims based on intuition …

The Brain

How to be more creative, according to science

Whether you get mesmerized by Vincent van Gogh's painting The Starry Night or Albert Einstein's theories about spacetime, you'll probably agree that both pieces of work are products of mind-blowing creativity.<p>Imagination is what propels us forward as a species — it expands our worlds and brings us …

Creativity

Why This Type of Intelligence You Probably Haven't Heard of Might Be the Most Important

The most important type of intelligence, Robert J. Sternberg says, has to do with setting and accomplishing your goals.<p>It used to be that cognitive intelligence was the king of the hill in terms of importance. Then emotional intelligence showed up. But now Cornell University's professor of human …

How To Learn In 2 Days What Normally Takes 6 Months

Research has found that having clarity about your goals is essential to having motivation to achieve those goals.<p>If you’re not clear on what you’re doing, it’s hard to be motivated. Which is why seemingly easy tasks, like sending a fax, could end up taking months. There’s a lack of clarity on <i>how to</i> …

Motivation

Tim Ferriss Says That Goal-Setting is Important, but Fear-Setting is Critical to Success

Tim Ferriss developed this exercise in fear-setting to help him make the hardest decisions of his life.<p>We know that Tim Ferriss is a New York Times best-selling author. We know that he's an extraordinarily successful entrepreneur, and an investor. What many don't know about Tim Ferriss is that he …

New Types of Experiments Reveal that a Neuron Functions as Multiple Independent Threshold Units

1.<p>Anderson, J., Binzegger, T., Kahana, O., Martin, K. & Segev, I. Dendritic asymmetry cannot account for directional responses of neurons in visual …

Neuroscience

These three strategies can help you master any subject

I learned a lot in 2017. I learned about how the European Union works, because Britain decided to leave it. I learned what a social media-obsessed presidency looks like, and the distinctive outlines of a political party that picks power over principle. I learned that a Trump presidency can force a …

The Great AI Paradox - MIT Technology Review

You’ve probably heard versions of each of the following ideas.<p>1. With computers becoming remarkably adept at driving, understanding speech, and other …

Artificial Intelligence

Ex-Facebook VP: Social media destroying society with 'dopamine-driven feedback loops'

A former Facebook executive is making waves after he spoke out about his "tremendous guilt" over growing the social network, which he feels has eroded "the core foundations of how people behave by and between each other."<p>Chamath Palihapitiya began working for Facebook in 2007 and left in 2011 as …

The modern-day version of a thousand-year-old philosophy can help anyone be more confident

Ever feel like you're not good enough? Something bad happens and your brain plays a YouTube highlight reel of every mistake you've ever made. Your confidence crashes and your self-esteem flatlines.<p>You're not alone. People have been feeling like this as long as there have been people. It's an old …

Self-help

The cognitive benefits of letting your mind wander

The Renaissance painter Albrecht Dürer was regarded by his friends as a master in the art of mind-wandering. He could become ‘enwrapped’ in his own pleasant reflections, wrote the German humanist Willibald Pirckheimer, at which times Dürer ‘would seem the happiest person on Earth.’<p>Many of us are …

Mindfulness

AI is now so complex its creators can’t trust why it makes decisions

Artificial intelligence is seeping into every nook and cranny of modern life. AI might tag your friends in photos on Facebook or choose what you see on Instagram, but materials scientists and NASA researchers are also beginning to use the technology for scientific discovery and space …

Can A.I. Be Taught to Explain Itself?

<b>In September,</b> Michal Kosinski published a study that he feared might end his career. The Economist broke the news first, giving it a self-consciously anodyne title: “Advances in A.I. Are Used to Spot Signs of Sexuality.” But the headlines quickly grew more alarmed. By the next day, the Human Rights …

Machine Learning

The Smartest People Love to Fail, and Here's Why

With a positive attitude and perseverance in their back pocket, the smartest and most successful learn and discover from their failures.<p>"I have not failed. I've just found 10,000 ways that won't work." - Thomas Edison<p>Granted, given the history and scope of Edison's accomplishments, it may be a …

The uncomfortable secret to creative success is “disequilibrium”

It’s a Wednesday morning in the IDEO San Francisco studio. Bright sunshine reflects off the Bay and through the floor-to-ceiling windows. But in the project space, the mood is darker.<p>The team is on week five of their project. They’ve been conducting tons of human-centered interviews and broad …

Creativity

How Did J.K. Rowling Become Unbelievably Successful? She Found the Perfect Response to Failure

The Harry Potter author is a perfect example of how failure can provide a foundation for success, as long as you respond the right way.<p>Twenty-three years ago, Joanne Rowling, an unemployed single mother, applied for welfare benefits so she could take care of her 1-year-old daughter. Clinically …

This New Study Shows That People Who 'Think Backwards' Are More Successful

Research shows that how you plan determines how likely you are to succeed.<p>Your boss just messaged you saying she wants to talk tomorrow morning about the big idea you pitched at the weekly meeting.<p>Great. Right?<p>If you're like most people, your brain will start firing on all cylinders at this point, …

Science: Your Anxiety Is Killing Your Intuition

Worrying really isn't helping your decision making, a new study suggests<p>We live in a world that seems custom designed to make us anxious. Between the endless natural disasters, political paralysis, loneliness epidemic, job stealing (or even world-ending) robots, and regular threats of nuclear …

Imagining the Future Is Just Another Form of Memory

Humans’ ability to predict the future is all thanks to our ability to remember the past.<p>“Imagining the future is a kind of nostalgia.” This is a line from John Green’s young-adult book <i>Looking for Alaska</i>. It’s pretty, and melancholy, and very popular on Tumblr. It’s also scientifically …

University of Illinois

Does modern neuroscience help us understand behavior? | Salon.com

Lately, some neuroscientists have been struggling with an identity crisis: what do we believe, and what do we want to achieve? Is it enough to study the brain’s machinery, or are we missing its larger design?<p>Scholars have pondered the mind since Aristotle, and scientists have studied the nervous …

Brain wiring affects how people perform specific tasks

The way a person’s brain is “wired” directly impacts how well they perform simple and complex tasks, according to a new study from researchers at …

You Think With the World, Not Just Your Brain

On the mystery and wonder of extended cognition<p>As always, a horror film managed to express the idea before the scientists ever could, and in better, more visceral terms. “The television screen,” the haunting image of Brian O’Blivion tells us in David Cronenberg’s 1983 classic <i>Videodrome</i>, “is the …

Consciousness

Inside the Moonshot Effort to Finally Figure Out the Brain - MIT Technology Review

"Here’s the problem with artificial intelligence today," says David Cox. Yes, it has gotten astonishingly good, from near-perfect facial recognition …

How does the developing brain learn to perceive the world before it can see it?

<b>(Shutterstock/Getty/Salon)</b><p>Our eyes work when we’re born, even though they’ve never been exposed to light<p>Maya Emmons Bell<p>October 8, 2017 4:59pm (UTC)<p>This article originally appeared on Massive.<p>Every day, within the belly of a towering concrete building at the University of California, Berkeley, …