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New species of orangutan discovered in Sumatra – and is already endangered

A new species of great ape has been discovered, according to scientists studying a small population of orangutans in northern Sumatra.<p>Among the great apes – a group that also includes humans, gorillas, chimpanzees and bonobos – orangutans are our most distant relative. Since 2001, two distinct …

Republicans accused of obstructing satellite research into climate change

The Republican majority in the US Congress has been accused of deliberately obstructing research on global warming after it emerged that a critically important technique for investigating sea-ice cover at the poles faces being blocked.<p>The row has erupted after a key polar satellite broke down a few …

Sea Ice

10 Myths About Birth Control You Need to Stop Believing Right Now

You don't want to get this wrong.<p>Modern birth control is amazing. It helps women take control of their reproduction, plan ideal periods, and manage …

What would happen if Earth became 2 degrees warmer

Following is a transcript of the video.<p>What would happen if Earth became 2º C (4.6º F) warmer.<p>In 2015, the Paris Agreement declared that the world should try to keep Earth's warming trend to well below 2°C by 2100. Here's what would happen if temperatures did increase by 2° C.<p>Sea levels will likely …

Climate Change

Coconut crabs also eat birds

For decades, scientists believed the nine-pound coconut crab ate, well, coconuts. But in March 2016, biologist Mark Laidre watched one catch, kill …

This fungus has over 23,000 sexes and no qualms about it

Sex is extra strange if you're a shroom.<p>Fungi don’t abide by gender constructs. They live uninhibited (albeit unconscious) lives, mating freely with almost any other member of their species. In short, they’re wonderful.<p>One particularly promiscuous mushroom, known scientifically as <i>Schizophyllum</i> …

Biology

'The train has left the station': Al Gore isn't worried about Trump's environmental rollbacks

Since leaving political office, former Vice President Al Gore has been working on, among other things, an investment firm that focuses on sustainable investing.<p>He teamed up with the former head of Goldman Sachs Asset Management and others in 2004 to launch the London-based Generation Investment …

Climate

Plagued by unwanted thoughts? You may be low on hippocampal GABA

Whether they take the form of worries, unpleasant memories or hallucinations, recurrent unwanted thoughts are a key feature of conditions such as …

Scientists Just Found a Vital Missing Link in The Origins of Life on Earth

Meet diamidophosphate.<p>Carbon might be the backbone of organic chemistry, but life on Earth wouldn't be what it is today if it weren't for another …

Study Illuminates Genetic Origins of Skin Color Diversity

For ages, humans have divided our species into groups based upon skin color. The shade of one's complexion has been a powerful influence upon human …

Anthropology

Science may have just answered the question of how life began

Research into the conditions under which life originally formed has given scientists a lot of tantalizing clues in recent years, but a new discovery …

People With Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Are Exhausted at a Cellular Level, Study Shows

Yet more evidence for this disease.<p>If you're one of the millions of people worldwide who deals with the symptoms of CFS (chronic fatigue syndrome, …

What's actually happening when you pull, sprain, or rupture a muscle

Here's what actually happens when you "pull" a muscle.<p>The human body has three types of muscles skeletal, cardiac and visceral. But we can only control, and damage, our skeletal muscles.<p>These are made of thousands of vulnerable muscle fibers. Awkward movements or overexertion can tear some, or all, …

Muscle

Why eating two burgers could be healthier than adding a side of fries, according to a nutritionist

Instead of adding fries to that order, you might want to consider a second burger.<p>While conventional wisdom might tell you that eating a second <i>anything</i> is a bad choice from a nutritional perspective, there's something more important to consider: balance.<p>Registered dietitian and nutritionist Emily …

Nutrition

Extremely Rare Case in US as Woman Gets Pregnant While Already Pregnant

1 woman. 2 babies. 4 parents.<p>An extremely rare case of a woman becoming pregnant while already pregnant has occurred in the US, with a mother …

Small-minded? Shrews shrink their skulls to survive winter, study shows

They use echolocation to explore their habitat and produce an unpleasant scent to avoid being eaten by cats. But the common shrew has another survival trick: as winter approaches, its skull shrinks and then regrows in the spring.<p>Dubbed “Dehnel’s phenomenon” after the scientist who first spotted the …

'Chemical surgery' can correct genetic mutations behind many diseases – study

A breakthrough in “chemical surgery” that can correct a type of genetic mutation behind a host of diseases has been unveiled by researchers.<p>Scientists are hopeful that the approach could offer new ways to understand – and even one day tackle – certain human genetic diseases by correcting mutations …

Blood-thinning drugs 'can reduce risk of dementia by up to 48%'

Blood-thinning drugs could protect against dementia and stroke in people with an irregular heartbeat, research suggests.<p>A study found that patients being treated for atrial fibrillation (AF) were less likely to develop dementia if they were taking anticoagulants. Their risk was reduced by up to 48% …

Medical Research

Medieval love of squirrel fur may have helped spread leprosy, study reveals

Scientists have found evidence that the medieval taste for the beautiful fine fur of red squirrels, traded with Viking Scandinavia, may have been a factor in the spread of leprosy.<p>The link between human and animal leprosy had already been suggested when the disease was found in modern squirrels in …

Afternoon heart surgery has lower risk of complications, study suggests

Patients undergoing open heart surgery in the afternoon have a lower risk of potentially fatal complications than those undergoing operations in the morning, new research suggests.<p>The study found that events including heart attacks and heart failure were less common among those who had undergone a …

High libido? Cannabis smokers have 20% more sex, researchers find

Cannabis smokers have about 20% more sex than those who abstain from the drug, an American study has shown.<p>Survey participants were asked how many times they had had heterosexual intercourse in the past four weeks and how frequently they had smoked marijuana over the past 12 months.<p>Stanford …

Cannabis

Acid reflux drug linked to more than doubled risk of stomach cancer – study

A drug commonly used to treat acid reflux is linked to a more than doubled risk of developing stomach cancer, researchers have claimed.<p>Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) reduce the amount of acid made by the stomach and are used to treat acid reflux and stomach ulcers.<p>A study published in the journal …

Medicine

Infusions of young blood tested in patients with dementia

The first controlled, but controversial and small, clinical trial of giving young blood to people with dementia has reported that the procedure …

Alzheimer's Disease

Study suggests dangers in blood transfusions between men and women

Traditionally the sex of a blood donor has been considered irrelevant when giving a blood transfusion, but a compelling study is raising new concerns …

‘Guinea pigs’: experimental implants done despite no approval for human use

Inquiry finds artificial windpipe, arterial graft and synthetic tear duct made by scientists at University College London were used outside of UK<p>Experimental implants that should only have been used in laboratory or animal tests were sent abroad and used on patients who were treated like human …

Tasmanian tigers on Australian mainland 'killed off by drought'

Researchers say onset of El Niño weather patterns was the likely cause of the thylacine’s demise<p>Drought was to blame for the extinction of Tasmanian tigers from the Australian mainland, a new study by the University of Adelaide has found.<p>After examining DNA from fossil bones and museum specimens, …

Research

Nobel prize in chemistry awarded for method to visualise biomolecules

Jacques Dubochet, Joachim Frank and Richard Henderson receive £825,000 prize for developing method for generating 3D images of life-building structures<p>The Nobel prize in chemistry has been awarded to three scientists for developing a technique to produce images of the molecules of life frozen in …

Chemistry

Scientists 'concealed' death of patient at centre of vegetative state breakthrough

French scientists have been criticised for concealing the death of the patient at the centre of a breakthrough in which consciousness was restored to a man in a persistent vegetative state.<p>The treatment was hailed as a major advance in the field and suggested that the outlook for these patients and …

Charlatans threaten stem cell research with unproven cures, say experts

Stem cell medicine has huge potential but unscrupulous clinics offering unrealistic hopes are endangering its future<p>The credibility of stem cell research is at risk because of charlatans and dodgy clinics peddling unproven cures for diseases, according to a group of eminent scientists in the …

Medical Research

'Western society is chronically sleep deprived': the importance of the body's clock

The 2017 Nobel prize for medicine was awarded for the discovery of how our circadian rhythms are controlled. But what light does it shed on the cycle of life?<p>The cycle of day and night on our planet is age-old and inescapable, so the idea of an internal body clock might not sound that radical. In …