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Food Dictionary - Cooking Terms - Antioxidant

<b>Antioxidant</b><p>Antioxidants are chemical compounds that provide stability to fats and oils by delaying oxidation (which involves the loss of electrons …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Zinc

Zinc is mineral that your body needs in trace amounts for a variety of different mechanisms.<p><b>Functions of Zinc</b> <br>Supports a healthy nervous system and …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Water

Water is a combination of hydrogen and oxygen. It is the basis for the fluids of the body. Water makes up more than two-thirds of the weight of the …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Vitamins

A 'vitamin' is an organic compound required by an organism as a vital nutrient in limited amounts. An organic chemical compound (or related set of …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Vitamin K

Vitamin K is a group of structurally similar, fat-soluble vitamins that the human body needs for post-translational modification of certain proteins …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Vitamin E

Vitamin E refers to a group of eight fat-soluble compounds that include both tocopherols and tocotrienols. Of the many different forms of vitamin E, …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for enhancing intestinal absorption of calcium and phosphate. In humans, the most …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Vitamin C

Vitamin C or L-ascorbic acid, or simply ascorbate, is an essential nutrient for humans and certain other animal species. Vitamin C refers to a number …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Vitamin B-6

Vitamin B6 is a water-soluble vitamin and is part of the vitamin B complex group. Several forms of the vitamin are known, but pyridoxal phosphate …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Vitamin B-12

Vitamin B12, also called cobalamin, is one of 8 B vitamins. All B vitamins help the body convert food (carbohydrates) into fuel (glucose), which is …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Vitamin A

Vitamin A is essential for good health. It promotes growth, the immune system, reproduction, and vision. However, recent research suggests that too …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Unsaturated Fats

An unsaturated fat is a fat or fatty acid in which there is at least one double bond within the fatty acid chain. A fatty acid chain is …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Trans Fat

Trans fats are a type of unsaturated fat which is uncommon in nature but can be created artificially.<br>Hydrocarbons are carbon atoms with hydrogen …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Thiamin

Vitamin B1, also called thiamine or thiamin, is one of 8 B vitamins. All B vitamins help the body convert food (carbohydrates) into fuel (glucose), …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Sugar

Sugar is the generalized name for a class of chemically-related sweet-flavored substances, most of which are used as food. They are carbohydrates, …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Sodium

Sodium is an element that the body needs to work properly. Salt contains sodium.<p><b>Function</b><br>The body uses sodium to control blood pressure and blood …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Saturated Fats

Saturated fat is fat that consists of triglycerides containing only saturated fatty acids. Saturated fatty acids have no double bonds between the …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Riboflavin

Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2 is an easily absorbed colored micronutrient with a key role in maintaining health in humans and other animals. …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Recomended Dietary Allowance

The Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) is a system of nutrition recommendations from the Institute of Medicine (IOM) of the U.S. National Academy of …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Proximates

Proximates are used in the analysis of biological materials as a decomposition of a human-consumable good into its major constituents. They are a …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Protein

Proteins are very important molecules in our cells. They are involved in virtually all cell functions. Each protein within the body has a specific …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Probiotics

<b>Probiotics</b><p>Probiotics are organisms such as bacteria or yeast that are believed to improve health. They are available in supplements and foods. The …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Potassium

Potassium is a mineral that is needed for your body to work properly. It is a type of electrolyte.<p><b>Function</b><br>Potassium is a very important mineral to …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Polyunsaturated Fats

Polyunsaturated fats are triglycerides in which the hydrocarbon tails constitutes polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) (fatty acids possessing more …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Phosphorus

Phosphorus is a mineral that makes up 1% of a person's total body weight. It is present in every cell of the body. Most of the phosphorus in the body …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Niacin

Niacin is also known as vitamin B3 and nicotinic acid. It is of the essential human nutrients.<p>All B vitamins help the body to convert food …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Monosaturated Fats

Monounsaturated fat is considered to be the healthiest type of dietary fat. Monounsaturated fats remain stable at higher temperatures, and are …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Magnesium

Magnesium is an essential mineral for human nutrition.<p><b>Function</b><br>Magnesium in the body serves several important functions:<br>Contraction and relaxation of …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Iron

Human iron metabolism is the set of chemical reactions maintaining human homeostasis of iron. The control of this necessary but potentially toxic …

Food Dictionary - Nutrition - Food Nutrition

Nutrition is the process of breaking down food and substances taken in by the mouth to use for energy in the body or it is the process of obtaining …