Ryan Shum

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Britain’s rich are thrust into the future. The poor get kicked back into the past

Children and their parents relying on holiday food camps to eat – how can this be happening in 2015?<p>One of the most important experiments of modern times began in Bradford on 17 April 1907 – and it centred on porridge. Officials went into one of the poorest parts of the city, picked about 40 of the …

Dining Rooms
Wildlife
Geography

Europe’s tide of migrant tragedy can be stemmed only in Africa

While the EU argues over those drowning in the Mediterranean, it overlooks the need to work with the sub-Saharan countries that people are fleeing<p>One day in October 2013, Enrico Letta, the then prime minister of Italy, stood in front of 302 coffins lined up inside a ventilated room on the island of …

North Africa

End of the car age: how cities are outgrowing the automobile

Gilles Vesco calls it the “new mobility”. It’s a vision of cities in which residents no longer rely on their cars but on public transport, shared cars and bikes and, above all, on real-time data on their smartphones. He anticipates a revolution which will transform not just transport but the cities …

Urban Design

Turning Ethiopia's desert green

<b>A generation ago Ethiopia's Tigray province was stricken by a famine that shocked the world. Today, as Chris Haslam reports, local people are using ancient techniques to turn part of the desert green.</b><p>In the pink-streaked twilight, a river of humanity is flowing across Tigray's dusty Hawzien plain. …

Africa
Radiation Therapy

BP dropped green energy projects worth billions to focus on fossil fuels

Oil firm invested billions of pounds in clean and low-carbon energy in the 80s and 90s but later abandoned meaningful efforts to move away from fossil fuels and locked away the research<p>BP pumped billions of pounds into low-carbon technology and green energy over a number of decades but gradually …

Fossil Fuels

Climate change: Embed the social sciences in climate policy

David G. Victor calls for the IPCC process to be extended to include insights into controversial social and behavioural issues.<p>Subject …

Climate

HIV: new approach against virus 'holds promise'

<b>The first human trial of a new type of HIV therapy suggests it could be a promising weapon in the fight against the virus.</b><p>Reports in the journal Nature show infusions of so-called broadly neutralising antibodies could suppress the amount of HIV in a patient's blood.<p>The approach uses clones of …

Immunotherapy
Water
Fossil Fuels

Non-native plants pose 'no threat' to UK flora

Although costly to control and eliminate, Japanese knotweed does not threaten UK flora nationally<p><b>Non-native plant species do not pose a risk to native flora, as widely assumed, because impacts are limited to localised areas, a study has suggested.</b><p>Data showed that non-native species were unlikely to …

Biodiversity

William Smith: Seminal geology map rediscovered

<b>A first edition copy of one of the most significant maps in the history of science has been rediscovered in time for an important anniversary.</b><p>William Smith's 1815 depiction of the geology of England, Wales and part of Scotland is a seminal piece of work.<p>The first map of its kind produced anywhere …

Earth Science

World's forests are fragmenting into tiny patches – risking mass extinctions

Much of the Earth was once cloaked in vast forests, from the subarctic snowforests to the Amazon and Congo basins. As humankind colonised the far …

February Was Very Warm, Continues Upward Global Warming Trend

The NASA GISS data for surface temperatures of the planet Earth are in for February, and February was warm. The anomaly value was 79, which means …

Global Warming

When Did the Human Epoch Begin?

The duties of the Anthropocene Working Group—a thirty-nine-member branch of a subcommission of a commission of the International Union of Geological Sciences—are both tedious and heady. As the group’s chairman, Jan Zalasiewicz, whom Elizabeth Kolbert wrote about, in 2013, says wryly, “People do not …

Earth Science

Environment + Energy – Views & Research – The Conversation

Lowering your carbon footprint by living off-grid is a sustainability dream. But how possible is it using current technology?<p>Three researchers …

Why a submerged island is the perfect spot for the world's biggest wind farm

Planning permission has been given for what could become the world’s largest offshore wind farm on the Dogger Bank, off England’s east coast. If …

Six challenges to stamping out Ebola

Despite a recent sharp drop in the overall number of Ebola cases, the situation remains precarious in West Africa.<p>More than a year since the start of …

Disease

Felling of tropical trees has soared, satellite shows, not slowed as UN study found

Related images<br>(click to enlarge)<p>The rate at which tropical forests were cut, burned or otherwise lost from the 1990s through the 2000s accelerated by …

HIV vaccine that transforms cell DNA brings fresh hope

<b>A radical new approach to vaccination seems to completely protect monkeys from HIV, US scientists report.</b><p>Vaccines normally train the immune system to fight an infection.<p>Instead, researchers at the Scripps Research Institute in California have altered the DNA of monkeys to give their cells …

Immunotherapy
Disease

Close two-thirds of the ocean to make fishing better and fairer

The high seas – the area outside any country’s national waters – cover nearly two-thirds of the oceans and are largely ungoverned. Some fishers do …

Geoengineering might work in a rational world ... sadly we don't live in one

The publication of a hefty two-volume report on geoengineering by the US National Research Council represents a marked shift in the global debate …

'Next Pinatubo' a test of geoengineering

<b>Scientists who study ideas to engineer the climate to mitigate global warming say we should be ready to deploy an armada of instrumentation when Earth has its next major volcanic eruption.</b><p>Data gathered in the high atmosphere would be invaluable in determining whether so-called "geoengineering" …

Climate Change
Africa

Dr. Tom Frieden: Vaccines Can Prevent Measles From Being a Disease of the Future

<i>Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H., is director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention</i><p>Every four minutes, somewhere in the world, a child dies from …

Public Health

Mining conquistadors caused air pollution 200 years before the industrial revolution

When the Spanish conquered South America in the 16th century they took over the Incas’ mines and soon began to pump clouds of lead dust over the …

Can science be the solution if it is part of the problem?

Science and innovation should help societies tackle the problems of social inequality. But perhaps they are implicated in the problem. Melanie Smallman looks back at Davos to consider the World Economic Forum’s love affair with science<p>The World Economic Forum brought together the world’s richest …

Income Inequality