Jeffrey Shirts

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Princeton researchers use sunlight to convert CO2 more efficiently than plants do

Cutting back on greenhouse gases is only one part of the fight against climate change. The planet will also need to capture and store — or, better yet, capture and re-use — the gases already out there.<p>Now, new research from Princeton and a New Jersey-based startup has led to the most efficient way …

Food Allergy Treatments for Children Show Promise

News<p>An estimated 15 million people in the United States have a food allergy of some sort, and according to the journal “Pediatrics,” 5.9 million of them are children.<p>Now researchers are working on a way to desensitize patients who suffer from some of the most common allergens in the U.S.: peanuts, …

Allergies

Is this procedure the first step toward genetic engineering?

A new piece in <i>The New York Times Magazine</i> looks at the growing controversy surrounding three-parent fertilization. The procedure introduces a donor's cytoplasm into the mother's egg, potentially adding a third parent's genetic data to the child, but effectively treating mitochondrial disorders and …

The 2-Minute Workout That Works Your Abs From Every Angle

How strong is your core? Find out with this ultimate ab challenge<p>Ripped abs are reason enough to add some core moves to your routine. But a strong torso can also give you the foundation you need to lift more weight with less risk of injury. "Crunches alone won't get the job done, though," says Todd …

FDA clears device that lets paraplegics walk again

A device designed by a quadriplegic Israeli entrepreneur to increase his own mobility, and in use already to get wounded U.S. military personnel up and walking again, has won clearance from the Food and Drug Administration for broad marketing in the United States.<p>The ReWalk system is sometimes …

Why can't you remember being a baby? Science explains.

Why don't you remember being a baby? How come you barely remember being a young child? How come a three-year-old can remember things that happened — but will then have no memories of that day a few years later?<p>THE NEW BRAIN CELLS OF YOUNG ANIMALS MAY BE MESSING UP THEIR MEMORIES<p>These questions have …

Shortage Of Saline Solution Has Hospitals On Edge

Hospitals across the country are struggling with a shortage of one of their essential medical supplies.<p>Manufacturers are rationing saline solution — essentially pharmaceutical-grade saltwater. The stuff is used all around hospitals to clean wounds, mix medications or treat dehydration. Now drug …

New Study May Explain Why Stress Can Cause Heart Attacks

Scientists may have identified the connection between chronic stress and heart attacks, according to a new study: white blood cells.<p>“[They] are …

No, Antidepressants During Pregnancy Don't Harm Babies’ Hearts

That should reassure the 8% to 13% of women who take antidepressants while expecting. Concerns about the risks of the drugs, primarily selective …

A 'bionic pancreas' might transform how diabetes is managed

Scientists have successfully tested a "bionic pancreas" on 20 adults and 32 teenagers with Type 1 diabetes for five days, reports the Associated Press. The pancreas is a wearable device that continuously monitors a patient's blood sugar levels and administers insulin automatically, when needed. …

We're Last! Again! U.S. Health Care Ranks Poorly

Health Care<p>The latest look at the U.S. health care system compared to other rich countries shows — yet again — that the United States comes in dead last.<p>Americans spend far more per person on medical care, yet are less healthy than people in 10 other countries. The system is less fair than systems …

Health Care

HIV-Positive Couple Had 3 Kids All Free Of Disease. One Of The Main Reasons? Dad's Role

Hubert and Jeanne Mwangaza have both been HIV-positive since they married and started a family together years ago. Now, they have three children, and all of them are HIV-free.<p>Is it a medical miracle? Hardly.<p>Hubert and Jeanne's commitment to one another has made a profound impact on the health of …

New diabetes statistics show rising tide of disease

Driven by surging obesity, an aging population and doubly high risks among blacks and Latinos, the American epidemic of diabetes has leaped to historic heights in the United States, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Tuesday. Diabetes mellitus now afflicts 29 million Americans -- …

Paraplegic to Kick Off Soccer World Cup After Medical Miracle

World<p>SAO PAULO, Brazil - Amid the samba rhythms and the swirling dancers featured during the soccer World Cup's opening ceremony on Thursday, one moment is likely to make jaws drop across the globe.<p>Paralyzed from the waist down, a young Brazilian will rise from his wheelchair, walk a few steps and …

A Doctor Takes A Look In The Medicare Mirror

After decades of fighting to keep how much Medicare pays individual doctors a secret, the federal government bowed to pressure from journalists and consumer groups and released the information in April.<p>The data let reporters — and anyone else — figure out who is getting paid by Medicare for what.<p>A …

Can a trigger-happy immune system cause cancer after viral infection?

The immune system is a fickle thing, both hero and villain.<p>The ability of our ancestors to survive plague and pestilence was one of the forces that shaped the evolution of the human species into its current form. But many of us now find ourselves in environments where many of the biggest infectious …

New pill helps leukemia patients live longer

Suspended-animation trials to begin on humans

This month, the world's first attempts at placing humans in suspended animation using a new technique will take place at the UPMC Presbyterian Hospital in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania -- not for space travel, but to save lives.<p>The technique will initially be used on 10 patients whose wounds would …

Massive dose of measles vaccine clears woman's cancer

ROCHESTER, Minn. - Mayo Clinic researchers announced a landmark study where a massive dose of the measles vaccine, enough to inoculate 10 million people, wiped out a Minnesota woman's incurable blood cancer.<p>The Mayo Clinic conducted the clinical trial last year using virotherapy. The method …

Mind-controlled prosthetic arm from Segway inventor gets FDA approval

Nearly eight years ago, DARPA, the US Defense Department's advanced research agency, set out to find a better solution for amputees than the metal hooks still widely used today. Now, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has granted its approval to one of the projects that came from that effort: a …

U.S. one of few countries with rise in maternal deaths

The United States is one of just eight countries in the world where deaths related to pregnancy and childbirth rose between 2003 and 2013, a new report says. That puts it in the company of countries such as Afghanistan, Belize and El Salvador.<p>While U.S. maternal mortality rates remain lower than …

Scio: This device tells you the chemical makeup of your food, drinks, and pills

Consumer Physics is unveiling its Scio handheld sensor, which can scan food, pills, or plants and tell you the chemical makeup of the object. It delivers those results wirelessly in real-time to the user’s smartphone.<p>Once the device ships later this year, you’ll be able to use it to decipher the …

Extra Vaccination Push Underway In Ohio As Mumps Outbreak Spreads

Health officials in Columbus, Ohio, are calling the city's mumps outbreak the biggest since the development of the mumps vaccine in the 1940s.<p>Columbus generally gets an average of one case of mumps a year, but since February, there have been 244 cases reported in an outbreak that began on the Ohio …

Fertility mystery solved: protein discovered that joins sperm with eggs

A fundamental key to fertility has been uncovered by British scientists with the discovery of an elusive protein that allows eggs and sperm to join together.<p>The molecule – named Juno after the Roman goddess of fertility – sits on the egg surface and binds with a male partner on a fertilising sperm …

Tennessee is Making Pregnancy a Criminal Liability

Tennessee may become the first state with a law that could criminally prosecute pregnant women if they harm their unborn children by taking illegal …

Gene variant puts women at higher risk of Alzheimer’s than it does men

Alzheimer’s disease seems to have a gender preference.<p>According to the most recent statistics from the Alzheimer’s Association, women are nearly twice as likely as men to develop the condition in their 60s, making dementia as real a concern for women’s health as breast cancer.<p>Now, researchers from …

Rethinking Fat: The Case For Adding Some Into Your Diet

Remember the fat-free boom that swept the country in the 1990s? Yes, we know from the Salt readers who took our informal survey that lots of you tried to follow it. And gave up.<p>"I definitely remember eating fat-free cookies, fat–free pudding, fat-free cheese, which was awful," Elizabeth Stafford, …

3D-printed splint used to help a baby breathe again

3D printing doesn't have to be limited to tchotchkes. The production method has already proven its utility in surgery, and now a doctor has used 3D printing to help save a baby's life. The baby was born with a condition known as tracheomalacia that left him with a trachea susceptible to collapsing …