Richard Serra commands time and space seamlessly through steel sculpture. From his native San Francisco cityscape to remote areas in New Zealand, the artist has populated picturesque panoramas worldwide with his formidable installations. His potent personality continues to pique comparable curiosity.
The 20th century saw a new era of visual artists who challenged the precedent art styles. Beauty and aesthetics gave way to abstraction, expression and symbolism. This metamorphosis formed numerous distinct and important art movements which presented a new type of aesthetic, some which overlap with or influenced the others. Below is a broad overview of the most influential visual art movements during the 20th century, excluding some of those shorter-lived or lesser known.