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Arsenic Antidote Hidden In Our Genes

For centuries, arsenic was the go-to poison for murder.

If you wanted to knock off an heir to the throne or speed up the arrival of your inheritance, all you had to do was add a dollop of rat poison to your rival's food. They wouldn't see or taste it. And the police wouldn't detect it — at least not …

Genetics

Lung cancer stem cell therapy to be trialled in UK

British patients will be the first in the world to receive a pioneering cell therapy that scientists hope will transform the treatment of lung cancer.

The treatment uses stem cells taken from bone marrow that have been genetically modified to find and destroy cancer cells.

If successful, the …

Cancer

Why you really do get that from your father

We may look like our mothers but our genes have more in common with the paternal line, study finds

It is good news for put-upon husbands who fear their wife will turn out like their mother-in-law: scientists say that, genetically, we are more like our fathers.

A study has found that although we might …

Genetics

More than 1.5% of American babies owe their births to IVF, report says

More than 1.5% of babies born in 2013 owe their lives to in vitro fertilization, and fewer of them were twins or triplets, according to new figures from the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology.

A total of 63,286 babies were born as a result of 174,962 attempts to use assisted reproduction …

Embryos

Half of human Aids came from gorillas

Scientists identified pre-cursor of HIV virus in gorillas in Cameroon

Two of four strains of the virus that can cause AIDS come from gorillas in southwestern Cameroon, an international team of scientists reported in studies published Monday in the United States.

The new information means that …

Gorillas

How A Group Of Lung Cancer Survivors Got Doctors To Listen

A group of lung cancer survivors was chatting online last May about what they thought was a big problem: Influential treatment guidelines published by a consortium of prominent cancer centers didn't reflect an option that several people thought had saved their lives. They wanted to change that.

The …

Cancer

Nearly Beaten in Sierra Leone, Ebola Makes a Comeback by Sea

FREETOWN, Sierra Leone — It seemed as if the Ebola crisis was abating.

New cases were plummeting. The president lifted travel restrictions, and schools were to reopen. A local politician announced on the radio that two 21-day incubation cycles had passed with no new infections in his Freetown …

Ebola

‘Miracle’ stem cell therapy reverses multiple sclerosis

The treatment, is the first to reverse the symptoms of MS, which has no cure, and affects around 100,000 people in Britain.

A pioneering new stem cell treatment is allowing multiple sclerosis sufferers to walk, run and even dance again, in results branded ‘miraculous’ by doctors.

Patients who have …

Stem Cells

More Evidence That Gut Microbes Exacerbate Severe Childhood Malnutrition

Another layer to a deadly condition

Humans have about 100 trillion microbes in their intestines, and scientists are constantly finding that these gut microbes can play a huge role in our lives, potentially contributing to health conditions as far-ranging as obesity and autism. Fecal transplants are …

Childhood

Telomere-lengthening procedure turns clock back years in human cells

Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have developed a new procedure to increase the length of human telomeres. This increases …

Telomere

Social science is vital too

Behind graphene, or any other scientific breakthrough, there’s a lab, a city, dense social networks among researchers, commercial connections, finance, and policies for science and innovation. To repeat a basic truth that still gets forgotten, science works in a socio-economic context. It doesn’t …

Social Networks

5 reasons women ignore heart attacks

Younger women are more likely than men of the same age to overlook the earliest signs of a heart attack. The findings may help explain why so many …

Heart Attacks

Drinking water could be poisoned with toxic algae linked to Alzheimer’s

Blue-green algae is increasing in Britain's lakes and poses a serious threat to health, scientists have warned

Britain’s lakes have seen a huge increase in toxic algae which is linked to Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, scientists have warned.

Researchers at the University of Nottingham and …

Water

First World War explosive could reverse diabetes, says Yale University

Munitions workers exposed to the chemical DNP lost weight. Now Yale University scientists think it could be used to fight diabetes

A chemical which caused munitions factory workers to lose weight inexplicably in the First World War could cure diabetes, scientists at Yale University believe.

DNP …

Diabetes

World first: bionic hand controlled by the mind - video

Mind

Terminal cancer care should do more to treat depression

Reuters Health - Depression could be clouding the last 24 hours of life for a significant number of people with advanced cancer, pointing to a need for better – and earlier - psychological help, according to a large study from Norway.

Although it’s challenging to tease apart depression symptoms from …

Depression

Bristol hep C drug helps cure 97 percent of HIV coinfected patients: study

(Reuters) - Ninety-seven percent of hepatitis C patients also infected with HIV were cured of the liver-destroying virus after 12 weeks of treatment with Bristol-Myers Squibb's daclatasvir and Gilead Sciences' Sovaldi, according to data from a study presented on Thursday.

The results could help put …

Bristol

Gene that makes human brain unique identified by scientists

A strand of DNA that lies at the heart of what makes humans unique in the animal kingdom has been identified by researchers in Germany.

Scientists in Dresden found a gene that drives the expansion of the human brain and helps to make it the most complex structure in the universe.

Researchers believe …

The Brain

Sleep a lot? You might have a heightened risk of stroke, study says

There’s no way to diagnose a stroke before it happens, but researchers say they’ve identified a clue to help doctors predict who’s at risk – the amount of sleep they get at night.

Older adults who said they slept more than eight hours were 46% more likely to suffer strokes in the next decade than …

Sleep

UK is the first country to allow babies using DNA from 3 people

LONDON — The House of Lords has passed the use of controversial techniques to create babies from the DNA of three people.

Peers, or members of the House of Lords, passed the motion Tuesday evening without a vote after defeating an amendment that would have derailed it. Earlier this month, the House …

DNA

Feeding peanuts to babies protects from peanut allergies, scientists find

Rise in allergies driven by bad nutritional advice which warned parents to keep babies away from peanuts, scientists at Kings College London have found

Exposing infants to babies protects them against allergies,scienitst have found, suggesting that parents have been given the wrong advice for …

Babies

How long can we stay awake?

We can fight off the sandman for a while, but after a certain point, sleeplessness leads to temporary madness and – just maybe – death, discovers Adam Hadhazy.

It’s surprising how we spend our lives. Reach your 78th birthday and according to some back-of-the-envelope calculations, you will have …

Sleep

UCLA Superbugs Reveal Stubborn Resistance Problem

Guest Post by Maryn McKenna

The UCLA Health System announced earlier this week that seven patients—two of whom died—became infected by highly drug-resistant bacteria that remained on pieces of medical equipment after disinfection, and 179 more were exposed to the bacteria and are at risk of …

Health Care

World Health Organization Approves 15-Minute Ebola Detection Test

As the epidemic winds down, this is good news for keeping the virus under control

Today, the World Health Organization gave the green light to doctors in West Africa to use the first ever rapid test for diagnosing the Ebola virus.

Until now, the standard way to check for Ebola in the region was to …

World Health Organization

Map reveals ‘instruction book’ to our DNA

How can the body’s 200 different types of specialized cells develop from an identical genome? It’s possible because of the chemical markers that …

DNA

New Injectable Hydrogel Delivers Drugs Without Surgery

Turning six injections into one

To treat certain types of medical conditions, such as some forms of vision loss or cancer, patients have to receive drugs through periodic injections. These doctor visits can be time-consuming—sometimes happening once per week—and demoralizing, and the drugs affect …

Medicine

Just A Bit Of DNA Helps Explain Humans' Big Brains

Scientists studying the difference between human and chimpanzee DNA have found one stretch of human DNA that can make the brains of mice grow significantly bigger.

"It's likely to be one of many DNA regions that's critical for controlling how the human brain develops," says Debra Silver, a …

DNA

Sunlight damages DNA even in the dark, Yale scientists find

Harmful UV radiation can continue damaging the skin three hours after moving into the shade, scientists have found

Sunlight continues to cause damage which can trigger skin cancer long after sun worshipers have moved into the shade, a study by Yale University has found.

Although many people move …

DNA

A Biological Quest Leads To A New Kind Of Breast Cancer Drug

Each year, the Food and Drug Administration approves dozens of drugs, but often those medicines don't make a huge difference to people with disease. That's because these "new" drugs are often very much like existing medicines — or are, in fact, existing medicines, approved for a slightly different …

Cancer