Health Science & Human Biology

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Rotavirus vaccine could save lives of almost 500,000 children a year

Positive outcome of trials in Niger fuels hope that vaccine can protect children in sub-Saharan Africa and beyond from infection that causes often fatal diarrhoea<p>A vaccine capable of enduring scorching temperatures for months at a time could strike a decisive blow in the fight against rotavirus, …

Public Health

Spider venom found to reduce stroke-induced brain damage

The Australian funnel-web spider is generally something you'd want to steer well clear of, but the creepy crawly could soon be helping out stroke …

Medicine

Using the pill can protect women from certain cancers 'for up to 30 years'

From data compiled over 44 years, researchers found women were protected from bowel, endometrial and ovarian cancer by taking the contraceptive pill<p>Women who have taken the contraceptive pill are protected from some types of cancer for as long as 30 years after they stopped taking it, according to …

Cancer

Zinc regulates the storage and release of neurotransmitters

Zinc is a vital micronutrient involved in many cellular processes: For example, in learning and memory processes, it plays a role that is not yet …

Biology

Tiny genetic change lets bird flu leap to humans

<b>A change in just a single genetic "letter" of the flu virus allows bird flu to pass to humans, according to scientists.</b><p>Monitoring birds for viruses that carry the change could provide early warning of risk to people, they say.<p>Researchers at the University of Hong Kong studied a strain of bird flu …

Flu

Cancer cells cast a sweet spell on the immune system

Shrink yourself small enough to swoop over the surface of a human cell, and you might be reminded of Earth’s terrain. Fats, or lipids, stay close to …

Biology

Addressing the ethical issues raised by synthetic human entities with embryo-like features

Abstract<p>The "14-day rule" for embryo research stipulates that experiments with intact human embryos must not allow them to develop beyond 14 days or …

Genetics

We Now Have a Mathematical Formula to Explain How Sperm Swim

The first formula we ever forget.<p>The rhythmic back and forth motions that make up a sperm's swimming movement can be explained by a mathematical …

Biology

Harvard Scientists Call For Better Rules To Guide Research On 'Embryoids'

How far should scientists be allowed to go in creating things that resemble primitive human brains, hearts, and even human embryos?<p>That's the question being asked by a group of Harvard scientists who are doing exactly that in their labs. They're using stem cells, genetics and other new biological …

Genetics

Neuroscientists Have Accidentally Discovered a Whole New Role for the Cerebellum

We've only just scratched the surface.<p>One of the best-known regions of the brain, the cerebellum accounts for just 10 percent of the organ's total …

Neurology

San People Write Ethical Code for Research

As the closest living relatives of our hunter-gatherer ancestors, the San people of Southern Africa are popular study subjects.

CRISPR/Cas9 Reveals Cancer’s Synthetic Lethal Vulnerabilities | GEN Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News - Biotech from Bench to Business | GEN

Click Image To Enlarge +<p>This is a network of synthetic-lethal interactions connecting commonly mutated genes to potential drug targets. [UC San Diego …

Genetics

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Might Start in the Brain, Not the Ovaries

Finally, some answers.<p>A new study has found evidence that the common and debilitating reproductive condition, polycystic ovary syndrome, could start …

Fertility

Driving cancer evolution

Tumor-growth-factor-beta signaling helps cancer cells to evolve and become resistant to drugs by down-regulating accurate DNA repair.

Biology

Unethical "Stem Cell" Therapy for Autism In India? - Neuroskeptic

By Neuroskeptic | March 17, 2017 4:29 pm<p>I just read <b>a concerning paper</b> about an experimental stem cell treatment for children with autism.<p>The authors …

Autism

Researchers Are Digging Into a Previously Overlooked Aspect of Genetics

Uncovering RNA Marker<p>Biologists have sought to expand their knowledge of the epigenome by studying the array of chemical notations on DNA and its …

'Healthiest hearts' in the world found

<b>The healthiest hearts in the world have been found in the Tsimane people in the forests of Bolivia, say researchers.</b><p>Barely any Tsimane had signs of clogged up arteries - even well into old age - a study in the Lancet showed.<p>"It's an incredible population" with radically different diets and ways of …

Longevity

Regulator grants license for Britain’s first three-parent IVF babies

Britain’s fertility regulator on Thursday granted doctors the first UK licence to create babies using a three-parent IVF technique designed to prevent inherited genetic diseases.<p>The licence, granted to a team of doctors in Newcastle, northern England, means the first child created in Britain using …

Genetics

Medical research is on Trump's chopping block. Why bother looking for cancer cures, anyway?

Donald Trump’s budget proposes a “major reorganization” of the National Institutes of Health budget. What that means is that he wants to reorganize …

Cancer

Teen Scientist Pioneering a New Treatment for Brain Damage

Meet the winner of this year's Regeneron Science Talent Search: 17-year-old Indrani Das. Indrani joins WSJ's Tanya Rivero to discuss her winning entry into the nation's most prestigious science and math competition as well as her plans for the future.

Brain Damage

The key to curing disease could lie in Iceland's genes

(CNN)The freezer sits behind a heavy door in the basement of an unassuming building on the campus of the University of Iceland.<p>It feels much colder than it looks; inside, the temperature is minus-15 degrees Fahrenheit, but the air is so dry, you can't see your breath.<p>Stored in that freezer are …

Genetics

Life-like stretching of cells

Cells in developing tissues respond to local mechanical forces by adjusting their growth, differentiation and migration patterns. Being able to mimic …

Understanding the Roots of Human Musicality | The Scientist Magazine®

© ISTOCK.COM/LIUDMYLA SUPNYSKAGetting to Santa María, Bolivia, is no easy feat. Home to a farming and foraging society, the village is located deep …

Biology

Hormone Released by Bone Suppresses Appetite | The Scientist Magazine®

The authors “have identified a protein that’s secreted from bone that has a pretty significant impact on feeding behavior,” Lora Heisler of the …

Biology

All biology is computational biology

by Florian MarkowetzHere, I argue that computational thinking and techniques are so central to the quest of understanding life that today all biology …

Biology

Spain reports case of mad cow disease

MADRID (AP) — Spain has reported a case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly called mad cow disease, the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) says.<p>The diseased cow belonged to a herd of 134 cattle on a farm near the city of Salamanca in the northwestern region of Castilla-Leon, …

Finance

Fish eyes may hold key to regenerating human retinas

Vanderbilt biologists James Patton, left, Mahesh Rao and Dominic Didiano in the zebrafish facility. (The Patton Lab/Vanderbilt)If you were a fish and …

Biology

Researchers identify biomarker that predicts death in sepsis patients: Runaway immune system response to infection has distinct markers

Runaway immune system response to infection has distinct markers<p>The runaway immune response to infection called sepsis is difficult to diagnose, and …

Immunotherapy

New blood tests shows promise for early detection of cancer

Doctors may soon be able to tell if someone has cancer and where the tumor is without even doing a biopsy.<p>New research from a team at University of …

Cancer