Health Science & Human Biology

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Start codons in DNA may be more numerous than previously thought

For decades, scientists working with genetic material have labored with a few basic rules in mind. To start, DNA is transcribed into messenger RNA …

Biology

One of the Biggest Myths About Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Just Got Debunked

Chronic fatigue IS a real disease.<p>Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) or Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) is one of the most perplexing conditions out …

Medicine

Norway pledges $10 million to counter Trump's global anti-abortion move

OSLO (Reuters) - Norway has joined an international initiative to raise millions of dollars to replace shortfalls left by U.S. President Donald Trump's ban on U.S.-funded groups worldwide providing information on abortion.<p>In January, the Netherlands started a global fund to help women access …

Europe

Gene Editing: The Next Step In Evolution

With humans on the cusp self-evolution, a new report emphasizes the need for a societal conversation that we’re not likely to have.<p>Last week, two developments in gene editing shifted this potent new technology from a possibility to more of a probability. Yet it’s likely that the news didn’t …

Genetics

Biologists Are Figuring Out How Cells Tell Left From Right

In 2009, after she was diagnosed with stage 3 breast cancer, Ann Ramsdell began to search the scientific literature to see if someone with her …

Biology

Smartphones to become pocket doctors after scientists discover camera flash and microphone can be used to diagnose illness

Smartphones will soon become mobile laboratories which can monitor bone density, calculate red blood cell levels and even predict if an asthma attack is imminent.<p>Scientists are repurposing the technology which already exists within phones, such as accelerometers, camera flashes and microphones to …

University of Washington

A case where smoking helped: Scientists help understand mechanics of rare hemoglobin mutation

There's at least one person in the world for whom smoking has a beneficial effect, and it took an international collaboration of scientists led by a …

Genetics

Scientists discover ‘Achilles’ heel’ of key protector against...

<i>Loss of the “Achilles’ heel” protein Importin-11 predicts poor outcome for patients</i><p><b>Cold Spring Harbor, NY</b> — Researchers at Cold Spring Harbor …

Cancer

May the Force Be with You

The dissection of how cells sense and propagate physical forces is leading to exciting new tools and discoveries in mechanobiology and …

Biology

Epigenetic regulation of lateralized fetal spinal gene expression underlies hemispheric asymmetries

Sebastian Ocklenburg<p>Department of Biopsychology, Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Ruhr University Bochum, Bochum, Germany<p>For correspondence: …

Neuroscience

Ötzi the Iceman: Researchers validate the stability of genetic markers

They have found the molecules in the well-known glacier mummy "Ötzi". A number of facts have been scientifically proven about the glacier mummy, …

Looking beyond cancer cells to understand what makes breast cancer spread

Protein in microenvironment plays a role in fueling cancer's spread, a function that could potentially be blocked<p>ANN ARBOR, Michigan -- To understand …

Cancer

Who should be allowed to use CRISPR?

Exclusive agreements with private companies could delay vital research<p>This week saw a resolution to the grueling legal battle between the University of California at Berkeley and the Broad Institute over the discovery of the novel, cheap, and easy-to-use gene-editing technique known as CRISPR. The …

Genetics

Nanofiber matrix sends stem cells sprawling in all directions

Mighty promising as they are, stem cells certainly aren't easy to come by. Recent scientific advances have however given their production a …

Organo-metal compound seen killing cancer cells from inside

Researchers have witnessed -- for the first time -- cancer cells being targeted and destroyed from the inside, by an organo-metal compound discovered …

Ubiquitous and influential

The small protein ubiquitin regulates a plethora of physiological and pathophysiological processes in the human body. It lives up to its name quite …

Biology

The very microbes that helped us evolve now make us sick – Asu Erden

Between the mid-1990s and the mid-2000s alone, the likelihood of having a classmate with a food allergy increased by 20 per cent in the United …

Biology

U.S. Panel Endorses Designer Babies to Avoid Serious Disease

Genetically modified children could be acceptable in narrow circumstances, according to National Academy of Sciences.<p>Since its invention four years …

Genetics

Ethicists advise caution in applying CRISPR gene editing to humans

Ethicists have been working overtime to figure out how to handle CRISPR, the revolutionary gene-editing technique that could potentially prevent congenital diseases but could also be used for cosmetic enhancements and lead to permanent, heritable changes in the human species.<p>The latest iteration of …

Genetics

Top Science Organization Releases Guidelines For Genetically Engineering Humans

New gene editing methods like CRISPR/Cas9 have given scientists unprecedented potential to edit human DNA. But how should researchers in the field …

Genetics

US scientists back gene editing but warn against 'designer babies'

“Gene editing” should be permitted in future in order to treat or prevent diseases being passed down to future generations, two major US scientific bodies have said.<p>The report on modifications to inherited human DNA is a landmark since it amounts to an official sanctioning of medical research that …

Genetics

Science panel okays one day editing human embryos

But only to prevent disease<p>Scientists may one day genetically engineer humans — as long as the gene-editing technology is used to prevent babies from being born with diseases or disabilities, a science policy group said today in a report.<p>The 21-member committee — which was created by the National …

Genetics

Researchers find clues to why diet with olive oil is tied lower heart disease risk

(Reuters Health) - A traditional Mediterranean diet with added olive oil may be tied to a lower risk of heart disease at least in part because it helps maintain healthy blood flow and clear debris from arteries, a Spanish study suggests.<p>“A Mediterranean diet rich in virgin olive oil improves the …

Nutrition

Major report prepares ground for genetic modification of human embryos

US institutions cautiously endorse future use of gene editing procedures to prevent people passing serious medical conditions to their children<p>Powerful gene editing procedures could one day be allowed to prevent people from passing on serious medical conditions to their children, according to a …

Genetics

We now know why mosquitoes find malaria victims so tasty

A single molecule, made by malarial parasites, draws mosquitos to infected humans.<p>Over two hundred million cases of malaria occur annually worldwide. …

Genes from our extinct relatives live on in modern humans

<i>February, 2017</i><p>Photo credit: Wikimedia<p>While all humans are remarkably similar at a genetic level — on average any two individuals' genomes are 99.9% …

Genetics

Pardis Sabeti: An American Scientist Born in Iran | The Scientist Magazine®

“My dad was basically a high-ranking intelligence officer,” Sabeti told <i>The Scientist</i>. “So he was one of the folks that would be the most targeted by …

Spine Concepts, Low Back Pain

Acute low back pain or low back pain with sciatica radiating to the lower leg and to the foot (Figure 1). They are initially treated conservatively for at least six weeks by physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication and limited activity (as guided by the pain).<p>Doctors should treat the …

Chronic Pain