Health Science & Human Biology

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A FreeSurfer view of the cortical transcriptome generated from the Allen Human Brain Atlas

<p>The Allen Human Brain Atlas provides an anatomically detailed view of gene expression in the brain. This full transcriptomic dataset contains over …

New diabetes treatment could eliminate need for insulin injections

Tested in mice, therapy involves a capsule of genetically engineered cells implanted under the skin that release insulin as required<p>A cell-based diabetes treatment has been developed by scientists who say it could eliminate the need for those with the condition to inject insulin.<p>The therapy …

Health

New drug might halt the progress of neurodegenerative disease

Spinal muscular atrophy type 1 is a hereditary disease that causes severe muscle weakness in infants and children. Until now, there was no known cure …

Strobe lighting provides a flicker of hope in the fight against Alzheimer’s

Exposure to flashing lights stimulates brain’s immune cells to clean up toxic proteins causing the disease, study finds<p>Strobe lighting has been shown to reduce levels of the toxic proteins seen in Alzheimer’s disease, in findings that raise the tantalising possibility of future non-invasive …

Science

Brain cancer: New biomarker could improve diagnosis of glioma

Researchers have identified a gene called SHOX2 whose high expression predicts poor survival in intermediate-grade glioma - a common type of brain …

Who owns CRISPR — one of the most important genetic inventions of our time?

Inside the patent dispute that’s tearing the scientific community apart<p>It’s hard to believe that a patent hearing would be so popular, but the line to get into Hearing Room A at the United States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) in Alexandria, Virginia, this morning stretched into a crowd of …

Patents

Here’s Why C-sections Could Be Changing the Course of Evolution

Rates of caesarean section are increasing in countries like the U.S. and the U.K. and a new study suggests that more and more women need the surgery …

World Health Organization

Infertility breakthrough as cancer drug sparks growth of new eggs in 'astonishing' discovery

Infertile women have been offered new hope after scientists found that a common cancer drug triggers the development of new eggs, an outcome which was previously thought to be impossible.<p>In a discovery hailed as "astonishing", researchers at the University of Edinburgh proved it is possible to …

Cancer

What happens in the cell nucleus after fertilization?

Months before the often-cited miracle of birth occurs, numerous events take place that science still does not completely understand. For instance, …

Life Sciences

Axon degeneration: Linking axonal bioenergetics to myelin

• Beirowski, B.<p>2013. Concepts for regulation of axon integrity by enwrapping glia.Front. Cell. Neurosci. 7. doi:10.3389/fncel.2013.00256<p>Beirowski, …

Creative Commons

Our brains record and remember things in exactly the same way

By<p>You might think your memories are unique, but a study involving a Sherlock Holmes drama suggests the opposite. When people describe the episode, …

The Brain

SHANK3 Protein Linked To Pain Insensitivity In Autism

A possible mechanism underlying pain insensitivity in autism has been uncovered by new research points from Duke University. Sensory problems are …

Autism

Infographic: The Nuclear Pore Complex

Researchers continue to unveil the structure and function of the gateway to the nucleus.

Protein

Antibody treatment surprisingly 'cures' monkeys of HIV-like infection

"Fascinating." "A complete first." "Striking." "Too amazing to be real." Those are some of the reactions researchers are having to a provocative, …

Science

Antibiotics leave children 'more likely to contract drug-resistant infections'

Public health official warns children’s risk of drug-resistant infections 12 times higher in months following course of antibiotics<p>Children are at substantially increased risk of contracting drug-resistant infections in the months after taking a course of antibiotics, a leading public health …

Antibiotics

Google proved that AI can reshape medicine

A doctor’s work isn’t all done in examination rooms. Many specialists spend lots of time alone with the lights out, examining photographs that reveal their patients’ internal workings.<p>That might soon change. A paper by Google published in the Journal of the American Medical Association details an …

Google

Analysis of membrane proteins localizing to the inner nuclear envelope in living cells

© 2016 Smoyer et al. This article is distributed under the terms of an Attribution–Noncommercial–Share Alike–No Mirror Sites license for the first …

Nutrition

Oklahoma lawmakers pass bill making abortion a felony for doctors

Oklahoma Republican Governor Mary Fallin makes remarks before the opening of the National Governors Association Winter Meeting in Washington, D.C., …

Abortion

Lung cancer cells spread like unanchored tents, study says

<b>Spreading lung cancer cells are like tents which have collapsed and are adrift in the wind, scientists from the University of York have discovered.</b><p>Communication between two proteins is what triggers the cell tent to lose its shape and become unanchored, their research found.<p>This allows the cells to …

Cancer

Gene editing will transform cancer treatment

Jennifer Doudna | CRISPR pioneer<p>You may have heard of the gene-editing technique CRISPR-cas9, often simply called CRISPR. Introduced in 2012, CRISPR works like a pair of scissors to cut DNA, inserting or reordering bits of genetic code with remarkable, science-fiction-like results: CRISPR can help …

Science

The Florida Keys approve a trial release of genetically modified mosquitoes to combat Zika

Other tests have reduced mosquito populations by 90 percent<p>Last summer, the Food and Drug Administration gave the go-ahead for the Florida Keys Mosquito Control District to test the use of a genetically modified mosquito in an effort to combat Zika and other illnesses transmitted by the insects. In …

Florida Keys

How blood cell genetic variations impact on common diseases

<i>In a guest blog, Professor David Roberts from the Nuffield Division of Clinical Laboratory Sciences at Oxford University explains the role of non-DNA</i> …

3D embryo atlas reveals human development in unprecedented detail

Digital model will aid vital research, offering chance chance to explore intricate changes occurring in the first weeks of life<p>The beautiful and otherworldly development of the human embryo has been revealed in unprecedented detail in an interactive three-dimensional atlas.<p>The digital models, built …

Prenatal Development

Predatory bacteria can wipe out superbugs, says study

<b>Predatory bacteria - that eat others of their kind - could be a new weapon in the fight against superbugs, say UK researchers.</b><p>Experiments showed a dose of <i>Bdellovibrio bacteriovorus</i> acted like a "living antibiotic" to help clear an otherwise lethal infection.<p>The animal studies, published in Current …

Life Sciences

Homeopathic ‘medicines’ will have to state they don’t work

Source: © Tatjana Splichal/Shutterstock<p>Over the counter homeopathic remedies sold in the US will now have to come with a warning that they are based …

Life Sciences

Five Cutting-Edge Cancer Treatments

SPONSORED<p>Sponsored content independent of Scientific American's board of editors.<p>Advances in precision medicine, immunology, and epigenetics are …

Cancer