Health Science & Human Biology

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Researchers Are Using Viruses to Make Superbugs Commit Suicide

Such sweet irony.<p>The gene-editing technology called CRISPR has its origins as a bacterial immune system against viruses, a feature which could be …

Genetics

DNA Replication Has Been Filmed For The First Time, And It's Not What We Expected

"It undermines a great deal of what's in the textbooks."<p>Here's proof of how far we've come in science - in a world-first, researchers have recorded …

DNA

Cardiff scientist to 'train' virus to fight ovarian cancer

<b>A Cardiff scientist is to explore whether viruses can be "trained" to tackle ovarian cancer after being given a £250,000 Cancer Research UK grant.</b><p>Dr Alan Parker, a senior lecturer at Cardiff University, will lead a team to examine and alter the Ad5 virus.<p>In its original form it can can cause …

Cancer

Firefly gene illuminates ability of optimized CRISPR-Cpf1 to efficiently edit human genome

Scientists on the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have improved a state-of-the-art gene-editing technology to advance the …

Genetics

Study shows how an opportunistic microbe kills cancer cells: Study identifies specialized vesicles responsible for cell reproduction

Study identifies specialized vesicles responsible for cell reproduction<p>New study results show for the first time how dying cells ensure that they …

Biology

A Lack of 'Editing' in The Brain Could Be What's Driving The Most Aggressive Tumours

This could explain a lot.<p>Brain cancer is often a devastating diagnosis, and scientists have been hunting for mechanisms that could explain the …

Babies' DNA affects mothers' risk of pre-eclampsia in pregnancy, study finds

Some features in a baby's DNA can increase the risk of its mother developing pre-eclampsia -- a potentially dangerous condition in pregnancy -- a …

Pregnancy

Scientists find mutations that may let bird flu spread among humans

Scientists have identified mutations that could allow a lethal strain of bird flu to become more contagious among humans, according to a study in …

Public Health

We are much more unique than assumed

Computational biologists discover surprisingly strong effects from protein variation<p>Every human being has a unique DNA "fingerprint". In other words, …

Designing Antiviral Proteins via Computer Could Help Halt the Next Pandemic

As Bill Gates sees it, there are three main threats to our species: nuclear war, climate change, and the next global pandemic.Speaking on pandemic …

Medicine

Being Overweight While Pregnant Increases Risk Of Birth Defects, Study Says

The risk increases progressively with weight status.<p>Babies born to women who are overweight or obese face a greater risk of major congenital malformations such as heart defects, according to a new study from the medical journal BMJ.<p>The risks, which increase progressively with weight status, range …

Pregnancy

Johns Hopkins researchers say they've unlocked key to cancer metastasis and how to slow it

Hasini Jayatilaka was a sophomore at the Johns Hopkins University working in a lab studying cancer cells when she noticed that when the cells become too densely packed, some would break off and start spreading.<p>She wasn't sure what to make of it, until she attended an academic conference and heard a …

Cancer

Surprising Find: Ancient Mummy DNA Sequenced in First

For the first time, researchers have successfully sequenced the DNA from Egyptian mummies. The findings reveal that these ancient people were more …

Anthropology

Gene-Editing Companies Hit Back at Paper That Criticized CRISPR

Two gene-editing companies are hitting back at a scientific publication that caused their stocks to plummet last week, calling it wrong, filled with …

Indian-origin scientist develops new drug to treat blood cancer

<b>New York:</b> A new drug for blood cancer that may provide better treatment alone or combined with chemotherapy has been developed by a team led by an …

Cancer

What Is Leukemia and What Causes It?

Cancer

Why Chinese Scientists Are More Worried Than Ever About Bird Flu

At a research lab on top of a forested hill overlooking Hong Kong, scientists are growing viruses. They first drill tiny holes into an egg before inoculating it with avian influenza to observe how the virus behaves.<p>This lab at Hong Kong University is at the world's forefront of our understanding of …

Public Health

Huntington's disease trial test is 'major advance'

<b>Scientists say they may have found the world's first blood test that predicts when someone at risk is likely to get Huntington's disease and tracks how quickly damage to the brain occurs.</b><p>Experts describe the early research as a "major advance" in this field.<p>The study, in the Lancet Neurology, …

Medicine

Yemen's 'Unprecedented' Cholera Epidemic

The World Health Organization said the country has surpassed 100,000 cases.<p>The number of suspected cholera cases in Yemen has surpassed 100,000 people, the World Health Organization said Thursday, marking an outbreak that the United Nations has dubbed “unprecedented” in scale.<p>Of the 101,820 …

Public Health

How the brain recognizes what the eye sees

If you think self-driving cars can't get here soon enough, you're not alone. But programming computers to recognize objects is very technically …

Poring over furrows

Cryo-electron microscopy reveals the structure of a chloride channel that is closely related to a protein that transports lipids.

Cannabinoids and chemotherapy in combination kill cancer cells

<i>Cannabinoids may hold the key to effective leukemia treatment.</i><p>A new study confirms that cannabinoids, which are a class of active chemicals in …

Cancer

'First of our kind' found in Morocco

<b>The idea that modern people evolved in a single "cradle of humanity" in East Africa some 200,000 years ago is no longer tenable, new research suggests.</b><p>Fossils of five early humans have been found in North Africa that show <i>Homo sapiens</i> emerged at least 100,000 years earlier than previously recognised.<p>…

East Africa

The Scientist Magazine®

Covering the life sciences inside and out<p>Overzealous activity by mucosa-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells in response to bacterial toxins can lead …

Biology

More than 18,000 Genomic Records from Cancer Patients Available

The publicly available database found nearly a third of samples included mutations targeted by either approved drugs or therapies in clinical trials.

Painless cancer detection could become routine thanks to 'liquid biopsies'

Biopsies are seen as the best way of detecting the illness – but they have traditionally often required invasive techniques<p>Researchers are developing tests that could make cancer detection so painless that it becomes part of routine check-ups, experts said, as new developments in such “liquid …

Cancer

Prostate cancer trial stuns researchers: 'It's a once in a career feeling'

Study with ‘powerful results’ finds that combining two existing therapies could extend the life of men with advanced, high-risk prostate cancer by 37%<p>Combining two existing prostate cancer therapies could extend the life of men with advanced, high-risk prostate cancer by 37%, according to a study …

Cancer

Salmonella flags cancer to the immune system when injected into tumours, scientists find

The food poisoning bug salmonella can be injected into tumours to flag cancer to the immune system so that it can be quickly cleared from the body, scientists have shown.<p>Cancer is extremely good at evading the body’s immune system, largely because a tumour is normal tissue which has gone awry, so …

Can a Drug That Fights Parasites Also Help with Autism?

A 101-year-old drug that is often used to treat people in Africa with parasitic infections may help ease some of the symptoms of autism spectrum …

Medicine