Health Science & Human Biology

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Overlooked Drug Could Save Thousands Of Moms After Childbirth

Back in the 1960s, a female doctor in Japan created a powerful drug to help mothers who hemorrhage after childbirth.<p>The medicine is inexpensive to make. It's safe to use. And it stops bleeding quickly by helping keep naturally forming blood clots intact.<p>The drug's inventor, Utako Okamoto, hoped …

Medicine

China Is Racing Ahead of the US in the Quest to Cure Cancer With CRISPR

On Friday, a team of Chinese scientists used the cutting-edge gene-editing technique CRISPR-Cas9 on humans for the second time in history, injecting …

Genetics

Brain created in a dish allows scientists to watch neural activity for the first time

The research could shed a light on a number of neurodevelopmental diseases.<p>Scientists have successfully assembled working human brain circuits in a …

Neuroscience

The Current CRISPR Patent Dispute, Explained

In 2012, Cal biochemistry and molecular biology professor Jennifer Doudnaand microbiologist Emmanuelle Charpentier, now of the Max Planck Institute, …

Genetics

The riskiest vaccine? The one that is not given

Last week, public health authorities in Minnesota asked more than 200 people to quarantine themselves after 12 cases of measles were diagnosed in …

Public Health

Could history of humans in North America be rewritten by broken bones?

Smashed mastodon bones show humans arrived over 100,000 years earlier than previously thought say researchers, although other experts are sceptical<p>The history of the people of America, a story that dates back to the last ice age, has been upended by the battered bones of a mastodon found under a …

Anthropology

How to Fight Cancer (When Cancer Fights Back)

Understanding how the disease evolves is the key to stopping it.<p>In early 2014, Laura Brealey was visiting her daughters in Singapore when she slipped on a marble floor and cracked her hip. She had it replaced, but in the process, the surgeons noticed that her breathing sounded odd, and told her to …

Cancer

Developing embryos found to use ancient viral DNA

DNA from viruses that once infected our ancestors millions of years ago have remained in our genome to this day. In a study published today in <i>eLife</i>, …

Liquid-biopsies success highlights power of combining basic and clinical research

Using free-floating DNA to detect lung cancer brings benefits to researchers and patients alike.<p>One of the biggest obstacles to surviving cancer is …

Cancer

The War Between Neuroscience and Psychiatry

Earlier this month, <i>JAMA Psychiatry</i> published a land-breaking editorial. A group of psychiatrists led by David Ross described how and why …

Neuroscience

Testicles: Facts, Function & Diseases

The testicles are the male gonads — the primary male reproductive organs. They have two, very important functions that are very important to the male …

Health

Scientists unravel how protein impacts intellectual disability

Your brain needs just the right balance between excitatory "on" signals and inhibitory "calm down" signals. Now scientists from the Florida campus of …

The Secret Power of the Cell’s Waste Bin

Trash collectors in the cell moonlight at the controls of the genetic machinery.<p>At a conference in Maine during the summer of 2008, the biochemist …

Biology

Indian scientists identify gene linked to psoriasis

<b>By Bhavya Khullar</b><b><br>New Delhi:</b> Alteration in sequence of some genes is human DNA is linked with diseases in humans. Screening people for the presence of …

Genetics

Mozak

Welcome to Mozak!<p>Mozak is a scientific discovery game about neuroscience. Help us build models of brain cells, and help scientists learn more about …

Sir Venki Ramikrishnan: Antibiotics and the cell's protein factory

Sir Venkatraman 'Venki' Ramakrishnan is a Nobel Prize-winning biologist who has contributed to our understanding of the atomic structure of the …

Biology

First gene therapy drug proves a flop in the market

When UniQure launched the first commercial gene therapy drug, Glybera, it promised a minor revolution in medicine. By using custom viruses to deliver genes, it could reportedly cure a rare disease (lipoprotein lipase deficiency) with just one round of treatment. However, it just didn't live up to …

Gene Therapy

Types Of Blood: Why AB Negative And Positive Are So Rare

You’ve probably donated blood at least once in your life so, along with free apple juice, the American Red Cross gave you a card identifying your …

Medicine

Cartilage-like hydrogel promises 3D-printable knee implants

Far more than a simple hinge, the human knee is a complex, intricate mechanism, and a knee injury is a painful and debilitating of condition that's …

3D Printing

Why our brains may be 100 times more powerful than believed

A new study out of the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) has found that one part of the neurons in our brains is more active than …

Groundbreaking Study Reveals Neurons Communicate in a Way We Never Imagined

A major breakthrough has just been made in the healthcare industry as researchers discover a new mechanism that has control over the way nerve cells …

Neuroscience

Gut bacteria may protect infants from intestinal infection

Gastroenteritis is one of the main causes of death in children under 5 years old, leading to 2.5 million deaths annually, with younger infants being …

Umbilical-Cord Protein Found to Rejuvenate Aging Mouse Brains

Stanford researchers have shown that a protein found in high concentrations within umbilical-cord blood of human babies improves the cognitive …

Longevity

Thousands of rare cancer-related gene mutations found

Innovative research, published in <i>PLOS Computational Biology</i> this week, explains how thousands of "previously ignored genetic mutations" may …

Scientists uncover mechanism allowing bacteria to survive the human immune system

Researchers have uncovered molecular details of how pathogenic bacteria fight back against the human immune response to infection.<p>Scientists at the …

Biology

New Insights on How Cancers Evade the Immune System

Promoters are regions in the genome that regulate the expression of genes, similar to the switch of a light bulb.

Cancer

People trust science. So why don't they believe it?

Scientists and their allies are expected to fill the streets of the nation’s capital Saturday for Earth Day's March for Science, advocating for the importance of scientific truth in an era we’ve ominously been told doesn’t value the truth any longer.<p>Advocates say science is under attack. President …

Science

When Even Genome Sequencing Doesn’t Give a Diagnosis

Four-year-old Beckett Edwards has had the works when it comes to genetic testing. And his family still doesn’t have an answer.<p>Soon after he was born, …

Genetics

Scientists Have Observed Epigenetic Memories Being Passed Down for 14 Generations

The past lives on.<p>The most important set of genetic instructions we all get comes from our DNA, passed down through generations. But the environment …

Genetics