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Researchers identify gatekeeper neurons that control pain and itch

During the 1960s, neuroscientists Ronald Melzack and Patrick Wall proposed an influential new theory of pain. At the time, researchers were struggling to explain the phenomenon. Some believed that specific nerve fibres carry pain signals up into the brain, while others argued that the pain signals …

Neurons

Jimmy Carter Wants To Rid The Planet Of Diseases

The former president tells us how he's been helping to eradicate guinea worm

When President Jimmy Carter set out to eradicate guinea worm disease 30 years ago, it afflicted 3.5 million people in rural Asia and Africa. In 2014, that number had dropped to 126. The parasite, spread via stagnant water, …

Jimmy Carter

How do you scare away a hungry elephant?

Until now electric fences and trenches have been the best way to protect farms and villages from nighttime raids by hungry elephants. Now, there may …

Elephants

Smart Drones And Cheap Missiles Could Work Together To Win Future Wars

DARPA has dubbed it "system of systems", but a better name would be "fighter jets command robot swarms"

For an organization at the heart of the future of war, DARPA can sometimes really undersell what it’s making. Late last night, the agency released a video about drone and missile swarms, full of …

International Relations

Guess Your Age? 3-D Facial Scan Beats Doctor's Exam

Scientists say a 3-D analysis of wrinkles and other signs of aging can reveal a person's physiological age based only on an image of his or her face.

The researchers also found that levels of several biological markers in people's blood are associated with the markers of aging that appear on …

Aging

Paleontologists Uncover “Super Salamander” Boneyard

Finding fossils takes a combination of skill on luck. You have to be looking in the right place and have some idea of how to distinguish those precious pieces of prehistoric life from all the rock surrounding it. But that’s not all. How the sun hits stone, where your eyes fall along the outcrop, …

Salamander

Bird 'backpacks' help scientists discover the longest oversea migration

A tiny North American songbird migrates 1,500 miles non-stop over the Atlantic, scientists have discovered, in the longest known oversea journey for any land bird.

The blackpoll warbler weighs only as much as a £2 coin and normally lives in forest environments, but once a year it embarks on a …

Migration

Rats Recognize The Facial Expressions Of Other Rats

And they prefer not to have posters of sad rats around

When a rodent feels pain, its face gets all scrunched up. Its ears flatten, its eyes narrow, and its nose and cheeks swell. Is this just a reflexive response that helps the animal cope with the pain? Or does it also help the rodent communicate …

Rats

Antarctica May Have Hit Highest Temperature on Record

But overall climate picture for southernmost continent remains "complex," say scientists.

Scientists have measured what is likely the highest temperature ever on Antarctica: 63.5 degrees Fahrenheit (17.5 Celsius).

The measurements were made last Tuesday at Argentina's Esperanza Base, on the northern …

Weather

Medieval hospital cemetery for poor found under Cambridge University

One of Britain’s largest medieval cemeteries containing the remains of more than 1,000 people has been unearthed under part of the University of Cambridge.

The hospital cemetery, which catered largely for scholars who had fallen on hard times, was found during excavations beneath the Old Divinity …

Medieval

Rokia Traoré, rock afro-progressiste

MUSIQUE AFRICAINE - Dans Beautiful Africa, son cinquième album, l'artiste d'origine malienne Rokia Traoré chante ses poèmes …

Graveola – Eu Preciso de Um Liquidificador | Music Review

Review Graveola – Eu Preciso de Um Liquidificador

4

Buy: Amazon UK | iTunes

The new album from Brazilian band Graveola radiates with the sunny spirit of …

Bossa Nova

Music is the key – Iran und Venezuela verbindet mehr als Blut und Gewalt

Iran und Venezuela haben eine gute Beziehung zueinander, nicht zuletzt wegen Hugo Chavez und Irans Ex-Präsident Ahmadinedschad, die sich auf der

Screw No.400 ~ Tom Waits : A Day in Vienna

The year is 1978, or is it 1979 (nobody seems to know), when Tom Waits rolls into Vienna to be met by Austrian filmmakers Rudi Dolezal and Hannes …

Archaeologists Unearth Ancient Fortifications at Coastal Site in Israel

An international team of archaeologists have uncovered remains of a massive Iron Age period fortification wall and enclosure at the coastal …

Archaeology

Cherry Blossoms Bloom in Japan: Pictures

Satire: Disgruntled Pixel Peepers Say Canon 5DS Still Not Enough

MELVILLE, N.Y., March 26, 2015 – A 37-year-old man has criticized Canon’s latest DSLR, the 5DS, for not having enough pixels, even though it has more …

Canon

How a California real estate developer helped create Apple as we know it

With an innovative architectural style that brought elegant living to the masses, real estate developer Joseph Eichler left an indelible mark on California in the 1960s.

His beautifully simple blueprints also had an undeniable impact on Apple’s co-founders — although Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs …

Architecture

Anne Frank Died 1 Month Earlier Than Previously Thought, Museum Says

The new date lays to rest the idea that Frank could have been rescued if they had lived just a little longer

(THE HAGUE, Netherlands) — Teenage Jewish diarist Anne Frank likely died of typhus in a Nazi concentration camp about a month earlier than previously thought, the Amsterdam museum that honors …

Holocaust

Dilemma for Israel as Palestinians join war crimes court

THE HAGUE (Reuters) - The Palestinian Authority becomes the 123rd member of the International Criminal Court on Wednesday, a major step that could move its decades-long conflict with Israel into a courtroom.

Israel is opposed to the court, is not a member and has no plans to cooperate with …

Middle East

Pesticide residue on food could affect sperm quality, says Harvard study

Eating fruit and vegetables containing pesticide residues could adversely affect men’s fertility, leading to fewer and poorer quality sperm, a study suggests.

Research by Harvard University found that men who ate the greatest amount of fruit and vegetables with high levels of pesticide residue had a …

Food (UK)

After Snowden, The NSA Faces Recruitment Challenge

Daniel Swann is exactly the type of person the National Security Agency would love to have working for it. The 22-year-old is a fourth-year concurrent bachelor's-master's student at Johns Hopkins University with a bright future in cybersecurity.

And growing up in Annapolis, Md., not far from the …

National Security Agency

Georgia president says Russia is threat to regional security

TBILISI (Reuters) - Georgian President Georgy Margvelashvili said on Tuesday Russia poses a threat to regional security and that its action in Georgia and Ukraine is punishment for their pro-Western stances.

Russia's forces drove deep into Georgia during a five-day war in 2008, and it has signed …

World Leaders

Here's a machine that turns water into synthetic gasoline

Even with the amount of electric vehicles we've seen lately, it's likely going to be a long time until they completely replace traditional combustion engines on the road. So how are we going to get away from pricey fossil fuels until then? Well, water could be a possibility. German company Sunfire …

Water

Heavy rains trigger flood fears in Kashmir; 17 dead

SRINAGAR, India (Reuters) - Heavy rains and a landslide in the Himalayan region of Kashmir killed 17 people, police said on Tuesday, as Indian authorities continued working to rescue stranded villagers, with unseasonal rains raising fears of flash floods in the mountainous north.

Fifteen people were …

Jammu and Kashmir

Uganda prosecutor in 'al-Shabab bomb case' shot dead

Joan Kagezi, the top Ugandan state prosecutor in the trial of 13 men accused of a deadly al-Shabab bomb attack, has been shot dead in Kampala.

Ms Kagezi was targeted by gunmen on a motorcycle as she was on her way home.

The suicide bombing in Kampala in 2010 killed 76 people as they watched the …

Africa

Internet activists blame China for cyber-attack that brought down GitHub

Activists battling internet censorship in China said Monday they had proof a massive online assault on their websites had been coordinated by the Chinese authorities.

In recent days, popular coding service GitHub faced a massive denial of service (DDoS) attack – an online attack aimed at bringing …

Asia

Cliffhanger in early returns from Nigeria presidential vote

ABUJA, Nigeria (AP) — In a cliffhanger of an election, early returns Monday night from half the states showed Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan and former military dictator Muhammadu Buhari almost even. The U.S. and Britain warned of "disturbing indications" that the tally could be subject to …

Elections

Pharmacy Groups Balk at Supplying Lethal Injection Drugs

Death-penalty states scrambling to find drugs for lethal injections are facing a new hurdle: two groups that represent compounding pharmacists have told their members to stop making the killer cocktails.

The American Pharmacists Association voted Monday to oppose participation in executions, …

Injection

Report: U.S. Offers 28 Percent Solution for Climate Pact

WASHINGTON — In a highly anticipated announcement, the United States will offer a roughly 28 percent emissions cut as its contribution to a major global climate treaty nearing the final stages of negotiation, according to people briefed on the White House's plans. The U.S. plans to announce its …

Climate Change