Urban Environments for IB DP Geography

By Richard Allaway | For all IB DP Geography students and educators! #ibgeog11 and #ibgeog19 - 'Urban Environments'.

Can a city ever be truly 'carbon neutral'?

Upon becoming Greater Manchester’s first elected mayor, Andy Burnham announced his ambition to make the city-region one of the greenest in Europe. In …

China's radical plan to limit the populations of Beijing and Shanghai

Two Chinese megacities implemented population caps last year – and official data shows the policy might already be having an effect<p>In the weaving alleys of Shanghai’s Laoximen district, swathes of residential buildings sit empty. The historic area in the heart of the city is being slowly …

Geography

Europe's most densely populated square kilometres – mapped

Prof Alasdair Rae at the University of Sheffield has crunched data from the Global Human Settlement Layer (GHSL) to locate the densest square kilometre in every European country – the top 15 are shown below

Geography

The 100 million city: is 21st century urbanisation out of control?

Projections suggest cities will swell at an astonishing pace – but whether that means our salvation or an eco-disaster is by no means certain<p>The 1960 street map of Lagos, Nigeria, shows a small western-style coastal city surrounded by a few semi-rural African villages. Paved roads quickly turn to …

Geography

Unicef Urban Population Map

Source<p>United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UNDESA), Population Division special updated estimates of urban population as of …

'Addis has run out of space': Ethiopia's radical redesign

As Addis Ababa creaks under the weight of a mushrooming populace, sub-Saharan Africa’s largest housing project is under way. But who benefits?<p>Wrapped in a white shawl and sporting a wide-brimmed cowboy hat, Haile stares out at his cattle as they graze in a rocky patch of grass. “My family and I …

Africa

Revealed: every Londoner breathing dangerous levels of toxic air particle

Exclusive: Every area of the capital breaches global standards for PM2.5 pollution particles, with most areas exceeding levels by at least 50%<p>The scale of London’s air pollution crisis was laid bare on Wednesday, with new figures showing that every person in the capital is breathing air that …

Pollution

These mega-projects will change some of our most famous cities

The world is rapidly urbanizing. The United Nations predicts that the number of people living in cities could double by 2050 — to 6.5 billion.<p>To …

Skyscrapers

City maps from tourists' feelings

City maps from tourists’ feelings<p>The aim of this project is to map tourists’ perceptions of different urban areas through data retrieved from …

Geography

Where is the world's densest city?

Evenly spread over all of the world’s mountains, deserts and other terrains, we would be standing 150 metres away from our nearest neighbours. In the most densely populated cities – from Dhaka to Medellin – we’re right on top of them<p>Cities are all about density – groups of strangers agreeing to …

Urbanism

Grey plaque scheme highlights NO2 pollution in London

London’s Choking initiative aims to draw attention to areas where nitrogen dioxide pollution threatens public health<p>They take their inspiration from the well-known signs linking people from the past with the buildings they once inhabited, but the symbols now appearing across London are to highlight …

Pollution

The Starbucksification of independent cafes

Café

Saudi Arabia unveils plans for 'entertainment city' near Riyadh

<b>Saudi Arabia has unveiled plans for an entertainment city on the edge of Riyadh which will be 50 times the size of Gibraltar once complete.</b><p>The 334 sq km (129 sq mile) attraction - about the same as Las Vegas - will offer cultural, sporting and entertainment activities - including a Six Flags park …

The great sprawl of China: timelapse images reveal 30-year growth of cities

Timelapse satellite iamges show the staggering growth of cities such as Shenzhen, Dongguan and Yiwu, which three decades ago were barely on the map<p>Thirty years ago, most of these cities were barely on the map. Take the trade hub of Yiwu, pictured above. In 1985 it was home to 73,000 people; 20 …

Geography

More than 100 Chinese cities now above 1 million people

China now has more than 100 cities of over 1 million residents, a number that is likely to double in the next decade.<p>According to the Demographia research group, the world’s most populous country boasts 102 cities bigger than 1 million people, many of which are little known outside the country – or …

China

China's 'airpocalypse' linked to Arctic sea ice loss

<b>The air pollution that lingered over eastern China for nearly a month in 2013 has been linked to the loss of Arctic sea ice the previous autumn.</b><p>A study says the haze lasted much longer because the melting ice and increased snowfall altered wind circulation patterns.<p>If Arctic ice continues to shrink …

The gruelling, six-hour commute of Beijing’s workers

High rental costs in China's capital have forced workers to travel for six or more hours a day to work. Danny Vincent follows one young mother on her long daily journey.<p>On some days, Zhang Xia spends more time commuting to work than she does in the office.<p>The 39-year-old marketing manager lives in …

Commuting

Revealed: thousands of children at London schools breathe toxic air

Exclusive: 802 schools, nurseries and colleges are in areas where levels of nitrogen dioxide breach EU legal limits<p>How have you been affected by air pollution?<p>Tens of thousands of children at more than 800 schools, nurseries and colleges in London are being exposed to illegal levels of air …

Pollution

Hope for Hanoi? New bus system could cut pollution … if enough people use it

A new $53m BRT (bus rapid transit) system has the power to reduce Hanoi’s dreadful air pollution. Persuading residents of Vietnam’s rapidly expanding capital to ditch their motorbikes and private cars, however, will be another story<p>From his high-rise office building in Hanoi, Tran Dung can barely …

Transportation

Revealed: the diesel 'T-charge' zone which comes into force from October

Sadiq Khan today urged Londoners to “ditch dirty diesel” vehicles now as he announced that a new T-charge to price the filthiest models out of the …

City Halls

Dubai identifies air pollution hot spots, fines violators

Dubai: Dubai Municipality has said it has identified the hot spots of air pollution and taken action against violators as part of its efforts to …

Pollution

The air we breathe

A Guardian Cities series investigating air pollution around the world<p>To highlight the dangerous air quality in the German city, which breached EU limits 25 times in January, two neighbours lodged a criminal complaint against city officials. Popular resistance to Stuttgart’s pollution problem is …

Pollution

Are you at risk? How pollution increases your chance of death – interactive | Cities | The Guardian

Take a look at how air pollution increases the risk of death in cities including London and Paris, Beijing and Peshawar, Delhi and Riyadh – or search for your city in the box below<p>Increase in risk of death by cause, compared with a clean air scenario<p>A 100% risk increase means your chances of …

Pollution

Cherrywood: the rocky road to a key Dublin development

Dublin

View from the favelas: A legacy of corruption, neglect and repression

In her latest diary entry on life in Alemão after the Games in Rio, Daiene Mendes says residents are the real champions for carrying on with their lives<p>Leia este artigo na lingua original<p>The Olympics are over, as is the expectation of building a real legacy for the people from the favelas. From …

Brazil

Smog refugees flee Chinese cities as 'airpocalypse' blights half a billion

Thousands head to pollution-free regions as haze descends on the country’s northern industrial heartland<p>Tens of thousands of “smog refugees” have reportedly fled China’s pollution-stricken north after the country was hit by its latest “airpocalyse” forcing almost half a billion people to live under …

Pollution

Why is Bangalore stuck in traffic jams?

<b>The hottest topic of conversation in Bangalore these days is traffic, writes the BBC's Geeta Pandey who spent 10 days in the southern Indian city recently.</b><p>A few days ago, popular British author Jeffrey Archer was in the city to launch his latest book when he had a taste of Bangalore's notorious …

'Get off the square!': The unsubtle gentrification of Jakarta's old town

Fatahillah Square was once a bustling hub of culture and nightlife. Now street vendors are forcibly removed, and hundreds of homes have been demolished in order to build corporate plazas. Has the area lost its soul?<p>“Get off the square!” the security guard yells into his megaphone. “The place is …

Urbanism

Jakarta at 30 million: my city is choking and sinking – it needs a new Plan B

Imagining a more stable future for this thrilling but chaotic metropolis – with its 3.5 million daily commuters – is not easy for those who live and work here. One leading Jakarta architect offers his vision for a smaller-scale future<p>Baca artikel ini dalam bahasa Indonesia di sini<p>Unlike other …

Asia