IB DP Geography Flipboard Magazine

By Richard Allaway | For all IB DP Geography students and educators! Focusing upon #ibgeog11 'Patterns and Change' + 'Global Interactions' and #ibgeog19 'Global Change' + 'Global Interactions'.

Nearly 1m tonnes every year: supermarkets shamed for plastic packaging

Exclusive: Guardian investigation unwraps truth about supermarket plastics after big brands refuse to divulge packaging secrets<p>Read more: The plastic-free stores showing the big brands how to do it<p>Britain’s leading supermarkets create more than 800,000 tonnes of plastic packaging waste every year, …

Recycling

Why are the French making fewer and fewer babies?

France has been Europe's most fertile country but that could soon be a thing of the past if the latest statistics from France's national office of …

Statistics

The evolution of Switzerland's foreign population since 2000

Over the 16 years from 2000, Switzerland’s population grew by 16% from 7.2 million to 8.3 million. The majority of this growth came from the foreign …

Population

How the humble KitKat conquered Japan with ever-changing flavors. Anyone for sushi KitKat?

Two years ago, KitKat’s marketing manager in Japan won an internal corporate award. His prize: a golden trophy shaped like one of the iconic chocolate bars.<p>Today, the manager, Ryoji Maki, doesn’t remember why he won the award. But he’s immensely proud of what it inspired.<p>“That’s how I came up with …

Mass starvation is humanity’s fate if we keep flogging the land to death

The Earth cannot accommodate our need and greed for food. We must change our diet before it’s too late<p>Brexit; the crushing of democracy by billionaires; the next financial crash; a rogue US president: none of them keeps me awake at night. This is not because I don’t care – I care very much. It’s …

Lost containers and 29,000 rubber ducks: Inside the curious world of container shipping

Dwarfing cruise liners in size, freight behemoths transport millions of containers hundreds of thousands of miles a day - some ships can carry 20,000 …

Tesla mega-battery in Australia activated

<b>The world's largest lithium ion battery has begun dispensing power into an electricity grid in South Australia.</b><p>The 100-megawatt battery, built by Tesla, was officially activated on Friday. It had in fact provided some power since Thursday due to demand caused by local hot weather.<p>South Australia …

Pictures: Qatar builds dairy industry in desert as it defies Arab boycott

Deep in the Qatari desert, a herd of cows stands in a vast shed, cooled by fans and jets of mist - each animal a key player in a plan to defy a trade …

News (Ireland)

A distorted sex ratio is playing havoc with marriage in China - In search of women

Special report<p>In search of womenA distorted sex ratio is playing havoc with marriage in China<p>IN PI VILLAGE, on the outskirts of Beijing, a man in his …

Why climate change is creating a new generation of child brides

As global warming exacerbates drought and floods, farmers’ incomes plunge – and girls as young as 13 are given away to stave off poverty<p>It was the flood that ensured that Ntonya Sande’s first year as a teenager would also be the first year of her married life. Up to the moment the water swept away …

Blue Planet II

Women in England and Wales having fewer babies than ever before

Figures from the Office for National Statistics show women in England and Wales are having fewer children and more are having none<p>The number of children a woman is likely to have while of childbearing age has fallen to the lowest level on record.<p>Women who turned 45 last year had an average of 1.90 …

Population

Picturesque Swiss village considers offering families £50,000 to move there

Residents of a small village in southwestern Switzerland are to vote on a policy offering money to outsiders if they move there.<p>The proposal follows …

Europe

The haves and have-nots: four cities in crisis

On the surface, Ulaanbaatar, San Francisco, Calais and Jerusalem could not be more different – but for the people squeezed out by political upheaval or prohibitive rents, the urban 21st century looks disturbingly uniform<p>City: the remarkable urban photographs of David Levene - video<p>More than half of …

Keystone pipeline spills 210,000 gallons of oil on eve of permitting decision for TransCanada

The Keystone pipeline running from Canada across the Great Plains leaked Thursday morning, spilling about 5,000 barrels of oil — or 210,000 gallons — southeast of the small town of Amherst in northeast South Dakota.<p>The spill comes just days before a crucial decision next Monday by the Public …

Environment

Indulgent grandparents 'bad for children's health'

<b>Indulgent grandparents may be having an adverse impact on their grandchildren's health, say researchers.</b><p>The University of Glasgow study, published in PLOS One journal, suggests grandparents are often inclined to treat and overfeed children.<p>The study also found some were smoking in front of their …

Fiji told it must spend billions to adapt to climate change

At COP 23 talks in Bonn, Fiji has called on developed nations to help the world’s most vulnerable build resilience to climate change<p>To prepare for the rising temperatures, strengthening storms and higher sea levels in the coming decades, Fiji must spend an amount equivalent to its entire yearly …

Climate

New Zealand's winter shorter by a month over 100 years

Studies by National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research show season has contracted equally at its beginning and end<p>New Zealand’s winter has gotten shorter by a month over the last 100 years, meaning “true winter” weather with very low temperatures, frosts and snow starts significantly later …

Should we be having fewer children for the sake of the planet?

Supporters’ contributions to our podcast on population and climate change show exactly why we need to talk about this issue<p>Listen to the podcast here<p>Last month, on these pages, I asked if you might get in touch with your questions and thoughts on population and climate change. You did – in some …

Climate

Water, food and energy nexus: what are the connections between water and food?

Analysis of China’s one-child policy sparks uproar

A new study of China’s one-child policy is roiling demography, sparking calls for the field’s leading journal to withdraw the paper. The controversy …

Population

Switzerland less attractive to European migrants

Fewer people are moving to Switzerland from elsewhere in Europe. Between January and September this year, immigration from European Union states was …

Europe

The three-degree world: cities that will be drowned by global warming

The UN is warning that we are now on course for 3C of global warming. This will ultimately redraw the map of the world<p>When UN climate negotiators meet for summit talks this month, there will be a new figure on the table: 3C.<p>Until now, global efforts such as the Paris climate agreement have tried to …

Climate Change

UK population set to pass 70 million by mid-2029

ONS predicts 54% of growth in next decade will be from net international migration and 46% from more births than deaths<p>The UK population is set to pass 70 million before the end of the next decade, according to official figures.<p>Demographers project that the population will rise by 3.6 million, or …

Population

India and China's populations are changing in very different ways. Here's why

Enacted in 1979 by China’s Communist Party, the controversial “One Child Policy” was primarily meant to slow the country’s rapid population growth, …

An inconvenient truth? China omits key figures that may have highlighted its demographic time bomb from official statistics

A key data series on China’s fertility rate has been axed from the country’s latest statistical yearbook, depriving the public of crucial figures to …

Record surge in atmospheric CO2 seen in 2016

<b>Concentrations of CO2 in the Earth's atmosphere surged to a record high in 2016, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).</b><p>Last year's increase was 50% higher than the average of the past 10 years.<p>Researchers say a combination of human activities and the El Niño weather phenomenon …

UN says atmospheric CO2 levels have hit record high

The concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has hit a new high, the UN has said, warning that drastic action is needed to achieve targets …

Daily Hive

Canada's weather patterns are set to change drastically in the future (MAPS)<p>15,413<p>The weather, and the seasons, are about to change dramatically …

Switzerland moves closer to an international majority

A recent study on the migration backgrounds of Swiss residents shows just how international Switzerland’s population is.<p>© Pavlo Vakhrushev | …