Freshwater for IB DP Geography

By Richard Allaway | For all IB DP Geography students and educators! #ibgeog 11 - 'Freshwater - Issues and Conflicts' + #ibgeog 19 - 'Freshwater'

Death of the Nile

By Peter Schwartzstein<p>The world's longest river is sick -<br>and getting sicker<p>Booming populations have dirtied and drained it, while climate change threatens to cut its flow.<p>And some fear that competition over its dwindling waters could trigger a regional conflict.<p>The rains<p>The rot starts at the source.<p>…

Builders 'behind UK flooding risk'

<b>New housing developments that contribute to the risk of flooding are still being built, MPs say.</b><p>House builders are supposed to create housing schemes that catch water with features like green roofs and porous road surfaces.<p>The government has frequently said it's committed to reducing flood risk.<p>But …

Environment

Death of the Nile

The River Nile serves as a lifeline to millions of people across East Africa and Egypt but is under threat from population growth, pollution and climate change.<p>Some Egyptian fishermen say the water is now so toxic that they dare not eat the fish they catch.<p>TAP HERE to find out more.

Indian PM inaugurates Sardar Sarovar dam in face of activist anger

Narendra Modi hits out at ‘misinformation campaign’ as environmentalists warn that 40,000 families’ homes are at risk<p>A mega-dam that became one of India’s greatest environmental controversies during the three decades it was under construction has been formally declared complete by the prime …

In Peru, a 'Foggy' Solution to a Water Shortage

The Netherlands, always vulnerable to floods, has a new approach to water management

Much of the Netherlands is below sea level and major floods have occurred every generation or so for hundreds of years. In a warming world with increased rainfall and sea level rise, the threat from floods is increasing worldwide, and the Dutch are leading the way in water management …

Climate Change

Why ‘hydro-politics’ will shape the 21st Century

It's been called the 'next oil'. In the coming decades, the supply of water has the potential to influence geopolitics, diplomacy and even conflict.<p>The 2008 James Bond film Quantum of Solace pits 007 against an evil criminal syndicate bent on global domination. Sounds par for the course… but this …

Nine tenths of England's floodplains not fit for purpose, study finds

Intensive farming cited as main reason for destroying natural barriers to deluge and making low lying areas more vulnerable to floods<p>Only a tenth of England’s extensive floodplains are now fit for purpose – 90% no longer function properly – with the shortfall putting an increasing number of homes …

Sri Lanka floods: Nearly 500,000 displaced as death toll rises

<b>At least 126 people have been killed and nearly 500,000 displaced in Sri Lanka following flooding and mudslides triggered by monsoon rains, the government says.</b><p>A further 97 people are still missing, a spokesman said.<p>Military boats and helicopters have been sent to help rescue operations.<p>The …

Sri Lanka

Google's data center raises the stakes in this state's 'water wars'

Endless emails, map requests, web searches, and everything else we do online requires the use of energy-hungry, water-guzzling data centers.<p>For …

U.S. Geological Survey

Receding glacier causes immense Canadian river to vanish in four days

First ever observed case of ‘river piracy’ saw the Slims river disappear as intense glacier melt suddenly diverted its flow into another watercourse<p>An immense river that flowed from one of Canada’s largest glaciers vanished over the course of four days last year, scientists have reported, in an …

Climate Change

2 billion people drinking contaminated water - WHO

The World Health Organization has warned that nearly two billion people worldwide currently use faecal-contaminated water.<p>The UN agency says dramatic …

Graphene-based sieve turns seawater into drinking water

<b>A UK-based team of researchers has created a graphene-based sieve capable of removing salt from seawater.</b><p>The sought-after development could aid the millions of people without ready access to clean drinking water.<p>The promising graphene oxide sieve could be highly efficient at filtering salts, and …

Engineering

Wastewater isn't a burden, it's a valuable resource

Wastewater from households, industries and agriculture should not be seen as a problem but a valuable resource which could help meet the demands for …

Switzerland's spectacular dams and their uncertain future

<b>Switzerland’s 604 hydroelectric plants aren’t just powerhouses for clean energy. Some dams are also dramatic destinations. But their source of fuel</b> …

UN highlights need to recycle world's waste water

Recycling the world's waste water, almost all of which goes untreated, would ease global water shortages while protecting the environment, according …

Access to drinking water around the world – in five infographics

Billions of people have gained access to clean and safe drinking water since 1990, but data show that huge inequalities remain<p>How many people have access to clean and safe water? Where do they get it from, and how much do they pay for it? A new report by the World Health Organisation/Unicef Joint …

World Health Organization

Northern Namibia braced for worst flood in memory

Flooding in Namibia's Cuvelai-Etosha catchment area has reached alarming levels in recent weeks, with residents being warned to take the necessary precautions in expectation of the worst possible floods experienced in the region in living memory.<p>This is according to the Ministry of Agriculture, …

Weather

'Parched' Chinese city plans to pump water from Russian lake via 1,000km pipeline

Urban planners in Lanzhou have drawn up proposals to pipe water into the chronically dry region from Siberia’s Lake Baikal.<p>China is reportedly considering plans to build a 1,000km (620 mile) pipeline to pump water all the way from Siberia to its drought-stricken northwest.<p>According to reports in …

Dams be damned, let the world's rivers flow again

The flawed development model of dam-building has continued around the world. It’s time to give permanent protection to free-flowing rivers<p>Fifty years ago, environmentalists and dam builders in the United States were locked in a bitter battle. Dam building had swept the nation in the 1940s and …

Thailand floods: 12 dead as record rainfall persists

<b>At least 12 people have died and many villages been submerged after heavy rains caused severe flooding in southern Thailand.</b><p>Hundreds of thousands of people have been affected with water levels reaching "roof-high" in some areas, Thailand's interior ministry said.<p>Transport services, including …

Thailand

Are India and Pakistan set for water wars?

<b>India is stepping up efforts to maximise its water use from the western rivers of the Indus basin, senior officials have told the BBC.</b><p>The move would involve building huge storage facilities and canals.<p>The three rivers flow through Indian-administered Kashmir but most of the water is allotted to …

India

Government commits £15m to natural flood management

Natural management is ‘vital’ as well as other flood defences says environment secretary, reports The Ends Report<p>The Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs <i>(</i>Defra) will spend £15m on natural flood management projects, the environment secretary has announced.<p>On Thursday, Andrea Leadsom …

This scientist wants to create 'artificial glaciers' to combat melting Himalayan ice (Video)

<b>One scientist-engineer is proposing the use of ice towers to help alleviate water shortages caused by climate change.</b><p>The progression of global …

$40bn to save Jakarta: the story of the Great Garuda

Forget Venice. The fastest-sinking city is the Indonesian capital, parts of which are dropping at 25cm a year. Can an outlandish plan for a giant seawall and luxury waterworld city in the shape of a mythical bird save Jakarta from drowning?<p>With her hand stretched upward, the elderly storekeeper in …

Cities

We must protect the Grand Canyon before time runs out

Americans must prevail on President Obama to establish a national monument around Grand Canyon National Park before we lose this historic chance<p>In 1967, my father took me and eight of my brothers and sisters on a whitewater trip down the Colorado River through Grand Canyon National Park. We camped …

Will Central Asia fight over water?

<b>In Central Asia, a crisis is brewing over water and electricity. The Soviet-era system in which the five countries of the region shared their resources has broken down, leaving some facing water shortages and others chronic power cuts. Instances of small-scale unrest have already occurred, but some</b> …

Tajikistan

Vanishing Mekong? Shifting tropical storms threaten a great river delta

Recent changes in the patterns of tropical storms are threatening the future of the Mekong River delta in Vietnam. This is one of the world’s great …

India and Pakistan Water Tensions Escalate to The Hague

<i>Hydropower projects spark discord in the Indus River Basin, but water management challenges go deeper.</i>The Zanskar River joins the Indus River near …

Water