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Curiosity improves memory by tapping into the brain’s reward system

Brain scans of college students have shed light on why people learn more effectively when their curiosity is piqued than when they are bored stiff.<p>Researchers in the US found evidence that curiosity ramped up the activity of a brain chemical called dopamine, which in turn seemed to strengthen …

Nobel Prize for medicine goes to discoverers of brain’s 'inner GPS'

STOCKHOLM/LONDON (Reuters) - British-American John O’Keefe and Norwegians May-Britt and Edvard Moser won the 2014 Nobel Prize for medicine for discovering the brain’s navigation system and giving clues as to how strokes and Alzheimer’s disrupt it.<p>Professor John O'Keefe (C) walks along Euston Road …

Is autism like a magic show that won't end?

The brain is a biological machine that makes predictions. But what happens when a wrench is thrown in the works, and jams up the ability to foresee the trajectory of a moving object, or what happens after a frown?<p>Researchers at MIT believe such a wrench lies at the core of autism, a disorder with …

For obese, stress may be even more deadly

Recurring emotional stress may trigger a stronger biochemical response in overweight people, possibly increasing their risk of chronic illnesses such …

Obese in Adolescence, Colon Cancer in Later Life?

<b>By Steven Reinberg</b><i><br>HealthDay Reporter</i><p>MONDAY, Sept. 29, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Obesity and inflammation in late adolescence are associated with …

This New Netflix Hack Lets You Get Even More Out Of Your Streaming

If you thought "Gilmore Girls" was the only thing awesome thing coming to Netflix this month, prepare to be left speechless.<p>Lifehacker has just unveiled a new add-on for Chrome that lets you to take your streaming to the next level. Flix Plus lets users customize their Netflix experience, providing …

The Experts The Ebola Response May Need: Anthropologists

As the Ebola outbreak gains steam, experts continue to deploy to the region.<p>Teams from Doctors Without Borders, the World Health Organization, the U.S. military and others are in Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia assembling treatment centers and fighting the deadly virus.<p>There's one group of experts …

John McIlwaine obituary

The forensic archaeologist John McIlwaine, who has died aged 51 after suffering a heart attack, played a leading role in a complex operation to locate the bodies of up to 19 people who were abducted, murdered and secretly buried in unmarked ground by Irish Republican paramilitaries.<p>As part of the …

Strange New Type of Brain Cell Discovered

The discovery of a new shape of brain cell has neuroscientists scratching their heads over what the function of these neurons might be.<p>Though neurons …

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Ancient stone toolmaking didn't just spread out of Africa with humans

An advanced way of crafting stone tools, once thought to have only originated in Africa, may have been invented elsewhere independently, according to a new study. The finding provides evidence that this ancient technology did not spread across the world solely as a result of humanity's exodus from …

Here's The Science Behind Why Leaves Change Color In The Fall

Yes, people have been drinking pumpkin spice lattes for a month now. But fall doesn't begin officially until tonight, when autumnal equinox arrives. That means shorter days, cozy sweaters, and of course brilliant foliage.<p>But have you ever wondered why leaves change color in the fall, and why they …

Why These 15 Scientists Marched For Climate Change Action

“There is no point in doing the research if no one is going to listen to the results,” says one researcher.<p>Scientists from research institutions, non-profits, and the private sector made themselves seen and heard on Sunday, September 21, when 310,000 people marched through New York City to demand …

Columbia University

Odd-Looking Orcas May Be a Distinct Species

A strange-looking and mysterious killer whale living in the heaving seas ringing Antarctica might be a distinct species. Known as Type D orcas, the …

Comedy vs. anti-science: 10 amazing videos that show how humor can make a difference

<b>Jon Stewart, Sarah Silverman, Stephen Colbert (AP/Brad Barket/Jack Plunkett/Dave Allocca)</b><p>From Colbert and Oliver to Sarah Silverman and Louis CK, comedians are torching anti-science activists with aplomb<p>Sarah Gray<p>July 6, 2014 3:29pm (UTC)<p>In the latest version of America's long-running culture wars, …

Why Did Humans Evolve to Have Such Different Faces?

Image: O, 2011<p>Dogs sniff each other's butts, penguins call to reconnect with their long-lost partners and humans use facial recognition to tell each …

How a Rare Vision Condition Helps One Artist See Colors Like Few Can

Concetta Antico of San Diego lives in a world only a small percentage of humanity can see -- she is a tetrachromat. Tetrachromats have a fourth, extra cone class for color vision and while normal people see one million colors, Ms. Antico and a small handful of other women like her identified …

University of California

Paleontologist Finds Dinosaur Paradise, Including First Dino Known to Swim

Nizar Ibrahim scoured the deserts of northern Africa to paint the most complete picture of a mid-Cretaceous ecosystem ever described.<p><i>Editor's note: Nizar Ibrahim is one of National Geographic's 2014 Emerging Explorers, which honors tomorrow's visionaries—those making discoveries, making a</i> …

How Gorilla Poop Could Help Stop Ebola

A new way of tracking the deadly virus that's spreading through West Africa<p>Police drove through Kroo Bay this morning, past the open sewers and snuffling pigs, yelling at people to go inside—largely to no avail. All the 14,000 residents of the shanty town in Freeport, Sierra Leone, had been ordered …

Disease

Team finds neural compensation in people with Alzheimer's-related protein

The human brain is capable of a neural workaround that compensates for the buildup of beta-amyloid, a destructive protein associated with Alzheimer's …

Scientists discover RNA modifications in some unexpected places

Deploying sophisticated high-throughput sequencing technology, dubbed ψ-seq, a team of Whitehead Institute and Broad Institute researchers …

We bounce back from bad news if we feel in control

Setbacks, such as a bad work review or grade, tests a person’s ability to persevere. But researchers say resilience may hinge on how the news is …

Planet of the apes: Gibbons are last ape to have genome revealed

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - Gibbons - the small, long-armed tree swingers that inhabit the dense tropical forests of Southeast Asia - have become the last of the planet’s apes to have their genetic secrets revealed.<p>A white-handed gibbon swings on a rope on at 'Tiergarten Schoenbrunn' Zoo in Vienna in …

‘Teach to the test’ drives teachers to quit

Frustration with standardized testing, low pay and benefits, and little autonomy are pushing teachers to leave the classroom. The findings are based …

Alzheimer's Is Type 3 Diabetes

The idea that Alzheimer's is a form of diabetic disease has been gaining currency in medical circles for almost ten years. The accumulated evidence …

Diabetes