Paulo Coelho

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data.table() vs data.frame() - Learn to work on large data sets in R

Reasons, Years and Frequency of Yoga Practice: Effect on Emotion Response Reactivity

Introduction<p>According to pictures and manuscripts, yoga was initially practiced in various regions across India, and most likely originated from the …

Relations Between Language and Cognition: Evidentiality and Sources of Knowledge

Original Article<p>Corresponding Author<p>E-mail address:ercenur.unal@mpi.nl<p>Centre for Language StudiesRadboud University<p>Max Planck Institute for …

Brain States That Encode Perceived Emotion Are Reproducible but Their Classification Accuracy Is Stimulus-Dependent

Introduction<p>Core affect is a central construct in our understanding of emotion (Russell and Barrett, 1999), and its roles in …

Apical Function in Neocortical Pyramidal Cells: A Common Pathway by Which General Anesthetics Can Affect Mental State

Introduction: The Issues and Our Hypotheses<p>General anesthetics are designed to produce a temporary, reversible and harmless loss of consciousness. …

A Pilot Study of the Effects of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy on Positive Affect and Social Anxiety Symptoms

Introduction<p>Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common and debilitating psychiatric disorder marked by fear of one or more social situations (American …

Mindfulness

Early Synaptic Dysfunction Found in Parkinson’s Disease

Dimitri Krainc, MD, PhD, the Aaron Montgomery Ward Professor and chair of The Ken and Ruth Davee Department of Neurology, was senior author of a …

Cell-Type Specific Changes in Glial Morphology and Glucocorticoid Expression During Stress and Aging in the Medial Prefrontal Cortex

Introduction<p>The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is responsible for the flexible use of goal-directed mental strategies. The prelimbic (PL) area of the rodent …

Central Nervous System

Proprioception from a neurally controlled lower-extremity prosthesis

A leg up for neuroprosthetics<p>Amputation severs bone, nerves, and muscles used for limb movement, limiting an amputee’s ability to sense and control a …

Assistive Technology

Inharmonic speech reveals the role of harmonicity in the cocktail party problem

Abstract<p>The “cocktail party problem” requires us to discern individual sound sources from mixtures of sources. The brain must use knowledge of …

On How the Dentate Gyrus Contributes to Memory Discrimination

Highlights<p>Dentate gyrus-dependent memory discrimination does not require place cell remapping<br>• Dentate neural correlates of memory discrimination are …

Hippocampus

An Intrinsic Role of Beta Oscillations in Memory for Time Estimation

1.<p>Wiener, M. & Kanai, R. Frequency tuning for temporal perception and prediction. <i>Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences</i> <b>8</b>, 1–6 (2016).<p>2.<p>Anliker, J. …

Interplay Between the Gut-Brain Axis, Obesity and Cognitive Function

Introduction<p>The microorganisms inhabiting the mammalian's intestinal tract (collectively termed microbiota) include bacteria, viruses, protozoa, …

Lateral Hypothalamus as a Motivation-Cognition Interface in the Control of Feeding Behavior

Introduction<p>Learning and motivation are both necessary for the survival of a mammalian organism and their neural substrates have been studied …

Psychopathy to Altruism: Neurobiology of the Selfish–Selfless Spectrum

Introduction<p>In the mid-1800s, the French Philosopher Auguste Comte constructed the word altruism from the Latin <i>alteri</i> (“others”) to name his vision …

Neurology

Anatomy Based Networks and Topology Alteration in Seizure-Related Cognitive Outcomes

Introduction<p>Epilepsy is a prevalent neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures. An important complication of epilepsy and epilepsy …

Semantic representation in the white matter pathway

by Yuxing Fang, Xiaosha Wang, Suyu Zhong, Luping Song, Zaizhu Han, Gaolang Gong, Yanchao BiObject conceptual processing has been localized to …

Machine Learning

Transplantation of feeder‐free human induced pluripotent stem cell–derived cortical neuron progenitors in adult male Wistar rats with focal brain ischemia

RESEARCH ARTICLE<p>Department of Neurosurgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto UniversityKyoto, Japan<p>Department of Clinical Application, Center of …

Network archaeology: phase transition in the recoverability of network history. (arXiv:1803.09191v1 [physics.soc-ph])

Network growth processes can be understood as generative models of the structure and history of complex networks. This point of view naturally leads …

Multivariate Pattern Classification of Facial Expressions Based on Large-Scale Functional Connectivity

Introduction<p>Facial expression is an important medium for social communication as it conveys information about others’ emotion. Humans can quickly and …

The speed of parietal theta frequency drives visuospatial working memory capacity

by Nina Wolinski, Nicholas R. Cooper, Paul Sauseng, Vincenzo RomeiThe speed of theta brain oscillatory activity is thought to play a key role in …

Narrative Discourse in Young and Older Adults: Behavioral and NIRS Analyses

Introduction<p>Comprehension is a basic component of communication. Being able to extract the gist of discourse, while reading a text or listening to a …

Stable Density and Dynamics of Dendritic Spines of Cortical Neurons Across the Estrous Cycle While Expressing Differential Levels of Sensory-Evoked Plasticity

Introduction<p>Over the past 40 years it has been well established that gonadal hormones exert influence on brain structure and function in both the …

Astrocyte Hypertrophy and Microglia Activation in the Rat Auditory Midbrain Is Induced by Electrical Intracochlear Stimulation

Introduction<p>In the mammalian brain, any pattern of signaling activity is molding the substrate that carries it. The substrate is an intricate …

Neuroscience

The Evolution of Musicality: What Can Be Learned from Language Evolution Research?

Introduction<p>Language and music are typical human behaviors, absent in our closest living animal relatives. Since behavior and cognition do not …

Noam Chomsky

Altered Connectivity of the Anterior Cingulate and the Posterior Superior Temporal Gyrus in a Longitudinal Study of Later-life Depression

Introduction<p>Accumulated evidence from structural neuroimaging studies suggests that patients with later-life depression (LLD) show abnormal gray …

Integrating Brain and Biomechanical Models—A New Paradigm for Understanding Neuro-muscular Control

1. Introduction<p>The field of computational neuroscience has provided many <i>systems models</i> of the brain (Arai et al., 1994; Gancarz and Grossberg, 1998; …

Neurology