Paige Vanleer

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Child Abuse Down, Neglect Up

Physical and sexual abuse of children has declined over the past two decades, but the number of children who experience emotional abuse and neglect--mostly by their parents--is increasing. These are the findings of a report by the Institute of Medicine, where researchers called the data a mixed …

Child Abuse

Effects of child abuse and neglect, if untreated, can last a lifetime, study finds

In the first major study of child abuse and neglect in 20 years, researchers with the National Academy of Sciences reported Thursday that the damaging consequences of abuse can not only reshape a child’s brain but also last a lifetime.<p>Untreated, the effects of child abuse and neglect, the …

Brain Scan Predicts Whether Convicts Will Re-Offend: Welcome To The Sci-Fi Future

Activity in one very particular part of the brain shows a high correlation with recidivism.<p>Researchers at the Mind Research Network in New Mexico--a non-profit, partially government-funded neuroscience facility--have discovered a way to predict whether released convicts will return to their own …

Phineas Gage's connectome

Modern technology provides a fresh perspective on the most famous case study in the history of neuroscience<p>Anyone who has studied psychology or neuroscience will be familiar with the incredible case of Phineas Gage, the railroad worker who had a metre-long iron rod propelled straight through his …

Neuroscience Fiction

In the early nineteen-nineties, David Poeppel, then a graduate student at M.I.T. (and a classmate of mine)—discovered an astonishing thing. He was studying the neurophysiological basis of speech perception, and a new technique had just come into vogue, called positron emission tomography (<i>PET</i>). …

The Brain

People Who Never Apologize Are Probably Happier Than You

This sky writer probably feels worse now than he did before. Image: butupa<p>Remember the intense, seemingly physical pain you felt as a kid when an …

Positive Thinking

A Skeptic Explores the Science Behind Spiritual Experiences

I'm driving away from from my mother-in-law's house, crying. Vivian has been a mother to me in every way that matters, and now she's dying of cancer. …

Consciousness

Scientists Can Pluck Images Out Of Your Dreams

A new method can visualize with 60 percent accuracy what you're seeing while you sleep.<p>With just an fMRI, an algorithm, and the internet, researchers from Kyoto, Japan predicted with 60 percent accuracy what a person was dreaming about, <i>Smithsonian</i> magazine reports. The idea, like the process, isn't …

6 Weird Theories on Early Human Intelligence

Through thousands of years of knowledge and learning, we’ve developed extremely advanced intelligence as a species, especially when compared to other …

Paramount Network

Why Do People Get Emotional When They Drink?

Drinking influences our personalities in a variety of ways. Some people get happy. Others turn combative or impulsive. At one time or another, …

Brain Scans Offer Precise Measurement Of Human Pain

A new study is a first step toward a objective way to measure physical pain.<p>Pain may be personal, but when it comes to a painful burn, people's brains seem to react the same way.<p>A team of researchers administered painful doses of heat to human subjects' forearms, in a range of temperatures from …

First Brain Surgery Performed on Bear

An Asiatic black bear at a Laos sanctuary is cured of hydrocephalus.<p><b>In the mountains of northern Laos, a three-year-old Asiatic black bear has become a medical pioneer: the world's first bear to undergo brain surgery.</b><p><b>The bear, named Champa, has lived most of her life at a sanctuary run by Free the</b> …

Wildlife

This Woman Was Born With Three Fingers, But Her Brain Knew All Along What Having Five Would Feel Like

Image: jakub<p>We don’t notice, most of the time, how truly incredible it is that the human brain can walk us through complex tasks, learn languages and …

The Brain

What You See Is What You Taste, Says Scientist

Human Journey<p>Understanding how the eyes can influence flavor perception may someday help thwart even the most finicky eaters. (Credit: Scott Bauer, USDA)<p>When it comes to tasting, what you see is not always what you get. Speaking at the National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, Terry E. …

Wikimedia

The Neuroscience of Porn Viewing

You've heard it time and time again: Women do not like to look at porn.<p>The explanations are varied. Women are not as interested in sex as men are, so sexual images simply are not necessary. Men are more visual when it comes to sexual stimuli and appreciate that extra stimulation in ways that women …

Study: Belief in an angry God associated with variety of mental illnesses

People who believe in an angry, punishing God are much more likely to suffer from a variety of mental illnesses, a scientific study published in the …

Why Women Like Deep Voices and Men Prefer High Ones

We find different pitches attractive because of the body size they signal—and a touch of breathiness is crucial to take the edge off a man’s deep …

Psychology

Me, Me, Me: People Who Overuse The First-Person Singular Are More Depressed

A new study links first-person singular pronouns to relationship problems and higher rates of depression.<p>Researchers in Germany have found that people who frequently use first-person singular words like "I," "me," and "myself," are more likely to be depressed and have more interpersonal problems …

Antibiotic Protects Men from Attractive Women

Heterosexual men mentally melt in the presence of attractive women. As Tom Jacobs writes in <i>Pacific Standard</i>, even the very thought of possibly …

The Pregnant Brain as a Revving Race Car

What turns a young female concerned mainly about herself into a good mother who will make sure her offspring survive in an otherwise hostile world? …

Brain rewires itself after damage or injury, life scientists discover

The brain forms complex new circuits after damage to compensate for lost function, often far from the damaged region, life scientists report. The new …

FYI: Which Emotion Is The Hardest To Fake?

Unlike the commonly deployed social smile, distressed expressions–anger, fear, sadness, and occasionally surprise–prove much more difficult to display on command.<p>We've all done our fair share of faking it. Whether it's a canned excited response when that one particularly eccentric aunt gives you a …

FYI: Why Do We Hate The Sound Of Nails On A Chalkboard?

Screeeeeeeech!<p>Most people associate this cringe-worthy noise with words like "piercing" and "shrilling." But it isn't actually the sound's high-pitched tones that give us goose bumps. During a study that dates back to 1986 (the days when they actually used chalkboards), scientists at Northwestern …

Your Brain Catches Grammar Errors Even When You Don't Realize It

The pedant within<p>The brain does all kinds of amazing things while you're not paying attention (you know, like regularly remind you to breathe). But it's also engaged in less critical but equally interesting tasks, like correcting the grammar of the person sitting across from you at dinner. A …

Is It Possible To Think Without Language?

Language is so deeply embedded in almost every aspect of the way we interact with the world that it's hard to imagine what it would be like not to …

The Arts

Give Voices In Your Head A Virtual Body And They'll Go Away

A recent study showed that schizophrenic patients who put an avatar to the voices they were hearing ended up hearing the voices less.<p>This might be an unexpected way to treat schizophrenics hearing a disembodied voice: embodying the voice.<p>In the U.K., psychiatrist Julian Leff tried an experiment to …

Upside to embarrassing moments: They make people like you

Have you ever fallen asleep in a public place, started snoring loudly until it woke you up, then noticed others staring at you? Or accidentally knocked over your water glass in a crowded restaurant and sent it crashing to the floor?<p>Although these flubs may leave you red-faced, avoiding eye contact, …

Psychology

Stress Kills The Mind, One Day At A Time

Stress is hard on the mind — this much we intuitively know. But what we may not realize is how much our daily reactions to stress take a cumulative toll on our minds.<p>Most psychological research on the effects of stress has focused on relatively short-term outcomes. A new study in the journal</i> …

Brain Injection Prevents PTSD In Mice

How a drug now can change fear later.<p>A new study, published today, is a first step toward a drug to prevent PTSD in people—something soldiers or emergency responders could take just before or after undergoing something traumatic.<p>Like many preliminary studies, this drug was tested in mice. It found …

How typeface influences the way we read and think

Last summer, CERN was on the verge of announcing a discovery so critical to understanding the basic building blocks of the universe that it had been …

Typography