Brain Philosophy

By Sandra Clark | Neurophilosophy: the intersection of brain science and thinking about thinking.

Data mining reveals fundamental pattern of human thinking

Back in 1935, the American linguist George Zipf made a remarkable discovery. Zipf was curious about the relationship between common words and less …

Natural Language Processing

To Make Sense of the Present, Brains May Predict the Future

A controversial theory suggests that perception, motor control, memory and other brain functions all depend on comparisons between ongoing actual …

Machine Learning

Discovering Dopamine’s Role in the Brain

Researchers pay tribute to Arvid Carlsson, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for his research into dopamine, and evaluate what his research means to …

Neuroscience

A Harvard Psychologist Explains Why Your Brain Never Runs Out of Problems to Find

Thanks a lot, brain.<p>Why do many problems in life seem to stubbornly stick around, no matter how hard people work to fix them?<p>It turns out that a …

Psychology

Scientists Use AI To Create 'Cell Atlas' Of Brain And Uncover Inner Workings Of The Aging Process

Researchers might be one step closer to keeping you looking younger for longer thanks to a new study which looks at the gene expression of each individual brain cell during the aging process.<p>Using a fruit fly as the first test subject, the research, which was lead by a scientist called Professor …

Machine Learning

The 14 Best Nootropics and Smart Drugs Reviewed

Nootropics and smart drugs are natural or synthetic substances that can be taken to improve mental performance in healthy people.<p>They have gained …

The Brain

An artist painted a self-portrait of himself on a different drug every day — and he ended up with brain damage

Bryan Lewis Saunders<p>In March 1995, artist Bryan Lewis Saunders began creating at least one self-portrait of himself every day.<p>Born in Washington D.C. …

Art

Your Brain on Depression

Depression is a multifaceted and insidious disorder, nearly as complex as the brain itself. As research continues to suggest, the onset of depression can be attributed to an interplay of the many elements that make us human—namely, our genetics, the structure and chemistry of our brains, and our …

Anesthesia

Silence is golden when it comes to how our brains work

AUGUSTA, Ga. (June 18, 2018) - It's the comparative silence between the firing spikes of neurons that tells what they are really up to, scientists …

How Does Language Shape the Way We Think? Cognitive Scientist Lera Boroditsky Explains

Imagine a jellyfish waltzing in a library while thinking about quantum mechanics. "If everything has gone relatively well in your life so far," …

Could Multiple Personality Disorder Explain Life, the Universe and Everything?

A new paper argues that the condition now known as “Dissociative Identity Disorder” might help us understand the fundamental nature of reality

Consciousness

Brains May Teeter Near Their Tipping Point

In a renewed attempt at a grand unified theory of brain function, physicists now argue that brains optimize performance by staying near — though not …

Neuroscience

Researchers reveal how disrupting gut-brain communication may affect learning and memory

The connection between food and memory is one of those fundamentally human experiences we can all relate to. A compelling new study from the …

Neuroscience

Psychedelic Drugs Reshape Cells to "Repair" Neurons in Our Brains

Psychedelics could show the way to a new generation of medicine.<p>Psychedelic drugs like LSD, DMT, and psilocybin (the chemical in magic mushrooms) …

Neuroscience

When Overtaxed Working Memory Knocks Your Brain Out of Sync

In 1956, the renowned cognitive psychologist George Miller published one of the field’s most widely cited papers, “The Magical Number Seven, Plus or …

Overtaxed Working Memory Knocks the Brain Out of Sync

Researchers find that when working memory gets overburdened, dialogue between three brain regions breaks down. The discovery provides new support for …

How does the brain process speech? We now know the answer, and it’s fascinating

NYU researchers may have finally put to rest the mystery of how speech is processed in the brain.<br>Read More

The Brain

A debate over plant consciousness is forcing us to confront the limitations of the human mind

The inner life of plants arouses the passions of even the mildest-mannered naturalists. A debate over plant consciousness and intelligence has raged in scientific circles for well over a century—at least since Charles Darwin observed in 1880 that stressed-out flora can’t rest.<p>There’s no doubt that …

Consciousness

Unique neuronal firing patterns in our "second brain" observed for the first time

Using a newly developed imaging technique, a team of researchers in Australia has directly observed a unique neural motor firing pattern outside of …

The Brain Literally Starts Eating Itself When It Doesn't Get Enough Sleep

Holy crap.<p>The need for sleep goes far beyond simply replenishing our energy levels every 12 hours. Our brains actually change states when we sleep to …

Neuroscience

15 Strange Things That Can Literally Rewire Your Brain

The brain is a mysterious organ, and researchers are just beginning to understand all of its complexities. But their discoveries reveal all the …

The Brain

Scientists find cell types behind schizophrenia

The biology of schizophrenia is difficult to study, since hundreds of genes are implicated in the disease. But now, scientists have identified the …

An Argument Against Every General Theory of Consciousness

As a philosophical expert on theories of consciousness, I try to keep abreast of the most promising recent theories. I also sometimes receive …

Schizophrenia as whole-body disorder – the 100-year-old idea only now being proven

A study from researchers at King's College London is suggesting that schizophrenia is not just a disorder of the mind but is also associated with …

Mysterious ancient humans with brains like modern people prompt rethink of early evolution

An ancient species of human with a brain no larger than an orange may have possessed intelligence to rival that of our own species.<p>Despite their …

How Income Affects the Brain

A new study links lower socioeconomic status to detrimental brain changes.<p>We often attribute financial problems to bad life decisions: Why didn’t that person stay in college? Why didn’t they pick a more lucrative career? Why did they have so many kids? But several recent studies suggest that having …

How Exercise Can Help You Recall Words

Call them tip-of-the-tongue moments: those times we can’t quite call up the name or word that we know we know. These frustrating lapses are thought to be caused by a brief disruption in the brain’s ability to access a word’s sounds. We haven’t forgotten the word, and we know its meaning, but its …

humanbrain

Why Teens Should Understand Their Own Brains (And Why Their Teachers Should, Too!)

A teenage brain is a fascinating, still-changing place. There's a lot going on: social awareness, risk-taking, peer pressure; all are heightened during this period.<p>Until relatively recently, it was thought that the brain was only actively developing during childhood, but in the last two decades, …

Parenting

How your mind, under stress, gets better at processing bad news

Some of the most important decisions you will make in your lifetime will occur while you feel stressed and anxious. From medical decisions to …