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Peng Chang-kuei, Chef Behind General Tso’s Chicken, Dies at 98

Peng Chang-kuei, the Taiwanese chef who invented General Tso’s chicken, a dish nearly universal in Chinese restaurants in the United States, died on Wednesday in Taipei. He was 98.<p>The death was reported by The Associated Press.<p>The British food scholar Fuchsia Dunlop has called General Tso’s chicken …

Restaurants

Irving Fradkin, Founder of Dollars for Scholars Program, Dies at 95

In 1957, Irving Fradkin, an optometrist, declared his candidacy for the School Committee of Fall River, Mass., a struggling former mill town. He had been struck by how few of his young patients planned to attend college, mostly because they could not afford it, and a crucial plank in his campaign …

Scholarship

Ousmane Sow, Sculptor of Larger-Than-Life Figures, Dies at 81

Ousmane Sow, often called the Auguste Rodin of Senegal, who earned an international reputation for his expressive sculptures of the Nuba, Masai and other African peoples, died on Thursday in Dakar, Senegal. He was 81.<p>The death was reported by Agence France-Presse.<p>Mr. Sow (pronounced So) spent much …

Art

Andrew Sachs, Hapless Waiter on the BBC Sitcom ‘Fawlty Towers,’ Dies at 86

Andrew Sachs, who starred in the television comedy series “Fawlty Towers” as Manuel, the earnest but bumbling waiter who was regularly recruited into the schemes of the hotel owner Basil Fawlty, played by John Cleese, died on Nov. 23, according to news reports in England. He was 86.<p>The death of Mr. …

Dr. Burton J. Lee, 86, the First President Bush’s Physician, Dies

Burton J. Lee III, a cancer specialist and the White House doctor who found that President George H. W. Bush had an overactive thyroid after he was hospitalized for heart palpitations, tended to him when he regurgitated on a Japanese prime minister and vainly sought to send him on more mellow …

Erich Bloch, Who Helped Develop IBM Mainframe, Dies at 91

Erich Bloch, who helped develop the IBM mainframe computer that, more than any other machine, propelled the world into the digital age, and who then shepherded the internet into broader use as director of the National Science Foundation, died on Friday in Washington. He was 91.<p>The cause was …

IBM

William A. Christenberry, Photographer of Rural South, Dies at 80

William A. Christenberry, whose widely admired color photographs of the red-clay landscapes and kudzu-wreathed dwellings in his native corner of the rural South describe the slow passage of time there with plain-spoken eloquence, died on Monday in Washington. He was 80.<p>Peter MacGill, his longtime …

Photography

Michael James Delligatti, Creator of the Big Mac, Dies at 98

In April 1967, hamburger lovers in Uniontown, Pa., south of Pittsburgh, met a newer, bigger burger. Introduced by a local McDonald’s, it was called the Big Mac, and for 45 cents it delivered, as a 1970s jingle would have it, “two all-beef patties, special sauce, lettuce, cheese, pickles, onions on …

Burger King

Grant Tinker, Former Chairman of NBC, Dies at 90

Grant Tinker, who produced “The Mary Tyler Moore Show” and other television hits in the 1970s and transformed NBC from a perennial ratings loser to a powerhouse of literate, sophisticated network programming that helped change America’s viewing habits in the ’80s, died on Monday at his home in Los …

TV

Bruce Mazlish, Who Fused Psychoanalysis and History in His Books, Dies at 93

Bruce Mazlish, a historian of ideas who created controversy with psychoanalytic biographies of living world leaders, including one about Richard M. Nixon that assessed him as constantly seeking crises to confront as a way of handling unresolved childhood traumas, died on Sunday in Cambridge, Mass. …

History

Russell Oberlin, Renowned Countertenor, Is Dead at 88

Russell Oberlin, one of the 20th century’s most celebrated countertenors, whose voice was famed for an earthy robustness that belied the ethereal heights to which it could ascend, died on Friday in Manhattan. He was 88.<p>His assistant, Zachary Stains, confirmed the death.<p>Ideally possessed of a …

Playwrights

Al Brodax, Who Steered the Beatles’ ‘Yellow Submarine’ to the Screen, Dies at 90

Al Brodax, a television producer who delivered an enduring psychedelic classic when he turned the Beatles song “Yellow Submarine” into an animated film in 1968, died on Thursday in Danbury, Conn. He was 90.<p>The death was confirmed by his daughter, Jessica Harris.<p>In the 1960s, Mr. Brodax (pronounced …

John Lennon

Mumbai Xpress, a Good Reason to Stray for a Snack

The fritters look armored, torpedoes sheathed in tapioca pearls. The outside crackles, but inside the tapioca has gone gooey, clinging and pulling like mochi. It’s a delightful trap: crunch, then sink. The flavors, too, give and take, pulverized peanuts leavened by ginger, sunny lemon pulled down …

India

Filipino Food Worth the Wait at Bad Saint in Washington

WASHINGTON — I have now spent roughly twice as many hours standing on the sidewalk outside Bad Saint as I have spent inside eating its Filipino food.<p>This is not an ideal ratio, but at least I had company. Bad Saint, in this city’s Columbia Heights neighborhood, has never taken reservations since it …

Food

Harry Flournoy Jr., Part of First All-Black Starting Five to Win N.C.A.A. Title, Dies at 72

Harry Flournoy Jr., a captain of the first college basketball team to win the national championship with five black starting players, in 1966, died on Saturday in Atlanta. He was 72.<p>The cause was complications of kidney failure, said Steven B. Tredennick, a former member of that storied team, from …

University of Kentucky

David Hamilton, Photographer Known for Nude Images of Girls, Dies at 83

David Hamilton, the British photographer whose diaphanous images of prepubescent girls blurred the line between art and pornography, was found dead on Friday in his Paris apartment, one week after a former model accused him of raping her in 1987 when she was 13.<p>He was 83.<p>The police said that the …

Photography

Joe Esposito Dies at 78; Spent 20 Years Assisting Elvis Presley

Joe Esposito, who was Elvis Presley’s right-hand man, close friend and road manager for nearly two decades, died on Wednesday at his home in Calabasas, Calif. He was 78.<p>The cause was complications of dementia, his daughter Cindy Bahr said.<p>Mr. Esposito met Presley in 1959, when both men were serving …

Elvis Presley

Mark Taimanov, World-Class Chess and Piano Player, Dies at 90

Mark Taimanov, a virtuoso pianist and former Soviet chess champion whose lopsided loss to Bobby Fischer in 1971 in the quarterfinals of a major chess tournament cost him his government salary, died on Monday in St. Petersburg, Russia. He was 90.<p>Andrey Filatov, the president of the Russian Chess …

Chess

Paul Sylbert, Oscar-Winner Who Gave Movies Their Look, Dies at 88

Paul Sylbert, an Oscar-winning production designer who created the look of films as various as Alfred Hitchcock’s “The Wrong Man,” Robert Benton’s “Kramer vs. Kramer” and Warren Beatty’s “Heaven Can Wait,” died on Nov. 19 at his home in Jenkintown, Pa., near Philadelphia. He was 88.<p>The death was …

The Arts

Stan Huntsman, Track and Field’s Mentor and Passionate Defender, Dies at 84

Stan Huntsman, who coached outstanding college track and field teams for 39 years, led a dominant United States men’s team at the 1988 Olympics in Seoul, and fought tirelessly against cuts in financial support for the sport, died on Wednesday in Austin, Tex. He was 84.<p>His wife, Sylvia, said the …

Sports

Cliff Barrows, Billy Graham’s Longtime Musical Director, Dies at 93

Cliff Barrows, a farmer’s son and ordained Baptist minister who for more than 70 years was the musical voice and program manager of the Rev. Billy Graham’s global Christian evangelistic crusades, died on Nov. 15 in Pineville, N.C. He was 93.<p>His death was announced by the Billy Graham Evangelistic …

Christianity

Ron Glass, Who Played a Detective on ‘Barney Miller’ and a Preacher on ‘Firefly,’ Dies at 71

Ron Glass, who portrayed Ron Harris, the dapper and intellectual detective on the ensemble television comedy series “Barney Miller” and who appeared in numerous television shows and films, died on Friday at his home in Los Angeles. He was 71.<p>The cause was respiratory failure, his agent, Jeffrey …

Ron Glass

Pauline Oliveros, Composer Who Championed ‘Deep Listening,’ Dies at 84

Pauline Oliveros, a composer whose life’s work aspired to enhance sensory perception through what she called “deep listening,” died on Thursday at her home in Kingston, N.Y. She was 84.<p>Her death was confirmed by her spouse, Carole Ione Lewis, a writer and performance artist known as Ione.<p>Early in …

Fidel Castro, Cuban Revolutionary Who Defied U.S., Dies at 90

Fidel Castro, the fiery apostle of revolution who brought the Cold War to the Western Hemisphere in 1959 and then defied the United States for nearly half a century as Cuba’s maximum leader, bedeviling 11 American presidents and briefly pushing the world to the brink of nuclear war, died on Friday. …

Politics

Fritz Weaver, Tony-Winning Character Actor, Dies at 90

Fritz Weaver, a Tony Award-winning character actor who played a German Jewish doctor slain by the Nazis in the 1978 mini-series “Holocaust” and an Air Force colonel who becomes increasingly unstable as the nation faces a nuclear crisis in the 1964 movie “Fail Safe” died on Saturday at his home in …

Playwrights

Houston Conwill, Whose Sculptures Celebrated Black Culture, Dies at 69

Houston Conwill, a sculptor best known for collaborative site-specific works celebrating African-American culture and spiritualism, died on Nov. 14 in the Bronx. He was 69.<p>His wife, Kinshasha Holman Conwill, the deputy director of the Smithsonian’s National Museum of African American History and …

Art

Florence Henderson, Upbeat Mom of ‘The Brady Bunch,’ Dies at 82

Florence Henderson, who began her career as an ingénue soprano in stage musicals in the 1950s but made a more lasting impression on television, as the perky 1970s sitcom mom on “The Brady Bunch,” died on Thursday in Los Angeles. She was 82.<p>Her death was confirmed by David Brokaw, her publicist. He …

Florence Henderson

Whitney Smith, Whose Passion for Flags Became a Career, Dies at 76

Whitney Smith, who turned a childhood fascination with flags into a scholarly discipline — vexillology — of which he was the leading light, died on Thursday in Peabody, Mass. He was 76.<p>The cause was advanced Alzheimer’s disease, his son Austin said.<p>Mr. Smith, the author of the standard work “Flags …

History

Al Caiola, Guitarist With Top 40 Instrumental Hits, Dies at 96

Al Caiola, a versatile guitarist who recorded hit versions of the themes from the westerns “The Magnificent Seven” and “Bonanza” and worked with artists ranging from Buddy Holly to Tony Bennett, died on Nov. 9 in Allendale, N.J. He was 96.<p>His death, at a nursing home, was confirmed by his daughter, …

Rock Music