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HOUSTON — Nearly four decades before Caitlyn Jenner introduced herself to the world, Phyllis Randolph Frye came out as a transgender woman in a far less glamorous way. No Diane Sawyer, no Vanity Fair.
It was the summer of 1976. As Bruce Jenner, 26, was celebrating his decathlon victory at the …Gay Rights
We all know restaurants where the menu changes daily. Last week at Superiority Burger, a vegetarian medium-fast-food outfit in the East Village, it changed in the middle of my meal.
I was eating a tofu wrap and a salad of tender red-veined chard with pickled onions and juice-heavy blackberries at …Food
Dr. Wayne W. Dyer, whose best-selling 1976 book decrying the vice of blame and preaching the virtue of self-reliance, “Your Erroneous Zones,” propelled him to a prolific multimedia career of advice-giving and spiritual counseling, died over the weekend in Maui, Hawaii. He was 75.
He died late …Self-Help
Wes Craven, a master of horror cinema and a proponent of the slasher genre best known for creating the Freddy Krueger and “Scream” franchises, died on Sunday at his home in Los Angeles. He was 76.
The cause was brain cancer, according to a statement from his family. Perhaps his most famous villain …Movies
Oliver Sacks, the neurologist and acclaimed author who explored some of the brain’s strangest pathways in best-selling case histories like “The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat,” using his patients’ disorders as starting points for eloquent meditations on consciousness and the human condition, …Neurology
Former Gov. Marvin Mandel, whose record of modernizing Maryland’s state government was overshadowed by a messy divorce and a fraud conviction for helping associates profit from a racetrack deal, died on Sunday in St. Mary’s County, Md. He was 95.
The death was confirmed in a statement by Gov. Larry …Maryland
Nelson Shanks, a painter known for his portraits of political leaders and prominent figures in the arts, who earlier this year revealed that he had included a visual reference to the Monica Lewinsky affair in his portrait of Bill Clinton for the National Portrait Gallery, died on Friday at his home …Art
Al Arbour, who coached the New York Islanders to four consecutive Stanley Cup championships in the 1980s and finished his career with the second most coaching wins in National Hockey League history, died on Friday in Sarasota, Fla. He was 82.
His death was announced by the Islanders.
When he was …NHL
ROME — Jozef Wesolowski, a Polish former archbishop who would have been the first high-level prelate to stand before a Vatican tribunal on charges of child sexual abuse, was found dead early Friday, the Vatican said in a statement.
Initial examinations carried out by Vatican officials “determined …Child Abuse
Darryl Dawkins, who arrived in professional basketball as a gigantic teenager and became one of the game’s fiercest dunkers and most notoriously lovable characters, a backboard-smashing, referee-dissing, fun-loving manchild known to fans as Chocolate Thunder from Planet Lovetron, died on Thursday …Darryl Dawkins
George Cleve, a conductor known to New York audiences for his guest appearances with the Mostly Mozart Festival and the New York City Ballet, died on Thursday at his home in Berkeley, Calif. He was 79.
The cause was liver failure, said Khori Dastoor, a family friend.
Renowned as a Mozart interpreter, …Performing Arts
Amelia Boynton Robinson, who was called the matriarch of the voting rights movement — and whose photograph, showing her beaten, gassed and left for dead in the epochal civil rights march known as Bloody Sunday, appeared in newspapers and magazines round the world in 1965 — died on Wednesday in …Amelia Boynton Robinson
Frank E. Petersen Jr., who suffered bruising racial indignities as a military enlistee in the 1950s and was even arrested at an officers’ club on suspicion of impersonating a lieutenant, but who endured to become the first black aviator and the first black general in the Marine Corps, died on …Military
James L. Flanagan, whom we can thank for articulate digital assistants like Siri and intelligible subway loudspeakers and blame for the disembodied voices that inform frustrated telephone callers to listen carefully because their bank’s, airline’s or insurance company’s automated customer care …AT&T
Francis Sejersted, a Norwegian historian who as the chairman of the Nobel Peace Prize committee presided over several controversial awards, including those shared by the Israeli leaders Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin and the Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat, died this week at his home in Oslo. He …Nobel Prize
Dr. James H. Duke Jr., a Houston trauma surgeon who treated Gov. John Connally of Texas on the day of the Kennedy assassination and reached a national audience through his syndicated television reports on medical topics and his frequent appearances on “Today” and the “NBC Nightly News,” died on …University of Texas
Marcy Borders, who became known as the “dust lady” from a defining picture of her covered in ash and grime on Sept. 11, 2001, died on Monday. She was 42.
Her sister, Dawn Borders, said she died from stomach cancer.
Ms. Borders was an employee of Bank of America in 2001, and was working in the north …Bill de Blasio
Joseph F. Traub, who founded the computer science department at Columbia University and who helped develop algorithms used in scientific computing in physics and mathematics as well as on Wall Street, died on Monday in Santa Fe, N.M. He was 83.
The cause could not be immediately determined, his …History of Science
Johan Renvall, a principal dancer at American Ballet Theater whose range there from 1978 to 1996 could stun audiences with spectacular classical technique and — in dramatic ballets — powerful intensity, died on Monday in the Riverdale section of the Bronx. He was 55 and lived in Manhattan.
The cause …Performing Arts
Augusta Chiwy, a Belgian nurse whose unsung bravery in saving countless American soldiers wounded in the Battle of the Bulge was belatedly celebrated in 2011, died on Sunday near Brussels. She was 94.
Her death was confirmed by her biographer, Martin King.
Ms. Chiwy (pronounced CHEE-wee) was …Augusta
Ieng Thirith, the sister-in-law and close collaborator of the genocidal Cambodian leader Pol Pot, died Saturday in Pailin, Cambodia. She was 83.
Her death was confirmed by the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, a United Nations-backed tribunal charged with trying leaders of the Khmer …Khmer Rouge
Merl Reagle, a playfully irreverent crossword puzzle constructor whose clues set off spirited cerebrations from his fans rather than frustrated surrenders to dictionary arcana, died on Saturday in Tampa, Fla. He was 65.
The cause was complications of pancreatitis, his wife, Marie Haley, said.
“Many …Crossword Puzzles
Melody Patterson, a winsome actress best known for playing Wrangler Jane on the sitcom “F Troop” in the 1960s, died on Aug. 21 in Hollister, Mo. She was 66.
Ms. Patterson died after a long illness, said Jason Bradley of Cremations of the Ozarks, which is handling her funeral arrangements.
On “F …
Sasha Petraske, who helped restore lost luster to the venerable cocktail as the founder of the New York cocktail bar Milk & Honey and other polished drinking spots around the world, was found dead on Friday morning at his home in Hudson, N.Y. He was 42.
His wife, Georgette Moger, said he had died …Honey
Ruth Sivard, an economist who for more than three decades drew attention to the disparity between social and military spending around the globe, even after the Pentagon objected to her making that comparison for a federal agency, died on Aug. 21 at her home in Washington. She was 99.
The cause was …Economics
Egon Bahr, a prominent Social Democrat whose efforts to improve West Germany’s relations with the Soviet bloc helped pave the way for German reunification 45 years after World War II, has died, the party announced on Thursday. He was 93.
He had died overnight, party officials said.
Mr. Bahr, an …Germany
Doudou N’diaye Rose, a master drummer and bandleader from Senegal who became an emissary of his native culture’s joyous and complex rhythms to the rest of the world, touring with percussion orchestras in Europe, Asia and the United States, died on Wednesday in Dakar, Senegal. He was 85.
His death …Jazz
The Rev. George M. Houser, a founder of the Congress of Racial Equality who was believed to be the last living member of the inaugural Freedom Ride — the volatile, sometimes violent bus trip through the South by a racially mixed group in 1947 — died on Wednesday in Santa Rosa, Calif. He was 99.
His …U.S. Supreme Court
Liz Perle, a writer and former publishing executive who co-founded Common Sense Media, a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping families navigate the complex worlds of entertainment, media and technology, died on Thursday at her home in San Francisco. She was 59.
The cause was breast cancer, …Bachelor's Degree
Louis Stokes, who as the first African-American congressman from Ohio helped focus federal attention on the nation’s poor and led a special House investigation into the assassinations of President John F. Kennedy and the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., died on Tuesday at his home in a Cleveland …Ohio