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Transgender Judge Phyllis Frye’s Early, Transformative Journey

HOUSTON — Nearly four decades before Caitlyn Jenner introduced herself to the world, Phyllis Randolph Frye came out as a transgender woman in a far less glamorous way. No Diane Sawyer, no Vanity Fair.

It was the summer of 1976. As Bruce Jenner, 26, was celebrating his decathlon victory at the …

Gay Rights

Restaurant Review: Superiority Burger in the East Village

We all know restaurants where the menu changes daily. Last week at Superiority Burger, a vegetarian medium-fast-food outfit in the East Village, it changed in the middle of my meal.

I was eating a tofu wrap and a salad of tender red-veined chard with pickled onions and juice-heavy blackberries at …

Food

Wayne W. Dyer, Prolific Author of Self-Help Books, Dies at 75

Dr. Wayne W. Dyer, whose best-selling 1976 book decrying the vice of blame and preaching the virtue of self-reliance, “Your Erroneous Zones,” propelled him to a prolific multimedia career of advice-giving and spiritual counseling, died over the weekend in Maui, Hawaii. He was 75.

He died late …

Self-Help

Wes Craven, a Master of Slasher Horror Films, Dies at 76

Wes Craven, a master of horror cinema and a proponent of the slasher genre best known for creating the Freddy Krueger and “Scream” franchises, died on Sunday at his home in Los Angeles. He was 76.

The cause was brain cancer, according to a statement from his family. Perhaps his most famous villain …

Movies

Oliver Sacks Dies at 82; Neurologist and Author Explored the Brain’s Quirks

Oliver Sacks, the neurologist and acclaimed author who explored some of the brain’s strangest pathways in best-selling case histories like “The Man Who Mistook His Wife for a Hat,” using his patients’ disorders as starting points for eloquent meditations on consciousness and the human condition, …

Neurology

Marvin Mandel, Former Maryland Governor, Dies at 95

Former Gov. Marvin Mandel, whose record of modernizing Maryland’s state government was overshadowed by a messy divorce and a fraud conviction for helping associates profit from a racetrack deal, died on Sunday in St. Mary’s County, Md. He was 95.

The death was confirmed in a statement by Gov. Larry …

Maryland

Nelson Shanks, Who Painted the Prominent, Dies at 77

Nelson Shanks, a painter known for his portraits of political leaders and prominent figures in the arts, who earlier this year revealed that he had included a visual reference to the Monica Lewinsky affair in his portrait of Bill Clinton for the National Portrait Gallery, died on Friday at his home …

Art

Al Arbour, Coach of Islanders’ 1980s Dynasty, Dies at 82

Al Arbour, who coached the New York Islanders to four consecutive Stanley Cup championships in the 1980s and finished his career with the second most coaching wins in National Hockey League history, died on Friday in Sarasota, Fla. He was 82.

His death was announced by the Islanders.

When he was …

NHL

Jozef Wesolowski, Ex-Archbishop Accused of Sexual Abuse, Dies

ROME — Jozef Wesolowski, a Polish former archbishop who would have been the first high-level prelate to stand before a Vatican tribunal on charges of child sexual abuse, was found dead early Friday, the Vatican said in a statement.

Initial examinations carried out by Vatican officials “determined …

Child Abuse

Darryl Dawkins, N.B.A.’s Lovable ‘Chocolate Thunder,’ Dies at 58

Darryl Dawkins, who arrived in professional basketball as a gigantic teenager and became one of the game’s fiercest dunkers and most notoriously lovable characters, a backboard-smashing, referee-dissing, fun-loving manchild known to fans as Chocolate Thunder from Planet Lovetron, died on Thursday …

Darryl Dawkins

George Cleve, Conductor Who Interpreted Mozart, Dies at 79

George Cleve, a conductor known to New York audiences for his guest appearances with the Mostly Mozart Festival and the New York City Ballet, died on Thursday at his home in Berkeley, Calif. He was 79.

The cause was liver failure, said Khori Dastoor, a family friend.

Renowned as a Mozart interpreter, …

Performing Arts

Amelia Boynton Robinson, a Pivotal Figure at the Selma March, Dies at 104

Amelia Boynton Robinson, who was called the matriarch of the voting rights movement — and whose photograph, showing her beaten, gassed and left for dead in the epochal civil rights march known as Bloody Sunday, appeared in newspapers and magazines round the world in 1965 — died on Wednesday in …

Amelia Boynton Robinson

Frank E. Petersen, First Black General in Marines, Dies at 83

Frank E. Petersen Jr., who suffered bruising racial indignities as a military enlistee in the 1950s and was even arrested at an officers’ club on suspicion of impersonating a lieutenant, but who endured to become the first black aviator and the first black general in the Marine Corps, died on …

Military

James L. Flanagan, Acoustical Pioneer, Dies at 89

James L. Flanagan, whom we can thank for articulate digital assistants like Siri and intelligible subway loudspeakers and blame for the disembodied voices that inform frustrated telephone callers to listen carefully because their bank’s, airline’s or insurance company’s automated customer care …

AT&T

Francis Sejersted, 79, Dies; Steered Nobel Peace Prize Into Controversy

Francis Sejersted, a Norwegian historian who as the chairman of the Nobel Peace Prize committee presided over several controversial awards, including those shared by the Israeli leaders Shimon Peres and Yitzhak Rabin and the Palestinian leader Yasir Arafat, died this week at his home in Oslo. He …

Nobel Prize

Dr. James H. Duke Jr., Texas Trauma Surgeon, Dies at 86

Dr. James H. Duke Jr., a Houston trauma surgeon who treated Gov. John Connally of Texas on the day of the Kennedy assassination and reached a national audience through his syndicated television reports on medical topics and his frequent appearances on “Today” and the “NBC Nightly News,” died on …

University of Texas

Marcy Borders, ‘Dust Lady’ Who Survived 9/11, Dies at 42

Marcy Borders, who became known as the “dust lady” from a defining picture of her covered in ash and grime on Sept. 11, 2001, died on Monday. She was 42.

Her sister, Dawn Borders, said she died from stomach cancer.

Ms. Borders was an employee of Bank of America in 2001, and was working in the north …

Bill de Blasio

Joseph Traub, Who Helped Bring Computer Science to Universities, Dies at 83

Joseph F. Traub, who founded the computer science department at Columbia University and who helped develop algorithms used in scientific computing in physics and mathematics as well as on Wall Street, died on Monday in Santa Fe, N.M. He was 83.

The cause could not be immediately determined, his …

History of Science

Johan Renvall, American Ballet Theater Principal, Dies at 55

Johan Renvall, a principal dancer at American Ballet Theater whose range there from 1978 to 1996 could stun audiences with spectacular classical technique and — in dramatic ballets — powerful intensity, died on Monday in the Riverdale section of the Bronx. He was 55 and lived in Manhattan.

The cause …

Performing Arts

Augusta Chiwy, ‘Forgotten’ Wartime Nurse, Dies at 94

Augusta Chiwy, a Belgian nurse whose unsung bravery in saving countless American soldiers wounded in the Battle of the Bulge was belatedly celebrated in 2011, died on Sunday near Brussels. She was 94.

Her death was confirmed by her biographer, Martin King.

Ms. Chiwy (pronounced CHEE-wee) was …

Augusta

Ieng Thirith, Khmer Rouge Minister in Cambodia, Dies at 83

Ieng Thirith, the sister-in-law and close collaborator of the genocidal Cambodian leader Pol Pot, died Saturday in Pailin, Cambodia. She was 83.

Her death was confirmed by the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, a United Nations-backed tribunal charged with trying leaders of the Khmer …

Khmer Rouge

Merl Reagle, Whose Crossword Puzzles Delighted Clued-In Solvers, Dies at 65

Merl Reagle, a playfully irreverent crossword puzzle constructor whose clues set off spirited cerebrations from his fans rather than frustrated surrenders to dictionary arcana, died on Saturday in Tampa, Fla. He was 65.

The cause was complications of pancreatitis, his wife, Marie Haley, said.

“Many …

Crossword Puzzles

Melody Patterson, 66, Wrangler Jane on ‘F Troop’

Melody Patterson, a winsome actress best known for playing Wrangler Jane on the sitcom “F Troop” in the 1960s, died on Aug. 21 in Hollister, Mo. She was 66.

Ms. Patterson died after a long illness, said Jason Bradley of Cremations of the Ozarks, which is handling her funeral arrangements.

On “F …

Sasha Petraske, Bar Owner Who Revived Luster to Cocktail Culture Around the World, Dies at 42

Sasha Petraske, who helped restore lost luster to the venerable cocktail as the founder of the New York cocktail bar Milk & Honey and other polished drinking spots around the world, was found dead on Friday morning at his home in Hudson, N.Y. He was 42.

His wife, Georgette Moger, said he had died …

Honey

Ruth Sivard, Economist Who Scrutinized Military Spending, Dies at 99

Ruth Sivard, an economist who for more than three decades drew attention to the disparity between social and military spending around the globe, even after the Pentagon objected to her making that comparison for a federal agency, died on Aug. 21 at her home in Washington. She was 99.

The cause was …

Economics

Egon Bahr, Who Helped Reunify Germany, Dies at 93

Egon Bahr, a prominent Social Democrat whose efforts to improve West Germany’s relations with the Soviet bloc helped pave the way for German reunification 45 years after World War II, has died, the party announced on Thursday. He was 93.

He had died overnight, party officials said.

Mr. Bahr, an …

Germany

Doudou N’diaye Rose, Senegalese Drummer and ‘Human Treasure,’ Dies at 85

Doudou N’diaye Rose, a master drummer and bandleader from Senegal who became an emissary of his native culture’s joyous and complex rhythms to the rest of the world, touring with percussion orchestras in Europe, Asia and the United States, died on Wednesday in Dakar, Senegal. He was 85.

His death …

Jazz

George Houser, Freedom Rides Pioneer, Dies at 99

The Rev. George M. Houser, a founder of the Congress of Racial Equality who was believed to be the last living member of the inaugural Freedom Ride — the volatile, sometimes violent bus trip through the South by a racially mixed group in 1947 — died on Wednesday in Santa Rosa, Calif. He was 99.

His …

U.S. Supreme Court

Liz Perle, Writer and Former Publishing Executive, Dies at 59

Liz Perle, a writer and former publishing executive who co-founded Common Sense Media, a nonprofit organization dedicated to helping families navigate the complex worlds of entertainment, media and technology, died on Thursday at her home in San Francisco. She was 59.

The cause was breast cancer, …

Bachelor's Degree

Louis Stokes, Ohio’s First Black Congressman, Dies at 90

Louis Stokes, who as the first African-American congressman from Ohio helped focus federal attention on the nation’s poor and led a special House investigation into the assassinations of President John F. Kennedy and the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., died on Tuesday at his home in a Cleveland …

Ohio