Nicole Brite

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Orphaned by America's opioid epidemic | The Washington Post

Published on December 17, 2016<p><b>SOUTH CHARLESTON, W.VA.</b><p>The midmorning sun came in through the curtains and Zaine Pulliam awoke to the debris of a weekend party. There were blankets strewn across the floor and half-finished plates of food on the couch. Zaine, 17, picked his way around a sleeping …

Strontium Nitrate And Barium Nitrate, The Fuel In Fireworks

How do they get the brilliant sparks of red, white and blue in fireworks displays? NPR's Eric Westervelt talks with Harry Gilliam, founder of Skylighter, a supplier for pyrotechnics in Round Hill, Va.<p>Transcript<p>ERIC WESTERVELT, HOST:<p>Ladies and gentlemen, light your fuses.<p>(SOUNDBITE OF …

FYI: What Would Happen If You Shot Off Fireworks In Space?

Good news: they'll explode! Bad news: they might not be the prettiest fireworks ever.<p>Launching fireworks in a near-zero-oxygen environment is completely feasible, says Stefan Bossmann, a chemist and rocket enthusiast at Kansas State University: "That would be no problem at all. They have an …

Fireworks Bring Exhilaration, Joy, And Pollution

And the rockets red glare, the pollutants in air...<p>This weekend is the Fourth of July, a time for family, and hot dogs and, of course, fireworks.<p>Fireworks are awesome. They are the best. They are also flaming rockets of exploding material that we send flying into the air above our heads. And …

Nitrogen-Fueled Fireworks are Green, But Pricey

Want to wow your neighbors this Saturday with some bright and cheery Fourth of July trvia? Tell them about the dangers of perchlorate, the molecule that helps fireworks burn longer. According to experts at DMD Systems who study explosive materials, the molecules are not only harmful to the …

Nanogenerators Will Let Car Tires Pull Electricity From The Ground

Reinventing the wheel<p>It’s becoming clear: electric cars are the future. Between electric mainstays like Tesla and legacy car manufacturers like Ford and Chevrolet, the auto industry is racing towards making truly viable electric cars. Now, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison are …

Faster lasers could reveal better data storage

DVDs and Blu-ray disks contain so-called phase-change materials that morph from one atomic state to another after being struck with pulses of laser …

With Tiny Smartphone Spectrometers, Everybody Can Be A Chemist

Find out what’s inside the stuff around you<p>Spectrometers are one of the most important tools in science. By measuring the various properties of light coming from or bouncing off an object, the device can help scientists figure out what paint is made of, or detect the composition of faraway stars. …

Heroin use and addiction are surging in the U.S., CDC report says

Heroin use surged over the past decade, and the wave of addiction and overdose is closely related to the nation's ongoing prescription drug epidemic, federal health officials said Tuesday.<p>A new report says that 2.6 out of every 1,000 U.S. residents 12 and older used heroin in the years 2011 to …

Laser Breathalyzer Can Sniff Out Disease

Just breathe and let the 'laserlyzer' do the rest<p>Dogs are pretty good at sniffing out cancer, but now researchers have developed an “optical dog’s nose” that uses lasers to detect a range of diseases by analyzing the molecules in ones breath.<p>When someone gets cancer or an infection, metabolic …

How quantum mechanics can make soundproofing

New research suggests the road from abstract theory to practical applications doesn’t need to be very long. A mechanical use of a quantum mechanical …

The metric tide: an agenda for responsible indicators in research

Across research, the metric tide is rising. An independent report published today argues that we have the opportunity to influence how it washes through higher education and research.

Strongest magnets make biggest cosmic explosions

In other words, magnetars – tiny neutron stars that are the strongest magnets in the universe – power long-duration gamma-ray bursts.<p>Astronomers say …

Is iron deficiency driving chronic lung conditions?

A new two-year trial by Oxford University is seeking to find out if regular intravenous injections of iron could improve symptoms of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disorder<p>Millions of people suffering from chronic lung diseases like bronchitis and emphysema may be suffering worse symptoms because of …

‘Safer’ phthalates still risky for kids and teens

New studies link two chemicals increasingly used during manufacturing to strengthen plastic wrap, and containers for soap, cosmetics, and processed …

Physicists have ‘squeezed’ Schrödinger’s cat

Consider the cat from the famous thought experiment by the physicist Erwin Schrödinger. The cat can be dead and alive at once, since its life depends …

Beautiful Chemistry: Amazing Chemical Reactions Filmed with a 4K UltraHD Camera | Colossal

<p>Beautiful Chemistry is a new collaboration between Tsinghua University Press and University of Science and Technology of China that seeks to make …

Periodic Table of Elements Cake

Redditor YesImAtWork posted a picture of his nephew’s birthday cake, which recreates the periodic table of the elements. His nephew is six years old. …

Scientists Turned Carbon Dioxide into Oxygen by Zapping It with a Laser

The finding would explain early oxygen in Earth's atmosphere—and it's some fodder for sci-fi space breathing apparatuses.<p>Photosynthesis sure is a miracle, isn't it? It allows plants, bacteria, and algae to take carbon dioxide and, with the help of a little sunlight, turn it into the oxygen we all …

New Accuracy Leap Could Speed Arrival of Superfast Quantum Computers

Quantum qubits, now with fewer errors!<p>Research teams at the University of New South Wales claim to have developed two new types of “quantum bits” that process data with nearly 100 percent accuracy, addressing one of the key stumbling blocks in the promising realm of quantum computers.<p>These machines …

Why A Blue LED Is Worth A Nobel Prize

Plus, a little history of making semiconductors glow<p>Three scientists have jointly earned the Nobel Prize in physics for their work on blue LEDs, or light-emitting diodes. Why blue in particular? Well, blue was the last -- and most difficult -- advance required to create white LED light. And with …

Chemists Expand Nature's Genetic Alphabet

For the first time, scientists have expanded life's genetic alphabet, by inserting two unnatural, man-made "letters" into a bacterium's DNA, and by showing that the cell's machinery can copy them.<p>The advance means that scientists have a new tool for exploring how life encodes information, which …

What happens to the excreted drugs you flush down the toilet?

Let’s talk about urine. We don’t usually give it much thought, but there’s a fair chance that yours contains traces of one of the 3,000 pharmaceuticals regularly prescribed in Europe and that the drug will end up contaminating the environment.<p>Around 80% of aquatic pharmaceutical pollution comes …

Scientists made a laser that can detect explosives from half a mile away

The system could map out whole areas of land according to their fertilizer and drug content<p>Imagine a plane that can fly over large areas of land while identifying hidden stockpiles of drugs or explosives — that's the idea driving the development of remote laser sensing technologies. But until …

Purer-than-pure silicon solves problem for quantum tech

<b>In a quantum computer, pure silicon is not enough - only one specific type of silicon atom will do.</b><p>The good stuff is silicon-28, and physicists in the US have worked out how to produce it with 40 times greater purity than ever before.<p>Even better, they can do it in the lab instead of relying on …

Electron spin changes as a general mechanism for general anesthesia?

(Phys.org) —How does consciousness work? Few questions if any could be more profound. One thing we do know about it, jokes biophysicist Luca Turin, …

The Weirdest Calculators On The Internet

How many Legos does it take to build a house?<p>You’ve probably turned to Google’s search box on many occasions, be it for solving a simple math problem, finding out the current exchange rate between the dollar and the euro, or calculating how many calories there are in an egg (FYI, a 50-gram boiled …

A possible signal from dark matter?

(Phys.org) —Galaxies are often found in groups or clusters, the largest known aggregations of matter and dark matter. The Milky Way, for example, is …

Passing gas: A modern scientific history

<b>(Makc via Shutterstock/Salon)</b><p>Our most embarrassing bodily function has scientists — and big business — obsessed<p>Mary Roach<p>April 7, 2013 11:00am (UTC)<p>Excerpted from “Gulp: Adventures on the Alimentary Canal”<p>Michael Levitt did not set out to make his mark on the world by parsing the secrets of noxious …

Why Fire Hydrants Don’t Freeze and Burst During Winter

The fire hydrant that we know today traces its origins back to fire plugs. Water mains that transported fresh water in a city or town used to be made …

Fire Fighting