muhammad irshad

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Internet Scientific Publications

Discussion<p>Skull base osteomas are most commonly located in the fronto-ethmoid regions, but may also occur in the maxillary and sphenoid sinuses, …



<b>Perichondritis</b> is inflammation of the perichondrium, a layer of connective tissue which surrounds cartilage.[1] A common form, auricular …

perichondritis(pinna) - General Practice Notebook

Health Care

Coat button splints for hematoma pinna by Dr. Arfat Jawaid

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The head is the most frequently injured part of the body. Head injuries occur in approximately 75% of all motor vehicle accidents. Approximately 30% …

Visa Validity Service / خدمة صلاحية التأشيرة

Occlusion effect

The <b>occlusion effect</b> occurs when an object fills the outer portion of a person's ear canal, and that person perceives "hollow" or "booming" echo-like …

Hearing aid

A <b>hearing aid</b> is a device designed to improve hearing by making sound audible to a person with hearing loss. Hearing aids are classified as medical …

Neuro-Audio-Screen: Hearing Screening Techniques

Non-Sedated ABR/BAER/OAE Hearing Testing

Cochlear implant surgery step by step guide

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Step 1 - Flap marking and incision design<p>Postauricular incision is seen in the image below.<p>Postauricular incision for cochlear implant.<p>Once the …


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Workup<p>Laboratory Studies<p>Preoperative laboratory studies include those germane to any standard otologic procedure. These studies include CBC count, …


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Background<p>Cochlear implantation has become a routine procedure in the United States and worldwide for the management of severe-to-profound …



<b>Ototoxicity</b> is the property of being toxic to the ear (<i>oto-</i>), specifically the cochlea or auditory nerve and sometimes the vestibular system, for …

Vestibular schwannoma: suboccipital approach

Left-sided retrosigmoid craniotomy for the resection of a vestibular schwannoma


Vestibular schwannoma

A <b>vestibular schwannoma (VS)</b> is a benign primary intracranial tumor of the myelin-forming cells of the vestibulocochlear nerve (8th cranial nerve). A …

Frey's Syndrome Treatment: What You Need to Know

<b>How common is Frey’s Syndrome after surgery?</b><p>Frey’s Syndrome is thought to occur in all patients who have parotid surgery without reconstructive …


Superior Semicircular Canal Dehiscence (SSCD)

What is superior Semicircular canal dehiscence?<p>Vestibular and auditory symptoms and signs can result from a dehiscence (opening) in the bone …


Meniere's Disease


Ménière's disease

Not to be confused with Ménétrier's disease.<p><b>Ménière's disease</b> (<b>MD</b>) is a disorder of the inner ear that is characterized by episodes of feeling like …


<b>Otosclerosis</b> or <b>otospongiosis</b> is an abnormal growth of bone near the middle ear. It can result in hearing loss.[1] The term otosclerosis is something …


<b>Labyrinthitis</b>, also known as <b>vestibular neuritis</b>,[2][3] is the inflammation of inner ear.[4] It results in a sensation of the world spinning and also …

Chiropractic and Treating Vertigo Using Dix Hallpike and Epley Maneuver, by Dr. Jason Skolar

Epley Maneuver

How to do the Epley Maneuver