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By Michael James | Information about the history of the people who lived in ancient Canaan, Israel, Judah, Palestine and the Middle East.

Canaanite rulers liked their wine jars: Vast collection found at Tel Kabri

New findings at sprawling 4,000-year old Canaanite palace include 120 huge jars - and seeds, from which we may be able to rediscover the ancient …

Archaeology

Excavating at Mt. Zion: Jerusalem Dig Uncovers Ancient Mansion

Led by Shimon Gibson and James Tabor, the excavations at Mt. Zion in Jerusalem have unearthed a first-century C.E. mansion that may have belonged to …

Archaeology

Ancient Scribe Links Qumran Scrolls to Masada

This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in November 2012. It has been updated.—Ed.
Ada Yardeni identified the same ancient scribe’s …

Handwriting

Did Pharaoh Sheshonq Attack Jerusalem?

This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in July 2012. It was updated in July 2014.—Ed.

The Bubastite Portal includes a large …

Egypt

Book of Leviticus Verses Recovered from Burnt Hebrew Bible Scroll

A charred Hebrew Bible scroll was discovered in the Torah ark in a Byzantine synagogue at Ein Gedi, Israel. Photo: Shai Halevi, Israel Antiquities

Bible

The Aleppo Codex

The oldest Hebrew Bible is preserved in the Aleppo Codex. What happened to the nearly 200 pages missing from the Aleppo Codex? Photo: David

Bible

Anastylosis at Machaerus, Where John the Baptist was Beheaded

Who beheaded John the Baptist in the Bible? What were the circumstances of his death? This famous Biblical episode—the notorious dance that ended in …

John the Baptist

The rise and fall of a forgotten Phoenician city (and its connection to the Israelites)

JPost Holy Land is a new column that will bring you the latest archaeology news and stories from Israel in collaboration with the University of …

Middle East

In first, imperial Roman legionary camp uncovered near Megiddo

Archaeologists unearth remains of 2,000-year-old Galilee garrison of Sixth Legion Ferrata, where 5,000 men kept order at time of Bar Kochba Revolt — …

Ancient History

Puzzling Finds from Kuntillet ‘Ajrud

This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in October 2012. It has been updated.—Ed.
“Yahweh and his Asherah” is written across the …

Bible

Jerusalem family finds 2,000-year old mikveh underneath living room

They hesitated about calling in the authorities for some years, during which they simply lived above the Second Temple-era ritual bath.

Archaeology

The Ethiopian Gold Mine that may have supplied the Queen of Sheba with her riches

Ever wondered where the Queen of Sheba got her gold from? During a 2012 excavation in Ethiopia, a team of British archaeologists may very well have …

Archaeology

The Jewish Week

This coin probably was not worth very much when it was minted three millennia ago, but it’s priceless to contemporary historians and …

Tablets and Treaties in the ANE

Tablets and Treaties in the Ancient Near East by Bruce Wells

Every contract we sign has its stipulations—rules that we have to obey to avoid facing …

The Doorways of Solomon’s Temple

A reconstruction of Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. Drawing: Leen Ritmeyer.

King Solomon’s Temple was resplendent. Described in 1 Kings 6–7, the temple …

Archaeology

The sophisticated water technologies of the ancient Nabataeans

The Nabataeans were an ancient Semitic people dating back to 586 BC, who inhabited northern Arabia and the Southern Levant. The desert climate …

Ancient History

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament

The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in the caves by Qumran, a site in the Judean Wilderness on the west side of the Dead Sea. James C. VanderKam …

Bible

Dead Sea - Qumran

Dead Sea - Qumran by Jodi Magness

Qumran is a Jewish settlement by the northwest shore of the Dead Sea; it dates from approximately 100 B.C.E. to 68 …

Byblos

Byblos was the ancient Phoenician port city of Gebal (called Byblos by the Greeks) on the coast of the Mediterranean sea in what is, today, Lebanon. …

Biblical Name Eshbaal Found Outside of the Bible

A 3,000-year-old inscription discovered at Khirbet Qeiyafa references the Biblical name Eshbaal. This is the first time the name has been found in an …

Bible

Earliest depiction of music scene ever discovered found in Western Galilee

The most ancient music scene ever discovered in the nation – a 5,000-year-old cylinder seal impression from the Early Bronze Age – was unearthed by …

Middle East

Section of Ancient Jerusalem’s Lower Aqueduct Discovered

“With Joy Shall Ye Draw Water…”

By: Tzvi Ben-Gedalyahu

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Section of 2,000-year-old aqueduct discovered near HaHoma in southern Jerusalem.

A section …

Archaeology

Innocent boys meticulously excavated 1,400-year-old winepress in Israel

Some young boys in Israel took great care in excavating a winepress about 1,400 years old, not realizing they were doing anything wrong. The Israel …

Middle East

How did Abraham get from Mesapotamia to the Promised Land?

‘The Lord said to Abram, “Leave your country, your people and your father’s household and go to the land I will show you… Abram… took his wife Sarai,

Archaeology

Oldest complete copy of Ten Commandments goes on display in Israel

AP — The world’s oldest complete copy of the Ten Commandments is going on rare display at Israel’s leading museum in an exhibit tracing …

Middle East

Ancient Pottery Shards Analyzed by Israeli Scientists Seem to Support Biblical Narrative

Israeli archaeologists, mathematicians and physicists are joining forces to uncover the meaning behind inscriptions found on pottery fragments believed to be more than 2,500 years old.

The Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported Wednesday that a Tel Aviv University team has been examining pieces of First …

Ancient Civilization

Researcher casts doubt on sea peoples theory

University of Tübingen doctoral candidate Jesse Millek has been honoured for his research, which questions the controversial theory of the "sea …

Prehistory

Ancient Synagogues in Israel and the Diaspora

The Golan synagogue dates to the Second Temple Period—before the Roman destruction of the Temple in 70 C.E. Like other ancient synagogues in Israel, …

Ancient Civilization

In one room in Jerusalem, 2,700 years of history

Beneath a former Ottoman prison in Jerusalem’s Old City, layers of ancient history were uncovered. (Hamutal Wachtel)

JERUSALEM (JTA) — When Amit Re’em …

Jerusalem