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By Michael James | Information about the history of the people who lived in ancient Canaan, Israel, Judah, Palestine and the Middle East.

Where Did the Philistines Come From?

This nearly 4-foot-tall, two-horned altar from the site of Tell es-Safi (Gath of the Philistines) suggests the origins of the Philistines are to be …

Bible

The Great Jewish Revolt of 66 CE

The Roman Empire in the early 1st century CE was often regarded as the perfect empire. The outstanding military prowess of the Romans was used to …

Judaism

Did I Find King David’s Palace?

This article was originally published in the January/February 2006 issue of Biblical Archaeology Review. In the September/October 2012 issue of BAR,

Archaeology

The Siloam Pool: Where Jesus Healed the Blind Man

This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in May 2011. It has been updated.—Ed.

In 2004, the stepped remains of the ancient Siloam …

Christian Philosophy

Ancient City Found: Birthplace Of Mary Magdalene?

Archaeologists and researchers in Israel believe they may have discovered an ancient community that could have been the birthplace and home of Mary …

Archaeology

Excavations reveal destruction of Second Temple

After 20 years of excavating in the City of David, archaeologist Eli Shukrun quickly realized one day what an important find he had made. It was …

Ancient History

Israel Antiquities Authority

Amos Cohen, an employee of the Museum of Islamic and Near Eastern Cultures in Be’er Sheva, did not believe his eyes when he opened a bag left
in the …

Middle East

Secrets of the Temple Mount

Although visiting the Temple Mount is not always a pleasant experience these days, it is still worth the attempt. We have had good feedback from …

Temple Mount

Israeli archaeologists uncover city gate in Goliath's hometown

Archeologists at Bar-Ilan University have discovered the remnants of the ancient city of Gath, one of the largest and most influential cities in the …

Middle East

Canaanite rulers liked their wine jars: Vast collection found at Tel Kabri

New findings at sprawling 4,000-year old Canaanite palace include 120 huge jars - and seeds, from which we may be able to rediscover the ancient …

Archaeology

Excavating at Mt. Zion: Jerusalem Dig Uncovers Ancient Mansion

Led by Shimon Gibson and James Tabor, the excavations at Mt. Zion in Jerusalem have unearthed a first-century C.E. mansion that may have belonged to …

Archaeology

Ancient Scribe Links Qumran Scrolls to Masada

This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in November 2012. It has been updated.—Ed.

Ada Yardeni identified the same ancient scribe’s …

Archaeology

Did Pharaoh Sheshonq Attack Jerusalem?

This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in July 2012. It was updated in July 2014.—Ed.

The Bubastite Portal includes a large …

Egypt

Book of Leviticus Verses Recovered from Burnt Hebrew Bible Scroll

A charred Hebrew Bible scroll was discovered in the Torah ark in a Byzantine synagogue at Ein Gedi, Israel. Photo: Shai Halevi, Israel Antiquities

Bible

The Aleppo Codex

The oldest Hebrew Bible is preserved in the Aleppo Codex. What happened to the nearly 200 pages missing from the Aleppo Codex? Photo: David

Bible

Anastylosis at Machaerus, Where John the Baptist was Beheaded

Who beheaded John the Baptist in the Bible? What were the circumstances of his death? This famous Biblical episode—the notorious dance that ended in …

John the Baptist

The rise and fall of a forgotten Phoenician city (and its connection to the Israelites)

JPost Holy Land is a new column that will bring you the latest archaeology news and stories from Israel in collaboration with the University of …

Middle East

In first, imperial Roman legionary camp uncovered near Megiddo

Archaeologists unearth remains of 2,000-year-old Galilee garrison of Sixth Legion Ferrata, where 5,000 men kept order at time of Bar Kochba Revolt — …

Ancient History

Puzzling Finds from Kuntillet ‘Ajrud

This article was originally published in October 2012. It has been updated.—Ed.

“Yahweh and his Asherah” is written across the top of this …

Bible

Jerusalem family finds 2,000-year old mikveh underneath living room

They hesitated about calling in the authorities for some years, during which they simply lived above the Second Temple-era ritual bath.

Archaeology

The Ethiopian Gold Mine that may have supplied the Queen of Sheba with her riches

Ever wondered where the Queen of Sheba got her gold from? During a 2012 excavation in Ethiopia, a team of British archaeologists may very well have …

Ethiopia

The Jewish Week

This coin probably was not worth very much when it was minted three millennia ago, but it’s priceless to contemporary historians and …

Tablets and Treaties in the ANE

Tablets and Treaties in the Ancient Near East by Bruce Wells

Every contract we sign has its stipulations—rules that we have to obey to avoid facing …

The Doorways of Solomon’s Temple

A reconstruction of Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. Drawing: Leen Ritmeyer.

King Solomon’s Temple was resplendent. Described in 1 Kings 6–7, the temple …

Archaeology

The sophisticated water technologies of the ancient Nabataeans

The Nabataeans were an ancient Semitic people dating back to 586 BC, who inhabited northern Arabia and the Southern Levant. The desert climate …

Ancient History

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament

The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in the caves by Qumran, a site in the Judean Wilderness on the west side of the Dead Sea. James C. VanderKam …

Bible

Dead Sea - Qumran

Dead Sea - Qumran by Jodi Magness

Qumran is a Jewish settlement by the northwest shore of the Dead Sea; it dates from approximately 100 B.C.E. to 68 …

Byblos

Byblos was the ancient Phoenician port city of Gebal (called Byblos by the Greeks) on the coast of the Mediterranean sea in what is, today, Lebanon. …

Bible

Biblical Name Eshbaal Found Outside of the Bible

A 3,000-year-old inscription discovered at Khirbet Qeiyafa references the Biblical name Eshbaal. This is the first time the name has been found in an …