Ancient Israel

By Michael James | Information about the history of the people who lived in ancient Canaan, Israel, Judah, Palestine and the Middle East.

The Evolution of Biblical Hebrew

The Temple Scroll (11Q19) was likely discovered in 1956 in Cave 11. The manuscript is written in the square Herodian Hebrew script of the late Second …

Religion

Who Is the Queen of Sheba in the Bible?

Who is the Queen of Sheba in the Bible? Here is one artist’s depiction of the Queen of Sheba. It comes from the Medieval manuscript <i>Bellifortis</i> by …

Bible

Rare Pottery Workshop Discovered in Galilee

An ancient potters' workshop dating back to Roman times has been discovered in Galilee, in northern Israel.<p>The Israel Antiquities Authority announced …

Archaeology

The Interrupted Search for King David’s Palace

Eilat Mazar<p>In 2007, prominent Israeli archaeologist Eilat Mazar was excavating a monumental public building in Jerusalem’s City of David—a structure …

Archaeology

Who Were the Philistines?

The Philistines lived in the Middle East about 3,000 years ago. However, there is little archaeological evidence that they existed.

Archaeology

2,000-year-old coin collection unearthed in Israel

Silver coins are stamped with the face of a king who ruled during era between the Old and New Testaments

Israel

Archaeologists find the last hideout of the Jewish Revolt in Jerusalem - Archaeology

Titus' soldiers ripped paving stones out of the street to find the last rebels 2000 years ago. Archaeologists think they have found those hiding …

Girl, 12, finds ancient Egyptian amulet at Jerusalem dig

An ancient Egyptian amulet was uncovered in Jerusalem by a young girl taking part in a family dig in the capital.<p>The amulet has been dated to 3,200 …

Egypt

Searching for Biblical Mt. Sinai

<i>This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in 2014. It has been updated.—Ed.</i> <br>Emmanuel Anati stands before Har Karkom, a ridge in the …

Bible

Jews, Greeks and Romans

Jews, Greeks and RomansBy Tim WhitmarshThere are to sides to every story but the survival of sources from antiquity means we do not always see both. …

History

The Bible may have been written earlier than thought, pottery reveals

Key parts of the Old Testament may have been compiled earlier than some scholars thought, suggests a new handwriting analysis of text on pottery shards.<p>The shards, found at a frontier fort dating to around 600 B.C., were written by at least six different people, suggesting that literacy was …

Bible

Second Temple period bronze implements discovered in Magdala excavations 5 April 2016

​(Communicated by the Israel Antiquities Authority Spokesperson)<p>A decorated bronze incense shovel (used for transferring embers from place to place) …

‘Rare’ 2,500-Year-Old Seals Found in Jerusalem, Dated to King Solomon’s Temple

The Israel Antiquities Authority announced Monday that archaeologists have found two seals in Jerusalem inscribed with Hebrew names and dating to the time of the First Temple, which was described in the Bible as constructed by King Solomon.<p>One of the 2,500-year-old seals, made of semi-precious …

Bible

Watch The 3D Animated Version Of The Fabled Solomon's Temple

An almost 3,000-year old grand yet lost temple or a just a figment of religious fable? Solomon’s Temple or the First Jewish Temple has raised debates …

3D

First textiles from King David era discovered at Timna copper mines - Archaeology

Over 100 pieces of cloths dating to the 10th century BCE in Israel have been discovered at the Timna copper mines, deep in the desert. The textile …

Archaeology

The Edomite Stronghold of Sela

<i>This article was originally published in December 2012. It has been updated.—Ed.</i><p>Surrounded by deep ravines amid the rugged highlands of southern …

Archaeology

2,700-year-old farmhouse unearthed in Israel

After spending thousands of years buried in ancient hills, remnants of buildings dating back to the Byzantine era and earlier emerged from hiding, excavated outside Rosh Ha'ayin in central Israel, about 10 miles inland from Tel Aviv.<p>A recent announcement by the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) …

Farmhouses

At biblical site, researchers discover ABCs of how alphabet came to be

A potsherd slightly larger than a business card found in the ruins of a Late Bronze Age temple at the biblical site of Lachish in southern Israel has …

Bronze Age

The Maccabean Revolt

After the death of Alexander the Great, his Kingdom was divided into four; Egypt, the Seleucid Empire, the Kingdom of Pergamon and Macedon (including …

Ancient History

Archaeologists Discover 2,700-Year-Old Seal Impression of Biblical King in Jerusalem: ‘The Closest as Ever That We Can Get’ to Ancient Ruler

Israeli archaeologists announced Wednesday that they found a seal impression bearing the name of King Hezekiah, whose reign was described in the book of 2 Kings as well as elsewhere in the Bible.<p>After deciphering the royal seal impression found during excavations near the southern wall of the …

Archaeology

Did Pharaoh Sheshonq Attack Jerusalem?

<i>This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in 2012. It has been updated.—Ed.</i><p><i>“In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, King Shishak of Egypt</i> …

Bible

Israeli Archaeologists Believe They’ve Solved ‘One of Jerusalem’s Greatest Archaeological Mysteries’

Israeli archaeologists said Tuesday that after 10 years of excavations, they have finally solved “one of Jerusalem’s greatest archaeological mysteries” — identifying the location of the Acra, an infamous fortress used by ancient Greece to control the Jewish Temple and Jerusalem more than 2,000 …

Ancient History

Lebanese Cedar—The Prized Tree of Ancient Woodworking

<i>This article was originally published in May 2013. It has been updated.—Ed.</i><p>The famous Lebanese cedar tree was widely used in the construction of …

Woodworking

10 Great Biblical Artifacts at the Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem

There are a number of artifacts related to Biblical archaeology in museums across the world. One of these museums is the Bible Lands Museum …

Museums

Has the Biblical city of Sodom been found? 'Monstrous' site in Jordan matches the descriptions of the area destroyed by God in the Old Testament

• <b>The site at Tall el-Hamaam, Jordan, dates back between 3500 and 1540 BC</b>• <b><br>Experts claim its location and size matches Biblical descriptions of</b> …

Bible

The “Philistines” to the North

<i>This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in 2014. It has been updated.—Ed.</i><p>Who were the Philistines? In the Bible, the Philistines …

Have Israeli archaeologists uncovered the long-lost tomb of the Maccabees?

A large mausoleum recently uncovered in Israel may be the Tomb of the Maccabees, the celebrated Jewish family that led an uprising against the Greeks in the second century B.C. Archaeologists, however, are still searching for conclusive evidence that the site is the Maccabees’ final resting …

Israel

The Tel Dan Inscription: The First Historical Evidence of King David from the Bible

<i>This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in 2011. It has been updated.—Ed.</i><p>The fragmentary Tel Dan stela, containing the Tel Dan …

Bible