Ancient Israel

By Michael James | Information about the history of the people who lived in ancient Canaan, Israel, Judah, Palestine and the Middle East.

Tribe of Dan: Sons of Israel, or of Greek mercenaries hired by Egypt?

The Tribe of Dan, one of the 12 "Israelite tribes," may have started as no such thing. New archaeological evidence suggests that the Danites …

Egypt

Archaeologists discover where Titus breached Jerusalem walls

Excavation at a new art campus reveals the site of Roman siege to the city’s third wall, which led to destruction of the Second Temple in 70AD<p>Israeli archaeologists have found evidence of where Titus’s Roman legions may have breached the outer walls of Jerusalem in 70AD on their way to conquering …

Jerusalem

The Evolution of Biblical Hebrew

The Temple Scroll (11Q19) was likely discovered in 1956 in Cave 11. The manuscript is written in the square Herodian Hebrew script of the late Second …

Religion

Who Is the Queen of Sheba in the Bible?

Who is the Queen of Sheba in the Bible? Here is one artist’s depiction of the Queen of Sheba. It comes from the Medieval manuscript <i>Bellifortis</i> by …

Christianity

Rare Pottery Workshop Discovered in Galilee

An ancient potters' workshop dating back to Roman times has been discovered in Galilee, in northern Israel.<p>The Israel Antiquities Authority announced …

The Interrupted Search for King David’s Palace

Eilat MazarIn 2007, prominent Israeli archaeologist Eilat Mazar was excavating a monumental public building in Jerusalem’s City of David—a structure …

Archaeology

Who Were the Philistines?

The Philistines were a group of people who arrived in the Levant (an area that includes modern-day Israel, Gaza, Lebanon and Syria) during the 12th …

2,000-year-old coin collection unearthed in Israel

A hidden hoard of silver coins buried more than 2,000 years ago was recently discovered tucked inside a rock crevice, during an excavation in …

Archaeologists find the last hideout of the Jewish Revolt in Jerusalem - Archaeology

Titus' soldiers ripped paving stones out of the street to find the last rebels 2000 years ago. Archaeologists think they have found those hiding …

Archaeology

Girl, 12, finds ancient Egyptian amulet at Jerusalem dig

An ancient Egyptian amulet was uncovered in Jerusalem by a young girl taking part in a family dig in the capital.<p>The amulet has been dated to 3,200 …

Egypt

Searching for Biblical Mt. Sinai

<i>This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in 2014. It has been updated.—Ed.</i> <br>Emmanuel Anati stands before Har Karkom, a ridge in the …

Christianity

Jews, Greeks and Romans

Jews, Greeks and RomansBy Tim WhitmarshThere are to sides to every story but the survival of sources from antiquity means we do not always see both. …

History

The Bible may have been written earlier than thought, pottery reveals

Key parts of the Old Testament may have been compiled earlier than some scholars thought, suggests a new handwriting analysis of text on pottery shards.<p>The shards, found at a frontier fort dating to around 600 B.C., were written by at least six different people, suggesting that literacy was …

Christianity
Israel

Watch The 3D Animated Version Of The Fabled Solomon's Temple

An almost 3,000-year old grand yet lost temple or a just a figment of religious fable? Solomon’s Temple or the First Jewish Temple has raised debates …

Animation

First textiles from King David era discovered at Timna copper mines - Archaeology

The fabrics the copper-makers wore were of quality that wouldn't have shamed the Romans a thousand years later, archaeologists say.

Archaeology

The Edomite Stronghold of Sela

<i>This Bible History Daily article was originally published in 2012.—Ed.</i><p>Surrounded by deep ravines amid the rugged highlands of southern Jordan, the …

Christianity

2,700-year-old farmhouse unearthed in Israel

After spending thousands of years buried in ancient hills, remnants of buildings dating back to the Byzantine era and earlier emerged from hiding, excavated outside Rosh Ha'ayin in central Israel, about 10 miles inland from Tel Aviv.<p>A recent announcement by the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA) …

At biblical site, researchers discover ABCs of how alphabet came to be

A potsherd slightly larger than a business card found in the ruins of a Late Bronze Age temple at the biblical site of Lachish in southern Israel has …

Understanding the Jewish Menorah

<i>This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in October 2011. It has been updated.—Ed.</i> <br>Does this recently excavated ancient menorah …

Christianity

The Maccabean Revolt

After the death of Alexander the Great, his Kingdom was divided into four; Egypt, the Seleucid Empire, the Kingdom of Pergamon and Macedon (including …

Jewish Culture
Archaeology

Did Pharaoh Sheshonq Attack Jerusalem?

<i>This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in 2012. It has been updated.—Ed.</i><p><i>“In the fifth year of King Rehoboam, King Shishak of Egypt</i> …

Christianity
Archaeology

Lebanese Cedar—The Prized Tree of Ancient Woodworking

<i>This article was originally published in May 2013. It has been updated.—Ed.</i><p>The famous Lebanese cedar tree was widely used in the construction of …

10 Great Biblical Artifacts at the Bible Lands Museum Jerusalem

There are a number of artifacts related to Biblical archaeology in museums across the world. One of these museums is the Bible Lands Museum …

Has the Biblical city of Sodom been found? 'Monstrous' site in Jordan matches the descriptions of the area destroyed by God in the Old Testament

• <b>The site at Tall el-Hamaam, Jordan, dates back between 3500 and 1540 BC</b>• <b><br>Experts claim its location and size matches Biblical descriptions of</b> …

The “Philistines” to the North

<i>This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in 2014.—Ed.</i><p>Who were the Philistines? In the Bible, the Philistines and the Israelites were …