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By Michael James | Information about the history of the people who lived in ancient Canaan, Israel, Judah, Palestine and the Middle East.

In first, imperial Roman legionary camp uncovered near Megiddo

Archaeologists unearth remains of 2,000-year-old Galilee garrison of Sixth Legion Ferrata, where 5,000 men kept order at time of Bar Kochba Revolt — …

Ancient History

Puzzling Finds from Kuntillet ‘Ajrud

This Bible History Daily feature was originally published in October 2012. It has been updated.—Ed.
“Yahweh and his Asherah” is written across the …

Bible

Jerusalem family finds 2,000-year old mikveh underneath living room

They hesitated about calling in the authorities for some years, during which they simply lived above the Second Temple-era ritual bath.

Archaeology

The Ethiopian Gold Mine that may have supplied the Queen of Sheba with her riches

Ever wondered where the Queen of Sheba got her gold from? During a 2012 excavation in Ethiopia, a team of British archaeologists may very well have …

Ethiopia

The Jewish Week

This coin probably was not worth very much when it was minted three millennia ago, but it’s priceless to contemporary historians and …

Religion

Tablets and Treaties in the ANE

Tablets and Treaties in the Ancient Near East by Bruce Wells

Every contract we sign has its stipulations—rules that we have to obey to avoid facing …

International Relations

The Doorways of Solomon’s Temple

A reconstruction of Solomon’s Temple in Jerusalem. Drawing: Leen Ritmeyer.

King Solomon’s Temple was resplendent. Described in 1 Kings 6–7, the temple …

Archaeology

The sophisticated water technologies of the ancient Nabataeans

The Nabataeans were an ancient Semitic people dating back to 586 BC, who inhabited northern Arabia and the Southern Levant. The desert climate …

Ancient History

The Dead Sea Scrolls and the New Testament

The Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in the caves by Qumran, a site in the Judean Wilderness on the west side of the Dead Sea. James C. VanderKam …

Bible

Dead Sea - Qumran

Dead Sea - Qumran by Jodi Magness

Qumran is a Jewish settlement by the northwest shore of the Dead Sea; it dates from approximately 100 B.C.E. to 68 …

Christianity

Byblos

Byblos was the ancient Phoenician port city of Gebal (called Byblos by the Greeks) on the coast of the Mediterranean sea in what is, today, Lebanon. …

Bible

Biblical Name Eshbaal Found Outside of the Bible

A 3,000-year-old inscription discovered at Khirbet Qeiyafa references the Biblical name Eshbaal. This is the first time the name has been found in an …

Bible

Earliest depiction of music scene ever discovered found in Western Galilee

The most ancient music scene ever discovered in the nation – a 5,000-year-old cylinder seal impression from the Early Bronze Age – was unearthed by …

Middle East

Section of Ancient Jerusalem’s Lower Aqueduct Discovered

“With Joy Shall Ye Draw Water…”

By: Tzvi Ben-Gedalyahu

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Section of 2,000-year-old aqueduct discovered near HaHoma in southern Jerusalem.

A section …

Archaeology

Innocent boys meticulously excavated 1,400-year-old winepress in Israel

Some young boys in Israel took great care in excavating a winepress about 1,400 years old, not realizing they were doing anything wrong. The Israel …

Middle East

How did Abraham get from Mesapotamia to the Promised Land?

‘The Lord said to Abram, “Leave your country, your people and your father’s household and go to the land I will show you… Abram… took his wife Sarai,

Archaeology

Oldest complete copy of Ten Commandments goes on display in Israel

AP — The world’s oldest complete copy of the Ten Commandments is going on rare display at Israel’s leading museum in an exhibit tracing …

Middle East

Ancient Pottery Shards Analyzed by Israeli Scientists Seem to Support Biblical Narrative

Israeli archaeologists, mathematicians and physicists are joining forces to uncover the meaning behind inscriptions found on pottery fragments believed to be more than 2,500 years old.

The Israeli newspaper Haaretz reported Wednesday that a Tel Aviv University team has been examining pieces of First …

Researcher casts doubt on sea peoples theory

University of Tübingen doctoral candidate Jesse Millek has been honoured for his research, which questions the controversial theory of the “sea …

Bronze Age

Ancient Synagogues in Israel and the Diaspora

The Golan synagogue dates to the Second Temple Period—before the Roman destruction of the Temple in 70 C.E. Like other ancient synagogues in Israel, …

Ancient Civilization

In one room in Jerusalem, 2,700 years of history

Beneath a former Ottoman prison in Jerusalem’s Old City, layers of ancient history were uncovered. (Hamutal Wachtel)

JERUSALEM (JTA) — When Amit Re’em …

Jerusalem

Newfound scarabs highlight the pharaohs’ military, cultural sway in ancient Canaan

Archaeologists rescue hundreds of artifacts, including signet rings and amulets, from antiquities thieves in southern Israel

Egypt

Archaeologists Unearth Ancient Fortifications at Coastal Site in Israel

An international team of archaeologists has uncovered remains of a massive Iron Age period fortification wall and enclosure at the coastal …

Archaeology

An Authentic 1st Century Jerusalem Burial Shroud

CNN focused on the question of the authenticity of the controversial "Shroud of Turin," in the first episode of its new pre-Easter series "Finding Jesus." Those challenging the authenticity of this ancient relic point to carbon dating tests done at three independent labs in 1988 that dated samples …

Archaeology

Ramses II Pharaoh of Exodus: researcher says

CAIRO: Either Ramses II or his son Merenpetah may be the Pharoah referenced in the story of the Exodus, according to a recent thesis by an Egyptian …

Egypt

Largest known mask of Pan discovered in Israel

Researchers from the University of Haifa have made an extraordinary discovery at Hippos-Sussita National Park in Israel. It is an "only one of its …

Archaeology

Ancient hoard of coins and jewelry found in Israel

Cave explorers in Israel have uncovered a small trove of coins and jewellery from the time of Alexander the Great that archaeologists believe was …

Middle East

Tel ‘Eton Excavations Reveal Possible Judahite Administrative Center

The site of Tel ‘Eton sat at an important juncture in antiquity. Photo: Courtesy the Tel ‘Eton Excavations.Archaeological work at the site of Tel …

Archaeology

Archaeologists Return to Unearth Base of the Roman Sixth Legion

Other than agriculture, very little can be seen in the field of el-Manach. It is quiet and flat, the soil clearly worked as any farmer’s field would …

Archaeology