Mike Ruggeri's Toltec and Aztec World

By Michael Ruggeri | Toltec and Aztec history, archaeology, art, politics.

Another pre-Hispanic find in Mexico City surprises archaeologists

Parties’ election funds a record high in 2018<p>Despite low public confidence in politicians, government institutions and electoral processes, political …

Exclusive: Aztec golden wolf sacrifice yields rich trove in Mexico City

MEXICO CITY (Reuters) - A sacrificial wolf elaborately adorned with some of the finest Aztec gold ever found and buried more than five centuries ago has come to light in the heart of downtown Mexico City, once home to the Aztec empire's holiest shrines.<p>The quality and number of golden ornaments is …

Archaeology

Tower of human skulls found in Mexico City dig casts light on Aztec sacrifices

Archaeologists find more than 650 skulls near site of Templo Mayor Presence of skulls of women and children is ‘a first’, says scientist<p>A tower of human skulls unearthed beneath the heart of Mexico City has raised new questions about the culture of sacrifice in the Aztec empire, after crania of …

Archaeology

Ancient Aztec temple and ball court unearthed in heart of Mexico City

Discoveries confirm accounts of first Spanish chroniclers to visit Aztec capital Archaeologists also uncovered 32 sets of human neck bones at the site<p>The remains of a major Aztec temple and a ceremonial ball court have been discovered in downtown Mexico City, shedding new light on the sacred spaces …

Archaeology

Mexico archaeologists find temple to wind god beneath supermarket

Circular platform was dedicated to Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl Eight sets of human remains found at site in Tlatelolco area of Mexico City<p>Archaeologists working in Mexico City have uncovered a circular temple built more than 650 years ago to worship a god of wind.<p>It was excavated at a site discovered two …

Archaeology

Sending Smoke Signals to the Gods: Pre-Hispanic Incense Burners Discovered in Mexico

About 30 Pre-Hispanic perfume or incense burners (sahumadores) have been discovered by archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and …

Mystery of the gruesome Aztec skull masks solved: Decorated remains found outside Mexican temple belong to slain warriors

• <b>Human skull masks were made to be worn over the face or in a headdress</b>• <b><br>These along with 30 unmodified skulls were left as offering to the</b> …

Did Aztec rulers sacrifice their STAFF? Bones reveals victims may have served the local elite for years before being killed at the Great Temple of Tenochtitlán

• <b>Bones of victims slain at the Great Temple of Tenochtitlán were analysed</b>• <b><br>It had been assumed that those sacrificed were prisoners of war</b>• <b><br>But study</b> …

Mexico experts find passageway that may lead to Aztec ruler's tomb

By MARK STEVENSON, Associated Press<p>MEXICO CITY (AP) — A Mexican archaeologist said his team has found a tunnel-like passageway that apparently leads …

Evidence of pulque god found at Tlaxcala archaeological site

Biofertilizer could be cost-effective option<p>Researchers have developed a nopal-based fertilizer that could help farmers reduce their costs by …

Excavation of Mexican site reveals decapitation of conquistadors

MEXICO CITY — Excavations at the site of one of the Spanish conquistadors' worst defeats in Mexico are yielding new evidence about what happened when …

MIKE RUGGERI'S TOLTECS AND AZTECS

Massive 'trophy rack' of human skulls found in Mexico's Aztec temple complex alongside circle of heads that ALL face into the centre of a mysterious room

• <b>Racks known as 'tzompantli' were where Aztecs displayed severed heads</b>• <b><br>Newly discovered area has circular central area where skulls face inwards</b>• <b><br>35</b> …

Ancient Cannibals Smothered Their Meals in Bone-Staining Spices

We know that, over history, humans have eaten each other. But we now know more about how ancient cannibals liked to dine: They spent lots of time …

Toltecs

Tula

<b>Tula</b> may refer to:<p>Antarctica[edit]<p>Tula Mountains<br>• Tula Point<p>India[edit]<p>Tulā, a solar month in the traditional Indian calendar<p>Iran[edit]<p>Tula, Iran, a …

Toltec Empire

According to Aztec historiography, the <b>Toltec Empire, Toltec Kingdom</b> or <b>Altepetl Tolteca</b> was a political entity in Mexico. It existed through the …

Toltec

The <b>Toltec</b> culture is an archaeological Mesoamerican culture that dominated a state centered in Tula, Hidalgo, Mexico in the early post-classic period …

Tula Toltec Archaeological Ruins, Hidalgo, Mexico. Travel & Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, Reviews.

<b>Tula Toltec Archaeological Ruins</b><p><b>Near Tula de Allend, Hidalgo, Mexico<br>Travel & Tour<br>Pictures, Photos<br>Information, Images, Reviews.</b><p><b>George & Eve</b> …

Chapter 10

<b>Chapter 10</b><p><b>Dawn in the Desert: The Rise of the Toltecs</b><p><b>THE CHICHIMEC WORLD</b><p>Mexico's geographic location within the trade wind belt means that most of …

Quetzalcoatl

For other uses, see Quetzalcoatl (disambiguation).<p><b>Quetzalcoatl</b> (English: /ˌkɛtsɑːlˈkoʊɑːtəl/; Spanish pronunciation: [ketsalˈkoatɬ] ( listen)) …

Building Four: a Palace in Tula Grande, the Lodging of the Toltec King

Building Four: a Palace in Tula Grande, the Lodging of the Toltec King <br>Translation of the Spanish by Eduardo Williams <br>Vea este informe en …

FAMSI © 2005 - Enrique Florescano

Quetzalcóatl. Metaphors and Images <br>Translation of the Spanish by Alex Lomónaco <br>Vea este informe en Español.<p>Research Year: 2000 <br>Culture: Teotihuacán …

Sculptural-Iconographic Catalogue of Tula, Hidalgo: The Stone Figures

Sculptural-Iconographic Catalogue of Tula, Hidalgo: The Stone Figures <br>Translation of the Spanish by Eduardo Williams <br>Vea este informe en …

Aztec

For other uses, see Aztec (disambiguation).<p><b>Aztec culture</b> (/ˈæztɛk/[1]), also known as Mexica culture, was a Mesoamerican culture that flourished in …

The Aztec Empire

John Pohl's Mesoamerica - The Aztecs pg. 1

THE AZTECS: BEGINNINGS<p>The Chichimecs<p>The name “Aztec” is not really indigenous, although it does have a cultural basis. It was first proposed by a …

Archaeology

Jordan: Aztec Chronology

The picture above and to the right, shows the Valley of Mexico as painted by José María Velasco, 1840-1912, one of Mexico's finest landscape artists. …