Mike Ruggeri's Toltec and Aztec World

By Michael Ruggeri | Toltec and Aztec history, archaeology, art, politics.

It wasn't just Greece: Archaeologists find early democratic societies in the Americas

Ordinary people had a voice in some early Mesoamerican societies, though these democracies apparently lasted only 200 to 300 years

Ancient History

Mexico archaeologists find temple to wind god beneath supermarket

Circular platform was dedicated to Ehecatl-Quetzalcoatl Eight sets of human remains found at site in Tlatelolco area of Mexico City<p>Archaeologists working in Mexico City have uncovered a circular temple built more than 650 years ago to worship a god of wind.<p>It was excavated at a site discovered two …

Ancient History

Sending Smoke Signals to the Gods: Pre-Hispanic Incense Burners Discovered in Mexico

About 30 Pre-Hispanic perfume or incense burners (sahumadores) have been discovered by archaeologists from the National Institute of Anthropology and …

Mystery of the gruesome Aztec skull masks solved: Decorated remains found outside Mexican temple belong to slain warriors

• <b>Human skull masks were made to be worn over the face or in a headdress</b>• <b><br>These along with 30 unmodified skulls were left as offering to the</b> …

Did Aztec rulers sacrifice their STAFF? Bones reveals victims may have served the local elite for years before being killed at the Great Temple of Tenochtitlán

• <b>Bones of victims slain at the Great Temple of Tenochtitlán were analysed</b>• <b><br>It had been assumed that those sacrificed were prisoners of war</b>• <b><br>But study</b> …

Evidence of pulque god found at Tlaxcala archaeological site

RECENT STORIES<p>Putting on a condom: mayor shows how<p>A health fair in Mexico City Sunday was called Hugs and Kisses, but the mayor took...<p>Cancun’s giant …

Mexico

Excavation of Mexican site reveals decapitation of conquistadors

MEXICO CITY — Excavations at the site of one of the Spanish conquistadors' worst defeats in Mexico are yielding new evidence about what happened when …

Archaeology

MIKE RUGGERI'S TOLTECS AND AZTECS

Massive 'trophy rack' of human skulls found in Mexico's Aztec temple complex alongside circle of heads that ALL face into the centre of a mysterious room

• <b>Racks known as 'tzompantli' were where Aztecs displayed severed heads</b>• <b><br>Newly discovered area has circular central area where skulls face inwards</b>• <b><br>35</b> …

Ancient Cannibals Smothered Their Meals in Bone-Staining Spices

We know that, over history, humans have eaten each other. But we now know more about how ancient cannibals liked to dine: They spent lots of time …

Toltecs

Tula (Mesoamerican site)

Coordinates:<p><b>Tula</b> is a Mesoamerican archeological site, which was an important regional center which reached its height as the capital of the Toltec …

Toltec Empire

According to Aztec historiography, the <b>Toltec Empire, Toltec Kingdom</b> or <b>Altepetl Tolteca</b> was a political entity in Mexico. It existed through the …

Toltec

The <b>Toltec</b> culture is an archaeological Mesoamerican culture that dominated a state centered in Tula, Hidalgo, Mexico in the early post-classic period …

Tula Toltec Archaeological Ruins, Hidalgo, Mexico. Travel & Tour Pictures, Photos, Information, Images, Reviews.

<b>Tula Toltec Archaeological Ruins</b><p><b>Near Tula de Allend, Hidalgo, Mexico<br>Travel & Tour<br>Pictures, Photos<br>Information, Images, Reviews.</b><p><b>George & Eve</b> …

Ancient History

Chapter 10

<b>Chapter 10</b><p><b>Dawn in the Desert: The Rise of the Toltecs</b><p><b>THE CHICHIMEC WORLD</b><p>Mexico's geographic location within the trade wind belt means that most of …

Ancient History

Quetzalcoatl

For other uses, see Quetzalcoatl (disambiguation).<p><b>Quetzalcoatl</b> (English pronunciation: /ˌkɛtsɑːlˈkoʊɑːtəl/; Spanish pronunciation: [ketsalˈkoatɬ] ( …

Building Four: a Palace in Tula Grande, the Lodging of the Toltec King

Building Four: a Palace in Tula Grande, the Lodging of the Toltec King <br>Translation of the Spanish by Eduardo Williams <br>Vea este informe en …

iPad

FAMSI © 2005 - Enrique Florescano

Quetzalcóatl. Metaphors and Images <br>Translation of the Spanish by Alex Lomónaco <br>Vea este informe en Español.<p>Research Year: 2000 <br>Culture: Teotihuacán …

Sculptural-Iconographic Catalogue of Tula, Hidalgo: The Stone Figures

Sculptural-Iconographic Catalogue of Tula, Hidalgo: The Stone Figures <br>Translation of the Spanish by Eduardo Williams <br>Vea este informe en …

iPad

Aztec

For other uses, see Aztec (disambiguation).<p>The <b>Aztec</b> (/ˈæztɛk/[1]) people were certain ethnic groups of central Mexico, particularly those groups who …

The Aztec Empire

John Pohl's Mesoamerica - The Aztecs pg. 1

THE AZTECS: BEGINNINGS<p>The Chichimecs<p>The name “Aztec” is not really indigenous, although it does have a cultural basis. It was first proposed by a …

Ancient History

Jordan: Aztec Chronology

The picture above and to the right, shows the Valley of Mexico as painted by José María Velasco, 1840-1912, one of Mexico's finest landscape artists. …

Aztecs

Aztec Philosophy

Conquest-era Aztecs conceived philosophy in essentially pragmatic terms. The <i>raison d'etre</i> of philosophical inquiry was to provide humans with …

Chicomoztoc

<b>Chicomoztoc</b> ([t͡ʃikoˈmostok]) is the name for the mythical origin place of the Aztec Mexicas, Tepanecs, Acolhuas, and other Nahuatl-speaking peoples …

Mictlan

This article is about the Aztec underworld. For the archaeological site, see Mitla. For the rapper, see Mike Mictlan. For the wrestler, see Mictlán …