Mike Ruggeri's Ancient Moundbuilders/Ancient Southwest News Magazine

By Michael Ruggeri | News from Ancient North America, from the Adena and Hopewell to the Mississippian civilizations, to the civilizations of the Ancient Southwest.

Ancient Native American King's House Rediscovered in Florida

Known from Spanish records, the once-lost structure belonged to Caalus, ruler of an indigenous people famous for resisting colonial missionaries.<p>In February 1566, Caalus sat on his throne and watched a procession of strange men march toward his house.<p>The Spanish admiral Pedro Menéndez de Aviles had …

Archaeology

Researcher digs into mystery of ancient Arkansas burial ground containing at least 114 skulls but no bodies

John Samuelsen displays the plasma mass spectrometer at the University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, that he will use in his study of remains at burial …

Datan en 2000 años de antigüedad, cabeza momificada de guacamaya hallada en cueva Avendaños, Chihuahua

El colorido plumaje de las guacamayas fue motivo de que esta ave ocupara un lugar relevante en el imaginario colectivo de las comunidades …

Archaeologist says fire, not corn, key to prehistoric survival in arid Southwest

Conventional wisdom holds that prehistoric villagers planted corn, and lots of it, to survive the dry and hostile conditions of the American …

Forests

Chaco Canyon’s ancient civilization continues to puzzle

Chaco Canyon is a land of extremes. Summer heat scorches the desert canyon, which is sandwiched between sandstone cliffs nearly two kilometers above …

Chaco’s Elites Were Natives of Chaco Canyon, Not Migrants, Their Remains Show

More than a century after the great sandstone monuments of New Mexico’s Chaco Canyon were first studied, archaeologists are finally learning about …

Anthropology

1,000 Years Ago, Corn Made This Society Big. Then, A Changing Climate Destroyed It

About a 15-minute drive east of St. Louis is a complex of earthen mounds that once supported a prehistoric city of thousands. For a couple of hundred years, the city, called Cahokia, and several smaller city-states like it flourished in the Mississippi River Valley. But by the time European …

New Evidence Reveals Violent Final Days at Arizona’s Montezuma Castle

It’s one of Arizona’s most famous landmarks: a pair of 900-year-old limestone cliff dwellings whose sudden abandonment centuries ago has proven to be …

Earliest Known Clay Figurines in the Southwest May Be Fertility Symbols, Study Says

Curious clay figurines that have been found in southern Arizona appear to be fertility symbols used by desert farmers as much as 3,000 years ago, …

Archaeology

Turkeys were a major part of ancestral Pueblo life

That's reflected in the decline of deer bones found in ancient middens, or waste sites, and the rise in the number of turkey bones, said Lipe.<p>"At …

Mummified Bird, Baby Found in Cave Shed Light on Earliest Desert Farmers

Archaeologists called to investigate a cave on a rancher’s property have discovered an unusual burial that’s providing new insights into the ways of …

Salt's secret success in ancient Chaco Canyon

One of the most valuable resources the researchers had while combing through the desert was the friendships they built with the Puebloans and Navajo …

Anthropology

Dating the Macaws

Macaw Feathers and Copper Bell on Display at Chaco Visitor Center MuseumOne of the most exciting recent developments in the study of Chaco Canyon is …

The Utah Chocolate Story

Cacao pods growing on the plant, Theobroma cacao. Eco Chocolate Museum, Yucatán Peninsula. Photo: Enrique Pérez Huerta<p>Chocolate, a product of the …

Fresh look at burials, mass graves, tells a new story of Cahokia

A new study challenges earlier interpretations of an important burial mound at Cahokia, a pre-Columbian city in Illinois near present-day St. Louis. …

Archaeology

Ice Age Hunting Camp, Replete With Bird Bones and Tobacco, Found in Utah Desert

In the dead-flat desert of northwestern Utah, archaeologists have uncovered a scene from a distant, and more verdant, time.Just a few centimeters …

900-Year-Old Village Recorded in Volcanic Badlands of New Mexico

In the black-rock badlands of northwestern New Mexico, archaeologists have documented a 900-year-old village with unique ties to the Ancestral …

Building on shells: Interdisciplinary study starts unraveling mysteries of Calusa kingdom

"If you look at the island, there's symmetry to it, with the tallest mounds being almost 10 meters high (or 32 feet) above modern sea level," …

First Evidence of Corn Beer in Southwest Discovered on Teeth From Ancient Burials

The last meals of men and women buried centuries ago in the ancient city of Casas Grandes were dominated by corn, new research has found — from …

Ancient Grave of Teenage Girl May Reveal Secrets of Southwest’s Earliest Farmers

Archaeologists working in the borderlands of northern Mexico have uncovered a camp used by ancient hunters as much as 10,500 years ago, revealing …

Nearly 20 Stone-Tool Sites, Dating Back Up To 12,000 Years, Discovered In Nevada

Along lakes and streams that have long since disappeared, archaeologists working in southern Nevada have found nearly 20 sites used by ancient …

Footprints left by Native American farmers, children and their DOG unearthed in Arizona

A 2,500-year-old family stroll frozen in time: Footprints left by Native American farmers, children and their dog unearthed in Arizona<p><b>Dozens of</b> …

The early 'gastronomes' of Tucson

Inhabitants of an early irrigated agriculture site in North America ate rabbit, greens and masa made from popcorn.

Archaeology

Nearly 9,000 Artifacts Uncovered in California Desert, Spanning 11,500 Years of History

Archaeologists exploring the remote reaches of a military training base in southern California have uncovered nearly 9,000 artifacts that represent …

Pig Point likely a hub of vast Native American settlement

Is this a case of prehistoric sprawl?<p>County archaeologists over the past several years have uncovered centuries of Native American history at Pig …

America’s Largest Earthwork, Cahokia’s Monks Mound, May Have Been Built in Only 20 Years, Study Says

It was ten stories tall, and wider at the base than the Empire State Building. And nearly a thousand years ago, it was the centerpiece of the …

MIKE RUGGERI'S ANCIENT NORTH AMERICA NEWS

Cocoa, Caffeinated ‘Black Drink’ Were Widespread in Pre-Contact Southwest, Study Finds

Stimulating drinks made from exotic plants, like the cocoa tree and a type of southern holly, were consumed much more widely across the prehistoric …