Mark Sutherland

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How birds got their wings

Birds split from dinosaurs when their front limbs got longer and their back limbs got shorter, according to new research.<p>This change may have been …

Dinosaurs

Scientists Link Earth's Westward Drift of Magnetic Field and Superrotation of Inner Core

<i>In a newly published study, researchers from the University of Leeds detail how they solved a 300-year-old riddle about which direction the center of</i> …

Beertown, U.S.A.: Chicago

Howells & Hood<p><b>The Windy City’s rebooted beer scene will blow you away.</b><p><i>By Zak Stambor</i><p>It was always odd that Chicago had so little beer. As San Diego …

Ice-blasting test proves that comet impacts can spark life’s ingredients

An artist's conception suggests how cometary impacts could produce amino acids.<p>Scientists fired steel balls into blocks of ice with a glorified BB gun to prove that cometary impacts could have created the chemical building blocks of life on ancient Earth. Or on the icy moons of Saturn and Jupiter, …

Imperial College London

Montana Duelling Dinosaurs could fetch $9m at auction

Fossil is remains of two dinosaurs – a herbivorous ceratopsian and a predator that may be a young T rex or a new species<p>They died about 67m years ago, locked in combat in what is now Hell Creek in Montana. Their entwined bodies were covered by layers of soil and rock, they decayed, became …

Is This Undersea Monster Really the World's Largest Volcano?

Scientists announced last week that they'd found the world's largest volcano. But with their discovery buried beneath the ocean, how do we know for sure?<p><b>The announcement last week set off a flurry</b> of news reports with headlines such as "Underwater volcano is Earth's biggest" and "The Largest …

Earth Science

Methane 17x higher in wells near fracking - Futurity

DUKE (US) — Researchers found high levels of leaked methane in well water collected near …

Life found in the sediments of an Antarctic subglacial lake for the first time

Evidence of diverse life forms dating back nearly a hundred thousand years has been found in subglacial lake sediments by a group of British …

Water hidden in the moon from proto-Earth?

Water found in ancient moon rocks might have actually originated from the proto-Earth and even survived the moon-forming event.<p>This research into the …

Bermuda Triangle 1817 Tsunami Triggered by Earthquake: Report

A Bermuda Triangle 1817 tsunami that tossed ships as far away as the Delaware River near Philadelphia was triggered by an earthquake.<p>At the time, …

Jurassic farce: scientists confirm that dinosaur DNA can't be pulled from amber fossils

In a crushing blow to <i>Jurassic Park</i> enthusiasts worldwide, the odds of successfully extracting genetic information from fossils preserved in amber appears to be downright nil. That's the verdict from a team of UK scientists who used highly sensitive sequencing techniques in an effort to detect …

Predicting a violent volcanic eruption before it happens

These researchers say that the monitoring of repeated slow oscillations in ground swelling and collapse is vital to understanding whether an eruption …

How to blow up a pterosaur

The air-filled bones of the pterosaurs are truly remarkable structures<p>Pick up comparably sized bones of a bird and a mammal, and the latter will weigh a lot more than the former. Both actually have hollow bones, but although the major bones of the tetrapods (the amphibians, reptiles, birds and …

'Rivers On Rolaids': How Acid Rain Is Changing Waterways

Something peculiar is happening to rivers and streams in large parts of the United States — the water's chemistry is changing. Scientists have found dozens of waterways that are becoming more alkaline. Alkaline is the opposite of acidic — think baking soda or Rolaids.<p>Research published in the …

Mount McKinley's Gotten Shorter Again

Could Alaska's Mount McKinley be in danger of developing a Napoleon complex?<p>Well, it's still said to be the tallest peak in North America, so perhaps it won't need to worry about its height just yet. But for the second time in recent decades, the mountain's been shortened.<p>This week's announcement …

Evolution's Clock Ticked Faster at the Dawn of Modern Animals

Five hundred thirty million years ago, the number and diversity of life forms on Earth mushroomed. This so-called Cambrian explosion kept Charles …

A Most Delightful Map

Think about this: You wake up in New York City, decide to go for a stroll, head east after breakfast, and a short time later, <i>still on foot,</i> you find yourself in Morocco. Three hundred million years ago, you could have done that! There was no civilization back then, no cities, no countries, no …

Epic flooding hitting the Boulder, Colorado area

The National Weather Service used the word “biblical” to describe ongoing flooding in Colorado. Many are evacuating as water levels rise.<p>A …

A Beer To Honor A Giant Electromagnet

Fermilab's Muon g-2 experiment required a 50-foot wide electromagnet. Which in turn required a celebratory brew.<p>When Chicago's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory celebrated the arrival of a delicate particle storage ring shipped across the country with the utmost care from the Brookhaven …

Alarming Satellite GIFs Show Russia's Extreme Flooding

The Russia-China border is practically a lake now.<p><i>LANCE/EOSDIS MODIS Rapid Response Team at NASA GSFC</i><p>Since mid-August, floods have plagued the Amur River region, the dividing line between eastern Russia and China. Chinese state media have called it the worst flooding in a century. Here's what the …

Moon’s near side is its dark side

Moon image via US Naval Observatory<p>Tonight – September 30, 2017 – see if you can make out the dark areas on tonight’s waxing gibbous moon. These …

Astronomy

Richard Dawkins: 'I don't think I am strident or aggressive'

Richard Dawkins is outspoken in denouncing religion. But what really drives him, he says, is the wonder, and truth, of Darwinism<p>On the top floor of Random House's offices in London, the world's number one thinker – according to <i>Prospect</i> magazine's annual poll – walks in from the roof terrace and …

Remote Antarctic Trek Reveals A Glacier Melting From Below

Scientists watching Antarctica's Pine Island Glacier from space have noticed with some alarm that it has been surging toward the sea.<p>If it were to melt entirely, global sea levels would rise by several feet.<p>The glacier is really, really remote. It's 1,800 miles from McMurdo, the U.S. base station …

Decoding Beer Labels: 5 Terms Every Beer Drinker Should Know

Last week, we looked at a collection of confounding brewing terms that were likely to befuddle the thirsty beginner. With a better hold on the language of brewing, it's time to move on to the language of marketing. When you're staring at a sixpack or bomber of beer at your local bottle shop, you …

5 Ballparks with Great Craft Beer

More<p>BEER!<p>We love it. And you've voted. See which is the best American beer city.<p>Baseball may be America's favorite pastime, but for many beer fans, being taken out to the ballgame has often meant being faced with a limited draft pick, flavor-wise. Luckily, growing popularity and interest in …

Cool Art for Beer Lovers: Single Hop Prints

More<p>BEER!<p>We love it. And you've voted. See which is the best American beer city.<p>Gifts for beer lovers are so often cheesy; there are only so many bear-shaped bottle openers a homebrewer needs. But if your favorite beer fanatic also has an eye for design (and a little bit of empty wall space), you …