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New link found between sex and viruses

Sexual reproduction and viral infections actually have a lot in common.<p>According to new research, both processes rely on a single protein that …

Biology

Street lights, parks, and public transportation associated with lower youth homicide rates

Street lighting, illuminated walk/don’t walk signs, painted crosswalks, public transportation, community parks, and maintained vacant lots are …

Transit

Who sweats more: Men or women?

Sex differences in heat loss responses are dependent on body size and not sex, meaning that larger individuals sweat more than smaller ones during …

Australian Universities

Early surgery can increase risk for some uterine cancer patients, Penn study finds

Delaying surgery after a diagnosis of uterine cancer can increase a women’s risk of death, but operating too soon can be just as detrimental for …

Cancer

Top professional performance through psychopathy

The term “psychopath” is not flattering: such people are considered cold, manipulative, do not feel any remorse and seek thrills without any fear — …

Psychology

Brain scars in multiple sclerosis patients reveal possible cause of taste problems, Penn study shows

Taste deficits appear to be more prevalent among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients than previously reported and correlate with brain lesions left by …

Medicine

New type-2 diabetes therapy proves better than traditional insulin injections

More than two-thirds of all type-2 diabetes patients do not achieve good control of their disease with the first-line medication metformin combined …

Diabetes

'Morning people' self-sabotage less at night, 'night owls' less at sunrise

A study by psychological researchers at Indiana University shows that people are more likely to undermine their performance at stressful tasks when …

Psychology

Cardiovascular side effects of breast cancer drug

A receptor protein that is the target of the breast cancer drug trastuzumab (Herceptin) is needed for proper heart blood-vessel development, reported …

Cancer

Is back pain killing us?

The 600,000 older Australians who suffer from back pain have a 13 per cent increased risk of dying from any cause, University of Sydney research has …

Getting rid of the last bits of sulfur in fuel

Scientists, led by a team at Caltech, have developed a new method for potentially removing nearly all sulfur compounds from gas and diesel …

Chemistry

New pop-up strategy inspired by cuts, not folds

Origami-inspired materials use folds in materials to embed powerful functionality. However, all that folding can be pretty labor intensive.<p>Now, …

Science

Interactive health apps may inspire healthy behaviors, but watch the tone

Just like real doctors and nurses, online health tools with good — but controlled — communication skills can promote healthier lifestyles, according …

Health

38,000-year-old engravings confirm ancient origins of technique used by Seurat, Van Gogh

A newly discovered trove of 16 engraved and otherwise modified limestone blocks, created 38,000 years ago, confirms the ancient origins of the …

Vincent Van Gogh

Regular aerobic exercise beginning in middle age may lessen severity of stroke in old age

The network of blood vessels (collateral circulation) shrinks in number and diameter as the brain ages. Collateral circulation allows blood flow to …

Longevity

The dawn of a new era for Supernova 1987a

Three decades ago, astronomers spotted one of the brightest exploding stars in more than 400 years.<p>The titanic supernova, called Supernova 1987A (SN …

Maths and maps make you nervous? It could be in your genes

Our genes play a significant role in how anxious we feel when faced with spatial and mathematical tasks, such as reading a map or solving a geometry …

Anxiety

Many patients receive prescription opioids during treatment for opioid addiction

<i>The majority continue to receive opioid prescriptions after buprenorphine treatment</i><p>More than two in five people receiving buprenorphine, a drug …

Widely used kidney cancer drugs might not stop recurrence, study shows

Two widely used targeted therapy drugs approved by the FDA for the treatment of metastatic kidney cancer—sorafenib and sunitinib—are no more …

A prescription with legs!

<i>A written step-count prescription from your physician can actually make you healthier.</i><p>A study from the RI-MUHC shows that physician-delivered step …

Last year's El Niño waves battered California shore to unprecedented degree

Last winter’s El Niño may have felt weak to residents of Southern California, but it was one of the most powerful weather events of the last 145 …

Untreated late effects of breast cancer care might increase depression and anxiety among survivors, Penn study shows

Treatment advances have increased the five-year survival rate for breast cancer to 90 percent.<p>But, for many of the 2.8 million survivors in the …

Cancer

Neanderthal DNA contributes to human gene expression

The last Neanderthal died 40,000 years ago, but much of their genome lives on, in bits and pieces, through modern humans.<p>The impact of Neanderthals’ …

Long-term stress linked to higher levels of obesity, hair samples show

People who suffer long-term stress may also be more prone to obesity, according to research by scientists at UCL.<p>The research examined hair samples …

Obesity

Warming temperatures could trigger starvation, extinctions in deep oceans

Researchers from 20 of the world’s leading oceanographic research centers today warned that the world’s largest habitat – the deep ocean floor – may …

Oceans

Drugs similar to aspirin, ibuprofen could help treat sepsis

A potentially life-saving treatment for sepsis has been under our noses for decades in the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) most people …

Medicine

Common prostate cancer treatment tied to dementia, study shows

A common hormone therapy to treat prostate cancer may double a man’s risk of dementia, regardless of his age, Penn Medicine researchers reported in a …

Cancer

The brightest, furthest pulsar in the Universe

ESA’s XMM-Newton has found a pulsar – the spinning remains of a once-massive star – that is a thousand times brighter than previously thought …

Fasting-mimicking diet may reverse diabetes

A diet designed to imitate the effects of fasting appears to reverse diabetes by reprogramming cells, a new USC-led study shows.<p>The fasting-like diet …

A form of genetically elevated "good" cholesterol may actually be bad

The generally accepted medical maxim that elevated HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) is “good” has been overturned by a multi-center, international …