Homefront Heroines

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The Marines Didn’t Think Women Belonged in the Infantry. She’s Proving Them Wrong.

MOUNT BUNDEY TRAINING AREA, Australia — First Lt. Marina A. Hierl watched a dozen Marines charge toward human silhouettes made of paper atop a nearby hill. Despite the early hour, the troops’ armored vests and camouflage uniforms were soaked with sweat. She stood back as they scrambled up the rocky …

Military

Not a Moment Too Soon: Iris Origo’s War Diary

It’s almost impossible to imagine a better time to read “A Chill in the Air: An Italian War Diary, 1939–1940,” by Iris Origo, which is being published this week by New York Review Books. And, if there ever is a better time, it won’t be one we want to live in. Trenchant, intelligent, and written …

Literature

How Soviet troops taunted the Nazis during their final drive to Berlin in World War II

The violence of the final weeks of World War II on Europe's Eastern Front was matched only by its chaos, as exhausted and outmanned German forces withered under attacks from well-equipped and highly motivated Soviet troops.<p>The front line became more fluid, with Soviet forces quickly enveloping Nazi …

World History

56 Incredible Colorized Photos That Revived 'Russia During WWI'

These incredible photos were colorized by Olga that show Russia during World War One.<br>Shell hole, 1914<br>Colonel Grigory Kuchin, 1914<br>General Aleksei …

Naomi Parker Fraley, the Real Rosie the Riveter, Dies at 96

Unsung for seven decades, the real Rosie the Riveter was a California waitress named Naomi Parker Fraley.<p>Over the years, a welter of American women have been identified as the model for Rosie, the war worker of 1940s popular culture who became a feminist touchstone in the late 20th century.<p>Mrs. …

Bit by bit, Trump is taking apart the New Deal’s glorious legacy | Heather Richardson

With huge tax cuts projected to create a $1.5tn deficit, cuts to social security and Medicare will surely follow<p>Since January, there have been frightening signs that America is becoming an oligarchy overseen by a dictator. From the first, Donald Trump has followed an authoritarian playbook, …

Donald Trump

The Secret World War II History Hidden in London's Fences

In South London, the remains of the UK’s World War II history are visible in an unlikely place—one that you might pass by regularly and never take a …

Behind-the-Scenes Look Into the Boudoir Community

Ever wonder what happens during a boudoir photography retreat that is aimed to educate those to be the best in the business? The top photographers …

100 Years Since Her Execution, Was Mata Hari a Sexy Spy or a Sexy Scapegoat?

At nearly every turn, Margaretha Zelle MacLeod made the wrong choices. Yet she managed to create a persona that continues to dance on the crowded …

Calhoun Who? Yale Drops Name of Slavery Advocate for Computer Pioneer

NEW HAVEN — In a dining hall at Yale University, the portrait of an avid proponent of slavery has been replaced with a shield depicting a heraldic dolphin.<p>On Tuesday, beneath the dolphin’s fearsome eye, Yale’s president and the Navy’s chief of operations will make speeches, a chaplain will offer a …

The strange and stylish uniforms of WWII servicewomen

War fashion<p>Dress for battle.<p>In World War II, women in Allied countries served their nations in numerous roles, both on the homefront and in the …

‘None of them came back’: Remembering the Battle of Midway, 75 years later

In December, the United States observed the 75th anniversary of Pearl Harbor, which brought America into World War II. In the coming months, we will remember battles great and small and the sacrifices of hundreds of thousands of service members in that tremendous struggle. This week marks the 75th …

War Hero’s Family Suing in Its Decades-Long Fight to Identify Remains

In the early days of World War II, a baby-faced West Point graduate with a rifle in one hand and a tommy gun in the other made a one-man attack in the Philippines against the invading Japanese that altered the course of the war.<p>Jumping from foxhole to foxhole in the jungle, he downed enemies with …

For Army Infantry’s 1st Women, Heavy Packs and the Weight of History

FORT BENNING, Ga. — The first group of women graduated from United States Army infantry training last week, but with soldiers obscured by body armor, camouflage face paint and smoke grenades, it was almost impossible to distinguish the mixed-gender squads in the steamy woods from those of earlier …

Are the Dutch Lagging in Efforts to Return Art Looted by the Nazis?

Deventer, The Netherlands — The small boy, all in white, lies still, his tiny hands cupped together, his eyes serenely shut. A wooden torch lies across the bedsheets, its flame conspicuously snuffed out.<p>This striking painting, “Little Boy on His Deathbed,” by the 17th-century Dutch master …

Florence Finch, Unsung War Hero Who Took On Japanese, Dies at 101

Florence Finch was an atypical hometown hero. For nearly 50 years after World War II, virtually no one outside of her family knew that she was a highly decorated Coast Guard veteran and a former prisoner of war whose exploits had been buried in time.<p>“Women don’t tell war stories like men do,” her …

Anne Frank Who? Museums Combat Ignorance About the Holocaust

AMSTERDAM — “She hid Jews?”<p>Aleatha Hinds, 17, ventured a guess about Anne Frank’s identity as she waited in line for two hours recently to enter the museum devoted to that world-famous diarist, who hid with her family in a secret annex for 25 months during World War II.<p>“No, no, no!” replied several …

There Are Museums for Spies and Bigfoot. Now There Will Be One for Women, Too.

The New-York Historical Society’s Center for Women’s History will open its doors this spring, a season many expected to spend settling into life with the United States’ first female president.<p>Instead, the country finds itself in a different moment, one that brought millions of people to women’s …

startwithsunset:

Jon Whitcomb (1906–1988)

How World War I Revolutionized Medicine

Advances during the “first mass killing of the 20th century” have saved countless lives since.<p>When World War I broke out in France, in August 1914, getting a wounded soldier from the battlefield to a hospital required horse-drawn wagons or mules with baskets on either side. Incapacitated soldiers …

Remembrance Day

Vera Rubin, 88, Dies; Opened Doors in Astronomy, and for Women

Vera Rubin, who transformed modern physics and astronomy with her observations showing that galaxies and stars are immersed in the gravitational grip of vast clouds of dark matter, died on Sunday in Princeton, N.J. She was 88.<p>Her death was announced by the Carnegie Institution of Washington, where …

Ladies Who Launch: Women Who Opened the Door to Space Exploration

<b>THE GLASS UNIVERSE</b><b><br>How the Ladies of the Harvard Observatory Took the Measure of the Stars</b><br>By Dava Sobel<br>Illustrated. 324 pp. Viking. $30.<p><b>HIDDEN FIGURES</b><b><br>The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race</b><br>By Margot Lee Shetterly<br>346 pp. William …

Women of Color

Why the Nazis studied American race laws for inspiration

On 5 June, 1934, about a year and half after Adolf Hitler became Chancellor of the Reich, the leading lawyers of Nazi Germany gathered at a meeting …

Here's what President Roosevelt said to his Cabinet after the attack on Pearl Harbor

Seventy-five years ago, to the day, President Franklin D. Roosevelt ushered his Cabinet into his study for what he deemed the "most important" Cabinet meeting since the onset of the Civil War in 1861.<p>Pearl Harbor, a naval base in Hawaii, had just been attacked by the Japanese, hastening the US …

Pearl Harbor

Forbidden Photos Reveal What Life In Hawaii Was Like After Pearl Harbor

Things were never the same after Dec. 7, 1941.<p>It’s no secret that the Dec. 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor, which killed more than 2,000 Americans, changed the course of history for the United States and the rest of the world.<p>But it also dramatically altered the identity of the island paradise of …

Pearl Harbor

Pictures of the Second World War that look like they were taken yesterday

When Marina Amaral looks at a black-and-white photograph, she doesn’t see 50 shades of grey. She sees the true colours of the scene captured by the photographer – sometimes more than a century ago – and she sets about recreating them.<p>Amaral is a 22-year-old Brazilian artist whose digital …

9 WWII Novels Beyond Europe's Shores

By Erin Flaaen | Off the Shelf<p>With readers around the world embracing novels like <i>Gone to Soldiers</i>, <i>The Nightingale</i>, and <i>Everyone Brave Is Forgiven</i>, it's clear that I'm not the only one who loves stunning and beautiful World War II fiction. Several months ago, I read <i>All the Light We Cannot See</i> by …

Books

Walker Evans’s Typology of the American Worker

As a young man, Walker Evans wanted to be a writer. And though he later made a living, for a short period, penning reviews for <i>Time</i>, he retired his loftier ambitions early, after a failed stint in Paris in the nineteen-twenties, where he’d hoped to prove his worth. It’s often said that Evans went on …

Walker Evans