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Study takes new look at gun access and risk of homicide, suicide

People who have ready access to a firearm are almost twice as likely to be killed and three times likelier to commit suicide than those without a gun available in the home or from a neighbor or friend, a new study has concluded.<p>Though men and women with firearm access were about equally likely to …

Jet lag and night shifts disrupt rhythm of hundreds of genes, study shows

Researchers have found evidence that jet lag causes "profound disruption" to more than 1,000 genes, including many that are normally drawn upon to maintain, repair and protect the body.<p>The findings might help to explain why people with jet lag feel so miserable, with ailments ranging from nausea …

New class of drugs may help herpes sufferers - Futurity

A potential new drug for genital herpes may reduce outbreaks and possibly limit the likelihood of transmitting the virus.

How the Brain Creates Personality: A New Theory

Are you a mover, a perceiver, a stimulator, or an adapter? Modes of thinking can be understood in terms of how the top and bottom—rather than right and left—parts of the brain interact.<p>It is possible to examine any object—including a brain—at different levels. Take the example of a building. If we …

Male and Female Brains Really Are Built Differently

The hemispheres of women's brains are more interconnected. Does that matter?<p>Ready your knowing smirk, because here comes a scientific gem that’s sure to enliven even the dullest of holiday parties.<p>By analyzing the MRIs of 949 people aged 8 to 22, scientists at the University of Pennsylvania found …

RNA's Secret Life Outside the Cell

For decades, researchers have been finding DNA and its sister, RNA, circulating in the body, outside the safe interior of cells where these molecules …

Body Mass Index: the dieters’ bogeyman discovered by a Belgian astronomer-mathematician

The Body Mass Index (BMI) has lots of critics, but is still widely used by dieters and health care providers; discovered in 1832 this ratio was supposed to be part of the most objective analysis of human society and behaviour possible.<p>Average Men and Normal Curves<p>Next time someone thinks they’re …

Heavy drinking linked to early onset of memory decline in men

UCL study on recall and thinking finds cognition worsening in middle-age drinkers up to six years earlier than normal<p>Men who are habitual heavy drinkers, downing more than two pints of beer every day, are likely to start having the sort of memory lapses, that are commonly associated with ageing, up …

Gene therapy partially restores vision in rare blindness disorder

Oxford trial that improved vision in choroideremia raises hopes gene therapy may be applied to common causes of blindness<p>Two men with progressive blindness have regained some of their vision after taking part in the first clinical trial of a gene therapy for the condition.<p>The men were among six …

Music to your ears? How to prevent heart failure

A Cochrane Collaboration review suggests that music might benefit heart patients. To entrepreneurial scientists this sounds like an unrivalled opportunity<p>Just before Christmas I told you about the discovery that the brain shrinks during sleep, allowing it to get rid of all those nasty toxins it …

Anish Kapoor's blow-up concert hall bringing music to tsunami-hit Japan

Three years after the tsunami Anish Kapoor hopes to revitalise the worst-affected parts of Japan by staging world-class music inside his new inflatable concert hall.<p>The doors were about to open for the concert to begin. There were perhaps 500 people outside, chattering politely as ushers handed out …

Australian Open 2014, Andy Murray v Vincent Millot: live

Follow build-up and game-by-game commentary of the Australian Open second-round match between Andy Murray and Vincent Millot at Melbourne Park on Thursday January 16, 2014.<p><b>MURRAY BEATS MILLOT 6-2, 6-2, 7-5 TO REACH THIRD ROUND</b><p><b>WRAP:</b> Murray opened up against Millot seemingly carrying on where he left …

No pain, no gain? Getting the most out of exercise

Staying in shape has all sorts of benefits, from maintaining heart health to warding off dementia and cancer<p><b>I</b>nactivity – fuelled by cars and a sedentary work life – has been dubbed the biggest public health problem of the 21st century, a global pandemic with dramatic impact on peoples wellbeing. …

Talking Flu? Best To Mind Your H’s & N’s

As expected this flu season, the media is rife with regaling reports on influenza virus and that hygiene and vaccination are critical to avoid infection. In most years, there are only one or two types worth mentioning, namely H1N1 and H3N2. This year, however, reports of a variety of viruses, …

Syrian violence brings polio vaccinations to a halt

Ongoing unrest puts an estimated 100,000 children at risk, as aid groups appeal for greater access<p>Ongoing violence in Syria has hindered an international campaign to administer polio vaccines to thousands of children, just months after experts confirmed the country's first polio cases in more than …

Simpler diagnosis of coeliac disease: Australian scientists devise new test

Blood test will do away with the need for people to eat gluten for weeks before a diagnosis can be made, says lead researcher<p>Australian scientists have made progress towards a blood test that could dramatically simplify the diagnosis of coeliac disease.<p>The test will do away with the need for people …

With India On Board, Southeast Asia Could Soon Be Declared Polio-Free

India celebrates three years since its last recorded polio case today, marking an anniversary that could mean the disease is no longer endemic to Southeast Asia.<p>Three years ago today, India reported its last case of polio. Five years ago, the country was home to nearly half of the world's cases of …

Hidden universe of fish biofluorescence revealed

Scientists discover hidden biofluorescent universe on coral reefs with the use of cameras equipped with special light filters.<p>Among vibrantly colored …