周肺文

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Quitting sugar "changed my brain"

Michael Grothaus quit sugar, soon regretted it, but came through after a week or so.<p>By the end of Day 4, I would have sold my dog for a brownie. The …

Gene therapy rescues dying cells in the brains of Alzheimer's patients

New clinical trial data suggest that nerve growth factor gene therapy is safe for extended periods of time<p>An experimental gene therapy reduces the rate at which nerve cells in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients degenerate and die, according to new results from a small clinical trial, published in …

7 cognitive biases that screw up your interviews

So while we'd like to believe that our interviewers are immune to the psychological pitfalls that could cause them to misjudge us, they're probably not.<p>Instead, they're prone to do things like predict our professional performance based on the performance of similar people they know.<p>Here, we've …

Critical Thinking

How to Change Your Mind: The Science of Breaking Habits

Everything you do, think and feel is the result of one powerful organ -- your brain. The conductor of consciousness, the author of your story, the frontier of your future -- whatever name you want to call it, it's important to recognize the vital role your brain plays in directing your life.<p>Your …

Scientists Scanned A Woman's Brain During An Out-Of-Body Experience — And What They Found Was Amazing

It may sound like the plot of the Twilight Zone, but a psychology graduate student at the University of Ottawa says she can voluntarily enter an …

Near death, explained

New science is shedding light on what really happens during out-of-body experiences — with shocking results.<p>In 1991, Atlanta-based singer and songwriter Pam Reynolds felt extremely dizzy, lost her ability to speak, and had difficulty moving her body. A CAT scan showed that she had a giant artery …

Sleep's memory role discovered

<b>The mechanism by which a good night's sleep improves learning and memory has been discovered by scientists.</b><p>The team in China and the US used advanced microscopy to witness new connections between brain cells - synapses - forming during sleep.<p>Their study, published in the journal Science, showed …

The Neuroscientist Who Wants To Upload Humanity To A Computer

Randal Koene is recruiting top neuroscientists to help him make humans live forever<p>Everything felt possible at Transhuman Visions 2014, a conference in February billed as a forum for visionaries to "describe our fast-approaching, brilliant, and bizarre future." Inside an old waterfront military …

What Makes a Human Brain Unique

Neuroscientists have identified an area of the brain that might give the human mind its unique abilities, including language. The area lit up in …

Humanity

Map Of The Developing Human Brain Shows Where Problems Begin

A high-resolution map of the human brain in utero is providing hints about the origins of brain disorders including schizophrenia and autism.<p>The map shows where genes are turned on and off throughout the entire brain at about the midpoint of pregnancy, a time when critical structures are taking …

Brain Size and Intelligence

I was recently asked about the relationship between brain size and intelligence. This is a question I get every now and then, because the …

Evidence-Based Medicine

The Science of Near-Death Experiences

Empirically investigating brushes with the afterlife<p>Near-death experiences have gotten a lot of attention lately. The 2014 movie <i>Heaven Is for Real</i>, about a young boy who told his parents he had visited heaven while he was having emergency surgery, grossed a respectable $91 million in the United …

How the Brain Switches Strategies to Find Better Solutions

<b>Sometimes being too focused on a task is not a good thing.</b><p>During tasks that require our attention, we might become so engrossed in what we are doing …

Neuroscience

What Happens Inside a Dying Mind?

What makes a person believe that he visited heaven? Is there a way for science to get at what’s really going on? In the April 2015 issue of the Atlantic, Gideon Lichfield mounts an empirical investigation of near-death experiences, concluding that more rigorous research must be pursued to …

Empiricism

Huge Brain Scan Database is Revealing Secrets of the Mind

<i>Karen Lazo, multimedia intern at the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF), contributed this article to Live Science's</i> <i>Expert Voices: Op-Ed & …

Humanity

Mayim Bialik Answers 13 Unbelievably Ridiculous Questions About The Human Brain

The Big Bang Theory and Blossom star has a Ph.D. in neuroscience, BECAUSE WHY NOT?!

Scientists have made the first fully functional artificial human brain cells

But there is more to the idea behind this synthetic neuron than simply proving that it can be done. The team reckons that in the future, it might be possible to actually use these devices in patients to replace damaged nerves, for example, to help treat injury or disease. They may also have a place …

Neuroscience

Scientists discover brain's anti-distraction system

"Our results show clearly that this is only one part of the equation and that active suppression of the irrelevant objects is another important part."<p>…

Schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder have more in common than previously thought

The genes that increase a person's risk of developing psychiatric illnesses work together in the body, geneticists say<p>Schizophrenia, depression, and bipolar disorder have more in common than previously thought. Not only are they linked through shared genes, the genetic mutations associated with …

Scientists Rediscover A Part Of The Brain That Was Forgotten For 100 Years

In 2012, researchers made note of a pathway in a region of the brain associated with reading, but "we couldn't find it in any atlas," said Jason Yeatman, a research scientist at the University of Washington's Institute for Learning and Brain Sciences. "We'd thought we had discovered a new pathway …

The Brain

20 Ways to Supercharge Your Ability to Learn

Chris Pecoraro—Getty Images<p>Sam Edwards—Getty Images/Caiaimage<p>Jetta Productions—Getty Images<p>by nacoki ( MEDIA ARC )—Getty Images/Flickr RF<p>Reza …