Neuro

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Childhood Music Training Induces Change in Micro and Macroscopic Brain Structure: Results from a Longitudinal Study | Cerebral Cortex

Several studies comparing adult musicians and nonmusicians have shown that music training is associated with structural brain differences. It is not …

The Brain

See these first-of-a-kind views of living human nerve cells

The human brain is teeming with diversity. By plucking out delicate, live tissue during neurosurgery and then studying the resident cells, …

Neuroscience

Counselling doesn't work in the long term

Person-centred counselling is one of the most popular treatments for mental health problems. Often just shortened to “counselling”, the approach …

Mental Health

Breathing pure oxygen could repair brain damage years after a concussion

Brain Repair<p>Researchers have revisited hyperbolic oxygen sessions as a possible treatment for brain damage sustained after a concussion. According to …

The Brain

How Conjoined Twins Are Making Scientists Question the Concept of Self

“When they were about a year and a half,” says Felicia Hogan, “we got told it was impossible to separate them without harming or killing one.” Her …

Neurophilosophy

Here's How Space Travel Changes the Brain

Astronauts on long-duration missions experienced changes to their brain's structure after returning from space.<p>In addition, the scans showed that 94 percent of the astronauts on long-duration missions had a narrowing of their brain's central sulcus, a groove near the top of the brain that separates …

The Brain

How a hormone could boost men's sexual appetite

Anxiety can be a driving force for sexual dysfunction in men. A new study reveals that there may be an effective treatment for both, in the form of a …

Neuroscience

Scientists find key to unwanted thoughts

<b>Have you ever wanted to stop ruminating on something and just been unable to?</b><p>Scientists could have the secret. They have identified a chemical in the brain's "memory" region that allows us to suppress unwanted thoughts.<p>The discovery may help explain why some people can't shift persistent intrusive …

The Brain

Researchers watch video images people are seeing, decoded from their fMRI brain scans in near-real-time

Purdue Engineering researchers have developed a system that can show what people are seeing in real-world videos, decoded from their fMRI brain scans …

The Brain

Everyone touts the amazing benefits of mindfulness — but it's not what we think it is, and we don't really know how it works

You've probably heard of mindfulness. These days, it's everywhere, like many ideas and practices drawn from Buddhist texts that have become part of mainstream Western culture.<p>But a review published today in the journal Perspectives on Psychological Science shows the hype is ahead of the …

Mindfulness

Hacking Brain Waves Can Give You an Instant Cognitive Boost, Says Study

"Like three cups of coffee without the jitters."<p>Artificially getting activity in certain parts of the brain to sync up can provide a small mental …

The Brain

Scientists discover neuronal effects of psychedelic drugs using human minibrains

Parsing Out Psychedelics<p>New research using human minibrains has revealed that a hallucinogenic compound known as 5-MeO-DMT triggers changes in …

Neuroscience

Does the Sound of Noisy Eating Drive You Mad? Here’s Why

<i>This article originally appeared on Time.com</i><p>If you’ve ever been tempted to confront someone slurping their soup in a restaurant, or if a person …

Neuroscience

Bacteria Use Brainlike Bursts of Electricity to Communicate

Bacteria have an unfortunate—and inaccurate—public image as isolated cells twiddling about on microscope slides. The more that scientists learn about …

Depression is a physical illness which could be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs, scientists suggest

Depression could be treated using anti-inflammatory drugs, scientists now believe, after determining that it is a physical illness caused by a faulty immune system.<p>Around one in 13 people in Britain suffers from anxiety or depression and last year the NHS issued 64.7 million prescriptions for …

Medicine

'Bad habit' neurons identified

Be it smoking, late-night snacking, or nail biting, our bad habits get the best of us despite our efforts to break them. But could there be a single …

Nerve fibers regenerated with molecular mix

Scientists may have found a way to regrow axons - a crucial part of a neuron also known as a nerve fiber - after injury. The findings may help …

Neuroscience

Scientists Are Finally Set to Mass-Produce The Active Compound Found in Magic Mushrooms

Psilocybin for everrrrybody!<p>For nearly 60 years scientists have known the chemical responsible for magic mushrooms' psychedelic reputation is a …

Magic Mushrooms

How video games affect the brain

Video gaming is clearly a popular form of entertainment, with video gamers collectively spending 3 billion hours per week in front of their screens. …

The Brain

Carbon Nanotubes Found to Be a Safe Bet For Reconnecting Neurons

Best hope of repairing injured spines.<p>Scientists have integrated carbon nanotubes in neurons to control growth and restore lost electrical …

This Is Why Weed Gives You the Munchies

We don't need science to tell us that getting stoned and getting the munchies tend to go hand in hand—but a team of neuroscientists may have discovered the exact reason why weed can make you can tear through a pile of junk food.<p><b>This article originally appeared on MUNCHIES in February 2015.</b><p>If you've …

Cannabis

"Mind reading" technology can now decode complex thoughts

In the past, "mind reading" systems have been able to guess what single-digit number a person might be thinking of, but deeper thoughts have been …

The Brain

Could Prozac be a treatment for children with autism?

After drinking mother’s milk spiked with the antidepressant Prozac for 19 days, infant mice bred to mimic the distinctive behaviors and brain abnormalities seen in autism experienced dramatic improvements in their social interactions, communication patterns and a wide range of neurochemical …

Autism

The brain may learn by building 11-dimensional "sandcastles"

We're all familiar with four dimensions – height, width, depth and time – but according to theoretical physics, the universe could be composed of as …

Being a CEO Can Cause Brain Damage, According to Scientists

Psychologists and neuroscientists agree that the ongoing exercise of power can damage your brain as badly as a serious head injury.<p>I've interviewed probably a hundred CEOs and, with few exceptions, my observation has been "the bigger the company, the bigger the jerk." CEOs, especially in big …

The Brain

Revolutionary Discovery About the Human Brain Could Lead to Second-Gen AI

Teaching Individual Neurons<p>The Neurophysiology department at the University of Lund has discovered that individual neurons can be taught patterns …

New form of deep brain stimulation spares the surgery

Although deep brain stimulation is effective at treating conditions such as Parkinson's disease, obsessive compulsive disorder, epilepsy, and …

Chronic nerve pain: Sensory neurons switch roles to transmit pain signals

Breaking research, published in the journal <i>Science</i>, demonstrates that touch-sensitive nerves switch teams and generate pain in chronic pain …

Pain

Your Brain Will Start To Eat Itself After Chronic Sleep Deprivation

"Think about how difficult focusing and reasoning becomes after a night spent awake"<p>Workaholics who regularly pull all-nighters aren’t just burning …