Ismail Vawda

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Biology

Study finds possible alternative explanation for dark energy

(Phys.org)—Dark energy is an unknown form of energy that is proposed to drive the accelerated expansion of the universe. A new study by University of …

Study narrows down genetic suspects in autism

Researchers have narrowed down the list of genes implicated in autism spectrum disorder, and they appear to point toward a part of the brain that has largely been overlooked.<p>Most research into the genetic roots of autism, a highly heritable disorder that affects about 1 in 68 children, starts with …

What Your "Working Memory" Does (and How to Give It a Tune-Up)

Working memory is like your brain's scratch pad, managing information as you go about your day. But our routine deluge of information can make us …

Why String Theory Still Offers Hope We Can Unify Physics

In October 1984 I arrived at Oxford University, trailing a large steamer trunk containing a couple of changes of clothing and about five dozen …

Will religion ever disappear?

Atheism is on the rise around the world, so does that mean spirituality will soon be a thing of the past? Rachel Nuwer discovers that the answer is far from simple.<p>A growing number of people, millions worldwide, say they believe that life definitively ends at death – that there is no God, no …

Religion

The best medicine books of 2014

Today’s “best of” list are my choices of books published in 2014 that focus on the topics of human biology, psychology and medicine.<p>Today’s list of “best of” are my choices of books published in 2014 that focus on the topics of human biology, psychology and medicine. This genre always produces a …

Genes tell story of birdsong and human speech

His office is filled with all sorts of bird books, but Duke neuroscientist Erich Jarvis didn't become an expert on the avian family tree because of …

3D maps find 'loops' in human genome - Futurity

The first high-resolution, 3D maps of entire folded genomes reveal a structural basis for gene regulation—a kind of "genomic origami."

Genetics

How should researchers define 'shame'? - Futurity

Words for emotions tend to be vague, even in science. A new study takes the first steps toward common definitions.

Research

With Rocket Blown Up, Orbital Sciences Hitches A Ride To Space

While the Antares rocket is in the shop, the Atlas V will bring Orbital Sciences to the ISS<p>In October, private spaceflight company Orbital Sciences suffered a major setback when its Antares rocket exploded shortly after launching from Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. Orbital's investigations …

Have scientists found first sign of Dark Matter?

A signal picked up by Dutch and Swiss scientists is thought to be the first phsical evidence of Dark Matter<p>It was first theorised more than 70 years ago, but after decades of searching, scientists believe they have seen the first sign of elusive Dark Matter.<p>Researchers have picked up unexpected …

Dark Matter

Life on Earth could have started with comet impact, scientists prove

Scientists have shown that molecules found in comets can break down into the building blocks of our DNA when under great heat and pressure<p>Scientists have long believed that comets may have seeded Earth with the building blocks of life.<p>They theorised that around four billion years ago our planet was …

The strange case of the man with two hearts

When a man was fitted with a new heart, his mind changed in unusual ways. Why? The answer reveals a surprising truth about all our bodies, says David Robson.<p>Every second or so, Carlos would feel a small “bump” hitting his tummy. It was the beating of his “second heart”.<p>The small mechanical pump was …

Psychology

Do kids inherit grit when parents survive trauma? - Futurity

Experiments with mice suggest how the beneficial effects of stress and trauma can be passed from one generation to the next.

The Brain

Relentless blitz of small space rocks erased much of Earth’s primordial atmosphere

The inevitable question arises: What replaced the atmosphere? It’s possible the same impactors that ejected the atmosphere also introduced new …

Small Spaces

Eat within 12-hour window to lose weight, say scientists

Simply sticking to a 12-hour eating window could be the key to losing weight without restricting calories<p>Dieters hoping to shed the pounds should watch the clock as much as their calories after scientists discovered that limiting the hours we eat stops weight gain.<p>Confining meals to a 12 hour …

Circumcision cited as defense against HIV in proposed CDC guidelines

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has released proposed guidance on circumcision that says the surgical procedure would help straight men in the United States reduce their risk of becoming infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.<p>"Given the urgency of the HIV epidemic in the …

8 Ways You Can See Einstein's Theory of Relativity in Real Life

Photo Credit: Keystone/Hulton Archive/Getty<p>Slide 1 of 15<p>Profound implications<p>Relativity is one of the most famous scientific theories of the 20th …

10 Reasons Our Universe Might Actually Be Virtual Reality

Physical realism is the view that the physical world we see is real and exists by itself, alone. Most people think this is self-evident, but physical …

Quantum Mechanics

Our Ability To Digest Alcohol May Have Been Key To Our Survival

As we're sipping away on a glass of stout or Merlot, we probably take for granted our ability to digest the alcohol in the drink. Alcohol, or dietary ethanol (as scientists like to call it), is technically a toxin — imbibing too much can lead to a hangover and even poisoning, of course.<p>But thanks …

How galaxies evolve in the cosmic web

Galaxies in thread-like filaments within the cosmic web have a much higher chance of actively forming stars. So galaxy evolution was accelerated in …

Universe

Brain study uncovers new clues on how cues may affect memory

A new study from the UT Dallas Center for Vital Longevity shows that the brain activity prior to seeing an item is related to how well it is later …

Earth has its own 'Star Trek'-like force field, study suggests

The University of Colorado Boulder has announced a discovery 7,200 miles above Earth of a protective shield similar to the force fields you might see in "Star Trek."<p>The discovery of this barrier in the Van Allen radiation belts suggests a new explanation for how "killer electrons" are held at bay. …

Here's Why The Night Sky Is Dark Even Though Jillions Of Stars Are Shining Light Our Way

There are <i>a lot</i> of stars out there--an estimated 70 billion trillion. With so many stars beaming their light our way, it seems only logical that the night sky would be as bright as day.<p>This is the essence of the so-called dark night sky paradox, also known as Olbers' paradox after German astronomer …