Ching HUNG

174 Flips | 3 Magazines | 9 Likes | 18 Followers | @hungching1982 | Ph.D. candidate & columnist in philosophy of technology and STS, based in the Netherlands and Taiwan.

The Water We Swim In: A Need to Look at Causes as Well as Effects. - Areo

There are these two young fish swimming along and they happen to meet an older fish swimming the other way, who nods at them and says “Morning, boys. …

End the “Green” Delusions: Industrial-scale Renewable Energy is Fossil Fuel+

Renewable energy is not the solution we think it is. We have inherited the bad/good energy dichotomy of fossil fuels versus renewable energy, a …

Renewable Energy

「果粉」與他們的產地:Apple是一個品牌,還是一種信仰?|史考特.蓋洛威(Scott Galloway)/獨評讀好書|獨立評論

請把鑰匙還給櫃台:物律如何幫上忙

大眾的行為多半依循法律或他律(群體道德壓力),但有一種或隱或顯的規範力量值得考慮:物律。設計能夠導引人們行動的技術產品——行為嚮導技術——則是物律最好的是實踐。怎麼運用這種思路呢?<br>讓我們來做個想像力練習。假設你是新上任的旅館經理,發現旅館的營運有個大問題:客房鑰匙常常湊不齊全,因為旅客要不就是出門觀 …

技術物有道德嗎?物件設計與道德行為

人們的行動總是受到技術影響,不論是助推(nudge)理論或近年的技術哲學都有類似看法(這也是本專欄一直以來的主題)。技術一方面影響人們如何認識世界,一方面導引人們如何作為。不論哪種層面,技術最終都形塑了人們的行為(behavior)。道德,正是人類各種行為中最常見與被討論的領域。<br>技術能夠直接塑造人們 …

超越贊成與反對:看待性愛機器人的新視角|社技哲學.TECHNOSOPHY

2018-08-22<p>科技與社會 媒體刊登<p>我們要不要接受性愛機器人(sexbots)呢?有人贊成,有人反對,兩派針鋒相對。<p>也許一開始就問錯了問題。應該問的是:<b>我們要什麼樣的性愛機器人?</b><p>More Than Yes or No<p>性愛機器人已在發展路上,目前沒有減緩的趨勢。人類從未真正叫停哪些科技,當相關技術 …

行為嚮導技術(下):路徑選擇與效果差異

企圖透過設計來改變人們行為的技術產品,可以統稱為行為嚮導技術(behavior-steering …

史蒂芬·平克:“请勿与科学为战”

编译/邱迪玉<p>转自:文汇学人<p>如涉版权请加编辑微信iwish89联系<p>哲学园鸣谢<p>平克批判后现代主义,认为其具有挑衅性的蒙昧主义,自相矛盾的相对主义以及令人感到窒息的政治正确性。他认为,人文学科的衰弱在某种程度上也是咎由自取。<p>最近,美国《高等教育纪事报》发表了著名心理学家、哈佛大学教授史蒂芬·平克(Steven Pinker)在新书《现在启蒙:理性、科学、人文主义与人类进步》的节选。文章中,平克抨击了当今社会对理性与科学发起的“战争”,特别是人文学科对科学的攻击利用与妖魔化,他指出,要解决人类面临的问题,必须依靠现代科学。<p><b>|| 科学史完全没有成为连接科学与人文的桥梁</b><p>早在1959年,英国科学家与小说家斯 …

Design is like a drug

We should study workplace design the way we study drugs. Doing so will help us prescribe better treatments for organizations to work smarter.<p>The search for some concoction or contraption to improve our performance at work is nothing new. Lawyers, bankers, and other professionals have famously used …

An Argument for Behaviorism

<i>Can scientists measure the mind?</i><p>Consider the following argument:<p>All the evidence we have as scientific psychologists is publically observable …

行為嚮導技術(上):勸服科技與助推

人類行為經常是科技的產物,每種科技對人類行事與生活或多或少都有影響。因此,如同先前討論,除了法律和他律,我們也應當考慮物律——用「物」來約束或導引人們。改變使用者行為的設計——用來作為律的物——有個名字,叫做「行為嚮導技術」(behavior-steering …

Psychologists have long used the trolley problem to probe our moral compass. Does it work?

Most people’s moral intuitions seem to flip when the harm becomes more personal.

The Little

“Why are you architects not interested in people?” Ingrid Gehl asked her new husband, Jan. “What do you think about the fact that your architecture …

A scientific paper shouldn’t tell a good story but present a strong argument

A recent Impact Blog post extolled the benefits of using a storytelling approach when writing a scientific paper. However, while such an approach …

Morals and Consent: Contractarian Solutions to Ethical Woes

2018.03.09 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews<b></b><b>Malcolm Murray, Morals and Consent: Contractarian Solutions to Ethical Woes,</b> …

Friendship’s Dark Side: ‘We Need a Common Enemy’

As a rule, friendship is considered an unalloyed good, one of life’s happy-happies, like flowers and fresh fruit. “Report: It Would Probably Be Nice Having Friends,” read a recent headline in The Onion. Ha ha! Of course it’s “kind of fun” and “pretty cool” to “have a few select people in your life …

No One's Perfect: How to Advocate for Climate Conservation Anyway

It felt like an illegitimate and underhanded attack. After I gave a seminar on perceptions of energy use, a member of the audience stood up and asked …

Green Energy

Thomas Kuhn and the T. S. Kuhn Archives at MIT

After I completed a book on Thomas Kuhn, the author of <i>Structure of Scientific Revolutions</i>, I thought I knew a lot about him. In my book, I argue that …

法律、他律、物律:理解物的規範力

如果在路上隨便抓個人來問:「怎麼規範人們的行為?」答案不外乎兩種:「立法規定啊!」或「找人盯他或教他!」這其實反映了歷來人類解決不當行為的兩大方案,前者就是「法律」,而後者則是「他律」。但還有一條路、一個我們可以訴諸的力量,亦即《科技與哲學》專欄開篇以來不斷談到的「物」——各種人為設計與製造的技術品 …

A metropolitan world

Urbanisation might be the most profound change to human society in a century, more telling than colour, class or continent<i>By Michael Goebel</i>Read at …

Urbanization

What You’re Getting Wrong About Inclusive Design

Kat Holmes shares the biggest misconceptions with inclusive design–and what companies need to do to get it right.<p>Inclusivity. It’s one of the biggest buzzwords inside corporations right now. But the person who brought the practice of inclusive design to Microsoft–Kat Holmes–isn’t so sure that …

Universal Design

技術物有政治嗎?權力好壞的辯證

先前談到,透過影響人類的道德感知與行為,技術物有很強的道德影響力。這期再多走一步,追問:技術物有「政治」——另一個屬人的領域——嗎?這個問題,1980 年代就有人問過,比「技術物有道德嗎?」早得多。提問人是政治哲學家 Langdon …

看屬性還是看關係?機器人(或動物)的道德地位問題

隨著機器人的發展越來越快速,能否或是否賦予機器人<b>道德地位(moral …

把對手當對手:對李敖的一點感念

李敖過世了。或許我們這一代七、八年級生讀李敖著作的不多,所以在我臉書上鮮少見到哀悼的文字(但也可能是朋友群偏誤)。猶記高中與大學時,李敖的單行本(除了偏歷史研究的作品之外)大多讀過,但碩士以後,或許因為比較年長,也有越來越多東西可看,就很少再讀李敖了(只剩零零星星的瀏覽)。聽聞他過世那一刻,我腦裡想 …

Moral Judgments as Educated Intuitions

2017.10.10 : View this Review Online | View Recent NDPR Reviews<b></b><b>Hanno Sauer, Moral Judgments as Educated Intuitions, MIT Press, 2017, 312 pp., $50.00</b> …

Against citizen science

It might style itself as a grassroots movement but citizen science is little more than a cheap land-grab by big business<i>By Philip Mirowski</i>Read at Aeon

If we disagree about morality, how can we teach it?

People disagree about morality. They disagree about what morality prohibits, permits and requires. And they disagree about why morality prohibits, …

群众的眼睛是雪亮的吗?当真相掌握在少数人手中

<b>►</b>图片来源:Pixaby.com<p><b>撰文 | 孙梦逸</b><p><b>责编 | 陈晓雪</b><p>● ● ●<p>一百多年前,现代统计学奠基人之一,弗朗西斯·高尔顿(Francis Galton)爵士,在<i>Nature</i>上发表了一篇标题为“群众之声”(Vox populi)的短文。短文的故事非常简单:在英国普利茅斯市的一个家畜展览会上,人们竞猜一头肥牛被宰杀后的重量,猜的最准的人将会获得一定的奖励。唯一被允许的猜测手段是目测。可以想见,大家猜测的结果会十分粗糙。结果的确如此:大多数人的猜测和正确的重量相差都在几十磅左右。让人惊讶的是,群体的中值离正确的答案只差了9磅,远比大多数人的表现为佳。自那之后,“群智”的理念就流传开来:群体做出的 …

Princeton University

My Experience in a Postmodern PhD Program - Areo

About four years ago, I applied for a PhD program in a top university in a Brazilian city that will remain unnamed<b>.</b> Having spent all my life in the …

College & University