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Fungi vs Plants

In the early years of scientific study, fungi were part of the plant kingdom. Since that time they have been given their own kingdom because of their …

Multicellular Fungi

Unicellular fungi like yeast reproduce by budding off daughter cells. Multicellular fungi reproduce by making spores. Mold is a multicellular fungus. …

Dimorphic Fungi

Dimorphic fungi can live in four different forms; mold, hyphal, filamentous or as a yeast. Many species of dimorphic fungi are pathogenic to humans …

Pathogenic Fungus

Pathogenic fungi make people and other organisms sick and can kill them. For humans, about 300 pathogenic species of fungi are known. Some of them …

Endophytic Fungi

Endophytic fungi live inside of plant tissues but don’t cause any disease symptoms. They are found in all plant species including deciduous trees, …

Mycorrhizal Fungi

Mycorrhizal fungi have a symbiotic relationship with the root system of a vascular host plant. These fungi cover and sometimes invade the plant’s …

Fundamental vs Realized Niche

Both fundamental and realized niches refer to the environmental position that species occupy in an ecosystem. Fundamental niches represent all the …

Bottleneck and Founder Effect

• Fumarase deficiency in Mormons.<br>• Tay-Sachs disease in some Jewish populations.<br>• High incidence of deaf individuals in Martha’s Vineyard.<br>• The origination …

Fecundity Rate

Fecundity rate or reproductive rate quantifies the number of offspring an organism produces over time. It differs from fertility rate which refers to …

Tundra Energy Pyramid

The structure of the energy or food pyramid in the tundra varies depending on its exact location. An example is the generalized terrestrial food …

Ecological Succession Activity and Process

Ecological succession describes the changes in species living in an ecological community over a period of time. The changes that occur are …

Types of Ecological Niches

An ecological niche describes how a species lives and interacts with other organisms in a habitat. It can be thought of as the role or job that a …

Why Are Ecological Pyramids Shaped As Pyramids

The energy pyramid is one type of graphical representation of ecological relationships that is in the shape of a pyramid. The base must have the …

Where Do Echinoderms Live

Echinoderms are marine organisms which means they live in the ocean. They are found in all marine waters on Earth although there are few species …

Which Organism Would Be Classified As An Echinoderm

Echinoderms are invertebrate marine organisms that have a hard and spiny skin or covering. Examples of echinoderms are sea urchins, sea lilies, sea …

How Do Echinoderms Eat

There are a variety of feeding methods used by echinoderms like sea urchins, crinoids, sea stars, sea cucumbers and brittle stars in the ocean. …

Do Echinoderms Have a Brain

Echinoderms such as starfish (more accurately referred to as sea stars), brittle stars, sea urchins and sea cucumbers do not have a brain or a …

NMR Spectroscopy (Nuclear Magnetic Resonance)

NMR spectroscopy Definition<p>Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, or “NMR,” is a fine-tuned chemistry tool that we use to find out information …

Bioinformatics - Definition, Careers and Major

Bioinformatics Definition<p>Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary science field which combines concepts from biology and computer science to tackle …

Histology - Definition, Basic Procedures, Careers

Histology Definition<p>Histology is the study of the microscopic anatomy (<i>microanatomy</i>) of cells and tissues. Every cell of tissue type is unique, based …

Embryology - Definition, History and Careers

Embryology Definition<p>Embryology is the branch of biology concerned with the development of new organisms. Embryologists track reproductive cells …

Mycology - Definition, History and Careers

Mycology Definition<p>Mycology is the study of fungi, their relationships to each other and other organisms, and the unique biochemistry which sets them …

Anatomy - Definition, History, Careers and Types

Anatomy Definition<p>Anatomy is the branch of biology which studies how various parts of an organism are connected, and how they are related to other …

Hormone - Definition, Function and Diseases

Hormone Definition<p>A hormone is a biological compound used by multicellular organisms to organize, coordinate, and control the functions of their …

Dihybrid Cross - Definition, Examples and Quiz

Dihybrid Cross Definition<p>A dihybrid cross is an experiment in genetics in which the phenotypes of two genes are followed through the mating of …