Grace Margaretha

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Paul Allen's Latest Surprising Revelation About The Human Brain

Scientists at the Seattle-based Allen Institute for Brain Science—backed by Microsoft co-founder Paul Allen—have spent more than a decade building an intricate map of the human brain. Today they announced the latest major discoveries from that effort, and even they were surprised by what they …

My Trip to a Georgian Sulfur Bath: Taking the Ultimate Skin-Softening Soak

On a recent fall morning, I pull up to a set of wide tile domes in the old part of Tbilisi, Georgia, and suddenly wrinkle my nose: The air is sodden with an egg-like smell that creeps its way into my nostrils. Turns out, this piercing scent is common around Tbilisi, permeating from the historically …

DIY Shattered Glass Nails [Korea Trend]

Your instant ramen noodles are a massive threat to the environment

<b>(AP/Achmad Ibrahim)</b><p>Bad news for broke college students, even worse news for the planet<p>Reynard Loki<p>July 18, 2015 1:00pm (UTC)<p>This article originally appeared on AlterNet.<p>For decades, instant ramen noodles have been a culinary staple for cash-poor college students, young working professionals and …

Doctors graft hand to man’s leg for a month to keep it alive

Groundbreaking surgery in China sees factory worker’s hand then successfully re-attached to his wrist<p>Surgeons in China have restored the use of a hand severed in an industrial accident by grafting it onto a man’s ankle for a month before re-attaching it to his arm.<p>The groundbreaking surgery was …

Israel's revolutionary water management methods aren't going to be enough to solve California's devastating drought

California and most of the southwestern US is mired in a devastating drought that has dragged on for more than four years. The dry spell has forced the state to resort to water rationing, raised the specter of ecological disaster, and imperiled the economic vitality of the region.<p>In recent months …

Water

The 23 best beaches in America

For this list, we looked at seven notable beach rankings compiled by travel experts, vacationers, and water-quality researchers and combined these rankings to come up with the ultimate list of the best beaches in the US.<p>The rankings we used were Dr. Beach's Top 10 Beaches for 2015, Trip Advisor's …

Florida

The Only Way to Make an Open Relationship Work

I'm in the healthiest relationship I've ever been in, but it's not always easy.<p>The slower I walked, the faster my heart beat. My sharp, quick breathing was not from the 30-degree air whipping at my neck. No, as I meandered through Brooklyn on my way towards home, I knew he was there, in my bed, …

American parenting has been misguided for decades — but one state is finally turning for the better

These modern mantras have been seeping into parents' heads for the last several decades as the country's case of mean world syndrome— our alarmist belief the world is out to get us and our kids — continues to worsen.<p>But there might be hope.<p>Parents who let their children roam free will no longer be …

This article has proved very popular. It was shared again by Adobe today. Here it is again in case you missed it. Typographer’s typefaces The 25 most admired typefaces by typographers, type designers and letterers. Selecting the right typeface makes all the difference to effective design and communication. But with over 100,000 font families to pick from it can be a daunting task. There are some excellent guides on how to choose a typeface and helpful methods for pairing typefaces but in order to apply these principles it’s important to be familiar with a broad range of quality typefaces. Wouldn’t it be great to start with a short list of typefaces, hand-picked by designers in the type industry? In each issue of 8 Faces magazine we asked eight leading designers from the fields of typography, lettering and type design itself: If you could use just eight typefaces, which would you choose? Over four years and across eight issues we interviewed 64 world-renowned designers1, including; Erik Spiekermann, Jessica Hische, Michael Bierut, Nina Stössinger, Mark Simonson & Seb Lester, plus owners of respected type foundries such as, Font Smith, Type Together and Process Type. We’ve counted the number of times each typeface was selected and found consensus with the top 25. The top 10 designers’ favourite fonts will be quite familiar to many but hopefully the full list will provide a useful stepping stone to exploring many more. 1. Georgia Matthew Carter, 1993. Chosen 11 times. Originally designed for clarity on low resolution screens, for Microsoft, it is the counterpart to Verdana, which also appears in this list. Georgia has a large x-height and ascenders that rise above the cap height. It’s a sturdy yet friendly typeface, with a wonderful flowing italic, that features on millions of websites. “A gorgeous technical achievement.” Jason Santa Maria 2. Gotham Tobias Frere-Jones, 2000. Chosen 8 times. Famously used for Barack Obama’s 2008 presidential campaign. “Each character just feels ‘normal’ and ‘right’”. H & FJ 3. FF Scala Martin Majoor, 1990. Chosen 6 times. FontShop International’s ‘first serious text face’. “Scala and Scala San are just about perfect.” John Boardley 4. Futura Paul Renner, 1927. Chosen 5 times. This immortal ‘modern’ typeface with its uncompromising shapes has become the benchmark geometric sans for almost 80 years. “Paul Renner’s Future characterised his time and influenced many other designers. It was a real modern typeface, not based on existing serif typefaces”. Georg Salden 5. Gill Sans Eric Gill, 1926. Chosen 5 times. A quintessential British design produced under the direction of Stanley Morison at Monotype. It remains one of the most distinctive blends of humanist and geometric shapes. 6. Garamond (Claude Garamond, c. 1480–1561), Several derivatives of the Parisian punch cutter’s design have been chosen, including; ITC Garamond (Tony Stan), Adobe Garamond & Garamond Premier (Robert Slimbach). Chosen 5 times. “Garamond was quite the master who appreciated restraint as much as elegance. Of the various roman and italic sizes that he cut, I feel his Vraye Parangonne font (about 18 pt.) best captures the essence of his vision. The subtlety of line and detail are simply remarkable.” Robert Slimbach 7. Caslon (Adobe Caslon) (William Caslon I, 1722) Carol Twombly, 1990. Chosen 5 times. Gave rise to a printer’s saying ‘When in doubt, use Caslon’. Also a favourite of Benjamin Franklin. 8. Akzidenz Grotesk H. Berthold, Berthold Type Foundry, 1898. Chosen 4 times. The first widely used sans serif typeface. “The original grotesque and still the best.” Vincent Connare 9. Alternate Gothic Morris Fuller Benton, 1903. Chosen 4 times. Designed for the American Typefounders Company (ATF). All three weights are bold and narrow. Currently used on YouTube’s homepage logo. “Very well designed and drawn. It’s a standard that I strive for in my own work” Mark Simonson 10. Baskerville John Baskerville, 1757. Chosen 4 times. Baskerville designed his own type to improve his printed works and better the dominant fonts of William Caslon. His typefaces were both admired (notably by Giambattista Bodoni and Benjamin Franklin) and criticised by his competitors. Baskerville made variations of his typeface for use at different sizes (now referred to as ‘optical sizes’). Some modern interpretations of Baskerville have been reproduced following the designs of a specific size, resulting in several distinct versions. 11. Helvetica Max Miedinger with Eduard Hoffmann, 1957. Chosen 4 times. Helvetica needs no introduction as the planet’s most famous typeface—it even inspired a very good film. “You can say, ‘I love you,’ in Helvetica. And you can say it with Helvetica Extra Light if you want to be really fancy. Or you can say it with the Extra Bold if it’s really intensive and passionate, you know, and it might work.” Massimo Vingelli 12. Metro William Addison Dwiggins, 1930. Chosen 4 times. Designed out of a dissatisfaction with the san serifs of the time like Futura. 13. ITC Franklin Gothic Morris Fuller Benton, 1902. Chosen 4 times. Created for the American Type Founders Company and named after Benjamin Franklin. 14. Meta Serif Erik Spiekermann, Christian Schwartz and Kris Sowersby, 2007. Chosen 4 times. The serif companion to Eric Spiekermann’s influential sans serif, FF Meta. Also designed to work well with FF Unit and FF Unit Slab. 15. Trade Gothic Jackson Burke, 1948/1960. Chosen 4 times. Michael Bierut described it as “The ultimate ‘I don’t give a damn” typeface. No style, no nuance, just blunt, in-your-face, straightforward attitude.”16. Adelle José Scaglione and Veronika Burian, 2009. Chosen 3 times. Adelle is a slab serif typeface conceived for intensive editorial use, mainly in newspapers and magazines but its personality and flexibility make it very adaptable. “Adelle Sans manages to capture one of the most desired of human emotions: cheerfulness.” Nadine Chahine 17. Caecilia Peter Matthias Noordzij, 1990. Chosen 3 times. A humanist rather than geometric slab serif, aiding its legibility. “A friendly slab serif that’s more contemporary in its structure. Its large, flexible, family that always sets a really nice approachable tone whenever I use it.” Frank Chimero 18. Chaparral Carol Twombly, 2000. Chosen 3 times. A “hybrid slab-serif” text face that mixes the legibility of 19th Century designs with 16th century panache. 19. DIN Albert-Jan Pool, 1995. Chosen 3 times. This clean geometric sans is based on the German standard typeface, DIN 1451, used for official documents and street signs etc. DIN stands for Deutsches Institut für Normung (German Institute of Standardisation). The font was added to the MoMA Design Collection in 2011. 20. Hoefler Text Jonathan Hoefler, 1991. Chosen 3 times. Designed for Apple to demonstrate advanced type technologies it reintroduced type design traditions once central to fine printing like ligature sets, engraved capitals, ornaments and arabesques. 21. Quadraat Fred Smeijers, 1992. Chosen 3 times. An original typeface Combining Renaissance elegance with contemporary ideas on construction and form. Named after Smeijers’ design studio in Arnhem, of the same name. “In my opinion one of the most significant type designs of the nineties” Yves Peters 22. Sabon Jan Tschichold, 1964. Chosen 3 times. An oldstyle serif typeface based on Garamond. A distinguishing feature of Sabon is the same width occupied by characters in the Roman and Italic styles, and the Regular and Bold weights. 23. Sentinel Jonathan Hoefler & Tobias Frere-Jones, 2009. Chosen 3 times. “For everyone who’s ever wished Clarendons had italics”. Three of our interviewees had. A slab serif with copious weights suitable for both text and display. Based on the original Clarendon designs by the Fann Street Foundry in Clerkenwell, London 24. Verdana Matthew Carter, 1996. Chosen 3 times. It was created specifically to address the challenges of on-screen display. Verdana’s large x-height, wide proportions, generous letter-spacing and large counters are key to its legibility at small sizes. 25. Fedra Serif Peter Bilak, 2003. Chosen 3 times. A highly original text typeface. Shaped by a unique blend of technological considerations while maintaining hand-written forms. “A beautifully crafted typeface. A very nice, contemporary example of technical quality and carful design.” José Scaglione and Veronika Burian 26. Feijoa Kris Sowersby, 2007. Chosen 3 times. Aiming to create a feeling of softness, Feijoa has an almost complete absence of straight lines. Feijoa successfully avoids the sense of coldness that Kris had felt with some previous digital typefaces. “Those gently curved straights and rounded corners lend the design a beautiful organic, almost calligraphic quality. Yet there is nothing frivolous to the typeface, it all is functional and looks very self-assured.” Yves Peters 27. Officina Erik Spiekermann,1990. Chosen 3 times. A paired family of serif and sans serif faces, originally designed as a typeface for business correspondence but found a much wider, trendier audience. 1. Interviewees: Erik Spiekermann, Jessica Hische, Ian Coyle, Jason Santa Maria, Jos Buivenga, Jon Tan, Bruce Willen and Nolen Strals, Martin Majoor, Ale Paul, Stephen Coles, Tim Brown, Nick Sherman, Rich Rutter, Veronika Burian, and José Scaglione, Ellen Lupton, Frank Chimero, Steve Matteson, Mark Caneso, Vincent Connare, Yves Peters, Jason Smith, and Phil Garnham, John Boardley, Craig Mod, Kris Sowersby, Doug Wilson, Nadine Chahine, David Březina, and Silas Dilworth and Neil Summerour, Jonathan Hoefler,Tobias Frere-Jones, Mark Simonson, Trent Walton, Keetra Dean Dixon, Peter Bilak, Gerry Leonidas, and Mark MacKay, Simon Walker, Dan Rhatigan, Seb Lester, Nina Stössinger, Grant Hutchinson, Mike Kus, and Eric Olson and Nicole Dotin, Michael Bierut, Tomáš Brousil, Georg Salden, Hannes von Döhren, Phil Baines, Ken Barber, Rudy VanderLans and Zuzana Licko, Elliot Jay Stocks, Jeremy Leslie, Jan Middendorp, Robert Slimbach, Steven Heller, Fiona Ross, Erica Jung and Ricardo Marcin.↩ Cover graphic, words & data analysis: Jamie Clarke Image graphics (1-2, 4-21): Stefan Weyer, 8 Faces Magazine. Correction, 27th November 2014. Three versions of Baskerville were chosen: Baskerville (twice), Baskerville 1757 and Berthold Baskerville. These have been combined and Baskerville added at number 10. (via typeworship)

This article has proved very popular. It was shared again by Adobe today. Here it is again in case you missed it.<p>Typographer’s typefaces<p><b>The 25 most</b> …

Sex in space is going to be way different than it is on Earth

NASA and the Russian Federal Space Agency have consistently and aggressively denied that any astronaut has had sex in space on the International Space Station (ISS).<p>So it seems that no one, yet, is part of the "250-mile-high club."<p>PornHub, the internet's largest pornography website, wants to change …

Birth Defects

Indonesia’s Mentally Ill Face Neglect, Mistreatment

<b>RAY SUAREZ:</b><p>Yayasan Galuh may be one of the saddest places on earth.<p>Located in Bekasi, on the outskirts of Jakarta, it’s a facility for the mentally …

Mental Health

​Russia and Indonesia may switch to settlements in local currencies

<i>"We hope the proposal will be actively supported by you. We already have experience with that kind of thing with India, and China. We are discussing</i> …

Why We Melt at Puppy Pictures

Cute babies elicit caregiving behavior in humans—but why do we have the same response to the cute young of other species?<p>Things were great at home. Everyone was getting enough sleep, cleaning all the laundry and dishes, and keeping up with homework. So it seemed like the obvious time to upend it …

Cute

Wearing Luxury Brands Makes You Seem More Qualified for the Job

Imagine this: You’re interviewing two people for a job. They’re equally competent, capable, and qualified—but you can see that one is wearing an outfit from H&M and the other’s clothes are clearly from Louis Vuitton. Which candidate will you hire?<p>A new study in the <i>Journal of Business Research</i> …

Selfish Shellfish Cells Cause Contagious Clam Cancer

Science & InnovationNot Exactly Rocket Science<p>In the 1970s, scientists noticed that soft-shell clams along the east coast of North America were dying from a strange type of cancer. Their blood, which was typically clear, would fill with so many cells that it would turn milky. The rogue cells …

Biology

Tyrannosaur turned to cannibalism, scientists say

Research on the skull of the Daspletosaurus shows after the creature died it was partly eaten by a member of its own species<p>Proof that life was nasty, brutish and short in the dinosaur age has emerged from the study of one particularly unfortunate tyrannosaur.<p>The skull of the Daspletosaurus showed …

The luxury brands that bring home the bling

Luxury brands are loved the world over for what they provide the consumer: status and style. Not only that, luxury name brands remind us that "you get what you pay for." These are the highest net worth luxury brands in the business, as ranked by Interbrand.

Why is the scientific world abuzz about an unpublished paper? Because it could permanently change human DNA

Scientists around the world are anticipating the results of a Chinese study that would mark the first time DNA in a human embryo has been modified in …

Solar Eclipses Are Slowly Disappearing, And There's Nothing We Can Do To Stop It

About twice a year, the Moon appears to pass in front of the Sun, giving rise to a partial solar eclipse if the alignment is imperfect, but leading to either a total or annular solar eclipse if the Earth, Moon and Sun all form a straight line in space.<p>It’s only by chance that the Moon and the Sun …

Amazing photos show that Borneo’s “sea gypsies” are the happiest people on the planet

THE SAMA-BAJAU PEOPLE of Borneo live entirely off of the sea. They spend their lives in tiny floating villages on remote parts of the ocean, and they …

Move Over Silicon Valley: African Startups Are Here - Small Business Trends

Silicon Valley may soon be giving up its throne as the world’s hottest startup scene. And the latest up-and-coming startup hub might surprise …

Startups

Whimsical Photo Manipulations Offer Lighthearted Perspectives on the Natural World

Using beautiful imagery and editing prowess, graphic artist Anil Saxema's whimsical photo manipulations lend a fresh perspective to our view of the natural world. His work depicts lighthearted scenes of humans and animals interacting in amusing – and often surprising – ways. For instance, a woman …

Zebra

'100-Year-Old-Teenager' With Rare Genetic Condition Dies at 17

Hayley Okines, who became known as the “100-year-old teenager” because of a rare genetic condition that made her age at eight times the normal rate, …

The 12 Types of Photographs You’ll Find on Instagram

Manga artist Joanna Zhou created a series of 12 illustrations showing the common types of photos you’ll come across when browsing Instagram.<p>“I’ve …

Brain ‘gender’ more flexible than once believed, study finds

A team of researchers successfully changed the gender in the brains of newborn rats from female to male, according to findings published this week in …

Neuroscience

#freethenipple or #hidethenipple?

With a recent wave of activity in Iceland, #freethenipple is a vital movement with a powerful message. But what are the reasons we might want to cover up?<p>Last week, the #freethenipple movement skyrocketed in virality again when Icelandic student Adda Þóreyjardóttir Smáradóttir posted a photo of …

8 Foods That Boost Your Body's Natural Detox Power

Don’t fall for a "detoxing" cleanse—your bod can already get rid of toxins. These food will help support the organs that do the heavy lifting.<p>Pricey juice cleanses that promise to help you detox are all the rage right now—but the idea that a liquid diet can help you eliminate harmful substances …