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How sex chromosomes evolve - Futurity

To understand how human sex chromosomes have changed so dramatically over time, scientists are studying this plant.

RNA's Secret Life Outside the Cell

For decades, researchers have been finding DNA and its sister, RNA, circulating in the body, outside the safe interior of cells where these molecules …

E. coli may offer cheap way to create a malaria vaccine - Futurity

Researchers have found a way to use E.coli bacteria to inexpensively manufacture a protein that is critical to the development of a malaria vaccine.

New DNA supercomputer promises radically cheaper genome tests

A new DNA supercomputer is promising to deliver radically cheaper genome sequencing, a shift that could spur research and broader adoption of the tests. Illumina's latest model is designed to process 20,000 samples a year, with costs potentially as low as $1,000, a milestone the genetics industry …

Visually-impaired patients report gene therapy trial success

Solicitor Toby Stroh and former barrister Jonathan Wyatt are among the patients who took part in a gene therapy trial that has helped to save them from blindness<p>Thousands of people suffering from common forms of blindness <b>could have their sight restored under a pioneering new treatment</b>.<p>Researchers …

Oxford University

Largest animal genome belongs to locust

Researchers have decoded the whole genome sequence of the migratory locust – the largest animal genome sequenced so far.<p>Researchers from several …

Bacteria may make sugarcane farming 'greener' - Futurity

A new species of bacterium could potentially reduce the need for nitrogen fertilizer in sugarcane farming.

Is DNA analysis stuck in the past?

New tech could free innocent people from prison — but no one's rushing to test it.<p>A few weeks ago, the Innocence Project of New York (IP) announced that it had helped to release another innocent person from prison. This time it was Gerard Richardson. As <i>The Verge</i> outlined in September, Richardson …

Why bacteria with identical genes don't act alike - Futurity

When a bacteria cell splits in two, the distribution of organelles can influence the behavior of the "daughters," even though they're genetically …

Biology

DNA sequencer raises doctors' hopes for personalized medicine

The device could accelerate the use of genetic information in everyday medical care, physicians hope, improving diagnoses and treatments.<p>January 03, 2014|By Melissa Healy<p>Among the many stents, surgical clamps, pumps and other medical devices that have recently come before the Food and Drug …

Genetics

Humans May Have Fewer Genes Than Worms

How many protein-coding genes does a human have? Far fewer than previously thought.<p>Once upon a time in the 1960s, scientists thought the human genome might contain as many as 2 million genes, units of DNA that code for proteins. But ever since then, the estimated number has been steadily shrinking. …

Ancient origin of hepatitis B viruses revealed by DNA fossils in bird genomes

The hepatitis B virus originally infected birds back when the dinosaurs still roamed the planet, according to a newly published study of genomic bird DNA, a finding that may help improve human health outcomes.<p>As the old adage goes; "One man's trash is another man's treasure": what has often been …

Natural virus-killing RNA mechanism found in mammals

It’s Nobel week. And while all eyes are on this year’s winners of the medicine/physiology prize for their work on cell transport mechanisms, it’s …

Last Word Archive | New Scientist

27 March 2018<p>Why are farts funny?<p>27 March 2018<p>I'm puzzled by beech trees. They are deciduous and their leaves turn bronze in the autumn, but they …

Human genome sequencing: the real ethical dilemmas

Good science fiction always tries to be thought-provoking about the present, not just the future. Rarely has this been accomplished as successfully as in Andrew Nicoll's movie Gattaca. Released in 1997, just as the sequencing of the human genome neared completion, this dystopian vision portrayed a …

Y chromosome traced back to ‘Adam’ - Futurity

U. MICHIGAN / STANFORD (US) — Y chromosomes from men all over the world reveal …

How It Works: The Fastest DNA Sequencer

DNA sequencing has revolutionized medicine and biomedical research. For example, DNA analysis can tell doctors which drug might work best against a particular cancer. But current technology usually sequences only short stretches of DNA and can take hours or days.<p>To sequence anything longer than a …

Mechanism clarifies DNA puzzle - Futurity

U. ROCHESTER (US) — Scientists have discovered the purpose of a long-known but little understood …