AP CHEMISTRY ARTICLES AND INFORMATION

By Garry Mason | Articles/Information Accumulated For My Chemistry Students To Use.

Researchers Have Invented an Awesome And Scary Nuclear Battery Pack

Is the world ready for it?<p>Batteries powered by radioactive materials have been around for more than a century, but what they promise in power they …

Heaviest Element Should Completely Subvert the Rules of High School Chemistry

At the bottom right-hand corner of the periodic table sits a fantasy world. Until recently, these elusive elements’ names were just fancy …

Physics

Is Fire a Gas, Liquid, or Solid?

The ancient Greeks and alchemists thought that fire was itself an element, along with earth, air, and water. However, the modern definition of an …

Chemistry

Uranium breakthrough may pave the way for entirely new materials

An Unexpected Find<p>Researchers working at the University of Manchester in the U.K. have discovered that uranium can perform reactions that can offer …

Uranium

Physics: Fermion Definition

Why Fermions Are so Special<p>In particle physics, a <i>fermion</i> is a type of particle that obeys the rules of Fermi-Dirac statistics, namely the Pauli …

Physics

Light Rare Earth Elements (LREE)

The light rare earth elements, light-group rare earths, or LREE are a subset of the lanthanide series of the rare earth elements, which are …

Rare Earth

Why Is Chemistry So Hard?

What Makes Chemistry a Challenging Science<p>Chemistry has a reputation as a hard class and difficult science to master. Here's a look at what makes …

Burnout

There's a metal that conducts electricity but not heat

Vanadium Dioxide<p>In science, there exists a law known as the Wiedemann-Franz Law that states, simply, that most metals that are good conductors of …

University of California

The Chemistry of Diamonds

Carbon Chemistry and Diamond Crystal Structure<p>The word 'diamond' derives from Greek <i>adamao</i>, meaning 'I tame' or 'I subdue' or the related word <i>adamas</i>, …

Meteorites

Temperature Is Not What You Think It Is

What is temperature? This question comes up quite a bit—especially in introductory science courses. The most common answer is something like</i> …

Particles

Molecules Chilled Close to Absolute Zero Just Smashed a New Physics Record

Scientists are breaking the limits.<p>A two-step cooling process using lasers has allowed physicists to push molecules of calcium monofluoride down to a …

It's Finally Settled: Absolute Zero Is Impossible

<i>Our editors delve into Curiosity's top stories every day on a podcast that's shorter than your commute. Click here to listen and learn — in just a</i> …

Quantum Physics

Scientists solve puzzle of turning graphite into diamond

(Phys.org)—Researchers have finally answered a question that has eluded scientists for years: when exposed to moderately high pressures, why does …

A Weird New Property Of Water Points To Big Possibilities

Water stays frozen at temperatures well above boiling when it’s trapped inside carbon nanotubes.<p>The discovery reveals another unexpected property of water. And that strange behavior has scientists salivating at the thought of possible applications.<p>Water is a pretty unusual substance to begin with. …

Nanotech

Pilot Wave Theory Video Will Make You Totally Rethink Quantum Mechanics

Nobel Prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman has been quoted as saying that it’s safe to say “that nobody understands quantum mechanics.” But even …

Check Out our "Chemistry of Brewing" Article on Roast Magazine

In this issue we'll discuss how water interacts with solubles, flavor formation, interaction of organic acids, cold extraction, as well as the role …

Scientists Accidentally Discover Method to Turn Carbon Dioxide Into Ethanol

A team of scientists in Tennessee accidentally discovered a new method to convert carbon dioxide to ethanol, a finding that could aid the development …

Carbon Dioxide

The world’s biggest nuclear fusion experiment may lead to endless clean energy

Thirty-five countries are working together to build the world’s first large-scale nuclear fusion reactor—and if successful, their efforts could help humans harness the “ultimate green energy.”<p>The reactor, currently estimated to cost $20 billion, is now under construction in southern France. Nuclear …

Nuclear Energy

Meet Cesium, the Alkali Metal That Defines the Second and Has a Tendency to Burst Into Flames

Don't let its lavish looks fool you, this stuff reacts with just about anything.<p>Cesium, or caesium, is an alkali metal on the periodic table with the atomic number 55. It is highly reactive and pyrophoric, meaning that the mere oxygen in the atmosphere is sufficient to make it go up in flames.<p>With …

New Catalyst Could Split Water Cheaply

The mysterious workings of a new catalyst could help produce fuels from water and improve fuel cells, scientists say.<p>Splitting water into its …

Stanford University

The pressure is on to make metallic hydrogen

In a few highly specialized laboratories, scientists bombard matter with the world’s most powerful electrical pulses or zap it with sophisticated …

Hydrogen

Vanadium: The “Beautiful Metal" That Stores Energy

Environment Photo credit: The metal is extracted from brightly coloured ore. farbled / shutterstockAn unheralded metal could become a crucial part of …

Clean Energy

Physicists measure van der Waals forces of individual atoms for the first time

Physicists at the Swiss Nanoscience Institute and the University of Basel have succeeded in measuring the very weak van der Waals forces between …

Chemistry

24 Little Things People Who Work In A Chemistry Lab Will Just Get

Kimwipes can be used for so many things.

10 Quantum Truths About Our Universe

From the moment that it was discovered that the macroscopic, classical rules that governed electricity, magnetism and light didn’t necessarily apply to the smallest, subatomic scales, a whole new view of the Universe became accessible to humanity. This quantum picture is much larger and …

Quantum Physics

The most expensive material in the world costs $145 million per gram

Scientists at Oxford University in the UK announced that a spin-off lab called Designer Carbon Materials is now producing endohedral fullerenes, and they recently sold off their first sample of the material to the tune of $US 32,000 for 200 micrograms (1 microgram = one-millionth of a gram), which …

The Science Behind Making the Perfect Cup of Coffee

<b>The Right Equipment</b> <br>Carguilo likes the clean, robust taste that comes from a manual dripper, since it filters out oil and sediment. And she’s not …

Coffee

What are the parts of an atom?

The earliest known examples of atomic theory come from ancient Greece and India, where philosophers such as Democritus postulated that all matter was …

Physics

Wiki page not found - Learn Chemistry

The Learn Chemistry Wiki has been shut down<p>Thanks for visiting. In order to consolidate and improve our education resources, we've shut down the …

Chemistry