Child obesity plan targets sweets at checkouts
Tighter restrictions on junk food ads on TV and online are also planned, as well as mandatory calorie labelling on restaurant menus.
Health Secretary Jeremy Hunt said the measures gave "power to parents to make healthier choices".
The plans have been broadly welcomed.
The proposals form part of the government's updated Childhood Obesity Plan, which was widely criticised for being too weak when it was launched two years ago.
With one in three children now overweight or obese by the age of 11, this updated plan targets stores, industry and advertisers that use "pester power" to sell food high in fat, sugar and salt to children and families.
It also pledges to "help close the deprivation gap" by looking at why children from poorer areas are more than twice as likely to be overweight.
The plan encourages all primary schools to introduce a daily "active mile" for children. Official advice recommends children should do 60 minutes of activity per day.
The measures, which will open for consultation by the end of the year, include:
- Banning the sale of sweets and snacks at checkouts, shop entrances and in buy-one-get-one-free deals
- New restrictions on advertising unhealthy food to children on TV and online, which could include a pre-9pm ban
- Clear calorie labelling in restaurants, cafes and takeaways, to help families know what they are eating
- Ending the sale of energy drinks containing high levels of caffeine, to children
Mr Hunt said the cost of obesity was too great to ignore.
"Parents are asking for help - we know that over three quarters of parents find offers for sugary sweets and snacks at checkouts annoying.
"It's our job to give power to parents to make healthier choices, and to make their life easier in doing so."
Halving childhood obesity in England in the next 12 years would mean 700,000 fewer children being obese by 2030, the government said.
Prof Dame Sally Davies, chief medical officer for England, called the plan "strong, robust and bold" while Public Health England said the steps announced would help "turn the tide" on the obesity epidemic.
Prof Russell Viner, from the Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health said the measures would "help all families to make healthy choices and make a real difference in the lives of children and young people".
Tim Elwell-Sutton, assistant director at the Health Foundation, said it was a "positive step forward" but "we await to see how these ideas will be turned into action", while Caroline Cerny, of the Obesity Health Alliance, urged "swift action" to "make these commitments a reality".
The British Retail Consortium said retailers were "fully committed" to the health of their customers.
Scotland's First Minister set a target to cut child obesity by half by 2030 in May.
Scotland's Public Health Minister, Aileen Campbell, said the government would be setting out its diet and healthy weight delivery plan "very soon", adding that it had been "clear in its intention" to tackle price promotions on junk food.
What has already been done?
A sugar tax on manufacturers who sell high-sugar drinks came into force in April in the UK.
It means some drinks have increased in price while other brands have cut the sugar content of their drinks to avoid the levy.
The tax currently doesn't cover flavoured milk drinks but it could in the future.
The jury is still out on whether the tax will have the intended effect of putting people off buying and consuming sugary soft drinks, which are thought to be the biggest contributor to obesity.
Public Health England has also started a programme challenging manufacturers to reduce sugar content in products like cakes, biscuits and cereals by 20% over the next four years.
How bad is the UK's obesity problem?
The UK has one of the highest proportions of overweight and obese children in the EU.
In England, 22% of children are overweight or obese when they start school at the age of four or five, increasing to 34% during their time at primary school.
Recent figures show that one in 25 children aged 10 or 11 is severely obese.
Children are measured in different ways and at different ages across the UK.
In Wales, 26% of children aged four to five are overweight or obese, and in Scotland 14% of under-16s are at risk of obesity.
Childhood obesity is a worldwide problem, but it's estimated to cost the UK economy £27bn a year, and the NHS around £5bn, in treating illnesses related to the issue, such as type 2 diabetes and some types of cancer.