Significant Science

By Field Projects International | Cutting-edge science reporting

DNA may finally find a family for strange creatures that stumped Darwin

An unholy mash-up of a camel, a rhino, and an elephant.<p>Some animals are just impossibly weird (see: the platypus). But members of the genus <i>Macrauchenia</i> are, by nature of being very much extinct, a tad more mysterious than even our most perplexing modern creatures.<p>When Charles Darwin first dug up …

Found: A Fluffy Monkey Scientists Last Observed in the 1930s

A team on a houseboat found the Vanzolini’s bald-faced saki in a Brazilian forest.<p>The Vanzolini’s bald-faced saki was last observed in the wild by …

Wildlife

Climate change could wipe out a third of parasite species, study finds

Parasites such as lice and fleas are crucial to ecosystems, scientists say, and extinctions could lead to unpredictable invasions<p>Climate change could wipe out a third of all parasite species on Earth, according to the most comprehensive analysis to date.<p>Tapeworms, roundworms, ticks, lice and fleas …

Ecology

Marmite: love it or hate it? New study reveals it's down to your genes

Since 1902, Marmite has been both the nation’s most loved and most hated breakfast spread. So much so, in fact, that Marmite is one of the most confiscated items in British airports.<p>It may also have some surprising health benefits, with studies showing that the yeast extract could even help to …

Biologists beat back death in fruit flies. Humans next?

Researchers at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) have figured out a way to extend the life of female fruit flies by 20 percent by …

Biology

Controversial Geneticist Warns: We Can Read Your Face In Your DNA

If J. Craig Venter is worried about privacy, maybe we should be too.<p>We’re used to giving up our personal data for access to a free and open internet, …

Genetics

New HIV antibody neutralises 99% of strains and prevents infection in monkeys

At present there is no vaccine for HIV.<p>A new genetically engineered antibody that neutralises 99% of HIV strains in early trials has been developed …

These 3D animations could help you finally understand molecular science

<b>JANET IWASA, Assistant Professor of Biochemistry, University of Utah:</b><p>I was in a lab that studied the actin cytoskeleton.<p>So, this is looking at the …

Party discipline for jumping genes - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News

The genome of a typical organism consists of many genes that are stringed like beads. This alignment has been surprisingly stable even over very long …

This Neanderthal Child Grew Up Just Like Us

A 49,000-year-old skeleton supports the notion that long childhoods—thought to help nurse a larger brain—aren't unique to Homo sapiens.<p>Some 49,000 years ago in what's now Spain, a Neanderthal boy died a few months shy of his eighth birthday. Now, scientists have examined his skeleton in detail—and …

Early trilobites had stomachs, new fossil study finds - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News

Exceptionally preserved trilobite fossils from China, dating back to more than 500 million years ago, have revealed new insights into the extinct …

Running Roaches, Flapping Moths Create a New Physics of Organisms

Sand-swimming lizards, slithering robotic snakes, dusk-flying moths and running roaches all have one thing in common: They’re increasingly being …

Biology

Dickinsonia fossil was an animal

Mystery of the Dickinsonia fossil finally solved: Strange, segmented organism that lived 550 million years ago and baffled scientists WAS an</b> …

An 8-year-old just published her first paper in an academic journal about her love of bugs

Sophia Spencer has done more at the age of eight than most of us will do in a lifetime.<p>Spencer, who lives in Canada, was one of two authors of a paper published earlier this month in the Annals of the Entomological Society of America. She and Morgan Jackson, an entomologist who works at the …

Social Media

The Black Death helped reveal how long humans have polluted the planet

Before this 14th-century plague, there was lead in the air.<p>When the Black Death barreled through Europe in the 14th century, people had every reason to believe the end of the world was at hand. During the height of the pandemic, entire towns were felled. At least 75 million people met gruesome …

New open-access journal Metabarcoding & Metagenomics joins the lines of publisher Pensoft - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News

A new innovative open-access academic journal Metabarcoding and Metagenomics (MBMG) is launched to welcome novel papers from both basic and applied …

Nagoya doctor's treatment research deflates overblown hype over fire ant venom

Medical information on how to treat patients bitten by fire ants posted on a doctor’s website at a Nagoya hospital has garnered great interest by …

Medicine

This Test Can Determine Whether You've Outgrown A Food Allergy

An estimated 4 percent of Americans have food allergies, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has concluded that allergies are a growing public health concern. But diagnosing allergies can be tricky, and kids can outgrow them, too.<p>Now, a new study sheds light on the effectiveness of a …

Two Ways of Making Malaria-Proof Mosquitoes

By harnessing the microbes that live inside these bloodsucking insects, scientists are trying to stop them from spreading disease.<p>Mosquitoes carry microbes that cause devastating diseases, from the viruses behind Zika, dengue, and yellow fever, to the <i>Plasmodium</i> parasites that cause malaria. But …

SpaceX’s Elon Musk unveiled a rocket that can fly to the Moon, Mars—and Shanghai

If Elon Musk has to make his big rocket smaller, he’s going to make sure it still has enormous ambitions.<p>SpaceX’s chief executive updated his company’s plans to colonize Mars at a global space conference in Australia. He described a rocket and spacecraft suitable for transporting humans safely to …

Space Travel

Study explores the biology of mending a broken heart - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News

CINCINNATI – Early research results suggest scientists might be on to a way to preserve heart function after heart attacks or for people with …

Johns Hopkins joins collaborative effort to sequence redwood, sequoia genomes

Researchers from Johns Hopkins University; the University of California, Davis; and the Save the Redwoods League have partnered for an ambitious plan …

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal communities exposed with new DNA sequencing approach - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News

The roots of most land plants are colonized by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, which help their plant partners to grow while also influencing the wider …

Future doctors learn human anatomy using virtual reality simulations

For centuries, the practice of dissecting cadavers is how future doctors have learned about the anatomy of the human body. Medical students at the …

UV imaging reveals facial areas that are prone to skin cancer are disproportionately missed during sunscreen application

1. Saleh GM, Desai P, Collin JR, Ives A, Jones T, Hussain B (2017) Incidence of eyelid basal cell carcinoma in England: 2000–2010. British Journal of …

In Vivo

These 10 Huge Discoveries Should've Been Nobel Prize Winners

Our writers and editors name breakthrough advances and inventions that the Nobel Committee incomprehensibly overlooked.<p>The annual ritual of Nobel Week is here, a period of frenzied anticipation and speculation that is the equivalent of March Madness for geniuses.<p>All this hype got the editors at</i> …

Nobel Prize

Prehistoric squid was last meal of newborn ichthyosaur 200 million years ago - Scienmag: Latest Science and Health News

Scientists from the UK have identified the smallest and youngest specimen of <i>Ichthyosaurus communis</i> on record and found an additional surprise …