Best Asia Of Thailand
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⚡Changwat nai prathet Thai
Category Subordinate province
Location Kingdom of Thailand
Number 76 Provinces
1 Special Administrative Division
Government Provincal/Special Administrative Divisional government
• ⚡ ⚡Bangkok
• ⚡ ⚡Phuket
• ⚡ ⚡Subdivisions Amphoes Bangkok
• ⚡ ⚡Amnat Charoen
• ⚡ ⚡Ang Thong ATG
• ⚡ ⚡Bueng Kan
• ⚡ ⚡Buriram Samet
• ⚡ ⚡Chachoengsao
• ⚡ ⚡Chai Nat
• ⚡ ⚡Chaiyaphum
• ⚡ ⚡Chanthaburi
• ⚡ ⚡Chiang Mai
• ⚡ ⚡Chiang Rai
• ⚡ ⚡Chonburi
See also: Administrative divisions of Thailand
and List of capitals in Thailand
⚡Thailand's national government organisation is divided into three types: central government (ministries, bureaus and departments), provincial government (provinces and districts) and local government (Bangkok, Phatthaya City, provincial administrative organisations, etc.).
A province, as part of the provincial government, is administered by a governor (ผู้ว่าราชการจังหวัด) who is appointed by the Minister of Interior. Bangkok, as part of the local government, is administered by a corporation called Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. The corporation is led by the Governor of Bangkok (ผู้ว่าราชการกรุงเทพมหานคร) who is directly elected by the citizens of Bangkok.
The provinces are named by their original main city, which is not necessarily still the most populous city within the province today. Also, in several provinces the administration was moved into a new building outside the city.
Many provinces date back to semi-independent local chiefdoms or kingdoms, which made up the Ayutthaya kingdom. As today, the provinces were created around a capital city (mueang), and included surrounding villages or satellite towns. The provinces were administered either by a governor, who was appointed by the king; or by a local ruling family, who were descendants of the old local kings and princes of that area and had been given this privilege by the central king. De facto the king did not have much choice but to choose someone from the local nobility or an economically strong man, as against these local power groups the administration would have become impossible. The governor was not paid by the king, but instead financed himself and his administration by imposing taxes by himself, thus effectively a kleptocracy. Every province was required to send an annual tribute to Bangkok.
The provinces were divided into four different classes. The first class were the border provinces. The second class were those that once had their own princely house. Third class were provinces that were created recently by splitting them from other provinces. Fourth class were provinces near the capital. Additionally tributary states like the principalities of Lannathai, the Laotian kingdoms of Vientiane and Luang Prabang, Cambodia, or the Malay sultanate Kedah were also part of the country, but with an even higher autonomy than the provinces. In this Mandala system the semi-independent countries sometimes were tributary to more than one country.
New provinces were created when the population of an area outgrew the administration, but also for political reasons if a governor became too dominant in a region former satellite cities were elevated to provincial status, as in the founding of the Maha Sarakham Province.
Reforms of the provincial administration started in the 1870s under increased pressure from the colonial states of the United Kingdom and France. Especially to the areas near the borders commissionaries were sent to have a stronger control on the provinces or tributary states.
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