Dennis A. Santiago

43 Flips | 5 Magazines | 28 Likes | 3 Following | @dennismrmarykay | Keep up with Dennis A. Santiago on Flipboard, a place to see the stories, photos, and updates that matter to you. Flipboard creates a personalized magazine full of everything, from world news to life’s great moments. Download Flipboard for free and search for “Dennis A. Santiago”

Officials: Rebels hinder effort to recover bodies from MH17 crash site

The transfer from Ukraine to the Netherlands of remains of victims of the Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 shootdown is expected to be completed by Saturday, the Dutch prime minister said Thursday.<p>Two military cargo planes landed in the Netherlands with dozens of coffins Thursday evening, a day after …

The Winners of the NYIP Photography Courses Are…

A BIG thank you to everyone who entered our recent competition to win one of five photography courses from our friends at NYIP. The response was …

Giselle Blondet vuelve como modelo a Puerto Rico

La actriz y presentadora Giselle Blondet desfilará por primera vez en una pasarela del Puerto Rico High Fashion Week durante la décima sexta …

Forget “Cheap”, The iPhone 5c Is Clearly The iPhone Jony Ive Wanted For iOS 7

The “c” in the iPhone 5c title doesn’t stand for “cheap”. It stands for “clueless”.<p>As in, we were all clueless in our speculation on Apple’s motivations for creating this device.<p>(Okay, it actually seems to stand for “color”, but humor me.)<p>After sitting through Apple’s unveiling today and more …

Tunnel of Love (Ukraine) #maravillasdelmundo http://t.co/GDTv3CaJkg

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3 años de tortura por una cintura de 40 Cm

Dicen que la belleza cuesta, pero esto si que es extremo. Y mientras unas prefieren rigurosas dietas Michele Kobke, de 24 años, prefiere un corsé.<p>Y …

Se casó conmigo por los papeles

Stay driven, and determined... Make it happen. P.s. At the studio lot this week, with my friend Tony Kanaan.

Good morning....time for some cartoons!

LIKE si estás en Pinterest. Anda, ¡añádenos! http://pinterest.com/nuconline

Laundry day just got so much easier! http://avon4.me/12wJP1O

Levantándome después de una hermosa fiesta de Cumpleaños anoche rodeada de Amor y un hermoso mensaje de mi papi diciéndome que a esta hora ya el y mi difunta Madre me habían dado mi primer biberón. Pero hoy soy bendecida de tener las bendiciones que Mi Dios me ha dado: Ser Madre de un hermoso hijo, tener una familia unida y amorosa y el inmenso amor de mis bellos seguidores de Facebook! Gracias por sus hermosos mensajes de Cumpleaños ustedes son parte de mi Vida y ♥♥♥

What are your thoughts on this design? Like it – or not your style? Click here for the decorating instructions http://s.wilton.com/16rhTuj

FOTOS: Son famosos, son guapos, y son tiernos padres. Los papás más lindos, aquí. ¡Feliz Día a ellos! http://ow.ly/m4bQF

Mal rato para Víctor Manuelle: le roban carro en Guaynabo, aparece abandonado en Río Piedras http://bit.ly/19arWER

EL ANILLO DE FUEGO EN ACCIÓN: Se han registrado 12 sismos en las pasadas 48 horas en las regiones de Centro y Sur América, con magnitudes entre los 4.4 y 6.5 respectivamente.

New York Yankees Pennant MLB Brand New Full Size http://bit.ly/11gINnK

Indigenous Puerto Rico: DNA evidence upsets established history Indian Country Today - 2003 By Rick Kearns History is written by the conquerors. The Native peoples of North America know this all too well, as they are still trying to bring the truth to light. Now, their long-lost Caribbean cousins are beginning the same process. It’s an uphill battle. Most Puerto Ricans know, or think they know, their ethnic and racial history: a blending of Taino (Indian), Spanish and African. Students of the islands’ past have read the same account for over 300 years; that the Native people, and their societies, were killed off by the Spanish invaders by the 1600s. It was always noted though, how many of the original colonists married Taino women or had Taino concubines, producing the original mestizaje (mixture) that, when blended with African, would produce Puerto Ricans. Those first unions, according to the conventional wisdom, explain why some Puerto Ricans have "a little bit" of Native heritage. Mainly we are Spanish, we are told, with a little African blood and far-away Taino ancestry. But the order of that sequence will have to change. Dr. Juan Martinez Cruzado, a geneticist from the University of Puerto Rico Mayaguez who designed an island-wide DNA survey, has just released the final numbers and analysis of the project, and these results tell a different story. According to the study funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation, 61 percent of all Puerto Ricans have Amerindian mitochondrial DNA, 27 percent have African and 12 percent Caucasian. (Nuclear DNA, or the genetic material present in a gene’s nucleus, is inherited in equal parts from one’s father and mother. Mitochondrial DNA is inherited only from one’s mother and does not change or blend with other materials over time.) In other words a majority of Puerto Ricans have Native blood. "Our study showed there was assimilation," Martinez Cruzado explained, "but the people were not extinguished. Their political and social structure was but the genes were not. "The people were assimilated into a new colonial order and became mixed … but that’s what Puerto Ricans are: Indians mixed with Africans and Spaniards," he asserted. "There has been an under-estimation of the Amerindian heritage of Puerto Rico, much larger than most historians will admit," he said. Martinez Cruzado cited the historical descriptions of life in Puerto Rico during the 17th and 18th centuries as an example. "These accounts describe many aspects that are totally derived from Taino modus vivendi, not just the hammocks but the way they fished, their methods of farming, etc.," he related. "It is clear that the influence of Taino culture was very strong up to about 200 years ago. If we could conduct this same study on the Puerto Ricans from those times, the figure would show that 80 percent of the people had Indian heritage." Another historical moment that should receive more attention involves the story of a group of Tainos who, after 200 years of absence from official head-counts, appeared in a military census from the 1790s. In this episode, a colonial military census noted that all of a sudden there were 2,000 Indians living in a northwestern mountain region. "These were Indians who the Spanish had placed on the tiny island of Mona (just off the western coast of Puerto Rico) who survived in isolation and then were brought over," Martinez Cruzado said. "They became mixed but there were many Indians who survived but eventually mixed with the Africans and Spaniards. These Mona Tainos must have had a further influence as well". Martinez Cruzado noted how many customs and history were handed down through oral tradition. To this day on the island, there are many people who use medicinal plants and farming methods that come directly from the Tainos. This is especially true of the areas once known as Indieras, or Indian Zones. He also pointed out that most of these Native traditions probably do come from the Tainos, the Native people who appeared on the island circa 700 AD. But there were other waves of migrations to Puerto Rico and the entire Caribbean area. Through the extensive study of the Puerto Rican samples, Martinez Cruzado and his team have found connections between island residents and Native peoples who arrived before and after the Tainos. He pointed out how a few of the samples can be traced back 9,000 years from ancient migrations, while others correspond to the genetic makeup of Native peoples of the Yucatan, Hispaniola, Margarita Island and Brazil among others. These latter genetic trails point to the presence of other Native peoples who were probably brought to the island as slaves from other Spanish or Portuguese colonies after the 1600s. While island scholars will have much work to do to catch up with these "new" facts, the genetic detective work for Martinez Cruzado is also far from finished. As word spread of the remarkable survey, other scholars from the Dominican Republic, Cuba and Venezuela began to invite the Puerto Rican scientist to present his findings. They also want him to assist in similar projects in their respective countries. "We started a very similar survey in the Dominican Republic last year," he stated. "And archaeologists from Venezuela and Cuba have invited me to do the same and I intend to go … I hope to have a proposal ready to collect samples in both of those countries and do a Caribbean-wide study. They already have evidence of migrations from both sides, north and south." In the meantime, while Martinez Cruzado and his colleagues will focus on the history of Pre-Columbian migrations, people in the current Taino restoration movement (such as Nacion Taina, The Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Nation of Boriken, Taino Timucua Tribal Council, the United Confederation of Taino People, and others) are hoping that many of their compatriots reflect on the following quote: "The DNA story shows that the official story was wrong," Martinez Cruzado said. "This means a much larger Amerindian inheritance for Puerto Ricans." And if some folks in the Dominican Republic and Cuba are right, the same will hold true for their histories.