NeuroNuggets

By ctorg | Neuroscience Tidbits with a Pinch of Psych and a Dash of Tech

University of California

<b>It seems that psychedelics do more than simply alter perception. According to the latest research from my colleagues and me, they change the structures of neurons themselves.</b><p>My research group has been studying the effects of psychedelics on neuronal structure and function, and we found that these …

Neuroscience

Brain Cells Thought to Disappear During Development Were Just Found in Adults

They've been there the whole time.<p>Scientists have thought for decades that one area of the brain simply disappears during human development.<p>Now, …

Neuroscience

Mindfulness training induces structural connectome changes in insula networks

Altmetric: 30<p>More detail<p>Article |<p>Open | Published: 21 May 2018<p>Paul B. Sharp ORCID: orcid.org/0000-0003-4949-1501,<br>• Bradley P. Sutton,<br>• Erick J. …

Google Scholar

Video games can either grow or shrink part of your brain, depending on how you play

If you’ve ever played a first-person shooter video game, at some point you’ve probably had to remember how to get from one place within the game to another. Perhaps you tend to think spatially, and plotted your path by judging where your destination was in relation to landmarks and objects. Or …

The Brain

Will Surgery and Anesthesia Harm Your Memory? — NOVA Next | PBS

Dr. H. had a struggling heart and a consequential decision to make. He needed an operation to fix a faulty valve but postponed it, afraid that the …

Medicine

Consciousness: How we’re solving a mystery bigger than our minds

TWENTY years ago this week, two young men sat in a smoky bar in Bremen, northern Germany. Neuroscientist Christof Koch and philosopher David Chalmers …

Consciousness

MS: New findings may 'prevent future loss of brain cells'

Blocking a unique type of cell death that occurs in multiple sclerosis could be a way to halt the debilitating disease, according to new …

Medical Research

Brains May Teeter Near Their Tipping Point

In a renewed attempt at a grand unified theory of brain function, physicists now argue that brains optimize performance by staying near — though not …

Neuroscience

This 'light-activated' drug could treat Parkinson's

For the very first time, scientists have developed a light-activated drug for treating Parkinson's disease directly in a targeted part of the …

Neuroscience

Seven ways to minimise the risk of having a stroke

Know the signs; early treatment prevents lasting damage<p>A stroke is the damage caused by a clot or a bleed in the brain. It is the major cause of serious long-term disability in the UK. A quarter of strokes occur in people under 65, and the damage caused ranges from minimal changes picked up on a …

Medical Research

This Is Your Brain on Binaural Beats

How these otherworldly sounds may help you hear your way to a happier, healthier you.<p>For as long as she can remember, Jessica Trimberger has lived …

Brainwaves

Scientists Identify a "New Type of Depression"

Scientists want to develop new antidepressant drugs.<p>An estimated half of the 322 million people affected by depression don’t appear to benefit from …

Neuroscience

The Chemistry of Depression

You may have heard that depression is caused by abnormal chemistry in the brain and that antidepressants work by altering the levels of these …

Depression

Parkinson's: Vitamin B-3 may stop brain cell death

Vitamin B-3 may help to stop the death of nerve cells that occurs in Parkinson's disease, according to a recent German-led study that may lead to new …

Medical Research

Alzheimer’s disease: why insulin is a new suspect

Johnson and Johnson recently announced that it was halting a clinical trial for a new Alzheimer’s drug after safety issues emerged. This latest …

Dementia

Scientists Have Discovered The Brain Region Involved in Spiritual Experiences

This is where the magic happens.<p>Whether we think of ourselves as religious or not, lots of people experience moments in life that can be considered …

The Brain

Social Decision-Making: Insights from Game Theory and Neuroscience

Abstract<p>By combining the models and tasks of Game Theory with modern psychological and neuroscientific methods, the neuroeconomic approach to the …

Neurology

A debate over plant consciousness is forcing us to confront the limitations of the human mind

The inner life of plants arouses the passions of even the mildest-mannered naturalists. A debate over plant consciousness and intelligence has raged in scientific circles for well over a century—at least since Charles Darwin observed in 1880 that stressed-out flora can’t rest.<p>There’s no doubt that …

Consciousness

Parkinson's: 'Adaptive' brain implant may improve therapy

Parkinson's, a neurodegenerative condition, is characterized by symptoms such as muscle stiffness and tremor in the limbs, as well as impaired …

Neuroscience

A Massive Clue on Pregnancy And The Development of Schizophrenia Was Just Found

The answer has been hiding in plain sight.<p>The exact causes of schizophrenia are veiled in mystery, but scientists have been trying to work out …

Pregnancy

"Brain in Butt" Study Points to True Location of Second Nervous System

No, it's not actually in the butt.<p>The brain and spinal cord may control most of the body, but some parts handle themselves just fine without their …

Neuroscience

Columbia and Yale scientists found the spiritual part of our brains—religion not required

Scientists seek to quantify everything—even the ineffable. And so the human search for meaning recently took a physical turn as Columbia and Yale University researchers isolated the place in our brains that processes spiritual experiences.<p>In a new study, published in Cerebral Cortex (paywall) on …

Consciousness

Unique neuronal firing patterns in our "second brain" observed for the first time

Using a newly developed imaging technique, a team of researchers in Australia has directly observed a unique neural motor firing pattern outside of …

Neuroscience

8 Amazing CRISPR projects that could change life as we know it

Since it burst onto the scene a decade ago, CRISPR-Cas9 has shaken the field of genetics to its core. Offering a new genomic editing tool that’s …

Genetics

Are Plants Conscious?

Animal rights activists have done stellar work in foregrounding the question of creature-consciousness: no meat-eater is now ignorant of the fact …

Consciousness

Is Dreaming Real?

When you’re lucid, it can feel so real the distinction ceases to matter.<p>“The farther away I go,” Alex wrote, “the closer I’ll be to you.”<p>A week …

Mind

Wernicke's Area Location and Function

Wernicke's area is the region of the brain that is important for language development. It is located in the temporal lobe on the left side of the …

Linguistics

After a deadly bacterial infection, Rikke Schmidt Kjærgaard woke to find herself locked in her own body, with only one way to communicate – blinking: one for no, two for yes. Yet five months later she made a full recovery. Here she tells her remarkable story<p>Rikke Schmidt Kjærgaard is standing at …

Medicine

The reading brain (why your brain needs you to read every day)

Reading puts your brain to work.<p>Reading is to the mind what exercise is to your body.<p>It gives us freedom to roam the expanse of space, time, history, …

Emotional Intelligence